maintenance, care, compatibility
Scalaries get along in different ways with the Cyprinidae family. There are aquariums, where Sumatran barbs and scalars live quietly and without fights, and there are aquas, where hooligan tricks from the barbs are a daily matter.
Scalar definitely will not get along with goldfish. First, the first are too different in content requirements. Veiltails, for example, require a water temperature of 14 to 25 degrees, and a hardness of 6 to 18 degrees.
But the data for Sumatrans: temperature from 24 to 27, hardness – from 6.3 to 7.5. Angelfish all the same – more delicate and noble fish compared with gold.
Angelfish with goldfish may conflict. The initiators of fights are goldfish, in principle, a little aggressive in nature of creation.
There is more waste from goldfish than from scalar. In addition, they often eat plants from the aquarium.
Angelfish will never spoil the leaves.
So these completely different fish are completely incompatible with each other.
Compatibility of aquarium fish – a very important issue for beginners and experienced razvodchiki. Each fish has an individual character, style of behavior, regardless of whether it is a herbivore or a predator. Some fish quickly eat plants and shrimp, others attack the fish themselves.
Of course, there were cases when practically incompatible species coexisted in one reservoir.
Aquarium fish compatibility chart
To systematize this issue, you should familiarize yourself with the habitat conditions of each hydrobiont, and then decide who to share it with. Assess the degree of aggressiveness of each species, the water parameters that are acceptable for them, in which layers of the reservoir they usually swim.
To ensure that your aquarium is filled with life, a table is provided that lists the compatibility of freshwater fish.
Watch the video about the compatibility of aquarium fish.
What fish are compatible with scalar? With them you can settle the representatives of non-aggressive species of medium size. These include:
Between themselves, the scalars get along quite well in the conditions of a spacious reservoir, but from the age of the young stock they must live in a group of 4-8 fish, among which they choose a mate for life, as is typical of the Cichlids. With representatives of loach fish and shrimps are partially compatible, however, the risk of cohabitation in the common tank is high. Do not settle scalar with such fish:
- African and South American cichlids;
- Carp koi;
Compatibility of aquarium fish is possible with members of their family Carp, they are all well-known goldfish. Most often, koi carps are bred in ponds, so in the aquarium they will drive smaller and weaker fish.
The family Melanotene (Iris) has seven genera, which include small but very beautiful fish with shimmering scales. Absolutely innocuous creatures, do not attack others, but rather become victims of large fish.
In an aquarium, it can be cichlids, astronotus, koi carps and goldfish. With other neighbors get along well.
Pretty active fish with predatory instinct. They can pester the neighbors in the aquarium, so they are suitable representatives of those species that are able to stand up for themselves, they are:
If you notice that the barbs are pestering and driving these types of fish, consider options for moving to a spacious or separate aquarium. These fish have a very unpredictable character. It is categorically impossible to settle with:
- South American and African cichlids;
- Carp koi;
With discussion, loach, and guppy, compatibility may be partial, depending on the line of behavior of each fish.
Small ray-finned fish of the carp family, small size. Have a peaceful nature. You can keep in a general aquarium with cockerels, scalars, barbs, corridors, guppies, gourami, battles, minesies, patsilii, plecostomus, iris, rassetami, labo, swordtails, tetras.
You can not settle with cichlids, discus, goldfish, astronotus, koi carps.
Look at the zebrafish and pink angelfish in the same aquarium.
Very beautiful, bright aquarium fish. Have a peaceful nature. The table indicates that they are compatible with such neighbors:
- By incentives;
- Sword bearers;
It is forbidden to run into a common reservoir where they live: angelfish, barbs, roosters, cichlids, goldfish, guppies, koi carps, astronotus.
The most ancient and popular representatives of home aquariums. They have a peculiar character, besides, their color is very noticeable, therefore, they are compatible only with the representatives of their family, the Karpovs, the karpami koi.
Aquarium gouras can live with other fish even better than with their closest congeners. Compatibility is possible with peaceful small fish that will swim in the middle and lower layers of water.
There are also a number of representatives of the underwater world, with whom the gurus easily get along. Compatibility is possible with neons, iris, danios, battles, swordtails, tetras, catfish, minors.
Representatives of the families of cichlids and scalar also get along with gourami.
