maintenance, care, compatibility
Neon pet aquariums do not differ in the complexity of care, and to overcome this simple science by the forces of the most unsophisticated aquarist. The most comfortable temperature for fish is from 18 to 23 ° C.
A higher temperature indicator of aquarium water provokes accelerated aging of the pet’s body, which may cause it to die without producing offspring.
The diet of neons should be varied, with a partial entry of dry live food and:
- a pipemaker;
- small varieties of daphnia;
- finished dry food;
- gruel, consisting of lettuce leaves, duckweed and spinach leaves.
It should be borne in mind that fish obesity inhibits their reproduction, and therefore, feeding should not be frequent. It is enough once a day with one fasting day a week.
The aquarium fish neon blue or ordinary (lat. Paracheirodon innesi) has long been known and very popular.
His appearance in 1930, he created a sensation and did not lose popular until our days. A flock of blue neons in an aquarium creates a fascinating look that can not leave indifferent. Perhaps, beauty with neon, can not argue any other fish from tetr, nor similar black neon, nor cardinal, nor erythrosonus.
And besides beauty, nature gave neons a more peaceful disposition and high adaptability, that is, he did not need any special care. These factors made him so popular.
This small tetra is an active schooling fish. They feel most comfortable in a flock of 6 individuals, it is in it that the brightest colors are revealed.
Neons are very peaceful and desirable inhabitants of common aquariums, but they need to be maintained only with medium-sized and equally peaceful fish. Small size and peaceful disposition, bad helpers against predatory fish!
Best of all, blue neons look in densely planted aquariums with dark soil. You can also add snags to the aquarium to create the look most similar to the one in which they live in nature.
The water should be soft, slightly acidic, fresh and clean. Neons live about 3-4 years under good conditions in the aquarium.
In the right conditions and with good care, aquarium neon fish are fairly disease resistant. But, nevertheless, like all fish, they can get sick, even there is a disease of aquarium fish, called neon disease or plytiphorosis.
It is expressed in blanching the color of the fish and further death, because, unfortunately, it is not treated.
This is a small and slim fish. Aquarium fish blue neons grow up to 4 cm in length and they live about 3-4 years.
As a rule, you do not notice their death, just a flock of year after year less and less.
Neon highlights first of all the bright blue stripe going through the whole body, which makes it very noticeable. And by contrast to it, there is a bright red stripe, which starts from the middle of the body and goes to the tail, slightly approaching it. What can I say?
Easier to see.
By themselves, blue neons are a wonderful and peaceful fish. Never touch anyone, peaceful, get along with any peaceful fish.
But here they can fall prey to other fish, especially if it is a large and predatory fish, such as a gray sword or a green tetradon. It can be contained with large, but not predatory fish, for example, with scalar. What kind of fish do neons get on with?
With guppies, patsils, cardinals, swordtails, iris, barbs and tetras.
Neon ordinary are small flocking fish, whose body size reaches an average of 3 cm. Neon differ in a bright blue stripe that passes through the entire body. Parallel to it is a stripe of bright red color, which comes from the middle of the body, and ends at the caudal fin.
All fins are small, transparent.
Sexual dimorphism is expressed – the females are fuller, which is noticeable in the school of fish, the abdomen of the males is flat, against the background of the females they look angular. Sex can only be determined in adults, at an early age it is almost impossible.
It is better to buy a little flock of 6-8 fish, and with time pairs will form in it.
The content of this fish is preferably in a spacious, densely planted aquarium with a dark ground. Place enough snags and shelters in the tank, creating a semblance of a natural biotope. Prefer soft and subacidic water.
Life expectancy in captivity – 1.5-3 years, depending on what kind of care they will be provided.
The most common disease of this type is plystiforosis (neon disease). Its symptoms are loss of scale color and further death, since the disease is not treated.
It occurs as a result of severe stress and inappropriate care.
Look at the neon fish and danios in the aquarium.
