maintenance, care, compatibility
Who among us in childhood didn’t want to catch a wish-fulfilling Goldfish? And to get it at home? Having matured, it became clear that the dream is easy to fulfill, and it is easier to settle a goldfish in an aquarium.
True, it does not build a house for you, like a magic one, but it can become a fabulous decoration for it.
Oranda red cap will be a great embodiment of a dream into reality. From its fabulous prototype, it is distinguished only by a small wen of red color on its head, from which it got its name.
Goldfish have always been popular with aquarists around the world, and the red cap is a popular type of it. She is not just beautiful, she is defiantly beautiful.
This fish appeared as a result of selection and was bred in China. And the delicate, elegant taste of Oriental masters is beyond doubt, and the fish turned out to be a match for him.
The swollen, oblong body of an ovoid shape is compensated for by luxurious long fins and tail, developing as a train dress woven from the finest Chinese silk.
The similarity of the shape of the body and the fins with the tail tail gave rise to the rumor that these two species are relatives. Perhaps this is so.
However, their main difference in the red growth that covers the entire surface of the head, except the eyes.
Body color can be varied: chocolate, black, red, red and black, but most often white and gold. Particularly advantageous with the red hat of the fish looks exactly the white color of the scales. White-red combination is always winning and most memorable.
Take, for example, carp koi. By the way, the oranda also belongs to the carp family.
The aquarian red cap is a helmet-shaped variety of artificially bred fish, differs from other similar species by an unpaired dorsal fin. Other helm-like rocks have no dorsal fin. The remaining fins of the fish are forked hanging, including the caudal, in length from 70% of the whole oranda body.
In the most valuable specimens of the red cap, the tail resembles a skirt-like form, as in a veiltail. The tail should not be fork-shaped, which indicates marriage in the breed.
In length, adults reach 16–24 cm.
The body is egg-shaped and short. The fins are translucent and elongated. By sex, fish is difficult to distinguish.
Males are smaller than females; during the prespawning period, white specks appear on their heads.
There are various versions of this fish, among which white fishes are especially beautiful, whose heads are decorated with a red cap. Black, blue and chocolate varieties are also known.
The black fish is painted completely black with its hat. You can often find a golden orange and calico.
By the nature of these creatures are pretty sweet and gentle, in need of accurate and caring content. Good and high-quality care will allow you to enjoy the company of Orange under 15 years.
Most often this fish is kept in ponds and pools in the warm season. But with the onset of cold snaps, be sure to move the red cap to the home aquarium of 100 liters. With an insufficient amount of free space for swimming in the fish can begin health problems.
Proper care of the orande should include constant monitoring of the temperature. The optimum temperature should not fall below 18 ° C and be more than 24 ° C in the aquarium, otherwise its famous cap may disappear. In order not to cause fish disease, it is best to ensure a temperature of 20-22 ° C.
Optimum rigidity 12-16 °, acidity 6-8. Lighting should be bright.
Powerful and large branches of elodea, vallisneria, sagittaria and cabomba are planted as living plants. It is advisable to strengthen the roots of plants by pressing them with flat stones or plant them in pots. In the tank with this voracious fish you will need a powerful filter and an aerator.
Weekly need to change 1/4 of the volume of water. The soil in the aquarium is chosen light and rounded so that these aquarium fish do not damage their delicate fins and eyes.
Well suited large river sand. Decor objects are also selected without sharp ends and edges.
The aquarium red cap becomes sexually mature by 1.5 years. For breeding individuals are selected from 2 years.
Orange breeding is best done in springtime, when the female’s abdomen begins to fill with caviar, and the males stay at the egg deposit. You will need a capacity of 50 liters with a temperature of 23 ° -24 ° C.
The female and a pair of males are pre-seated for weeks 2 and fed with live food. In spawning stack smooth substrate, protective mesh and plants.
Early in the morning spawning begins and lasts for several hours. The number of eggs depends on the health and maturity of the female, usually these prolific fish throw from 2 thousand eggs.
After spawning producers need to be removed. It is also necessary to examine the eggs and remove turbid and whitish.
The incubation period lasts 2-3 days. Live feed is the starting food for swimming fry. As they mature, the fry are sorted to avoid eating smaller and weaker fish.
Fry are also fed with rotifers and special goldfish feeds. Fry are born with yellow caps and grow slowly.
To achieve a red tint on the cap can be special feed to improve the color and the introduction of coloring injections.
A sensitive and slow red cap can be attacked by neighbors and damage its fins. If water parameters are incorrect, fins may begin to rot.
At low temperatures and overpopulation of the aquarium, white grains may appear on the body of an orange, meaning signs of ichthyophthyriosis disease. With poor aeration and excessive dirt in the tank, poisoning and death of the fish can occur.
Little Red Riding Hood is an unusual and colorful fish for any aquarium. Its soft temper and cute appearance distinguish this breed from other forms of goldfish and add interest to it from many aquarists.
Features of the “red cap” fish :: aquarium fish red caps :: Aquarium fish
Even in antiquity in Japan was known a variety of aquarium fish oranda, which is also called the red cap. This fish belongs to the helmet-shaped selection of goldfish.
Body ovoid, length – up to 23 centimeters. The fish received its name for the fatty growth that is located on its head.
The more she has a growth on her head, the more valuable the fish is.
Little Red Riding Hood is an aquarium fish, it is rather gentle and capricious. The ideal temperature for it is 18-24 degrees. Oranda is a clumsy and big fish, so in a tank of 100 liters you need to keep one pair of individuals.
Fish easily gets on with non-aggressive neighbors.
Red caps can be fed with live food or vegetable supplements, substitutes. If Oranda feels uncomfortable (she is hungry or cold), then the cap on her head can simply disappear.
From plants it is better to choose elodeyu, cabomb, valisneria. Refuse sharp stones – the fish can get hurt.
As a substrate, use coarse sand or pebbles, this species of fish loves to rummage in the soil.
Install a powerful aeration and biofilter in the aquarium, because the red cap is sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water. Weekly do a water change of 25% of the total.
Year two fish becomes mature. For breeding orande, otsadite several males and one fish female in a separate container, after some time the fry will appear – they should be transferred to one aquarium as they grow.
Little Red Riding Hood lives up to 15 years in good conditions.