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Goldfish content

maintenance, care, compatibility

How demanding are goldfish to conditions?

Opinions on this score are opposite. Some believe that this is a patient, practically unkillable, fish that survives in any conditions, suitable for beginners and people who do not want to invest in the aquarium a lot of effort and money. Others, on the contrary, argue that the content of gold must comply with a number of fairly tough conditions, and they are no doubt right.

A goldfish should not be started by someone who is not ready to make efforts for its comfortable existence. And the most important condition for the maintenance of these fish is an aquarium of a sufficiently large volume.

Water parameters, design and equipment of the aquarium

  1. Feeding the fish should be carried out twice a day, flaky or granulated feed. Goldfish can still eat frozen, live, vegetable, artificial foods. Very much like peeled peas, which is useful for digestion. Vegetable food (cucumbers, zucchini, salads) finely chop to make it easy to swallow. Overfeeding pets should not be – it is dangerous to health.

  • Quality maintenance and care must take into account the parameters of the aquatic environment. Test water for nitrites, ammonia and ionic hydrogen (hydrogen) pH. Ammonia should be 0, the pH should be 6.5-8.0, and the degree of nitrate is allowed below 20. If this degree is above 40, then you have a very fish-filled aquarium, or you do not replace the water at the right time! If ammonia and nitrites were detected in the water, therefore, bio-filtration in your tank has not yet been established. Permissible water temperature is 15-20 ° C.
  • Caring for the tank should be conducting a weekly replacement of water. Once a week, change 30-50% of the water in the aquarium. Updating all aquarium water is dangerous for wholesome unicellular organisms that cleave fish waste. It is mandatory to do the process of dechlorination before making fresh water in the aquarium.
  • Clean the gravel one in 2 weeks. Do the procedure using a vacuum gravel filter device that cleans the litter while draining the water. For tropical aquariums, it is recommended to perform this function once every 30 days, but for goldfish (there is more than enough waste from them), always provide a clean environment.
  • Spend time with goldfish as often as possible. Caring for her involves constant communication and eye contact. When she gets used to you, the content of the pet will be even more beautiful. Veiltails will begin to recognize you, and when you take care of them, they will begin to recognize your hand while nursing, and not be afraid of it.

  • If your goldfish happened to be on the floor, or a cat got out of the aquarium (this happens often), quickly wet your hands, and with wet hands, run the fish back into the pond. So she will not be under great stress. Be sure to cover the tank lid so that such cases do not recur.
  • Keep track of the scenery in the tank. If you notice sharp corners, rotted trees, broken glass or ceramics, immediately remove them from the tank. All decorations before placing in the aquarium should be processed in boiling water.
  • Goldfish love space. If we say that a goldfish lives in a small aquarium, it means that the volume of an aquarium for goldfish per one cute creature is at least 50 l.

    For trouble-free maintenance of the fish, it is necessary to purchase filters (external and internal) and a siphon, since those who like to crawl in the soil with their occupation pollute the water heavily. If you add the excrement of the fish themselves, you can imagine what the water will be without filtration.

    We all know that the optimum fraction of the soil is 3-5 mm. For goldfish, it is recommended to reduce or increase it, avoiding the acquisition of a pebble with sharp edges.

    This must be done in order to avoid unpleasant moments such as a fish has hurt, or a pebble stuck in her mouth.

    The optimum temperature of the goldfish, like most other 22 – 25 ° C. Too warm water in the aquarium contributes to their rapid aging.

    And, of course, do not forget about enough oxygen, the lack of which is so sensitive fish. Goldfish will be delighted with the planted plants, as they not only decorate the aquarium, but also improve the conditions of its maintenance.

    The only requirement for them is hard leaves, otherwise the design of the reservoir will be hopelessly damaged.