It is not recommended to settle with large predators, with fast and active fish, playful. This applies to species that can pluck fins and constantly interfere, among them: barbs, cichlids, roosters, parrots fish, astronotus, goldfish.
Compatibility is not possible with discus, shrimp, guppy, since there will be a confrontation between them, or some will be eaten by others.
The following factors may cause conflicts between gouras and unrelated fish species:
- Bright color or long, fluffy fins that attract caring neighbors. They can tear off the fins, or destroy the “handsome”;
- Disproportionate fish need space for swimming and life, if some fish swim at the upper layers, others at the bottom, this does not lead to collisions;
- Insufficient aquarium volume and lack of personal swimming space, insufficient number of plants and shelters;
- The main cause of conflict is the appearance of superiority in size, large aquarium fish immediately notice small fish, perceiving them for food.
Look at the aquarium with gourami, scalar and speckled catfish.
If the breeder wants to acquire an unpretentious and intelligent water creature, then he needs to have a golden scalar. These fish are distinguished by their characteristic golden scales and an elegant body resembling a sail.
These beautiful fish have already proven themselves to be excellent pets. Today it will be about them.
This is a rather large variety of scalar. The gold scalar reaches seventeen centimeters in length and twenty-three in height.
The angelfish gold is more impressive in luxurious scales of the shade of the precious metal, its iridescent texture. Unusual, as if done with gold leaf spraying, covers every millimeter of the body of a scalar.
In the light, gold casts pearl, – it turns out a precious duet of gold and pearls on the scales of fish.
The fins of the golden scalar do not differ in especially large sizes or in any special color. They are translucent, bent back.
The tail fin is narrow, has no filiform processes, resembles a folded fan. Pectoral fins look like short narrow feathers.
The iris of the eye is dark, without any stains and marks.
Gold scalar fish need, first of all, a large and large aquarium. For several individuals, which will need to start (after all, scalar fish are schooling fish), you need a large aquarium with a volume of at least 50 liters and a height of at least 50 cm.
The width of the aquarium does not matter: these fish are accustomed to swim through narrow channels.
The lighting should be soft, and even at night you need to leave a weak light for the fish. The temperature should reach from 24 to 27 degrees, the acidity should not exceed the mark of 6.7 – 7.5, and the hardness – 7-15.
Aeration is obligatory: without intensive saturation of water with oxygen, the fish can get sick and even suffocate.
Breeding golden scalar is as follows. It is necessary to replace the water before spawning and thoroughly clean it, so the fish will become more actively preparing to spawn.
The male golden angelfish will guard the boundaries of its territory and drive away uninvited guests, while the female will examine large plants in search of a spawning ground.
Spawning is made without any subtleties. Fry appear on the second day of laying eggs.
A beautiful golden angelfish is a worthy contender for a place in the aquarium of any breeder!
Angelfish (Latin “fish-angel”) attracts with its grace and unusual shape. These pets are loved by many aquarists for their unique graceful appearance, original coloring, meek, peaceful temper.
They are considered the most popular aquarium fish in the cichle family. What kinds of these inhabitants of domestic water bodies are best known, what are the conditions of their maintenance, with whom these representatives of cichlids feel comfortable in the neighborhood, let us consider further.
These representatives of the underwater fauna come from South America, where their favorite habitats are leisurely flowing or even standing waters of local water bodies, densely overgrown with reeds.
The flat, as if flattened laterally, scalar body shape allows it to easily move between vertically growing stems of aquatic flora. Here they are comfortable: you can easily hide from predatory brethren, spawn caviar in silence.
Usually they live in small flocks of 20 or more individuals.
The unusual shape of a scalar for fish, resembling a crescent, was formed by stretching the dorsal and anal fins, while the fins on the abdomen were transformed into threads that felt and recognized surrounding objects.
The natural habitat has formed the color of an angelfish: the light-silvery background of the body of the fish is crossed by vertical stripes of a dark color, constantly changing saturation depending on the degree of illumination. These transverse strips are nothing more than the protective coloring of the fish, making them invisible in the reed.
Only the eyes are sharply accented with bright red spots.
This aquarium pets peculiar to:
- graceful manner of movement;
- ability to coexist with non-aggressive species of fish;
- reverent care for their offspring.