Neon fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, species, photo-video review
Latin name: Paracheirodon
Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
(on Lat. Characidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
(for manufacturers up to 22 ° C)
Ph acidity: 5.5 – 8 °.
(for future manufacturers pH up to 6.8 °)
Stiffness dH:5-20 °.
(for future manufacturers – dH to 10 °)
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
How many live: The life of neon depends directly on the temperature of the aquarium water in which they are contained: 18 ° C – 4 years, 22 ° C – 3 years, 27 ° C – 1.5 years. As can be seen with increasing temperature, the biorhythm of life of neons also increases.
That is why, unlike many other aquarium fish, they can and should even be kept in “cool” water. Find out how much other fish live IN THIS ARTICLE!
Minimum aquarium for neon content: from 10 liters, in such an aquarium you can put 4 neons. Neonchiki are schooling fish and therefore it is recommended to keep them in larger aquariums.
For information on how much neon can be kept in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
HISTORY OF NEONS
The homeland and natural habitat of neons are the streams and rivers of South America: Peru, Colombia, Brazil. Rivers – top p. The Amazons, from a certain São Paulo de Olivenza to Iquitos, live in the r. Putumayo and r. Purus do Boca do Tapaua.
As you can see, the natural habitat of neon is very distant and mysterious. That is why the chronicle of these fish in the aquarium world is quite young.
The starting point of neon as aquarium fish is the year 1935, when Frenchman A. Rabo discovered these neon fish in the waters of the river Putumayo (Eastern Peru).
Discoverer Auguste Rabo He was delighted and surprised by the beauty of the red-blue fish found, which prompted him to bring several individuals to the United States of America and to Old Europe. In a year – 1936 This species of extraordinary fish was studied and described by the American ichthyologist S. Myers. The second homeland of neon is Germany.
This is due to the fact that it was the Germans who managed to first dissolve neons in artificial conditions. At that time – it was a sensation, since neither in the United States of America, nor in France did the fish breed in artificial conditions. The German breakthrough in the breeding of neons was caused not so much by the merits of man as by the presence in Germany of very soft water, which neon fish like so much.
Description: Neon is a small, nimble fish. In aquarium conditions, males reach sizes up to 3 cm, and females slightly larger – up to 3.5 cm in length.
Neon Color: There are different types of neon and the color of each is different. In general, all neons are united by one thing – a neon strip passing along the whole body, which actually gives a reflection inherent only in these fish. Behavioral features: Neons – peaceful, gregarious, nimble fishes.
Fish are great in the aquarium in a group with a large number. Their briskness requires from the aquarium – space, which is so necessary for maneuvers.
The corridors (speckled catfish) are considered to be friends and helpers of neons, they do not interfere with the neonas to monitor the purity of the aquarium soil.
These neons have a long slightly flattened body. Throughout the body passing two stripes, narrow silver at the top, and wide black below.
More in detail here: Black neon
Neon gold (Paracheirodon innesi var.)
This is the smallest neon of all representatives. Its maximum size is only 1.5 centimeters in length.
Decorated with a golden stripe that stretches throughout the calf.
More in detail here: Neon gold
Neon diamond or diamond (Paracheirodon innesi diamond)
These fish have no neon strip at all. The diamond look of neons has only a light color and a reddish tail.
Reaches the sizes to 3 centimeters. More in detail here: Neon diamond or diamond
A very rare and expensive type of neon, with a characteristic voile shape of fins. Reach up to 4 cm. In length.
Content options are standard. Cost 5.4 USD. More in detail here: Neon voile and neon orange
Neon orange or orange
The rarest look! Neon resembles a transparent orange slice.
It is the subject of hunting exquisite gourmets of the aquarium world.
Interesting facts about neons
“Neons: a bloody story” As it was already said before, a certain French national, Auguste Rabo, was the first person to become interested in neons. Well, since he was a dashing businessman and was looking for gold in the tropical forests of the Amazon River, he also caught exotic butterflies and collected orchids, again not for idle curiosity, but for further sale – the reflection of neon fish greedily reflected in gold in his insatiable eyes .
