Hello colleagues. In today’s article we will get acquainted with another representative of the Cichlov family, which is called the Queen of Tanganyika or Frontoza.
In nature, this fish lives in Lake Tanganyika, preferring to stay near the rocky shores, which have a large number of caves and crevasses.
The Queen of Tanganyika has a flattened body. If the body length of a fish exceeds 10 centimeters, then such fish will form fatty growth on the forehead. In males, this growth is slightly larger than in females.
The main body color is gray-white or gray-blue, on the sides there are six black stripes, which have different widths. The first strip runs across the forehead through the eye ends at the gills.
The sixth strip ends on the tail stem.
The cheeks of the Queen of Tanganyika have a bluish sheen. Fins can be both blue and light gray.
Pelvic fins of the extended form. Males have all fins longer than females.
Under natural conditions, a hydrobiont grows to 40 centimeters in length; in aquariums, the length of its body does not exceed a 20-centimeter mark.
Frontosis is a calm and rather phlegmatic aquarium fish that does not like to swim very much. For keeping in the aquarium the best option is a school of fish consisting of 1 male and several females.
The minimum volume of the aquarium with this number of fish should be at least 200 liters. The aquarium should have a sufficient number of shelters and free space for swimming and arranging spawning grounds.
Frontozy love to gather in small flocks. Given the behavioral features, it is not recommended to keep frontose with other aquarium fish, it is better to focus on the arrangement of the species aquarium.
The first reason why this fish cannot be kept with other species is its predatory nature. At night, the Queen of Tanganka goes out to hunt, and smaller cichlids can go for food, which can be eaten in half with powerful jaws.
The second reason is the slowness of the front. This causes more nimble neighbors to nibble on the fins, which ultimately has a negative psychological effect on the fish.
As a result of such gnawing, the frontoses become very shy and will constantly hide. But if you populate a frontose into a common aquarium, then the most acceptable neighbors are the large species of barbs, glossosperis and melanotenii.
If a school of fish consisting of 5-10 fish lives in an aquarium, cichlids can form several pairs of Monogamous.
Due to the fact that in natural conditions, fish are kept near crevices, then in the aquarium it is necessary to build grottoes and heaps of stones that will imitate the rocky landscape of the bottom. To contain this cichlid in an aquarium, the tank must be of large volume, in which there must be open areas of the substrate.
The best type of aquarium soil: river sand of the middle fraction, on which stone slabs are placed.
In contrast to the steel representatives of Cichl, the frontose does not touch the aquarium plants. The parameters of the aquarium water are as follows:
- Water temperature: 24 – 27 degrees;
- Stiffness: 8 – 20 degrees;
- Acidity: 7.2 – 8.5 pH.
In addition, it is recommended that a couple once a week make water changes in the amount of 10% for fresh settled with the same parameters. The presence of aeration and filtration – a prerequisite.
Under natural conditions, frontose feeds on small snails and mollusks, and in an aquarium it can be fed with squid meat, shrimps, seafood, and shredded fish.
Frostose reaches sexual maturity at the age of one and a half years. Spawning can occur in the general aquarium. The maturation and fertilization of the eggs proceeds in the same way as the rest of the cichlids – in the mouth of the females.
During spawning, males use a tail fin to indicate to the female where the clutch will be located. Fertilization of eggs proceeds in the female’s mouth. During one spawning, the female can sweep up to 60 eggs, which is a fairly good result.
Apparently, this is not very high performance due to the rather large size of the eggs.
Observations on the behavior of females during spawning showed that during the incubation period, females do not completely refuse to eat. The ripening period of caviar can take up to two months.
The female that incubates the spawn somewhat distances itself from the rest of the females and feeds on small crustaceans, insect larvae and detritus. Apparently, such a diet is beneficial to the fry, because at the end of the incubation period, they leave the mother’s mouth rather large and well-formed. The fry make their first attempts to leave the mother’s mouth at the age of 30-40 days.
Fry color is the same as adult fish. With good nutrition and optimal quality of aquarium water, fry can grow up to 20 centimeters in length per year.
You can feed the fry cyclops and nauplii of artemia.