Pterophyllum altum, Pterophyllum scalare, Pterophyllum leopoldi are positioned as the main types of scalar. They are in many ways similar at first glance, have a number of differences between them.
Angelfish altum (Pterophyllum altum) has a body as if elongated in height, prefers muddy water with decomposed plants. The size of the largest individuals is 18 cm in length and up to 25 cm in height.
The traditional silver color of the body is complemented by three vertical stripes of brownish color.
Scalaria Ordinary (Pterophyllum scalare) is the most famous and common angelfish in the aquarium hobby, freshwater inhabitant.
Its main characteristics are not so different from the standard ones, but strongly depend on the environmental conditions where it is contained. Therefore, this species is of particular interest to aquarists, breeders, creating on its basis a unique color specimens.
So many variations of this species were created:
- smoky-lace and other.
Angelfish leopoldi (Pterophyllum leopoldi) – the least common species among aquarists. Externally, it is different from other species with a slightly elongated body shape, differently located dark stripes on it and a slightly noticeable head hump.
The content and care for the scalar requires the same as the other tsikhlovym:
- the size of the home water;
- water quality;
- breeding conditions must be acceptable and comfortable for scalar.
To make your pets feel good, have the opportunity to show off graceful swimming, giving you pleasure while watching them, they need to settle in a fairly spacious aquarium.
It should be volumetric (at least 50 liters), and sufficiently high (at least 50 cm), with a large number of plants planted rationally, so as not to interfere with the fish during swimming and at the same time serve them as an accessible shelter. It is not necessary to cover the domestic pond as these pets do not jump.
The parameters of the aquarium water should be close to the following indicators:
- the water is clean but not filtered;
- temperature – about 26 ° C (with spawning above);
- stiffness – 10-12.
For scalar live food is preferred:
Comfortable conditions contribute to the regular spawning of the scalar right in the aquarium. The latter is stimulated by a simple water change, as well as a slight increase in its temperature.
The development of eggs lasts up to two days, after which parents put their larvae in their mouths. In order to preserve the offspring, it is better to plant it for this period in another reservoir. There in five days the fry will be able to swim and eat on their own.
And parents will not worry about their safety.
It is impossible to say that the angelfish fully corresponds to its translated name of the angelfish: it, like many cichlids, is run by the predator instincts.
Attempting to share this fish with some other aquarium dwellers does not always end successfully. Simply put, for example, every detail scalar easily eaten, and for adult members of other breeds there are some limitations.
Large breeds of aggressor fish themselves will attack the scalar. You can try to hook up to them fish that can quickly hide, for which our representatives of the Tsikhlovyhs will be dangerous only at night.
Based on the foregoing, these angel pets are compatible with:
- danios who need to be able to dodge and quickly hide;
- specialty partners;
- Labo and tetra, if you grow them together.
In short, everything in relation to the compatibility of different breeds of fish is relative. Scalaria of the cichl breed. A priori, this means that it is a predator for which every small fish is food.
And any larger fish with the same predatory inclinations will not miss the opportunity to pat the delicate antennae of scalar. Probably, it makes sense, buying this cichlid, to negotiate with the seller about the possibility of its return to the pet store in case of such incompatibility.
The compatibility of goldfish with other types of fish is one of the necessary conditions for their harmonious life in a home aquarium. From the correct compatibility depends on the health of the fish, behavior, life expectancy. Before determining with which species of fish the content of goldfish is possible, many observations were made that began in the Middle Ages.
Since the goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus) is one of the oldest aquarium pets, compatibility has long been tested, which allows settling it with other fishes without experience.
- Decorative varieties of goldfish are very large creatures with a body size of 20 cm in length and more, therefore, a successful maintenance requires a reservoir with a volume of 50-80 liters per individual.
- This type of fish is slow and graceful, so more active neighbors will disturb them.
- “Cinderella” love to plow the ground, looking for food in it or digging up plants. Such a habit is common to all, so the water will become dirty and muddy in a short time. Fish that love crystal clear water will suffer.
- They are omnivorous – they eat live, frozen, vegetable food. Diet with neighbors in the aquarium should be the same.
- Goldfish can eat very small fish. As representatives of the carp family, they borrowed from their ancestors a tendency to eat small animals.
