maintenance, care, compatibility
It is a selection form of cichlian fishes, it belongs to the perciformes order. The natural habitat is in Central America and on the Atlantic and Pacific slopes.
Now they can live in Indonesia.
Compared with other cichlids, this aquarium fish has a very small size. Its maximum length is only 7–8 cm (whereas the average length of a cichlosis is 20 cm).
Tsikhlazoma flamingo received its extraordinary name because of the color, ranging from light to bright pink. In this breed, females are much more saturated in color, covered with orange spangles.
Males are more impressive in size.
How to breed flamingo tsiklazomu :: aquarium flamingo fish :: Aquarium fish
Cichlid flamingo belongs to the family of cichl fishes, order perciformes. In another way, this fish is called the black-band tsikhlazoy. She lives in Guatemala, Honduras, the waters of Central America.
Flamingo tsilzasoma is unpretentious, it can live in small streams, and in huge lakes. Only the reservoir they need with dense vegetation.
These fish love greens, different caverns, in which you can lay eggs.
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Flamingo tricycle so nicknamed for its interesting color – from rich pink to pale pink. In nature, the length of the fish reaches a maximum of 10 cm, but in the aquarium up to 15 cm.
It is the smallest fish in the cichl family.
These fish reach sexual maturity at the age of 9-10 months. First you need to determine the sex of the fish – it’s easy. Their sex differences are in color and size – females are brighter and smaller than males, with red sparkles on the sides.
Males have a powerful forehead. Keep no more than 2 males and females in one aquarium.
Breeding lasts all spring and summer, the female can lay eggs several times. She can lay off up to 300 eggs. When the female laid eggs, wait a couple of days for the fry to hatch.
The female itself cares for caviar, the male keeps order. He is very collected and wary – he may even begin to attack the net when he guards the laying.
Then drop all the big fish into another aquarium. There are cases when parents nurse fry themselves, but do not take risks – they can eat eggs.
Although you shouldn’t get very upset, even if it happened – the next spawning will happen in a few weeks.
Then transplant the fry into a small aquarium for 20-30 liters, provide a small aeration. Maintain water temperature within 27 degrees.
Fry will start to eat for 3-4 days, at first lure them with pounded flakes or live food. After a couple of weeks, start feeding as adults.
Black-striped Tsichlasoma – small, brisk, prolific
It is better to keep in aquariums with a large volume and open places for swimming. A pair of young black-striped can live in an aquarium of 100 liters, but for mature fish you need about 250 liters.
Best of all they feel in temperate aquariums and clear water. The easiest way to achieve this is by using a powerful external filter.
And there is a lot of waste from them, so filtering should be at a high level.
Black-striped like warm water (24 – 28 ° C), can live at very different parameters of acidity and hardness, but preferably ph: 6.0-8.0, and 6 – 8 dGH.
This is an undemanding fish, for which simply care. Sandy soil, stones, roots, snags will allow her to feel at home. Plants may be planted, but they must be hardy and robust species, since black-striped people often dig and carry soil and small plants can be dug up by the roots.
The fact that she digs the ground is normal and is a habit for the fish, but can also be a sign of approaching spawning.
Ternesia is a fish from the family of haracins from the South American continent, also known as “black tetra” or “mourning tetra”. This fish has become popular all over the world due to its subtle beauty and fertility.
Compatibility with a large assortment of fish in the aquarium and simple breeding are also the reason for its wide celebrity.
Scientific experiments conducted on ternenii, served to the removal of genetically modified individuals that can shine under ultraviolet light. Fragments of jellyfish or red coral DNA were inserted into their DNA, as a result of which their color became multi-colored.
These types include termination caramel or multicolor. Coloring injections are given to albino fish forms, giving them bright iridescent shades of gold, pink, green or blue.
Multicolor termination is capable of breeding quite healthy offspring, like other transgenic forms of these fish.
Ternesia looks very effective. The body shape is flat and rhomboid, flattened on the sides.
On the back there are 2 fins, one of which is fat and does not have hard rays. The anal fin is fork-like, and the ventral stretches to the very tail, resembling a fan or skirt.
In size, aquarium fish reaches 4-6 cm.
Looking at this fish, it seems that it is painted with magic silver colors with a greenish shimmer on the back, and 3 transverse stripes are painted against the background of the body. One band crosses the eye, which has a yellow iris, the second is located behind the gill cover, and the third passes from the edge of the dorsal fin to half of the body.
Young individuals are painted more brightly in silver color, and in adults there are clearly pronounced dark stripes. Males are smaller and slimmer than females, the edge of the tail fin is outlined with white edging. Terrestinia can change color when frightened or the deterioration of their conditions of detention.
The life of a black tetra is 3-4 years.
Thorns is a peace-loving and schooling fish, unable to bear the loneliness, from which it becomes aggressive. The content of ternation is not particularly difficult. It is recommended to keep fish in a closed aquarium of 30-40 liters for 5-7 termination.
