maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium attendants – fish, shrimps, snails, fighting algae
A clean and well-kept aquarium is not only beauty, but also a guarantee of a long and healthy life for its inhabitants. But sometimes, contrary to the efforts of the owner and even the work of high-tech equipment, home pond is covered from the inside with brown or dark green bloom, brushes, fringe or threads. This is algae.
If this problem overtook you, then do not rush to grab at once for chemicals. Try to accommodate algae, for which eating such a “garbage” – is one of the natural physiological processes.
For information on what the orderlies aquarium known and against which algae they are most effective, read our article.
Most often in lovers’ aquariums there are these “workers of cleanliness”
Especially good “cleaners” are considered
- pterigoplicht (brocade catfish),
- Ancistrus ordinary,
- and otozinclus (dwarf catfish), preferring diatoms.
With their suction cup, they thoroughly clean everything (bacterial film, algae fouling, other organic pollutants), starting from the walls of the aquarium, soil, stones and ending with snags and large leaves of plants. At the same time, they themselves are rather unpretentious, which is a definite plus.
Of the minuses is to cancel the large size and the bad nature of some of the catfish.
- For example, an adult pterigoplicht can grow up to 40-45 cm and begin to behave aggressively towards other inhabitants.
- Sometimes somas, overly keen on cleaning, damage young tender tops of plants or make holes in young leaves.
- And some individuals with age begin to be lazy and poorly perform their “duties”.
Dwarf catfish – seaweed from the family of chain catfish best of all cope with brown diatoms. A flock of five fish can easily keep a clean tank of 100 liters. The “dwarf” is unpretentious, peaceful, able to get along even with large predators.
The amphibious catfish corridor is also quite good in terms of harvesting, only it is very disturbed by the water and inclined to devour other fish.
But the “janitor”, which can be found less often, but this does not make it worse: Panak royal, belonging to the family of chainmail catfish. Large fish, which will need a 200-liter (not less) aquarium.
Young individuals are calm, but with age their character deteriorates noticeably. Perfectly get on with peaceful haratsinovye.
Best of all, Panak cleans snags.
This family combines only three types of fish, the most popular of which are the girinoheylus.
Their lips look like a sucker with folds on the inside. These bends form a sort of “grater”.
Thanks to this design, fish can be kept on stones even with a strong current, while at the same time scraping off algae from their surface.
This food is not very nutritious, so it is necessary to scrub girinoheylus very much.
All filamentous algae, such as filament and black beard, they can not eat.
Negative points include
- damage to the leaves, which after the “cleaning” may remain grooves and holes;
- A small number of fish is not enough to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium;
- in large numbers, they are aggressive and constantly attack their own kind, as they are territorial.
It is very difficult to achieve peace among them. Neighbors should also be selected carefully, it is absolutely impossible to take sluggish fish.
Girinoheylusy take them for non-living objects, can “clean” and greatly damage the scales.
Very many of them have a well-developed lower jaw, which resembles a scraper, which easily removes plaque from walls, soil and plants.
The most popular vivipars are guppies, mollies, petilles, and swordsmen. Some breeders claim that these fish can survive even without additional feed, eating only green fiber.
The disadvantages of this group include the fact that they need to be kept in a large flock (at least 10 pieces), but even in such quantities they will not provide complete order in the aquarium. They are good only as assistants to other algae.
In addition, these fish are not very spectacular, and for beautiful ones there may simply not be enough space in the aquarium. And closeness, as we know, will lead to conflicts.
Although mollusks are not so successful in the role of orderlies, their strength is the ability to consume almost all the pollution (remaining food, excrement of living and the remains of dead inhabitants, rotted plants, mucus and deposits on all surfaces, film from the surface of the water).
And the well-being and behavior of some species is a kind of indicator of the purity of the soil and water.
The bad thing is that the number of snails is almost impossible to control, and they multiply very quickly.
Then their big army begins to “harm” by eating the plants and pouring everything around with their slime.
Here are some snail cleaners most often found in home aquariums:
Neretina Zebra (tiger snail), neretina hedgehog, neretina black ear. They remove plaque from glasses, stones, snags, decor, and large leaves without damaging them. It seems that they never get tired.
The minus is left on the aquarium glass unaesthetic caviar clutches.
Neretina horned. This baby (1-1.5 cm) is able to crawl into the most inaccessible places and clean them to shine.
Copes with diatoms.
Septaria or snail-turtle with a flat shell. It is very slow, but despite this it copes well with algal fouling and Vietnamese. Plants do not hurt.
The lack of characteristic – caviar, hung on the scenery.
Corbicula. This is a three centimeter snail. It is also called yellow Javanese sharovka or gold double leaflet.
Helps to cope with turbidity of water, suspension and flowering, as it is a filter. This means that the mollusk passes water through itself (up to 5 liters per hour!), Eating the microorganisms contained in it. Interestingly, in carbicula aquariums, fish do not suffer from ichthyophorosis, as they somehow retain their cysts.
On an aquarium of 100 l it is necessary from 1 to 3 such snails. The negative aspects include plowing up the soil and digging up plants with weak roots.
Ampullary. Quite a large lungfish.
Picks up the remnants of food, dead fish and other snails, actively eats fouling from the walls of the aquarium.
Helena, called the killer snail. This miniature predator is considered to be a scavenger.
However, it is able to eat not only a forgotten piece of food or a dead fish, but also a quite lively small shrimp or snail (for example, a reel or melee).
Theodoxus. These are small beautiful freshwater snails.
There are several types. Can live in both freshwater and salt home water bodies.
They feed only on fouling, preferring brown and green algae. They even compete with the guerrhoehyluses for primacy in the effectiveness of the struggle against the xenocus focus.
