maintenance, care, compatibility
This fish arrived in aquariums from the waters of South America. See how actively she frolics in the pond is not easy, since she is nocturnal.
In the daytime, the fish prefer to relax in the dark thickets. Fish refers to carnivores. In order to catch food at night, her body has electro-receptors, which are ways to catch light vibrations of electromagnetic fields.
An amazing feature of this fish is the ability to swim both forward and backward. Until recently, it was believed that to get offspring in captivity is impossible.
The idea of breeding turned our fellow, aquarists from St. Petersburg.
The most beautiful aquarium fish: photo video review and description
We also offer you to see our photo selection of the most beautiful freshwater and marine fish over 100 photos.
Akara turquoise – fish of the family Cichlids. The body is strong and high, measuring 20-25 cm. The color of scales may be silver or green with turquoise shimmer.
Turquoise lines are visible on the face and on the gill covers; there is a dark spot in the center of the body. There is a fringing on the dorsal and caudal fins.
Astotilapy Burton – very beautiful fish with a multi-colored color. The main background of the scales is gray-red-yellow, with brown patches.
The sides can be painted blue, green or purple. Vertical dark stripes pass through the forehead, muzzle and eyes. Lips blue shade.
Pictures of vertical or horizontal stripes appear on the side of the body, if the condition of the fish changes with keeping conditions, stress, spawning.
Pink danios is a small schooling fish. In the aquarium, it looks beautiful due to the rich pink color of the body with characteristic silver stripes. Females are round, angular males, but colored brighter.
Pink danios look better in a large flock, giving the aquarium a unique look.
Veiltail goldfish is one of the most beautiful goldfish, which, thanks to its long and lush fins, looks incredible in an aquarium. Veils and tails have a short and rounded body, large eyes on a large head. The fins are down.
The color of scales may be different – from golden monotone to black or bright red.
Watch the video about the content of the goldfish voiletail.
Gourami pearl – a beautiful aquarium fish of the Macropod family. Labyrinth fish that can breathe a special labyrinth organ. The body of the fish body is tall, elongated, flattened on the sides.
The color of the body is violet-silver, nacre dots can be seen against the background, which are scattered in a chaotic manner over the body and fins.
Cockerel fish Betta – one of the most popular aquarium fish. Color scales may be different, the most common – red and black.
Males are characterized by long fins of brocade-ryushechnoy structure.
Scalar is a South American cichlid. The color forms of the scalar can be different – white, silver, black, gray-green and other colors.
Four vertical stripes pass through the body, one of them passes through the eyes. The nature of the fish is peace-loving, however, the best angelfish get along in a species aquarium.
Chromis butterfly is a small fish with a characteristic “crown” on its head, and a motley coat color. The body color is yellowish blue.
The front of the back has a red-brown shade, the throat, chest part and abdomen are colored golden. A black vertical strip passes through the eyes. Also the body of the fish is covered with shimmering blue and green spots and dots.
The fins are transparent, with red edging. Near the head, the dorsal fin has a characteristic “crown” shape, painted in a black shade.
Every aquarist always wants to have the best, most beautiful aquarium fish. The aquarium, in which such fish live, always arouses the interest of visitors and delight in children.
And the owner himself is pleased when his eyes stop at the aquarium where the fish are swimming in business.
In the article we will look at some popular types of freshwater fish that will decorate any aquarium and transform the room, making it a resting place.
Popular fish for the aquarium: a short dossier
The table shows freshwater aquarium fish, which are very popular with fish lovers.
