Good day, dear colleagues! We continue to get acquainted with the representatives of the Belontiev family and today on the agenda we have a golden Gourami aquarium fish.
This aquarian inhabitant is found in overgrown reservoirs on the island of Sumatra.
The golden gourami has a compressed lateral body and an elongated body. The mouth, like all other gourami (pearl, marble, chocolate) is small, the eyes are large.
Dorsal fin short and anal long. The ventral fins have a filamentous structure and they are slightly elongated. This name fish received due to its yellow-golden color, which has an orange tide.
On the body of the fish and on the fins there is a scattering of bluish small spots. Males are much larger than females and they have a more intense color.
In length, the fish grows up to 13 centimeters, and under good conditions, the guramka can live 7 years in your aquarium.
Golden gourami is a peaceful and shy fish. If the hydrobiont feels the approach of danger, then it will immediately disappear into the thickets of plants. This type of gourami gets on excellently in the same aquarium with other peaceful fishes.
But sometimes males can show aggression. Guramka is daytime and tries to keep the middle and upper layers of water.
For the maintenance of the golden gourami, you will need a spacious aquarium up to 100 liters, or more, in which good lighting should be installed and aquarium plants planted. Also gourami love to swim in the snags and weave roots. As well as other representatives of the labyrinth (lilius, macropod, labiosis), the golden guramka breathes atmospheric air.
Be sure to cover the aqua cover glass so that there is warm air above the surface, otherwise the fish may catch a cold.
The aquarium water in a can with a guram must have the following parameters:
- temperature: 24-26 degrees;
- water hardness: 8-10;
- active reaction environment: 6.5 – 7.0 pH;
- weekly change 1/3-¼ of the volume;
- good filtration and aeration.
As soon as the fish overcomes the year of life, it becomes sexually mature. It is not difficult to propagate the golden gourah even among novice aquarists. Take a separate spawning aquarium, the volume of which should be at least 40 liters and pour water into it at a level of 20 cm, no more.
The water temperature in the spawning bank should be around 26-28 degrees. The bottom of the aquarium is lined with Javanese moss and the remaining space is planted with live plants.
After you have selected producers for spawning, plant them in different banks and actively feed them with live food. A week later, transplant producers in spawning. After some time, the male will begin to build a foamy nest, in which the female will spawn.
After spawning, the male takes care of the offspring, so the female must be transplanted. After the larva becomes fry, the male should also be removed from the spawner.
At the beginning of life, young animals are fed live dust and infusoria.