    Unfortunately, our pets sometimes get sick. The most common diseases in an aquarium that a goldfish can get: scabies, ringworms, fish pox, dropsy and when overfeeding, problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

    If you do not overfeed, overpopulate and maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, the content of the pet, which is a goldfish, will only be a joy.

    Breeding and maintenance of goldfish. Goldfish Care

    The best option would be to purchase an aquarium of 100 liters for two goldfish. In this case, they will be where to swim, and they will be able to grow to its maximum size.

    In order not to hurt the main decoration of a goldfish – a veil fin, choose an aquarium with a length of at least one meter and a width of at least 30 cm.

    Care for goldfish is very important. Be sure to take care of the technical equipment of the aquarium for fish. Since goldfish can quickly pollute their homes, the larger the area of ​​the aquarium, the lower the concentration of ammonia in the water.

    Of course, it is necessary to install a powerful aquarium filter for keeping goldfish. Along with the filter, it is necessary to equip the home of the fish with a thermostat and an aerator. Water hardness should be dGH up to 20 °, and acidity should be pH 6.5-8.0.

    Twice a week it is necessary to replace from 20 to 35% of the volume of water. Naturally, the water should be separated and have a temperature equal to the temperature of the water in the aquarium.

    Goldfish adore plant foods. It is advisable to choose for them hard-leaved plants with powerful roots.

    In order not to dig the fish plants, you can plant plantings in pots and put stones on them.

    A special feature of goldfish is the constant digging of soil. This is not surprising, since they are descendants of crucians.

    That is why it is necessary to choose coarse sand for them, the fraction of which does not exceed 1-3 mm, and there are no sharp edges.

    Goldfish are unpretentious in food, but you should not overfeed them, enough to feed them once a day. If you take into account all the features of the content of the fish, they will remain healthy and will be able to please you and your loved ones for a long time.

    We treat a golden fish with special trepidation and tenderness, remembering the well-known fairy tale from childhood. Perhaps that is why it is presented as a gift for birthdays, festive dates, packed in transparent bags, in live wall panels or crystal glasses, forgetting that it is a living creature.

    Meanwhile, goldfish cares good loves, it needs special conditions for the content. This is a very common and many favorite type of aquarium fish, characterized by bright decorative and large size.

    It was removed in China, where even in the Middle Ages it was decorated with open artificial reservoirs in the gardens of Chinese emperors and nobles. Until now, there is a special relationship to the goldfish in this country, it is decorated with porcelain dishes, decorative mosaic panels, silk fabrics, etc.

    In China, the main representatives of the goldfish species were derived: voiletails, fantails, black, Chinese and calico telescopes, red cap, pearl, red lionhead, etc. The golden-red, bright orange, velvety-black species of this ornamental fish are really an amazing decoration of aquariums.

    Content of goldfish in an aquarium

    The first thing you need to know when acquiring a gold house is that it needs a sufficiently large spacious aquarium. Experienced aquarists believe that for a comfortable dwelling of one individual, it takes about 40 liters of water.

    Here we must also take into account that this fish grows to a rather impressive size. Therefore, for the maintenance of several fish, you will need an aquarium that is at least 100 liters in size.

    In large aquariums, moreover, it is easier to maintain a biological environment useful for its inhabitants, it is necessary to change the water less frequently, and the level of contamination in a large aquarium is much lower, which is important for keeping large aquarium fish.

    After acquiring the right size of the aquarium, it is necessary to fill in the soil and fill it with water. For goldfish, the soil in the form of small pebbles is the most suitable, but its fraction should not be too small, otherwise the fish may swallow a pebble.

    After the aquarium is filled with water, install the equipment. For a goldfish, oxygen dissolved in water is needed, so it is very important to install not only a water filter, but also a compressor that pumps air.

    Fishes are launched into the aquarium in a few days, letting the water draw in, saturated with oxygen. Snails can be launched into the aquarium beforehand to create the necessary bio-environment in the water. Goldfish care good loves and appreciate caring for her.