|Glass perch||Centropomovye||Chanda ranga hamilton||He lives in Burma, Thailand and India.||At length reaches 7-8 cm, feeds on live food – bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, etc. The optimum temperature is 22-25 degrees, pH 6.6-7.8.|
|Copper tetra||Haracin||Hasemania nana||Brazil||In length reaches 6 cm. Water should have a temperature of 18-25 degrees and a pH of 6.5-7.6. It feeds on live food.|
|Akantoftalmus Kühl||Lunar||Panio kuhli||Kalimantan, Java and Sumatra||The length is 10-12 centimeters, and the optimum temperature is within 22-28 degrees, pH 5.4-7.4. It feeds on small live food – bloodworm, carretra, daphnia, cyclop, enkhitreya and tubim.|
|Discussion||Cyclic||Symphysodon||Amazon River Basin||Discus should be kept in flocks, 6-8 fish each. Mandatory filtering and aeration of the aquarium, the water temperature should be in the range of 29-31 degrees. Water hardness should be 2-12, and the pH in the range of 5.5-7.5. It is advisable to replace 1/10 of water every day, as an option – replace 1/2 of the aquarium every week. You can feed the fish with all animal feeds – bloodworm, daphnia, washed shaker, minced beef heart with additives, etc.|
|Marble carnegiella||Wedge Belt||Carnegiella strigatus||Brazil, Guyana||It feeds on small insects, such as flies, mosquitoes, fruit flies and substitutes. Must be kept at a temperature of 24-26 degrees, pH 5.5-7.5.|
|Neon blue||Haracin||Paracheirodon innesi||Colombia, Brazil and Peru||Reaches a length of 4 cm, must live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, pH 5.2-7.7. Constant filtration and aeration of water is necessary. It feeds on live food – small bloodworms and coret, cyclops, artemia and daphnia.|
|Notobranchius Rahova||Toothed||Nothobranchius guentheri||Kenya, Tanzania, as well as Mozambique, Zanzibar and Seychelles. Also found in lakes Chad and Victoria.||In length reaches 6 cm. Water temperature 20-23 degrees, pH 6-7. It feeds on small moths, cyclops, coretr, as well as daphnia, tubule, artemia and worms.|
|Agamix the White Spotted||Armor catfish||Agamyxis restinifrons||Brazil, Peru||Reaches 12-16 cm, eats live and vegetable feed, also suitable combined feed. The temperature should be 22-26 degrees, pH 6-7.5.|
These were some of the freshwater aquarium fish. Next in line are the aquarium sharks, which we will consider now.
The shark in the house is no longer a myth
Aquarium sharks, resembling their large predatory relatives, are also very popular. However, these fish are different from real sharks in nature and way of life.
The following types of aquarium sharks are popular:
1) brown cat shark;
2) carpet shark;
3) bamboo shark;
In nature, these sharks live in shallow water, near the shore. They reach 70 cm in length, so the aquarium should be quite voluminous, at least 650-700 liters. Keep them at a temperature of 22-23 degrees.
If you have one of these freshwater sharks, then you can feed it with crabs or shrimps, as well as sea urchins.
We considered several main types of aquarium fish living in fresh water. These species are not limited to the whole variety of aquarium fish, but this article already gives a rough idea of how beautiful freshwater fish are.
Whatever fish you choose for your home, be it a shark, a predatory piranha or a peace-loving chainmail catfish, you should always remember about the compatibility of certain species. It’s great when you can stop your tired look at the aquarium and see your pets busily swimming in the water!
The variety of types of freshwater aquarium fish reaches several hundred, which means that finding the kind that can harmoniously enter your life and please the eye is not difficult.
The most exotic type of fish among aquarists is freshwater sharks. They require not only special care, but also appropriate living conditions. Of course, they do not reach gigantic sizes, like sea ones, but, nevertheless, 40 cm is the average length of an adult freshwater aquarium shark.
Equip several caves in the aquarium – this will give naturalness to your underwater world, and the fish will feel like at home.
No less popular type of fish, among freshwater, are clown fish, they are also Botsia. Like aquarium freshwater shark fish, a freshwater clown fish will require a large aquarium, as it reaches 30 cm in adulthood.
Representatives of this type of fish prefer to dwell in areas that are rich in vegetation, therefore, before winding up Botsia, enrich the aquarium with a variety of algae.
One of the most beautiful species of freshwater aquarium fish is African haplochromis, which belongs to the tsikhlovy family. Haplokhromis is a predator fish, this should be taken into account when keeping it with other less aggressive fish. As for the care of cichlids, they require a large aquarium with caves for shelter.
In adulthood, they reach 15-19 cm.
The most rich and vibrant colors have carps, koi. Black, brown, red, white, orange, and sometimes lemon, purple, green shades are crowded on the representatives of this type of fish.
They do not require special care, and are classified as freshwater and ornamental.
Fish-tale – goldfish. They can be of various shades, and adapt well in fresh water. This type of fish can be seen in almost any aquarium.
Goldfish have a good appetite, so small children are always interested in taking care of them.