For soil suitable river sand, pebbles and fine gravel. The darker the substrate, the brighter the fish will look on its background.
Plants should not block the space, so it is better to choose small-leaved, planting them bushes. A good combination will be with Javanese moss, Echinodorus, hygrophilic, cryptocoryne. Water temperature is 21-24 ° С, hardness is 7-8 °, acidity is 6.5-7, filtration is important.
The lighting should be dim, otherwise the black tetra will look pale. The fish is sensitive to lack of oxygen, therefore, artificial aeration and water replacement 1/5 part weekly is necessary.
Because of the special physical structure of the mouth, it is difficult for small fish to take food from the bottom, so a special feeder is installed for them. These fish are unpretentious in food, they feed on any food, vegetable, combined, dry food will be suitable for adult fish.
Cyclops, daphnia, rotifers, pipe creeper, small bloodworm, and corret are suitable as live food.
Ternets float on all water levels and are very mobile. In a spacious container it is kept on the territory without thickets, and in a small aquarium it takes shelter in plants.
For decoration snags, stones and caves are appropriate.
Minor is a bright and unpretentious inhabitant of your aquarium.
A minor is a schooling fish, which belongs to the family of the Haracin. Otherwise a minor is called a red tetra or a bloody tetra. The name, however, is not related to the character: the Minor fish are peaceful, they are not among the predatory aquarium inhabitants.
In scientific literature, this creation can be found under the name Hifessobrikon, callistos. The habitat of the minor in natural conditions is the Amazon River basin.
Minors feel calmer if they are not alone in an aquarium: they like to swim in a flock of 6 individuals (this is the minimum). This rule is important to observe and for the reason that the minor can become aggressive, living alone in the general aquarium. It is possible that he will begin to attack other aquarium inhabitants.
The minor still has this peculiarity: its content with small fish with long filiform fins is not recommended. The fact is that minors can confuse them with plants and nibble.
Minor loves space, so its content involves buying a fairly large aquarium or using an existing one. The water temperature in the aquarium should be at least 23-26 degrees, pH – 7.5, and the hardness – 20 dGH. And, of course, the maintenance of minors is permissible only in pure water.
A compressor for improving aeration should be used at least twice a day: in the morning and in the evening, leaving it to work for 10-20 minutes.
Pondering over which soil to buy, choose a small-sized river pebble. If there is a desire, then you can buy a color version of pebbles: such an aquarium will give not only peace, but also cheerfulness. Plants can be bought both slender and lush, but again it must be remembered: the minor likes space, which means there should not be too many plants.
For the bottom of the aquarium fine-leaved plants are perfect. Minor fish will not mind if you put freshwater snails in an aquarium: they will help to create an optimal climate in the water kingdom.
Minors like light, but if it is non-intense, soft. In winter, the fish will definitely need an additional light source.
Do not forget to say about the feed. However, you won’t have to rant for a long time: aquarium minors eat everything. They love and live food, and dry, and various vegetation.
But especially likes daphnia minor. The fish will enjoy such a meal, and you will get a lot of fun by watching the aquarium minors chasing daphnias throughout the aquarium.
Tip: Yolk can be used as a natural vitamin supplement. Boil the egg, cool it, rub it thoroughly and pour it into small tanks in an aquarium.
Successful breeding is impossible without the correct content, and therefore it is worth being attentive to all of the listed rules.
The comet fish is one of the selection forms from a goldfish from the genus of carp carp family. Thanks to the attractiveness of the fish has become popular around the world.
There are several versions of the origin of comets. One indicates that the fish were bred in America in the 1800s, and the other to Japanese origin.
Comets are beautiful and unpretentious pets, the content of which is within the power of all aquarium hobbyists.
The comet has an oblong body and a beautiful long tail, often 2–3 times longer than the body length of the fish. The shape of the tail is fork forked, which resembles a voile-tailed fish.
The fins are also elongated, fluttering like ribbons. The body shape ichthyologists distinguish signs of degeneration of the breed. The body should be flat and elongated, and a rounded abdomen indicates changes in genetics.
The value of comets is also determined by their color. The most valuable are the fish with different colors of the body and fins. Comet goldfish has a red-orange color with white or yellow spots.
Red fish can be various shades of this color, from orangish to blood-scarlet. There is also a black breed called “black velvet”, when the fish is painted completely in pure black.
By the nature of the comet is peaceful and calm, they develop rapidly and actively. Keep in the middle and lower layers of water.
In the aquarium comet can live up to 14 years.
Adult specimens are up to 18 cm in length; their content is more suitable for a pond than for a small aquarium. Therefore, for these fish will need a large capacity of 120 liters per pair. Mandatory cover, as the fish often jump out of the aquarium.
