Due to the peculiar shape of the head and the bright color, golden yulidohromis received a non-standard name for the golden parrot. The special structure of the head gives the fish a shape resembling a bird’s beak, and in coloring this aquatic animal is one of the most beautiful representatives of julidochromis that have ever been kept in aquariums.
In nature, the golden yulidohromis inhabits Lake Tanganyika at a depth of 2 to 7 meters with a rocky bottom landscape. The lower part is painted in golden-orange tones, a pair of wide black stripes runs along the whole body to the tail, between which the space is painted in a milky-white color.
Unfortunately, in view of closely related crossings, golden yulidochromis strongly degenerated in the territory of the post Soviet space. Now this genus is represented by inconspicuous and faded fish with a yellowish “dirty” color, and a pair of thin and rarely reaching to the tail black stripes runs along the body.
The character of the golden parrot is peaceful and the fish get on well both with their relatives from Lake Tanganyika and in a tropical aquarium full of plants and inhabited by fish of similar size and size. It was noted that the hydrobiont gets along excellently with almost any neighbor, with the exception of minor representatives of the haracin (red and blue neons).
The key condition for such peaceful coexistence is that a sudden troublemaker of the yulidochromis will be able to freely leave their territory in the shortest possible time.
The aquarium for keeping yulidokhromis should be spacious, but not huge. For keeping fish from 6 to 10 fish, a 60-liter aquarium will fit with live aquarium plants, neutral soil and stone terraces.
For spawning suitable 20-liter aquarium for a pair of fish. Aquarium water must have the following chemical composition:
- Active reaction environment 6.9 – 9.5 pH;
- Water hardness 8-20;
- The water temperature is within 21 – 32 degrees, but the optimum temperature is considered 26 degrees;
- 24-hour filtration and aeration of the aquarium.
Almost any live food is eaten by the fish: the moth of the optimal size, well washed tubule and coretr. In the summer, the Yulik do not disdain to eat daphnia, Cyclops and “living dust.”
In the case of a lack of live food, you can diversify the diet with high-quality dry food company Tetra.
When you will equip an aquarium for parrots, remember that the fish live in the clefts between the stones and in small caves. Accordingly, in the aquarium you will have to organize several caves of stones, preferably in different corners of the aquarium. Alternatively, you can put several large mollusk shells on the bottom of the aquarium, if of course they fit organically into the interior of your aquarium.
These shells yulidohromisy without a twinge of conscience will clean up their hands and include in the territorial possessions.
After the adult fish are divided into pairs, they immediately occupy their space, which they jealously protect from any violators. At the same time, it was noticed that they do not touch the neighbors, especially those who are smartly worn around the aquarium.
Fish ripening occurs at the age of one year, there are cases of even earlier ripening, but on condition that they reach 5-6 centimeters in length. The maximum length of the body of a goldfish in a golden yulidochromis is 10 – 12 centimeters. After a pair of fish occupy a suitable cave, spawning occurs.
As a rule, the maximum number of eggs does not exceed 40 pieces, but the standard figure is 10 – 15 small greenish eggs.
Golden yulidokhromisa often called “fish-shifter.” In moments of searching for food or patrolling the territory, Yulik calmly floats on his back, turns over on the spot and freezes.
If the fish swims into a dark corner of the cave, it immediately turns on the “backlight” in the form of a shimmering fringe of unpaired fins, as well as a luminous strip under the eye.
When two producers meet in the spawning ground, they immediately begin their mutual mating dance: they squeeze and unclench the fins, and the male starts to dance in front of the female with a series of bows and turns. At the end of spawning, the males are caring for the eggs, and the females, as they are larger, patrol the area nearby, periodically replacing the male on the nest.
In the process of caring for caviar, the fish is better to feed the floating types of feed, or else feed the producers near their shelter. At a water temperature of 26 degrees, three days after spawning small greenish-gray larvae with attached yolk sacs are born from eggs.
With the help of head tenacious threads, the larvae attach themselves to the walls of the shelter and hang down the tail, swaying along the current that the male creates with the help of his tail.
After 5-7 days, the yolk sac dissolves in the larvae, and they spread out on a rocky shelter in search of food. Small black fry are virtually invisible in the gaps between the stones and against the background of dark ground, and only from the behavior of the parents can we guess that the fish protect the fry from uninvited guests.
At this very time, manufacturers are becoming extremely aggressive. Although the obligation to care for their fry makes the fish keep around the nest, yet some curious neighbors in the aquarium get it.
As a rule, suffer from antsistrusy, lorikarida and other fish that are trying to look into the shelter.
Steep sanctions can be applied to the most dull fish: a pair of julidochromis parents attack the intruder from two sides and bite into his fins. After such an attack, even the most curious fish lose their ardor and swim to the other end of the aquarium, and may even hide behind an aquarium filter.
The swollen youngsters greedily eat the nauplii of Artemia and Cyclops, as well as the “Living Dust” and finely chopped shredder.
At the age of one month, the fry develop a color similar to that of the adult individuals, only against a darker background. Larger fry of the natural line have late staining. Yellow fish, usually at three months of age.
On the other hand, since childhood, a shiny edging is formed on fish on unpaired fins, which is not observed in older fish.
The majority of Tanganyik cichlids have grown young animals that do not leave their parents. Golden yulidochromis is also no exception. In the event of the slightest danger, the julydochromis fry instantly rush into their cave.
And parents, if they are certainly not engaged in other more important things, are on the protection of their offspring. With their constant movement and signaling functions, the young julydochromis creates comfortable conditions for parents, who start the next spawning with great eagerness. A spawning pair of fish that tasted can spawn at intervals of 14 days.
The maximum lifespan of golden yulidochromis is about 8 years, of which 7 years old fish regularly spawn. During the year, a pair of adult julydochromis can bring about a dozen generations of fry.