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Garra Rufa fish: care and maintenance at home

The small size of the gray garra rufa fish is inconspicuous at first glance, any decorative qualities are unusual for it. However, it is often found in professional and domestic aquariums.

The increased interest in this exotic inhabitant of the reservoirs is due to commercial interest.

A small sized gray fish garra rufa is used for spa treatments.

Every person who once visited one of the Asian resorts must meet on the streets with unusual spa procedures. Clients are conveniently located and put their feet in a container with water, where a flock of fish floats freely.

The agile animals intensively bite the cornified layers of the epidermis, thereby performing the peeling procedure on the legs.

Domestic and European beauty salons have not missed the opportunity to profit and actively offer visitors an unusual and pleasant procedure. Active fish eliminate keratinized skin, damaged and diseased areas, adding a therapeutic effect to the cosmetic procedure. In recent years, there have been lively debates among specialists regarding Is it appropriate and useful to use these aquatic inhabitants in cosmetology:

  1. Many researchers are inclined to believe that small fish, while carefully removing diseased epidermis, contribute to the natural healing of the skin, in the upper layers of which rapid regeneration takes place.
  2. People with psoriasis and eczema note a significant improvement in the general condition after undergoing a therapeutic course with the use of doctor-fish. Upon completion of the procedures, in most cases, a long-term remission occurs.
  3. Specialists often associate the therapeutic effect with a special composition of fish saliva. It contains a specific enzyme – ditanol, which has a powerful bactericidal effect.

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There is another point of view, stating that the therapeutic effect occurs only as a result of contact with individuals that are inhabitants of the natural environment within their range. As for the fish used by cosmetology rooms and beauty salons, they are artificially displayed in specialized nurseries.

They do not provide effective therapy, but do not cause harm to human health.

When placing the feet or hands in the bathroom with skin healers, the person feels pleasant and light touches, light tingling. At the end of the procedure, the skin turns slightly pink, softens, and becomes clean.

Particles of the epithelium – not the main food fish doctor Garra Rufa. Individuals actively absorb keratinized skin in the absence of other foods.

Garra Rufa derived artificially in specialized nurseries.

Exotic aquatic inhabitants belong to the Kapra family, namely to the Garr genus. Back in 1843, these fish were described in detail by Austrian biologist Johann Haeckel. Their pronounced features:

  1. For fish, a gray, slightly elongated body, flattened on both sides, looks much like a torpedo.
  2. One of the main differences is a large head, the presence of short neat antennae, a large mouth.
  3. Eyes clear round shape with a black pupil.
  4. Fast movement in the water space is ensured by highly developed fins.

From the observations made by the researchers it follows that the wild, Garra Rufa fish that grew in natural conditions has a red fin in the tail section. Copies of the same, derived in piece reservoirs, fully painted in gray shades.

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Representatives of the described species are unique creatures, they have completely no stomach, which is why food ingested is digested very quickly. This feature explains the excessive activity of the fish, which are always hungry and ready to receive food at any time.

The size of the body of adults reaches 12-15 cm, with regard to aquatic inhabitants, they do not grow more than 10 cm. Such fish prefer to live in large schools, and can not stand loneliness.

A prerequisite for creating a family is building a hierarchy. In the absence of adverse factors underwater inhabitants live from 4 to 6 years.

The distribution area in the nature of the fish doctor Garra Rufa is not so great. It is found in the rivers Tigris, Euphrates and, accordingly, in their tributaries.

Also described animals often found in the waters of Iraq, Syria, Turkey, the temperature of which varies from +24 to +28 ° C. From official data it is known that carp “healers” for a short time can be in extreme water with a temperature index up to +37 ° C (for example, in thermal springs).

Garra Rufa is found in the waters of Iraq, Syria, and Turkey, the temperature of which varies from +24 to +28 ° C.

The wide popularity of small fish led to a sharp reduction in their population. Currently, their unauthorized fishing is strictly prohibited with the subsequent export.

Violation is prosecuted.

Due to this situation, fish-healers are actively raised on specialized farms, in licensed nurseries with the creation of conditions as close as possible to their natural range. A similar industrial branch is developed in Southeast Asia.

Recently, aquarists have increasingly been breeding schools of frisky and agile carp at home.

Keeping at home Garra Rufa is not difficult. For a family of 5-7 individuals, it is necessary to equip a spacious fresh-water tank at the rate of 7 liters per fish. Necessary conditions to be created in an aquarium:

  • the presence of soil from pebbles of any fractional sizes, which is recommended to be mixed with a small amount of rubble;
  • fast or moderate course;
  • equipping habitat with snags and other decorative elements, as well as vegetation resistant to constant flow.

Although representatives of carp for a long time can be in the water heated to +28 ° C, the optimal temperature indicators for their home breeding are indicators from +22 ° C to +26 ° C.

Requires regular effective aeration, water purification from nitrates and nitrites. For these purposes, the capacity in which the fish-healers live, need to equip the following devices:

  • heater;
  • an aerator;
  • filtering devices equipped with a biofilter or a powerful pump.

As for lighting, it should be bright enough. This method ensures the creation of an algal film on the water surface, which serves as the main food for Garra Ruff.

To prevent these inhabitants from escaping from the aquarium, you should cover it with a lid.

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