Everyone knows that greed and greed do not lead to good because they are included in the list of deadly sins. Rabo paid for it. And it all happened like this:
Auguste Rabo wandered through the Amazon rainforest and picked up the infection – tropical fever. Benefit pumped his local aborigines – Peruvian Indians. Having labeled Rabo in one of the Indian huts, he first saw the neons that were floating in a makeshift dish.
It was then that the business idea of Rabo was ripe, as it was making money on these brilliant little fish.
He organized the transportation of fish to the continent, and the poor neonchik was pushed into wooden crates, missed the gaps with resin, and in addition to the fish during transportation, they did not feed anything. However, the neons were tenacious and safely reached the United States of America.
Most of the surviving neon Rabo sent to Germany, and the rest gave fanatic and connoisseur of tropical fish – William Innesi. Remembering the nature of O. Rabo, it should be said that this was done not out of the goodness of his heart, but for the purpose of a complaint – because Innes was the publisher of an aquarium magazine and Rabo was hoping to publish an article about his mega discovery, with all the ensuing profit consequences …
The article was published, moreover, Inessi handed over the fish to ichthyologist D. Mayers, who in 1936 published a scientific work describing a new type of fish and named them in honor of Inessi – Paracheirodon innesi.
William Thornton Innes (1874 -1969) – The state of Philadelphia, USA was born, where he graduated from school. Upon graduation, began to work with his father in publishing. In 1917 he published his first book, On the Goldfish.
In 1932 founded his famous magazine “Aquarium”, which lasted 35 years. In addition, since 1920, Innes has regularly organized aquarium exhibitions.
Also in 1932 published the book “Exotic Aquarium Fish”, which was regularly republished.
George Myers (1938–1970) – US national: ichthyologist, zoologist and herpetologist, was a professor at Stanford University, from 1942 to 1994. – Professor of the National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. So began the neon boom! Employees of the largest aquarium companies have ousted Auguste Raboh, generously and regularly paying him decent sums for the supply of neons.
Aquarium dealers hoped to multiply them and thereby return the money spent on Rabo. Yes, it was not there, all the swept up neon caviar died for unknown reasons.
In turn, Rabo, realizing the benefits of his monopoly position, strictly kept the secret of the neon’s habitat and secretly left for Amazon for a new batch of fish. This situation lasted for three years until spies of aquarium companies traced Rabo by the Ucayali River, where he was killed.
A year later, the delivery of neon fish was arranged without the participation of the deceased.
Neons, what else ?! – Neon is called the initiators of aquarium chemistry.
This is due to the fact that for their breeding and obtaining the “necessary soft, spawning water” aquarists had to carefully study the hydrochemistry of water, because of which the aquarium case rose to an even higher level.
– Caviar and young neon catastrophically afraid of lighting, from which they inevitably die. Such a malicious joke is played with them by the neon genetic program, which allows the fish to develop only in the twilight, as it happens in the tropical environment of the Amazon River.
– Neons have scales, but under it skin, which consists of special pigment cells – chromatophore. Actually, they produce from the blood the neon-metallic color of the fish.
– Fish do not emit light, it is only a reflection and refraction of the incident rays of light.
– Not only neons but also many other inhabitants of the aquarium world can glow with neon. For example, neon goby oceanops (Elacatinus oceanops), the size of which is comparable to neon and is 5 cm.
in the photo is a neon bull – Many lovers of the aquarium world are wondering, why does neonam need such an attractive color, is it very dangerous? Until now, there is no scientific explanation for this color of fish.
There is only the assumption that they need it to attract a partner in the mating season, as well as to confuse the predator, fooling it when the flock of neons crumbles. Recommended neon literature:
1.Kochetov S. “Neons and small haracinids”
2. Kochetov S. “Characteristic in an aquarium: from neons to piranhas”
The author of the book tells about many species of tropical fish, including neon fish and other small species. From the books you will learn how to prepare an aquarium for neons, their conditions of detention, feeding and breeding.