maintenance, care, compatibility
Gourami – small freshwater fish of the Macropod family, suborder Labyrinth fish. Natural habitat – Southeast Asia and adjacent islands. Species pearl gourami found in the Malay Archipelago, on Sumatra and Borneo.
Sometimes it is caught on the island of Java, in Bangkok, but here they appeared because of the carelessness of aquarium lovers. Lunar gourami lives in the waters of Cambodia and Thailand, serpentine gourami – in the territory of southern Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia.
The spotted gourami is found in the freshwater rivers of India and the Malay Archipelago, and the blue gouras inhabit Sumatra. Some species of these fish were mistakenly recorded in freshwater bodies of other continents – North and South America.
Small fishes like standing waters, with a slow current, therefore they search for small rivers, small streams for living. Gourami brown mastered estuaries with brackish water.
Nowadays, the maintenance of these species is possible in the home aquarium.
The maximum body size of gourami in their natural environment is 60 cm in length, but in conditions of captivity the length of the body reaches no more than 15 cm. The character of the fish is unpretentious, friendly, with special features in each species.
For example, kissing gourami may take a position that resembles kisses, and be in it for some time.
Keeping and caring for a fish will not create a hassle even for a beginner aquarist. It is pleasant to watch these pets – each has its own color, manner of behavior.
They are mobile and easily breed in domestic spawning. To create good living conditions in an artificial reservoir, you need to make the maximum amount of effort.
Then they will reward the owner with a beautiful appearance and a long lifespan of 5 to 10 years or more.
These fish prefer a spacious place for swimming, so for several pets an aquarium from 100 liters will suit. They love to hide in the scenery and dense thickets of moss and algae.
All types of these fish are gregarious, so in order to avoid stressful situations, they need a company of fellows. Timid, a little shy, swim in the upper and middle layers of water.
Watch the video story about gourami.
They do not create problems for the neighbors in the reservoir, but may suffer from the attacks of some. For example, Sumatran and tiger barbs, swordtails and guppy fish may incorrectly perceive their shy behavior and bright appearance.
As a result, their fins will be intimidated and gnawed, although there have been cases of physical destruction. There is also rivalry among gourami: if there are few females per male, rivalry will begin between males.
As fishes living in warm waters, their maintenance and care are possible in an aquarium with a water temperature of 22-27 degrees Celsius. Cold water is hardly tolerated, they begin to ache.
They prefer good lighting, which can be provided with LB lamps of 0.4-0.5 W per liter. The lamp should be installed at a distance of 10 cm from its surface.
Filtration and aeration are necessary.
Like labyrinth fishes, they periodically breathe atmospheric oxygen, getting it from the surface. To do this, the tank lid must be left ajar to allow air to enter. The difference between water and air temperature must be zero, so that the fish will not damage the labyrinth organ.
Once a week you need to update 25% of the water for a new and fresh. The permissible acidity of the aquatic environment averages 7.0 pH, the hardness should not exceed 8-10 dGH.
After the fish grow up well and they will not be threatened by anything, including parents, who sometimes travel their offspring, they are resettled in a common aquarium. On this reproduction, as the procedure is completed. But the fry, too, must be sorted by size.
Quite small ones should not be moved to a common reservoir. Yet the danger for them is high there, they can be taken for food.
In general, the marble gourami peaceful. But males rivalry is inevitable.
Therefore, it is recommended to have 3 females per 1 male. Many species of fish get along with gourami, except frank and large predators.
Since they grow to the optimal size of aquarium fish, they have virtually no enemies. Recommended for cohabitation are those types of fish that have the same temperament and character, as well as size.
If you follow all the tips and recommendations, gourami will feel comfortable with all their relatives.
This type of ornamental fish will decorate any aquarium, because such a color in a transparent and illuminated aquarium is very noticeable. It is interesting to watch this species of fish. They create the impression of curious, looking at them, it seems that they are interested in everything that happens, observe, examine and study their world.
