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Freshwater fish Gurchak: description and content

Gorchak is a fish from the carp family. In different regions, it is called in different ways: bruising, mustard or bitter. In nature, there are only about 20 varieties of such fish.

In cooking, gorchak is used extremely rarely, as it has meat that tastes directly corresponding to the name of the individual. But then, if desired, such a fish can be kept in an aquarium.

Read more: carp family.

The bitter meat is slightly bitter, therefore it is not used for food.

Externally, the bitter fish looks like a small carp or a crucian. Her body is high, her head is medium, and her mouth and eyes are small. Medium sized scales have a silver color.

The maximum length of the fish is about 10−12 cm, but most often there are individuals only 5−7 cm. Life expectancy is on average about 5−6 years, depending on the food, living conditions and the presence of predators.

The peculiarity of synyavka is in its appearance. At different times of the year, it changes its appearance.

In the mating season, the male acquires a purple color, its fins become reddish. Females are more faded, most often they have a pink-pearl color.

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The common bitter is found in the waters of Europe. Its range extends from the Volga to the rivers of France. The Amur subspecies is more common in China, Mongolia and the Far East.

These two species are of no value to the industry, they are considered to be trash fish.

The common gorchak is considered to be a weed fish in industry.

Most often, such fish from the carp family can be found in reservoirs with fresh water, where there is no strong current. Sinyavka well adapts to different conditions, so this type can be found in the waters of Afghanistan, Thailand, western Siberia and northern Germany.

In Russia, fish is localized in the Rostov, Penza and Saratov regions. Sometimes it can be found in the south-western region of Ukraine and in the Belarusian Polesye.

In total there are about 20 subspecies. They have their own distinctive features and localization. The most common types of bitterness are:

Leith can be found in the waters of China and the Far East of Russia. Sometimes such fish can be found in tributaries of the Amur and in the territory of the Primorsky Territory. In length, it grows to 5−6 cm

A distinctive feature – bright color: the back is green, in the area of ​​the gill wings there are blue and pink spots, on the tail there is an ultramarine band. This subspecies feeds on mosquitoes, plankton and small algae.

Leita – one of the varieties of bitterness

The Amur Gorchak is localized in China, Sakhalin, Mongolia, in the basin of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Sea of ​​Japan. Most often such a fish lives in completely stagnant or weakly flowing water.

The diet consists mainly of filamentous algae. Outwardly, it is very similar to the usual blueback, but has a darker color.

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Gorchak ocellarum lives in the lakes of Central Asia. A distinctive feature is the spot-eye on the dorsal fin.

Spiny gorchak has a rather large size. On average, such a fish can reach 15−16 cm in length. It feeds on plant food and larvae of chironomids and small crustaceans.

This species can be found in Korea, Mongolia, and northeastern China.

The bruise is characterized by an unusual spawning process. The peculiarity lies in the fact that the fish uses a “natural incubator” – a living mollusk, which belongs to the family of unionions. Spawning occurs in several stages, which last from May to August.

During the mating season, males acquire a purple-red color. and start fighting among themselves for the attention of the females. At the same time, they “pick up” bivalve mollusks in which the larva will develop.

To postpone spawn bruises, use live mollusk

In females, there is a transparent organ in the form of an oviduct tube. It can reach from 4 to 5 cm in length.

This oviduct is densely filled with yellow eggs. There are about 200-250 pieces.

During spawning by a tubular organ, eggs are laid in shells. One can fit from 5 to 30 pcs.

In the same shell, the male puts the milk. Sometimes it happens that in one shell can be from 10 to 15 clutches.

Larvae begin to appear after 3-4 days. The basis of the diet of fry – plankton, and after 17−20 days in the diet already includes plant food.

Most often the bruise is caught in order to use it as bait for predatory fish species. For catching, you can use a small rattle with small cells or a minnowwoman.

Some anglers prefer to use the fly rod. For catching a bitch, it is recommended to use:

The best way to catch a bitch is to use the smallest hook.

  • a float with a small carrying capacity, by which you can notice even a slight touch of the bait;
  • monofilament line, which makes the tooling invisible;
  • the smallest hook.

Rod must have a minimum weight. The optimal size is 3.5–5 m. Dough, steamed wheat or black bread crumb are used as a nozzle. For bait fit a piece of worm, bloodworm and moldy worm.

Cool brisk but unsure.

Some types of bitters are suitable for breeding at home. This fish is unpretentious to the content and has good immunity.

The optimum water temperature is 18−22 ° C. It is important that the aquarium is constantly filtered and aerated water. It is recommended to add clean water once a week.

Periodically you need to clean the bottom of organic waste.

In the aquarium, you need to mark the shallow stony ground or sand with a layer of about 5-7 cm. It is advisable to dilute small algae with a good root system in the tank.

Gorchakov can be bred in aquariums

Sinyavka at home need to be fed vegetable food, flakes, granules and bread. In one tank can be up to 5−7 special.

In this case, most of them should be females.

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