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Food for aquarium fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

Food for aquarium fish – the most important of the conditions of your pets. The quality, nutritional value and diversity of food, how much you feed at a time, depends on the health of the fish, their resistance to diseases, appearance, proper development of fry.

Many demanding species require special food designed specifically for them.

Of course, the fish can live with the same food, but their health will then be at risk.

In order to properly formulate the diet of their pets, it is necessary to understand the composition, the usefulness of food for fish, to imagine how much food they need in one step.

Food for aquarium fish can be divided into two main categories: food for long-term storage (artificial – dry or jelly) and a limited shelf life (live).

They are the most versatile and diverse, you can choose a convenient format for adult fish and juveniles, predators and herbivores. Perhaps easy storage. It is permissible to hold at once a large supply of dry feed.

Modern technologies make it possible to make such food as nutritious as possible, enriched with vitamins, and at the same time not polluting water.

Dry feed for aquarium fish are produced in different forms, they feed on fish with different habitats (bottom, living in the middle layer or near the surface).

Dry feeds are divided into the main ones, which constitute a large part of the fish ration, and auxiliary feeds – allowing to properly enrich the diet with various kinds of vitamins and fiber or enhance the nutrition of fish that get less food due to habitat features (for example, benthic ones).

What kind of food to choose for their pets – your business. But, like any living creature, the diet of fish should be diverse and meet their needs, depending on the variety.

It is important not to overfeed the fish, the basic rule of an aquarist: “hungry fish are healthy fish,” but of course, you shouldn’t take an extreme step. Properly feeding aquarium fish is usually sufficient to produce two to three times a day (except for especially large and demanding fish), in small portions.

How much food to give at a time depends on the fish. The most acceptable is the volume that they destroy in 7-9 minutes.

The right food your pets eat is their beauty, health, and resistance to disease.

When breeding aquarium fish is almost the main problem becomes their feeding. This whole process for a beginner aquarist involves a number of questions: what is the best way to feed your pets? how often should it be done, in what quantity? Is it possible to cook food for fish with their own hands?

The questions, we must admit, are non-trivial, and therefore let’s understand in order.

Errors in feeding aquarium dwellers are the main cause of their diseases, followed by death. To avoid mistakes in this crucial process, it is necessary to thoroughly examine what the representatives of this species of underwater fauna in the wild feed on. Many of them are omnivorous, that is, in their diet can be:

  • decaying organic matter;
  • the simplest;
  • underwater plants;
  • worms and insects;
  • representatives of other species of fish;
  • snails and crustaceans;
  • chopped fruits, vegetables, etc.

This, of course, makes the task easier, but among the fish you have acquired there will most likely be those that have live food in priority or, on the contrary, vegetable food, which means they should be fed accordingly.

The specific question of how much food should be given to the inhabitants of the aquarium requires a specific answer, and the conventional wisdom that it is better to underfeed than to overfeed your wards is wrong at the root.

In fact, both one and the other is bad for your aquarium pets. Systematically overfed fish will die sooner than those who are constantly undernourished – that is the difference.

Especially detrimental malnutrition for fry and young. To avoid these extremes, you must follow these rules:

The first. Reduce the amount of food, if your wards after a short time after feeding, not showing activity, crowd at the surface, and the water becomes turbid.

The second. With a clear weight loss of pets, their lethargy on the face of nedokorm.

Increase the portion or feed pets not 2, but 3 times.

Third. Watch the fish take in time for food: with a balanced diet, eating all or almost all of the food from the inhabitants of your home pond will take from 5 to 15 minutes.

Special attention should be given to the adequacy of feed for all the fish in the reservoir. In an aquarium, there may be those who are weak or less active by nature, so they may be constantly undernourished if you do not pay proper attention to this.

Feeding on the remaining crumbs from other fish, such fish will soon die very weak, completely weakened. Follow the process of feeding the fish, try to feed the weak inhabitants of the reservoir separately by placing food in close proximity to them.

