Glass Bass (Parambassis / Chanda ranga)
Habitat: inhabits stagnant brackish and freshwater reservoirs in India, Burma, Pakistan, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Thailand, Nepal and Cambodia.
High body diamond-shaped, flattened laterally. The back is curved. The lower jaw is elongated, the teeth are small, the forehead is concave.
Dorsal fin of 2 parts: the front is triangular in shape and high, the back is more rounded at the bottom, it is symmetrical anal fin.
The body is transparent so that through it visible internal organs and the skeleton. The noticeable swim bladder in the male is pointed and elongated, in females it is more rounded.
There are 5 rays on the ventral fin, 7-8 spines on the dorsal fin, three on the anal fin, one thorn on the ventral fin.
The color of the males varies from yellow-green to yellow-orange with five transverse stripes on the sides formed by dark spots. The rays on the fins are black with a blue rim.
Glassfish – female
The color of the females is less noticeable. They have no blue border on the fins, the body is of steel silver color.
Glass Bass – male
The tip of the anterior dorsal fin is dark. Pectoral fins of a reddish shade.
In some specimens, from the gills to the caudal fin, a light violet stripe stretches.
Glass perch – painted
In nature, glass perch reaches 8 cm, in captivity – 5 cm.
Arrangement and parameters of the aquarium: an aquarium is needed from 100 liters or a minimum length of 50 cm. Fish feel most comfortable with schooling of 5-8 individuals.
From plants fit any species that can grow in salted water. It is better to plant them in the tank, and not in the ground, which should be shallow. Sand or gravel of a small fraction will do.
Small fish need free space for swimming and secluded places that form a heap of large stones, snags or artificial grottoes.
Water parameters: 23-26 ° C, dH 8-20, pH 7-8.5.
Good filtration with aeration is required. Water change is carried out in small quantities.
Glass bass likes old and very clean water. It is useful to add to the aquarium sea salt (10 liters 3 h / l).
The lighting is bright, preferably getting into the aquarium of sunlight.
Glass perch (Parambassis (Chanda) ranga) a very peaceful fish, which, however, is painfully perceived by a large number of neighbors. Compatible with small species: guppies, tetras, rasborami, corridors.
With large aggressive fish can not be kept.
Nutrition: in nature eats crustaceans, worms, insect larvae. In the glass perch aquarium should be fed frozen and live food.
The daily rate is divided into small portions and fed gradually. Cereal does not accept willingly.
Reproduction: For a pair of glass perches you will need a spawning from 50 cm, for a few pairs – from 80 cm. Small-leaved plants, including floating ones, are placed in the container.
Their number must be greater than the number of males.
A few months before spawning, water must be salted: for 12 liters – 2 h / l. Spawning stimulates a temperature increase of several degrees, the addition of one-fourth of fresh water and the light of the morning sun.
Fish spawn at dawn, sticking eggs to the leaves, roots and stems of plants. The female sweeps 6-10 eggs at a time.
Over the entire period of spawning, which lasts 2-3 days, she lays about 200 eggs. Fish do not eat their offspring and therefore there is no need to set them aside.
Incubation lasts from 1 to 2.5 days. At first, the hatching fry hangs motionless in an upright position, and then swim and is able to receive nauplii and rotifers. Spawning with fry should be poorly lit around the clock.
It is necessary to carefully monitor the purity of the water, making changes by the drip method.
They become sexually mature at 4-6 months.
Lifespan Glass perch (Parambassis (Chanda) ranga) – up to 3 years.