Good afternoon, colleagues! Flower Horn is an aquarium fish from the cichle family.
This subspecies of cichlids was artificially bred back in the 90s of the last century by hybridization. This hydrobiont is believed to have come from the offspring of Cichlasoma trimaculatum, Amphilophus citrinellus and Cichlasoma festae.
But let’s take a closer look at this fish.
Thanks to the careful selection process, which Flower Horn went through for many decades, an amazing representative of Cichlians was born. Most breeders make every effort so that as a result of breeding they will have a fish with the most saturated color and wide body.
Males have a hefty hump on the forehead, on the body there are dark spots, something similar to hieroglyphs. If you thought it was a mutant fish, then you are mistaken.
As a result of long-term selection studies, various chemicals or biogenetic developments have not been applied.
If you look closely, then in one generation you will not find absolutely identical individuals. Today there are several variations of the Flower Horn: Kamalau (KML), Thai Silk (Titanium Flower Horn), Zhen Zhu (ZZ) and KamFa (abbreviated KF). The flowers are quite beautiful aquarium fish.
The male and female have some anatomical differences. In males, the color is brighter and more saturated, and on the forehead there is a big hump. The dorsal and anal fins end in long pigtails.
If the fish are on the threshold of spawning or they are stressed, then the outlines of dark transverse stripes will appear on the body, which are especially pronounced in females. In aquarium conditions, the fish can reach 30-40 centimeters in length. The average size of males is 20-40 centimeters, and females 15-20.
The lifespan of a fish in captivity is 8-10 years.
For a pair of Flower Horn, you need a large and spacious aquas, the volume of which must be at least 200 liters. It should be a lot of space for free movement. The bottom of the banks decorated with large stones and snags.
Since this representative of cichlids is actively fumbling in the ground, I would advise you to abandon living aquarium plants, since they will be torn out of the substrate by the root. Like other South American Cichlians, Horn is an aggressive fish that needs personal territory.
If you have other species of fish or other cichlids in the aquarium, then all of them need to provide enough shelters of all kinds and divide the territory of the aquarium bottom into several zones. For this you can use a variety of decorations and large stones. It is not necessary to keep these fish with smaller ones, for example, neons, swordtails, ternets, barbs, as they will be eaten in the near future.
If your aquarium is not specific, then in the general aquarium, Flower Horn can get along with arvanana, labiatum, astronotus, armored and mail catfish, as well as diamond diamonds. When you poke around in the aquarium, be careful, the fish may bite its hand painfully.
Strangely enough, but the hero of today’s article can be considered an unpretentious aquarium fish, because it can withstand such housing conditions, which for other fish will be disastrous. The water in the aquarium should have the following parameters:
- pH: 7.5-8.0
- water temperature: 27-30 degrees
- stiffness:> 20.
As I mentioned a little higher, for an adult pair of fish you need a spacious aquarium of 200 liters of volume. In the aquarium soil also need to add a little coral chips, which will prevent fluctuations in pH.
In addition, every week we substitute 1/3 of water for fresh water and try to prevent major changes in the pH level, because it can be fatal for fish. In food, the aquatic animal is not picky, it can eat like granulated dry food, shrimps and bloodworms.
For Flower Horn, you need 2 or 3 meals a day, but the portions should not be large. Oh, and do not forget about overeating. Always remember about the golden rule of feeding: “Underfeeding is better than overfeeding.”
For a brighter and more intense coloring, the fish should be fed a variety of food.
At about a year old, Flower Horn becomes sexually mature. Spawning should have a volume of at least 100 liters, and the water temperature in it should be 27-28 degrees.
For spawning, the female can sweep aside up to 1000 eggs. Spawning occurs on a flat and smooth stone.
The size of the eggs is quite large, about 2 millimeters in diameter. Incubation of caviar lasts about three days, and after two more days the fry begin to swim and feed themselves.
Starter feed for fry: Artemia, egg yolk and special dry food for fry. Producers zealously care for their offspring for about a month, after which the trifle needs to be transplanted into a reed. To ensure uniform growth and prevent blockage of smaller individuals larger, fry should be sorted.
By five to six months of life, the fry become similar to adult fish and acquire a characteristic color.