Need enhanced aeration and high-quality filtering. Regularly replace a quarter of the volume of water, because the fish do not tolerate dirty water. In the warm season, the temperature in the aquarium is maintained from 18 to 23 ° C, in winter from 15 to 18 ° C.
Hardness 9-25 °, acidity 6.5-8.
Like goldfish, comets love to rummage in the substrate, so coarse sand or unsharp pebbles are chosen as soil, placed on the bottom with a thickness of 5-6 cm. ground and settling on the leaves.
Suitable Vallisneria, Elodieus, arrowhead, sagittariya, pod. You can’t place spiky objects that comets can injure their fins about. Comets need good lighting and shelters.
In the shaded areas, the fish often hide. For registration of capacity use snags, smooth stones, plastic plants.
Rhodostomus (Hemigrammus rhodostomus) is a tropical fish of the family Horacinus from the order of carps and the suborder of the haracinids. Rodostomus has many variants of its name: Red-Nosed, Red-headed or Red-Red Tetra, Tetra-Drunk Nose.
The captivating and peculiar beauty of this fish and attracts to get it, despite the difficult breeding.
Tetra is a schooling fish and loves a large space, therefore it is better to immediately purchase an aquarium with a volume of at least 40 liters. It is preferable to lay out a dark high-quality gravel soil that does not give in to rotting and plant more plants. Well suited ferns and arrowheads in the corners and on the back wall.
Rhodostomus will feel much more comfortable surrounded by algae.
To ensure the usual habitat conditions, it is necessary to measure the parameters of water: pH5.8 – 7.8, hardness 6 ° – 15 °, water temperature – about 22 ° C – 26 ° C. Weekly change of a third of water and filtration is required. Fish are afraid of bright light and swim more often in the lower water layer.
But a sudden shutdown of the lighting can cause great fright for the whole flock.
Rodostomusy get along well with conflict-free fish similar in size to the fish, it is better to pick at least 8 neighbors. Optimal options: other members of the genus hemigrammus and Hifessobrikon, pencil fish, small barbs, catfish, iris, neons.
Rhodostomus will be a good neighbor to any peace-loving fish, because the pack does not have its leader and any tetra can be at the head of it.
Tetra has a unique property of changing its bright red color to pale, if the water in the aquarium is excessively polluted or contains an unacceptable chemical composition. Therefore, water should be replaced regularly: 30% of water should be added once a week, after which rhodostomus will acquire the same color.
Frequent replacement of water is also the prevention of “neon disease” or plistophorosis, from which it is difficult for the fish to recover. It develops as a parasitic sporozemic lodging in the muscles of the body, as a result of which gray-white nodules appear in the head of the fish.
Some scientists believe that this disease is incurable, so the aquarium should be subjected to thorough disinfection.
Rhodostomus sensitively reacts to any movements and it is hard for the transplant, which sometimes is fraught with the death of the fish. Careless fishing with a net causes the fish to be huddled face-down, which is why the tetra more often dies.
Adding peat extract to water can help relieve stress in fish. In the right conditions, their life lasts up to 6 years.
Rhodostomus is rather capricious and nervous fish, therefore its breeding will require special attention of the owner.
Breeding tetra will bring a lot of trouble to an inexperienced host, so rhodostomus is considered problematic compared to other aquarium fish. Proper care and maintenance speeds up the process of puberty in fish.
By the age of 8-12 months, it is possible to prepare a spawn and not make a mistake in selecting males, which must be seated from females a week before spawning. The accepted dimensions of the aquarium for spawning are 50/40/50 cm with a water level of 10 cm and a temperature of 25 ° C – 27 ° C.
Water hardness 2 ° – 4 °, pH 6 – 6.2. Be sure to place inside the grid for spawning.
And from above spawning should be covered with glass, not the fish can jump out of it. Protect eggs from fungal diseases by adding antifungal agents to the water.
The spawning period is up to 10 days and is an interesting sight: the males amusingly care for the females, swimming below and repeating all their movements. The number of males should be 2 times the number of females.
Rhodostomus rapidly overtakes the female and drives around the aquarium until she gets tired.
It is better to spawn in the evening, and spawning occurs in the morning. After that, the fish are deposited in order to avoid eating caviar and darken the aquarium.
The incubation period lasts a day or more, after which the water level is reduced, the net and plants are removed. In most cases, rhodostomus lays sticky eggs almost on the surface of the water.
Usually the female brings up to 400 eggs. The fry become active for 4 days, they should be fed live dust and infusoria.
At the age of 3 weeks, they acquire the color, and by 2 months they reach the desired length.
Rapidly developing, rhodostomus spawns approximately 7-8 times a year, provided that strong pairs are selected.
Rhodostomus will be pleasantly pleasing to the eye with its beauty, and a benign care and careful breeding of these fish will add joy and pleasure to every aquarist.