    In good conditions, these ornamental fish grow large and become amazingly beautiful.

    Goldfish: care

    It is very important to feed the goldfish correctly. There is a special food for this type of aquarium fish. You can vary the diet by adding small pieces of boiled egg to the aquarium, but at the same time make sure that the fish eat everything up.

    The main thing in the diet – to comply with the measure and not to overfeed the fish, remembering that the goldfish – glutton. In order to correctly determine the amount of feed, it is necessary to observe for three minutes during feeding how much fish are eaten, and at subsequent feedings give them exactly the same amount.

    Goldfish prefers warm water. The temperature of the water in the aquarium should not be below 23 degrees. To determine the temperature of the water, you need a thermometer, which is lowered to the bottom of the aquarium.

    Of course, you need to monitor the cleanliness of the water, collect the remains of fish from the bottom, and at least once a week do water replacement by one third of the volume of the aquarium. Goldfish care so appreciate.

    How to determine the sex of a goldfish

    In the conditions of a home aquarium, you can successfully breed goldfish. It is easy to determine the sex of goldfish, just look carefully at the gill covers.

    In males, they are covered with small white dots, similar to semolina, while females do not have such points.

    Shubunkin-goldfish content breeding description feeding


    According to the shape of the body, shubunkin is an ordinary goldfish. The fins resemble another species of goldfish – the comet. Caudal fin not forked fork.

    The main distinctive feature of this breed is transparent scales, which is why it is sometimes called scaly-free. Variegated color, dominated by red, yellow, black and blue colors.

    The most valuable specimens of shubunkin have a color dominated by blue colors. The blue color in coloring appears only in the second – third year of life.

    These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding – the key to success is the balance of the feed.

    The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.

    For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. The minimum volume of the aquarium 80 liters per pair.

    Pearl neighbors should not be active and especially aggressive fish – barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

    Optimum conditions of maintenance: temperature 15-30 С, hardness dGH up to 20, pH 6-8, intensive filtration, regular water changes up to 30% per week. Prefers a community of its own kind, bright light, an abundance of free space.

    At registration of a reservoir it is recommended to use loose small-fraction soil, stones, snags, live or plastic plants, including floating. Design elements should not have sharp edges about which fish can tear off the fins.

    The maximum size is 20 cm.

    The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish.

    The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

    As already mentioned, shubunkin some of the most unpretentious in the content of goldfish. At home, in Japan, they are kept in ponds, and temperatures in winter can be quite low there.
    Since the fish is quite small (usually about 15 cm), then you need an aquarium from 100 liters for maintenance, but more is better, since the Shubunkin is an active swimmer. At the same time, they constantly dig in the ground, picking up dirt and digging up plants. Accordingly, you need to start only the most unpretentious species of plants that survive in such conditions.

    And a powerful external filter is desirable to constantly remove the dirt that they pick up.

    Soil is better to use sandy or coarse gravel. Goldfish constantly dig in the ground, and quite often swallow large particles and die because of this.
    Although Shubunkin lives well in rather old and dirty water, it is still necessary to substitute part of the water for fresh, approximately 20% per week. As for the parameters of water, they can be very different, but the optimal will be: 5 – 19 ° dGH, ph: 6.0 to 8.0, the water temperature is 20-23C.

    The low water temperature is caused by the fact that the fish comes from carp and tolerates low temperatures, and high temperatures, on the contrary.

    Everything goldfish, including Shubunkin can spawn at aquarium capacity of 20 – 30 liters. It is necessary to put sandy soil in it and plant small-leaved plants. It is customary to spawn one female on two or three two-year-old males for spawning.

    Before spawning, they should be kept separately for 2-3 weeks. Spawning aquarium It is recommended to maintain the temperature at 24 – 26 ° С.

    To stimulate spawning, it is necessary to gradually warm the water until its temperature rises by 5-10 ° C. The males at the same time begin to quickly rush and chase females who lose their eggs, scattering it around the perimeter aquarium, mostly it turns on plants.

