maintenance, care, compatibility
Keeping fish requires a capacity of 60 liters with a tight-fitting top lid. During the period of settlement in the aquarium, the calamoiht may not eat, because it needs time to acclimatize.
Optimum water indicators: temperature 23-27 ° C, acidity 6.5-8, hardness 4-17 °. Weekly need to replace 1/5 of the volume of water.
Filtration must be of high quality, and aeration is not of particular importance. The fish periodically rises to the surface to take a sip of atmospheric air, you need to make sure that nothing prevents her from inhaling the air.
In an aquarium, shelters in the form of grottoes, snags and mounds of stones, as well as thickets of rooted or floating plants are necessary. Snake fish loves to rummage in the soil, digging into it, therefore, it is better to use soft sand or polished fine gravel as a substrate so that the fish will not damage their scales.
Roots of living plants should be lined with pebbles or planted in pots.
Kalamoucht Calabar ripens by 3 years, but does not lend itself to natural reproduction in an aquarium. Fish breeding is only possible artificially by hormonal stimulation of spawning.
Before settling a purchased fish in an aquarium, you must first quarantine it. Usually fish sold in pet stores are caught from natural conditions and they can have dangerous diseases.
To facilitate their adaptation to new conditions, special conditioners of the type biofield and acclimol can be added to the water. During the treatment of these fish, it is important to know that they cannot tolerate organic dyes and formalin, as well as salt water.
When choosing a fish in the store, you need to take into account its appearance, which can be used to identify its diseases. Fish covered with dull spots and having a battered fringe on the body are infected with parasitic worms or small leeches.
In these cases, methylene blue is placed in the water and the fish is quarantined. A swollen and inflamed neck indicates an oxygen burn suffered during transportation.
In heavily moving along the bottom of individuals, which pushes to the surface, the function of the swim bladder may be impaired.
Proven compatibility with other peaceful fish, which are not allocated too tiny size. Some medium and peaceful cichlids, such as the angelfish, the Severums or the Festivums, the large gourami nitrians, and the catfish synodontis, will make a good company.
They can not settle active fish, which will take away the food.
Look at the aquarium with calamoiht and sazhika tsikhlazomoy.
It should be remembered that the kalamoiht is a predator, therefore in its menu there may be guppies, mollies, swordtails, small tetras, rasbora. Fish in the lower layers of the aquarium can also be eaten.
Small catfish, amphibians (frogs, tadpoles, tritons) are in danger when dragon fish are on the hunt.
Also, a snake fish can swallow blue neon or danios. Kalamoiht can attack fish of its own species if they are of similar size. In the general aquarium, these fish enter into disputes and fights over food or territory, therefore there should be plenty of space for them.
You can populate a group of 5 fish, compatibility with congeners is likely, provided successful footage in the tank.
Exotic lovers always try to accommodate the most bizarre inhabitants in their aquarium. Some prefer the frogs, others on the cochlea, others prefer snakes.
Kalamoiht Kalabarsky, another name for which, snake fish is one of the most sought-after species of exotic fish.
In the wild, it can be found in warm waters with unsalted water and a slow current. They mainly live in the territory of West Africa.
The unique structure of the respiratory system allows this fish to live in waters with an insufficient level of oxygen dissolved in water and, moreover, to be out of water, thanks to a pulmonary apparatus that absorbs atmospheric oxygen.
The fish received its name because of the serpentine elongated body covered with scales. The diameter of the thickest area ranges about 1.5 centimeters. Most of them have a yellow color with a brown tint, but there are some milky-brown individuals.
The head has angular shapes resembling a flattened triangle. On the head there is a big mouth with teeth.
On the body you can see from 8 to 15 spikes, which are located along the upper line. Pelvic fins are different, they may be on the tail, and may be absent.
Outwardly, this fish is easily confused with snakes. At the head they have small antennae, which are responsible for touch.
It is not easy to distinguish a male from a female. Usually the female is slightly larger.
Fish can reach 40 centimeters in length.
Snake – fish are very curious and fairly peaceful inhabitants. Despite the length of their bodies, small inhabitants of the aquarium may scare them, especially when it comes to eating. These fish are nocturnal, but in order for it to show activity during the day, it is enough to feed it.
She will not refuse shelter in plants.
The ideal neighbors for snakes fish will be medium-sized fish. Kalamoiht Kalabarsky does not get along with guppies, neons and other frisky fish that can destroy food in seconds.
They can also be prey to the snake.
In an aquarium, it is necessary to strengthen the planted plants, as the snake fish lives on the bottom and is actively digging in the ground, which leads to damage to the root system. Sand or crushed smooth gravel can be poured as a primer.