The food of your wards should contain all the necessary components for their successful growth, development and reproduction:

This can be ensured by live, dry, frozen food that is sold in specialized stores. They are devoted to books, instructions for use, issued by their manufacturers. But that’s not all.

Quite successfully, you can feed your pets with food prepared on their own from ordinary foods.

It is well known, this is the simplest cooking technology, for which only an egg is needed, as well as vegetable oil for greasing the pan.

Cooking method: egg break into a cup, intensively mixed, pour into a griddle, greased. Fry until the mass thickens.

Omelet for fish is ready.

The crushed omelet is fed in small portions to small fish, while ensuring that the pets eat everything right away (the water must remain clear). Such food is stored in the refrigerator for 3-4 days.

More articles about feeding fish:

How should water pets eat, read here?

The main advantages of the use of live food.

Feed for aquarium fish Tetra

It’s no secret that Tetra’s aquarium fish feeds are the best! Without exaggeration, we can say that Tetra is the leading brand in the feed segment of our aquarium pets.

What is worth well-known and popular food TetraMin! And Tetra Discus !?

And a huge variety of food for the family of goldfish …. It seems to me that the break is all runet, you can hardly find a negative review about these feeds.

The secret of Tetra, lies in its history, here is a short excerpt:

“In the late 1940s, a young naturalist, doctor of natural sciences, Ulrich Bensh, was engaged in breeding and importing aquarium plants and tropical ornamental fish. At that time, aquaria was an exotic hobby, since buying live fish food was often a very difficult task.

As a biologist, Bensh knew the components of the feed that are important to the health of the fish. Back in 1952, he was able to develop the first main fish food in the form of paste – BioMin.

He patented it, put it on the market, and thanks to that, Benshu was immediately successful.

As a logical continuation in three years, Bensh presented the first ornamental fish in the form of ready-made flakes – TetraMin. The name of the food consists of the Greek word “Tetra”, translated as four, according to the number of flakes at the time (currently seven different types of flakes), and “Min”, which indicates the vitamins included in the composition.

Thanks to the TetraMin fish food in a characteristic yellow jar with a brown lid, Bensh closed the existing market niche and made possible the development of aquarism as a hobby accessible to everyone.

At the same time, Bensh founded a company that quickly became an international leader with branches around the world. He decided to take the name of a successful product as the name of a company. ”

It is not surprising that with such an approach, which, in addition, “overgrown with time” and experience, the company produces excellent feed.

In this article, I would like to tell you about Tetra’s new products and specialty feeds for Malawian cichlids. I hope this material will be useful to the reader and he will take it to the note.

So, Tetra has two types of food for Malawian cichlids – Tetra malawi flakes and Tetra Malawi granules.

It is worth noting that according to the characteristics of food and lifestyle in the nature of Malawian cichlids, it is customary to subdivide into two large groups: mbuna – a group of cichlids living near the rocky biotopes of the coastal part of the lake, near islands and underwater reefs. The basis of the natural diet of these fish are algae covering stones and rocks with a solid carpet, as well as various aquatic organisms hiding among these algae.

Cichlids originate from haplochromies and inhabit the most diverse biotopes of the lake, including underwater caves, sandy, overgrown with higher aquatic vegetation, as well as transition zones between rocks and sand. This group also includes Malawian groups under the well-known names of Utaka.

Pictured Lake Malawi

The group of Mbun include such popular African cichlids as:

Johan Melanichromis, Melanochrome Golden, Melanchromis Pearl of Face, Melanochromis Meingano, Labidochromis Yellow, Iodotropheus Maylandia (Psedotrofeus) Zebra and its morphs, Maylandia (Psedotrofeus) White Prince, Psedotrofeus Pindani (Sokolof), Psevdotrofeus Demasoni.

