maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium fish telescope – from black to gold
Telescope fish, the most prominent feature of which are the eyes. They are very large, bulging and prominent on the sides of her head.
It is for the eyes that the telescope got its name. Large, even huge, they nevertheless see poorly and can often be damaged about the objects in the aquarium.
One-eye telescopes are a sad but frequent reality. This and other properties impose certain restrictions on the content of the telescope.
Aquarium fish telescopes in nature do not occur at all. The fact is that all the goldfish were bred a long time ago from a wild crucian.
This is a very common fish that inhabits stagnant and slow-moving reservoirs – rivers, lakes, ponds, canals. It feeds on plants, detritus, insects, fry.
The birthplace of goldfish and black telescopes is China, but around 1500 they came to Japan, in 1600 to Europe, and in 1800 to America. The bulk of the currently known species, including the telescope, was developed in the East and has not changed since then.
It is believed that the telescope, like the goldfish, was first bred in the 17th century in China, and was called the dragon eye or dragon fish. A little later, it was imported to Japan, where it received the name “Demekin” (Caotoulongjing) by which it is still known.
The body of a telescope fish is rounded or egg-shaped, as in a veil tail, and not elongated, as in a goldfish or shubunkin. As a matter of fact, only the eyes differ from the telescope from the valehvosta, otherwise they are very similar.
The body is short and wide, also a large head, huge eyes and large fins.
Now telescopes are found in very different shapes and colors – with veil fins, and with short, red, white, and most popular – black telescopes. The black telescope is most often sold in pet stores and markets, but it can change color over time.
Telescopes can grow large enough fish, about 20 cm, but in aquariums, as a rule, less. The life of the telescope is 10-15 years, but there are cases when they live in ponds and more than 20.
The sizes vary greatly depending on the type and conditions of detention, but telescopes are not less than 10 cm in length and can be more than 20.
Like all goldfish, a telescope can live at very low temperatures, but it cannot be called a suitable fish for beginners. Not because he was particularly picky, but because of his eyes.
The fact is that they have poor eyesight, which means that it is harder for them to find food, and it is very easy to hurt their eyes or damage the infection.
But at the same time telescopes are very unpretentious and undemanding to the conditions of detention. They live well in the aquarium and in the pond (in warm areas), if the water is clean and the neighbors do not take away their food.
The fact is that they are slow and poorly seen, and more active fish can leave them hungry.
Many contain telescopes or other goldfish in round aquariums, alone and without plants. Yes, they live there and do not even complain, but round aquariums are very poorly suited for keeping fish, impair their vision and retard growth.
The shape and volume of the aquarium which will contain the telescopes are important. This is a big fish that produces a lot of waste and dirt.
Accordingly, for the maintenance of telescopes need a fairly spacious aquarium with a powerful filter.
Aquariums of a round shape are absolutely not suitable, but classic rectangular ones are perfect. The larger the surface of the water in your tank, the better.
Gas exchange occurs through the surface of the water, and the larger it is, the more stable this process is. As for the volume, it is better to start from 80-100 liters for a pair of fish, and add about 50 liters for each new telescope / goldfish.
Telescopes produce a huge amount of waste, and filtration is absolutely necessary. It is best to use a powerful external filter, only the flow from it must be started up through the flute, since goldfish are not important swimmers.
Mandatory weekly water changes, about 20%. As for the water parameters, they are not very important for telescopes.
Soil is better to use sandy or coarse gravel. Telescopes are constantly digging in the ground, and quite often swallow large particles and die because of this.
You can add decor and plants, but remember that the telescope’s eyes are very vulnerable, and eyesight is weak. Make sure all the elements are smooth, they have those sharp or cutting edges.
Water parameters can be very different, but ideally it will be: 5 – 19 ° dGH, ph: 6.0 to 8.0, and the water temperature is low: 20-23С.
Telescopes are quite active fish that love the community of their own kind. But for the general aquarium, they are poorly suited.
The fact is that they: do not like high temperatures, are slow and dim, they have delicate fins, which neighbors can tear off and they trash a lot.
Who does the telescope fish with? It is best to keep telescopes alone or with related species with which they get along: veiltails, goldfish, shubunkins.
It is impossible not to contain them with: Sumatran barbus, ternitse, denison barb, tetragonopterus. It is best to keep telescopes with related fish – gold, veiltails, oranda.
Telescope – aquarium fish. The most remarkable part of it is the eyes. They are quite large, prominent on the sides, bulging.
Sometimes, when they first hear the name of the breed of these fish, people ask again: “What is the name of the aquarium fish? Telescope? ”Yes, such an unusual name. His fish got it because of the shape of the eyes.
It is surprising that with such a huge organ of view the fish see very poorly. And this leads to some restrictions regarding the content of telescopes.
Everyone knows that a telescope is an aquarium fish. But in nature, such creatures do not occur.
Once upon a time all goldfish were obtained by breeding from a wild crucian. This is a very famous species that inhabits stagnant ponds or rivers, canals, ponds with a very slow flow.
It feeds on fry, insects, detritus, plants.
The homeland of black telescopes and goldfish is China. However, in 1500 they found themselves in Japan, in 1600 in Europe, and in 1800 in America.
Most of the currently known varieties were bred once in the East and have not changed since then.
It is believed that the aquarium fish telescope, as well as the goldfish, was bred for the first time in the seventeenth century in China. Named it was a dragon fish, or dragon eye.
A little later, they were taken to Japan, where they received a new name “demekin”, by which they are known to this day.
Telescope – aquarium fish with unusually large eyes. Her body has an ovate or rounded shape, like a voiletail. Actually, these two types distinguish only the eyes.
In all other respects, they are quite similar. Their bodies are wide and short, and their heads are large with huge eyes and large fins.