- Compatibility is also affected by their variegated, beautiful color, as well as lush and long fins. Content is not allowed with those species who are not averse to nibbling their sumptuous tail.
See how goldfish coexist with macrognatus, labo and thoracatum.
Of course, the maintenance of goldfish is possible with representatives of the carp family. An important point – the fish of this family prefer cool water, not higher than 24 degrees Celsius (° C). Next to certain types of carp goldfish will look spectacular, and there will be less conflicts with relatives.
Therefore, the optimal care of the fish will be provided by the same conditions of detention. Among the successful neighbors can be: Labo, danios, koi carps, crucians.
As for carp, koi is a wonderful fish, often grown in ornamental ponds as an exhibition “exhibit”. He will not offend a goldfish, but his appearance is so self-sufficient that it is better to settle it separately.
As for the other fish of the carp family, they do not get along with the barbs and the “zolotushki” races. The reason – these neighbors can become either predators for golden fish, or their prey.
Decorative catfish – small corridors and catfish – good neighbors for ornamental fish. They live in the lower layers of water, so they don’t bother anyone, but peacefully collect leftover food from the bottom, clean it of dirt, which is very much after a goldfish.
However, one has to be careful – catfish are sluggish creatures, which can irritate a golden fish. You should not settle with catfish antsistrusami, they are an exception.
The ancistrus is large in size, and the lush fins of the beauties can slam.
All breeds of Carassius auratus: voile tails, Veikins, Shubunkins, telescopes, Riukins, will quietly cohabit in a common reservoir. They are the same parameters of the aquatic environment, which simplifies the care of these fish.
However, there is a lack in such a neighborhood – crossing may occur between some adult fish, and they will bring hybrid offspring. This is fraught with a distortion of the characteristics of the breed that has been bred for years.
The constant crossing of different breeds will lead to the fact that in one generation of descendants fish will appear that are no different from river carp.
See how goldfish with angelfish behave in an aquarium.
It is better to settle Carassius auratus alone – and so she is self-sufficient, is the queen of aquariums. Caring for one goldfish does not give you trouble. But if you want to take a chance – you can settle it with other fish, but watch out for the consequences.
Sometimes all pets get along fine, but there are exceptions.
Representatives of the Kharatsinov family are not ideal neighbors for the “cinchies”. Neons, tetras, rhodostomuses, minors are small fish that carp can easily eat. They may get used to each other at the age of young, but later irreversible consequences will occur.
But if you plan to settle goldfish not with small, but with large tetras – diamond or congo, then this neighborhood will be successful.
Labyrinth fish – not suitable as neighbors for ornamental goldfish. The first reason – labyrinths (gourami, lyalius) love warm water more than cool water.
The second reason is that the labyrinth live an active way of life; they can engage in fights with veil-tailed fish, touching their fins. Theoretically, the compatibility of the “Cinderella” with the Ktenopoma is possible, but it floats in the lower layers of water, and the annoying neighbor with a long tail may simply not like her.
Cichlids – settlement in one aquarium is impossible due to the difference in temperature regimes of content and nature peculiarities. Cichlids are territorial fish, rather large and sometimes aggressive.
Habitat cichlids are tropical regions of the globe, where the water is warm and clean. Goldfish are the descendants of freshwater crucian carp that inhabit temperate latitudes.
Therefore, such a neighborhood for both species will be unusual. Because of this, compatibility with scalars is also unacceptable.
Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)
Another pets for beginners – goldfish. Aquarium species of these fish are very common. If you look at the compatibility table, the line devoted to goldfish will be completely filled with red, with a few yellow areas, just like many cichlids.
But if cichlids are aggressive, then goldfish often become victims themselves. Goldfish are large, and little things like rasbor and neon, they gradually eat.
And the other inhabitants of the aquarium themselves can offend the slow and delicate little crowns with long fins.
Golden fish is best to settle with their own kind, there are enough interesting varieties of this breed. It should not be forgotten that if you want to get offspring, then you cannot keep different species together.
Who do goldfish can get along with? Aquarium species of calm catfish – the Tarakatum, fighting-clowns, corridors, peaceful tetras – Congas, terntions and calm danios will be fine.
There are also examples of successful cohabitation of gold with neons, scalars, viviparous, but we must remember that any neighborhood of goldfish with other species may result in conflicts and death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.