The owners get used to them, because their gentle and good-natured temper captivates anyone. Rarely fish behave like the owners of the aquarium, on the contrary, they are hospitable and peaceful.
Goura fishes are freshwater labyrinth fishes, which include several families, including gum, trihogastrovye, chelostomy, colise. Aquarium species are known under the names “trichogasters” and “nitropods”.
The homeland of these tropical fish is the islands of Southeast Asia. They live mainly in Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, the Malay and Indochina peninsulas. The most famous types of gourami, like pearl, kissing and moonlight.
Breeding breeding allowed to achieve brilliant results and bring new interesting breeds, like yellow and red gourami.
Keeping fish at home requires a container about half a meter long with a lid. The soil is dark, small-leaved plants.
You need free space for swimming and shelter in the form of snags and caves. Fish live comfortably at a temperature of 23-26 ° C, hardness up to 18 °, acidity 7.
On the surface of the water, you can lay out bunches of floating plants: reach, water fern, pistis. They will be useful for the construction of a foamy nest by the male when spawning is in the general aquarium.
Aquarium stanchions have good compatibility with many fish. They can be contained with macropods, short-tailed cockerels, scalars, apistogram, haracin, catfish.
Negative compatibility gourami with such fish as cichlids, goldfish and viviparous fishes. Pearl and moon gourami may be aggressive to lalyusy or labiosis smaller than themselves.
But with other colises fish get along quite acceptable.
These aquarium fish are famous for their attractive appearance and peaceful nature. Keeping and breeding them in an aquarium is not particularly difficult, perhaps for novice lovers.
Gorami kissing from the chelostomy family belongs to larger representatives, their content in an aquarium requires a capacity of at least 50 liters per individual. Gourami kissing got his nickname due to unusual manners. Fish, regardless of gender, kiss each other on the lips and hang so for some time.
There are several versions of this behavior, perhaps as a gurus kissing helps his fellow to brush his teeth. In addition, gurus kissing can very cleverly tumble while cleaning the territory.
There are 2 main color options: Thai chelostomy is gray-green, and Javanese fish are pink-golden. Fins are yellow-green, ventral, anal and dorsal fins with spiny rays.
Gorami kissing is considered a peaceful fish, but can actively protect personal territory.
Gourami golden: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 26 ° С.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
Compatible gourami gold: in fact, with all the fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.
Useful tips: Gourami popular fish. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.
Gourami likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.
This is an artificial selection form gourami blue.
The golden gourami has a tall, slightly elongated and compressed body. The mouth is small and slightly elongated upwards. Dorsal fin short, anal – long, ventral – elongated, filiform.
The goura’s body is colored golden yellow with an orange tinge. On the side there are two dark spots, one in the middle of the body, the other on the tail stem. Blue spots are scattered on the body and fins.
The male is larger and brighter than females. In length grows to 13 cm.
The lifespan of a fish in an aquarium with the correct content of up to 7 years.
Zolotungury is a peaceful, shy little fish that, in case of danger, prefers to hide in dense thickets. It gets along well with various types of fish of large and small sizes, but sometimes, the males show aggression towards each other. Lead daily life.
Keeps golden goura in the upper and middle layers of water.
It is necessary to keep golden gouras in a well-lit aquarium with a volume of 100 liters (4 fish) with thickets of living plants (including floating plants) and free swimming space. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them), the ground is dark.
Golden gourami breathes atmospheric air, from time to time, rising to the surface of the water, so it is very important that the aquarium be covered with a lid and there is always warm air above the surface so that the fish will not catch a cold. Water parameters: hardness 8-10 °, pH 6.5-7.0, temperature 24 – 26 ° С (capable of tolerating lower water temperature).
Filtration, aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
Golden gourami eats live food and substitutes. When choosing food, it is necessary to take into account that the fish has a very small mouth.
Propensity to overeating.
Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Golden gourami reaches sexual maturity at the age of 1 year.