The Utaka group includes the following fish:

Buadzulu, Protomelasy, Otofarings, Aulonokara “Orchid” Red, Haplokhromis cornflower, Blue Dolphin (Cirtokar Muri), Nimbochromis, Letrinopsy, Kadango, Queen Nyasa.

Tetra malawi flakes

Special high-quality nutritional flakes for feeding algae-eating fish, such as mbuna cichlids.

– The formula derived by scientists;

– The food is rich in high quality proteins and other nutrients;

– Improves digestion and gives vitality;

Suitable for all herbivorous cichlids, especially for Malawian cichlids of the mbuna group.

Tetra Malawi granules

Special high-quality nutritional pellets for feeding algae-eating fish, such as mbuna cichlids.

– Scientists derived a formula with a specially balanced mixture of algae, such as spirulina (20%), nori (17%) and chlorella (3%);

– The food is rich in high quality proteins and other nutrients;

– Improves digestion and gives vitality;

As you can see, these feeds were specially developed and selected specifically for Malawians. Where is the evidence of quality, you ask? Perhaps the best proof is the reaction of the Malawian fish to the feed and the video below, as evidence:

The fish are delighted.

Now let’s talk about the new product! Most recently, the company Tetra released feed Tetra selection – a sort of feed mix, if you keep a variety of fish!

Four full-fledged types of food with different buoyancy characteristics for targeted and healthy nutrition of any species of tropical fish.

The feed is intended for fish that feed in all layers of water. Consists of four separate feed tanks:

– TetraMin Flakes is the main flake food that floats on the surface of the water, which is ideal for fish feeding in the upper and middle layers of water.

– Tetramin Crisps – chips that float on the surface of the water and slowly sink, which is ideal for fish that feed in the upper and middle layers of water.

– Tetramin Granules are slowly plunging granules that are ideal for fish feeding in the middle layers of water.

– Tetra Wafer Mix – fast-dipping chips for all fish that eat at the bottom.

Agree, this approach makes it easier for us to feed, do not need to open four different jars every time. This food has also been tried in the general aquarium, where various tetras, ramiresi, loricarium and shellfish somas are scurrying around.

In my fish, I fully approve of such a varied diet.

In conclusion, I want to say that feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to the successful maintenance of any fish, be it guppies or cichlids.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. In the theme of the presentation of the new Tetra products, let’s say that it is these feeds that can be found on the aquarium shelves across the aquarium — these are the feeds of the leader of the Russian aquarium market, and the range of feeds of this company itself is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.

Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

One of the first questions that people ask sellers of aquarium fish – and how to feed them correctly? You may think that this is a simple question, but far from it.

Of course, if you do not want to bother yourself, you can just throw a few flakes into the aquarium, but if you want your fish to be healthy, play with all the colors of the rainbow and delight you, then we will tell you how to properly feed the aquarium fish.

I would say that the majority of aquarists feed their fish correctly, but too often they have to see how over-feeding turns the jar into a foul-smelling swamp or fish that is so overwhelmed that they forget how to swim.

And it is easy to understand why this is happening. There is no specific standard, and feeding fish may not be an easy task for a beginner.

The fact is that with the fish, we most interact during feeding. And so you want to feed them a little bit more.

And a novice aquarist feeds the fish, every time he sees that they are lonely asking for feed from the front glass. And most of the fish will ask for food even when they are about to burst (this applies especially to cichlids), and it is so hard to understand when it is already enough.

And yet – how often do you need and how many times to feed aquarium fish? Fish should be fed 1-2 times a day (for adult fish, fry and adolescents should be fed much more often), and with the amount of food that they eat in 2-3 minutes.

Ideally, no food would get to the bottom (but do not forget to feed catfish separately). We will immediately agree that we are not talking about herbivores, for example, ancistrus or brocade catfish. These eat almost around the clock, scraping algae.

And do not worry, it is not necessary to carefully monitor each time if they ate, just a couple of times a week look.

