The gobiochrome of the secretary, in contrast to its nearest namesake of a lion-headed cichlid, is not so popular among aquarists of cichlids. The reason for this is quite problematic export of these cichlids from the natural habitat.
Wild fishes are extremely conservative in relation to the habitat, they are easy to injure during fishing and fish are highly susceptible to shock and bacterial infections. However, the greatest difficulty is considered the fact that a cichlid rarely forms a strong pair.
And now let me tell you a few words about the name of the species and its way of life. Gobiochrome Taynta externally differs from other stetokranov and basically leads a burrowed way of life, looking for a suitable shelter at the bottom of the reservoir. All activities of the daily exercise of fish are carried out under ambient light.
Having seen the potential food, they immediately leave their burrow and pick up some larva and immediately return home.
After some time, the procedure repeats and lasts until the fish is fully satisfied. The unusual appearance and specific behavior makes the cichlid similar to the behavior of gobies, which are widely known to us. Such behavior provoked Max Pall to give them the name Gobiochromis in the 40s of the last century.
However, in the future, this name was not assigned to the fish, but as an everyday nickname it would completely come off.
And now let’s say a few words, let’s say fish adaptation to aquarium conditions. The first acclimatization of the first settlers proceeds according to the following scheme: for one or two hours, you will have to drip the transport water for the aquarium one, which should have a similar chemical composition and temperature.
The tank should be clean and grottoes of stones and other similar shelters should be present.
After you quarantine purchased fish, you should supplement the internal landscape of the aquarium with large plants (nuggets, nymphs, hygrophilous, etc.), it would be better if you plant the plants in pots and so place them in the aquarium. The main requirement for future plants – they must withstand the constant high biological water purification.
With regards to the chemical parameters of water: it should be soft (4-8 degrees), have a slightly acidic active reaction medium (6.5 – 6.8 pH). But there have been cases when the indigenous representatives of the gobiochromes of the coyote have adapted to more severe conditions (hardness is about 20 and alkaline at pH 7.5). And what is most interesting, the offspring in this case does not suffer.
Such stringent conditions of detention will enable more plastic progeny.
To ensure the success of fish farming, it is better that you have your own breeding material in the amount of 10 to 15 producers from a pair of adjacent litters. Puberty in fish begins between the ages of 8 and 10 months, but an aquarist will be able to get full-fledged offspring only when the fish are 1.5 – 2 years old.
The best spawning age is considered the interval of 2 – 6 years of fish life.
The maximum length of an adult individual may be about 15 centimeters, but, as a rule, dimensions are somewhat more modest and rarely exceed the 12-centimeter mark. The females are always smaller than the males, and they can still be distinguished by shortened braids of unpaired fins.
I would also like to note the strict observance of the hierarchy of the gobiochromis. The largest male will regularly patrol his possessions, thereby making it clear to his fellow tribesmen that he is the rightful owner here.
This procedure is rather transient and the male quickly lowers his steam on the tribesmen, and then returns to his personal possessions, which is the drainage round pipe. A good option for fish hostel is a pre-soaked slit brick, which is installed in different corners of the aquarium.
Unfortunately, we can rarely see a friendly and strong couple. As a rule, these types of cichlids are inherent in the harem principle of family building. Ideally, it would be better for males to be 6 to 10 months older than females.
Mature females begin to show interest first and flirt with the gentlemen. This process is accompanied by the spreading of fins and gill covers. Marriage games should take place under the watchful eye of the aquarist, as if the partners are incompatible, the fish can get serious injuries.
After several checks for compatibility, unsuitable females are transferred to another group and a year or two later the procedure is repeated again.
After the producers clean the place for the future offspring (these can be the walls of a coconut shell or a flowerpot), they begin to lead an alternate round dance. During one spawning, the female can lay between 25 and 100 yellow-orange eggs.
The clutch is guarded by two parents: the female stands above the nest, and the male patrols the territory, occasionally looking into the nest.
To ensure the preservation of offspring, the substrate with the caviar is best to transfer to a separate aquarium with a volume of 20 to 40 liters after a couple of hours, where you have to organize enhanced aeration. In the water you also need to add a solution of salt and methylene blue.
The incubation period lasts three days at a water temperature of 28 degrees, and after another 5 days, the fry will begin to swim in the aquarium.
Starter feed for fry – small plankton. By the age of 8 weeks, the fish will have a marketable appearance and their length will be a couple of centimeters. If the fish are kept in hard water, then up to 80% of the offspring will be females.
In addition, the number of fry increases, which will have a broken tail stem and scoliosis of various shapes.