    In total, the female spawns about 10,000 eggs. Once spawning is over, producers need to be removed from aquarium.

    The starting food for the hatched fry will be “live dust”. They can also be given special food, which is now in abundance commercially available for feeding fry. goldfish, for example, Sera Mikron.

    Unlike ordinary goldfish Shubunkin delicate transparent scales and elongated fins. The laterally extended body is slightly flattened laterally. The blades of the tail undivided fin large.

    Coloring – the most valuable in calico – consists of a combination of white, red, yellow and blue colors and manifests itself only upon attaining one year old. Often Calico called “calico”.

    Fish are especially appreciated, in which blue-violet or blue color prevails, usually appearing by the third year of life. Also in the breed there is a species that is characterized by a slightly shortened body, a high dorsal fin and a forked caudal.

    Calico variegation was so much liked by breeders from Japan that they “painted” the same orande, voilehvostku, telescope and others. Hybrids in the title received the prefix Calico, for example, Calico telescope, Calico Oranda.

    In length, the fish grows up to 16 cm.



    Goldfish require carefully selected aquarium conditions. First of all, you need to understand that keeping one fish requires at least 50 liters of water.

    However, as the number of fish in an aquarium increases, an increase in their population density is allowed.

    At the bottom of the aquarium should be a coarse-grained soil, because the fish love to rummage in it. Pebbles need to pick rounded, which do not have sharp edges. The content also implies plants, only it is better to let them not with small leaves, since the dirt lifted from the ground will settle on such leaves.

    Floating plants will also be useful – they can be used for feeding.

    Now let’s talk about the parameters of water: its temperature varies from 16 to 24 degrees (lower temperature is needed in winter, as the summer period approaches, it is necessary to gradually increase the temperature of the water); rigidity – at the level of 8-18 degrees, the acidity is needed around 7.

    In general, water should be given maximum attention (after all, its quality affects even the life expectancy of the fish themselves, i.e. it depends on how long the fish in question live). It must be rich in oxygen, must be clean. Every day should be replaced about a tenth of the water.

    Without a filter can not do. Inadequate water quality provokes disease.

    Speaking of longevity. How long do these funny inhabitants of the water live?

    No one can name the exact period how long they live, but there is a case when a goldfish has lived to 34 years without a single disease. How long do they usually live?

    From 3 to 10 years. The length of life of these creatures depends on what their content.

    Now consider compatibility. Here it is necessary to take into account the variety of goldfish, because not all species have complete compatibility with other fish.

    In addition, even the compatibility of fish with each other is not always observed. Check compatibility with one or another fish is still not worth it.

    In any case, peaceful and calm neighbors, not too large, will ensure almost absolute compatibility.

    Back to content

    Telescope – goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

    Order, family: Carp.

    Comfortable water temperature: 18-25 C.

    Ph: 5.0-8.0.

    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

    Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (danios, terntion, catfish speckled, neons, etc.)

    Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the “Golden Fish” nibbled and left a lot of “Kakul”. So, this is not true.

    He himself repeatedly wound up such fish … there is no dirt – I spend an easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be scared of sellers tales.

    Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of “kakulyami”, bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmus cules) and other aquarium orderlies.

    It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation – do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.


    The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape.

    Fish size up to 12cm.

    The body is ovoid, the fins are long, anal and caudal forked.

    There are two types of telescopes:

    – Scaleless: one-colored and pied print;

    The color of the telescope is variable: red, orange, calico, black.

    These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding – the key to success is the balance of the feed.

    The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.

    For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish – barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

    Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 18-25 ° C, aquarium water hardness 6-18 o, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.

    The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants.

    Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

    Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish.

    Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of non-eaten food should be removed.

    Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

    Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

    In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

    Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.

    Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

    It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

    Photo fish telescope

    Interesting video about telescopes

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