Currently, telescopes are found in a variety of colors and forms, with veil fin. The most popular aquarium fish is a black telescope.
It is most often sold in all pet stores, as well as in the markets, but over time it may well change color.
Telescopes grow big enough. Sometimes up to twenty centimeters. The life span of a fish is from ten to fifteen years.
There have been cases when they lived in ponds for more than twenty years. Fish sizes vary greatly depending on their species, as well as habitat conditions.
But less than ten centimeters they are not.
All goldfish, including telescopes, can live at sufficiently low temperatures. However, for beginners aquarists telescope – not the best kind of content.
And the reason for this are the eyes of the fish. Telescopes have very poor eyesight, so it’s harder for them to find food.
They are often injured and put an infection in the eyes.
But with all this, telescopes are very undemanding and unpretentious to the living conditions. They feel equally good both in the pond and in the aquarium.
A telescope is an aquarium fish, the compatibility of which with other inhabitants must be taken into account. Since they see very poorly and are extremely slow, more active individuals can take food from them and leave them hungry.
That is why it should be wisely pick them neighbors.
Many people contain goldfish and telescopes in round aquariums, one at a time and without plants. Of course, they are able to dwell there, but round vessels do not suit them at all, they slow down their growth and impair vision.
The most correct option is to keep them separate. It is possible to lodge with related species: goldfish, veiltails, shubunkins.
But categorically it is impossible to combine them with tetragonopteriuses, Denisoni barbus, terntions, Sumatran barbus.
For a telescope, calm, well-balanced neighbors are good, and they won’t hurt the fish.
If you decide to start a telescope, then note that there are not only black individuals. When dwelling in warmer water, they acquire a copper hue. But the dark-bronze varieties do not have large eyes.
However, with age, they appear black color and a characteristic bulge of the eyes. Telescopes – wonderful beautiful fish that require careful treatment.
With its rather large size, they are very vulnerable.
The aquarium fish telescope is one of the varieties of goldfish that was bred using breeding and does not exist in nature. Telescopes are very loved and demanded by aquarists around the world.
Very often, they give birth to those who have just begun to engage in the maintenance and breeding of fish. However, this is not a good solution, since the telescope requires the host’s attention, as well as all animals that are far from natural forms.
This article will tell about the features of care for these amazing creatures.
Dragon fish, as they call it telescopes, has the following structural features:
- Slightly shortened, swollen body, resembling a ball or an egg, with a round belly.
- A large head, on which are strongly convex eyes and a mouth directed slightly downwards, moving apart with an accordion.
- The eyes are so prominent that if you look at the head of the telescope from above, it clearly resembles a hammer. In shape, they can be spherical, dish-shaped, spherical, cylindrical and conical. The eyes of the fish most often look slightly forward and in different directions, but there is a variety of astrologers, whose eyes look upwards.
- Scales may be medium or absent.
- The dorsal, ventral, and lateral fins are wide, the caudal bifurcated, elongated, and strongly hanging down.
The basis of the classification demenkinov put such features as:
- The shape and size of the fins (tape and skirt telescopes).
- Scale form (individuals with and without scales).
- black is the most common and frequently occurring species, has a small caudal and long lateral fins, the scales are located in straight rows;
- the panda is colored symmetrically, the black and white sections alternate;
- magpie has a white body and black fins;
- red chinese.
Fish color can vary depending on the lighting, food and even the color of the soil.
These dragons belong to schooling fishes, and it is better to settle them in groups of 4-6 individuals. If the aquarium is not specific, then only peaceful, peaceful neighbors should be selected.
For the Demenkin, slowness is characteristic, and therefore the more frisky inhabitants of the reservoir will easily leave them without food. Moreover, this can occur even within the same breed.
Short-bodied (telescope, left head, oranda, ranch) and long-bodied (goldfish, comet, shubunkin) individuals cannot be settled together, because the former are more demanding to habitat conditions, and besides, they risk being offended by the second group and remain hungry because of for them.
Ideal neighbors for the Demenkins are fish with similar temperament and habitat conditions.
An absolute prohibition exists on keeping them in the same aquarium with heratsynymi, tsikhlida, arovanami and other aggressive predators that can eat the telescope.
You also can not lodge them with fighting fish, for example, with a Siamese cockerel. The result of this neighborhood can be dangling fins and damaged eyes.
The dragons themselves can harm only small fish and fry, which they take for food.
The most common ailments that affect these fish are:
- Bacterial infections that cause scabies. In this case, the body of the fish covers whitish mucus, and she constantly itches about stones. To fix the situation will only help a complete change of water.
- Fungus. In this disease, thin white threads appear on the body of the fish, which, if left untreated, will turn into a bloom like cotton wool and sprout into the internal organs. Sick telescopes almost cease to move and lie on the bottom.
- Defeats by parasites and the simplest organisms.
- Oxygen starvation. Signs: Fish often rise to the surface of the water to swallow air. Causes: overcrowding, too high water temperature, reduced oxygen in the water due to rotting plants or food debris. Consequences: appetite falls, growth stops, death. How to fix: reduce the temperature, increase the aeration, clean the bottom. If this is not enough, relocate the fish.
- Improper feeding can lead to inflammation of the digestive tract or obesity.
- Stress that a transplant can cause, bad water or unsuitable neighbors.
- Common cold, which is manifested in the death and exfoliation of the skin. Occurs with sharp fluctuations in water temperature.
- Invert. In this disease, the fish does not keep balance, tumbles, hangs at the surface of the water or lies at the bottom.
In conclusion, we say that the content of the telescope is not such a simple matter, it will take a lot of attention and time for proper care. However, an unusual form and funny behavior will bring their owner a lot of happy moments.