Why is it so important not to overfeed the fish? The fact is that overfeeding negatively affects the state of the aquarium.

Food falls to the bottom, gets into the ground, rots and starts to spoil the water, while serving as a nutrient base for harmful algae.
At the same time in the water accumulate nitrates and ammonia, which poison the fish and plants.
Dirty, algae-covered aquariums with sick fish are often the result of overfeeding and dirty water.

Proper and rational nutrition of fish – a guarantee of health and longevity, not only adults, but also future offspring. Let’s talk a little about nutrition, volume and feeding regimes.

What feed is better to use, whether it is possible to give pets homemade or still better purchased.

It’s no secret that nutrition is one of the most important components of life. From its quality, quantity and composition depends on how long and happy will be the life of an organism. Such arguments are valid for aquarium fish too.

If you do not want your small water-loving pets to be stunted and constantly sick, you need to feed them with the right food that suits them. Also, do not forget about the balance of proteins, micro and macronutrients, fats and carbohydrates.

Each species requires a different food, so it is impossible to formulate a diet for all aquarium inhabitants at once. Only a specialist can help you with this.

Of course, you can use homemade food in the diet of waterfowl, but you can not always take into account the full range of essential macro-and micronutrients. And the preparation of the feed itself requires a lot of time and taking into account all the technological nuances.

As a rule, fish kept in aquariums are fed mainly with dry food and insects, protozoa, sold in pet shops. It is advisable to add to this a small percentage of allowed for this type of natural products, such as fruits.

Live food is necessary for carnivorous and omnivorous fish, especially during the spawning period. To it can be attributed, for example, moth, pipemaker, daphnia, ciliates.

Store such food in the freezer refrigerator. But the main thing is not to keep it for too long.

There is a time for everything.

Fry raised on animal feed are more active in behavior and most resistant to diseases. The younger generation can be fed with yogurt.

It contains the necessary bacteria and vitamins.

As a living food, you can use minced fish, poultry, liver, invertebrates, eggs. And from plant foods algae, vegetables, fruits, cereals are perfect.


There are three main ways of storing live food: in natural form, in freezing or as a dried mixture. The natural appearance usually involves storage in a container with a small amount of water, where the purchased food is placed (this can be saved, in particular, by the bloodworm and the pipe worker).

Such a bank is placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator and can be stored for several days without freezing. In its natural form, the feed retains the maximum of its beneficial properties, but the long-term feed content in this form is impossible.


Frozen live food can be stored without damage to six months. However, they usually retain most of the nutritional components.

However, there is a need to allocate space in the freezer for storing such feed.

Drying is the most durable way. Daphnia, artemia and cyclops are usually exposed to it. Drying can be carried out independently, using the oven or purchase ready-made dry food.

Such live mixtures can be stored from six months to one and a half years, but the disadvantage of this method is the depletion of nutrients, as they are lost during processing.

Live food in aquarium: advantages and disadvantages

Live food usually consists of small worms and insects, their larvae or eggs that fish in the wild love to eat. They are also suitable for feeding the inhabitants of aquariums, as they contain a large amount of vitamins and trace elements necessary for the proper functioning of the body of fish.

The most common types of live food are: Daphnia, Artemia, Cyclops, Bloodworm and Tubber. Some of them are caught in wild waters in the natural environment.

It is also possible to breed live food for aquarium fish in special enterprises.

If you decide to feed your aquatic creatures with live food, you should consider a few points: first, due to the high degree of nutritional value, such food can lead to overeating in fish and even cause their death. This is especially true of feeding the bloodworm, so it should be given strictly metered.

Secondly, if live food is used in its natural form (without drying or freezing), the uneaten larvae may eventually turn into insects. That is, you need to give a dose of food that the fish can eat without residue.

Finally, live food harvested under natural conditions can cause dangerous fish diseases. Therefore, it is better to purchase food from proven vendors or one that is grown in an artificial environment.

live food PHOTO

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