But the “beard” do not like. Plants do not spoil.
In conclusion, we say that the aquarium biosystem can successfully exist only with the help of humans. Proper selection and adjustment of equipment and lighting, proper start-up of an aquarium, and regular monitoring of water parameters and the condition of inhabitants are very important.
Fish, shrimps and snails are helpers in solving the problem of algae control, not the main characters. Of course, here we only briefly described only some of the representatives of aquarium nurses, since in one article it is impossible to tell about all the details.
We will be grateful for interesting additions.
Step-by-step cleaning of the aquarium at home: instructions
1. Clean the aquarium siphon.
Properly cleaning the aquarium with a siphon is not so difficult, it is enough to do it once, and then you can do it with your eyes closed. Aquarium siphons are of different designs, but regardless of them, the siphon of the bottom of the aquarium will always be built on the same principles.
With this procedure, you must begin the procedure of cleaning any aquarium with fish. You should siphon both the surface of the soil and a little bit from the bottom.
As a rule, the main waste is accumulated on the surface. It is necessary to remove the volume that you are going to fill back in the form of separated water.
Calculate this amount is not difficult, the main thing is not to forget to do it, but if you have water with a reserve, then you have nothing to worry about.
2. Clean the glass.
In fact, we want to say from our own experience – there are most problems with glasses, simply because cleaning them is too lazy … This is the hardest work – you have to work with a scraper, go through all the growths. If you do not do this when the first growths appear, then in the future it will be very difficult to cope with them, and even more so, not a single cleaner fish can cope with months-long growths.
3. Cleaning the filter.
Cleaning the filter is third on the list, because for this we need water from the aquarium so that we can wash the filter parts and rinse the sponges in it. It is better if it is the water that you drain off last, so that it contains as little turbidity and sediment as possible.
After washing the filter in this water, you collect it and put it back.
4. Fill the separated water in the aquarium.
When all the so-called dirty work on the proper cleaning of the aquarium with fish is done, we have only a little left – to fill in clean water. This should be the water that you defended during the week in a special container.
Only after the water is poured, you can turn on the filter, as well as lighting.
5. Add vitamins.
Also, if required, you can add any vitamins for fish to the aquarium. It can also be a means for water, as well as algae control.
In general, such means are better to be poured, either with the new separated water, so that they immediately spread throughout the entire volume, or to fill them in the area of water release from the filter.
How to clean the aquarium – the secrets and tricks
in just a few seconds, all algal green and brown fouling are scrubbed off the aquarium glass
How to clean the bottom of the aquarium :: aquarium cleaning fish :: aquarium fish
Many lovers of aquarium fish wonder why they even need to clean bottom at aquarium, because nobody in natural waters bottom it does not clean specially, plants grow well and fish swim merrily. The fact is that aquariums have a small volume compared to natural reservoirs, fish emit feces, and the remnants of the food that is not eaten by them fall on bottom and begin to rot, spoiling the water and giving the green light for the development of pathogenic microbes that can have a detrimental effect on both the fish themselves and the aquarium plants.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
1. To clean the bottom there are special filters, however, they do not perform their duties well. Until now, the best and effective way to clean the bottom aquarium is siphon cleaning. ABOUTbottom of these devices you see in the picture on the left.
Siphon consists of a flexible ribbed hose with abottomwhich side is a pear, and on the other hand a plastic expander with a bottom mesh at the end, so that during the cleaning process of the bottom aquarium In the siphon did not accidentally sucked some “gaping” fish! Before cleaning bottom, remove carefully from aquarium large stones, as well as plants without roots, which pressed these stones to the bottom and did not allow them to float, then clean the wall with a special scraper aquarium.
When the dirt, scraped from the walls, sinks to bottom, lower the siphon into the aquarium, not forgetting to put an empty bucket below the water level. Having pressed a pear several times, suck the water into the siphon. This creates a constant flow of water and now it remains only to drive a hose along the bottom aquarium and between the stones, draining all the dirt through the hose into the bucket.
In this procedure, for better cleaning of the bottom, slightly move the soil pebbles with the end of the hose. When heavily contaminated, it is sometimes necessary to remove the siphon aquarium,to clean the expander mesh, clogged with dirt.
2. If there is no special siphon for cleaning the aquarium bottom at hand, it can easily be replaced by a regular rubber hose. In this case, the water intake is done either with the help of an ordinary rubber pear, or, in the absence of such, the mouth is made in the mouth, much like motorists pour gasoline. However, in this case, it is necessary to do the suction very quickly, so as not to swallow inadvertently aquarium water.
In addition, it is necessary to ensure that the fish, especially the smallest, do not suck in the bucket through the hose. This can not only scare the fish, but also injure them, especially those who are proud of their large and beautiful fins and tails!
Especially often sucks slower fish, such as guppies.
3. And of course, every day after feeding the fish, remove the remnants of food that they have not eaten. Usually this is done by the simplest device, which is a glass tube with a rubber bulb at the end, extending along the length to the bottom. aquarium. If you use dry food for feeding fish, then remove their residues from aquarium as soon as the fish ate and moved away from the trough.
Feed drops on bottom, usually in aboutbottomm and the same place – under the aquarium feeder. Remove the feeder so that it does not bother you, lower the glass tube to the bottom, sucking the rest of the food with a pear.
If you do not do it in time, then in an hour the aquarium water can become cloudy, as dry food is an excellent food for millions of bacteria that begin to multiply in geometric progress.
4. Clean the aquarium bottom thorough at least aboutbottomth times a month, while pouring no more than 30% of water. Merged water is replaced by fresh, separated and necessarily the same temperature as the main water in the aquarium.
And remember that maintaining cleanliness in the aquarium is the key to the health of your pets!