- Aquarium over 100 liters with a tight lid;
- The abundance of shelters, stones and grottoes;
- The average temperature is 25 degrees;
- Stiffness from 2 to 17;
- Acidity from 6.1 to 7.6.
It is important to ensure that the hydrochemical indicators of aqua do not have sharp fluctuations. If an urgent water change is needed, use special air conditioners to help achieve the required performance. Most Popular:
For the treatment of fish are not rarely used organic dyes or formalin. To treat snake fish by them is strictly prohibited.
Provided that the fish have a habit of escaping from the aquarium, put a tight lid on it. As a result, in order to prevent oxygen starvation, a good aeration system and 1/5 water change 1 time per week is necessary.
If only Kalamoiht Kalabarsky lives in an aquarium, then you can not install a system of aeration.
In feeding, the snake fish is not picky, it eats with pleasure:
- Crushed frozen sea fish.
Pay particular attention to whether she gets food. Due to the large size, it is not rarely does not have time for nimble neighbors.
If kalamoihta really deprive, then go to the next trick. Leave the food in a special tube with a diameter of about 3 centimeters and lower it to the bottom.
Thus, food slices will not be available for fish, but are easily harvested by snakes.
Snake Fish, or Kalamoicht Calabar: content and photo
The body of this fish visually resembles a real snake: an elongated body, and the modified diamond-shaped scales look like snake skin. At the same time the snake fish has a flattened triangular head with a huge jaw and sharp teeth. All this also adds to the image of the calamoi originality.
Dorsal spines are located in the tail area. Their number ranges from 5 to 18 pieces.
The abdominal fins are either completely absent or shifted closer to the back of the body. Such a structure only enhances the “serpentine” appearance of this unusual aquatic animal.
The aquarium snake fish grows up to forty centimeters. She can live from 8 to 10 years.
Black eyes and short mustache tendrils give the aquarium snake a funny expression. For such an unusual look, these fish become the favorite inhabitants of domestic ponds.
For the successful maintenance of fish should acquire large aquariums, as Kalamohty need a large area of the bottom. The minimum water required by one fish is 100 liters.
A group of fish (it is much more interesting to watch a few individuals) will feel good in an aquarium with a volume of more than 200 liters.
The tank should always be tightly closed, as this snake fish can seep into any gap that has formed. It is also important to place in the aquarium various artificial shelters and snags.
This helps the fish to quickly adapt to a new place and get used to new living conditions. Especially kalamoihtam like Indian almond leaves, serving as a shelter and providing water conditioning in the aquarium.
These aquatic animals generally become more active in the evening or under ambient lighting. The fish begins to explore all corners of the aquarium in search of food. After it rises to the surface of the water, curling into unusual rings.
This is required in order to sometimes inhale the atmospheric air, which helps to digest a hearty meal.
Most of the fish that are represented in pet shop aquariums are of natural origin. Therefore, after acquiring an exotic aquatic dweller, he needs a pre-sale perederzhka (sometimes up to 1 month) with further adaptation to the conditions of bondage.
But sellers quite often do not comply with these conditions, and many individuals die almost immediately after launching into the home aquarium.
That is why aquarists have the opinion that Kalamohty are very poorly acclimatized in domestic aquariums. Fortunately, it is not.
Healthy fish simply adapts to new living conditions in decorative aquariums, if you follow the rules of its content.
A little bit about how to distinguish a healthy individual. Getting this small fish, pay attention to its integuments.
If there are even small contrasting spots, then, most likely, the fish is sick, it will not survive for long.
Feeding kalamoihtov does not cause any difficulties. Healthy fish gladly take on various natural foods (even frozen). Especially she loves big moth.
In the warmer months, tadpoles and earthworms can be introduced into the diet. Kalamoiht not refuse small pieces of squid and shrimp.
The fish is almost indifferent to dry food, eats them with great reluctance.
Snake fish is a peaceful inhabitant of an aquarium; it does not offend its large neighbors. Large for kalamoihta will be copies that are not possible to swallow.
They get along well with any fish, but a trifle, in particular sklyaries and neons, can be taken for food.
Among the whole variety of aquarium fish there are quite unusual species, and one of them is undoubtedly Kalamoicht Kalabar. This relatively large creature for aquarium fish belongs to the family of mnogoperovyh, which, in turn, is a subclass of cartilage ganoids.
This means that the kalamoiht is a close relative of sturgeon!
In general, multipea is a rather ancient group of fishes, the structure of which resembles that of the finch and lungfish, the modern species of which belong to the so-called “living minerals”. And if so, then the kalamoiht living in your aquarium is, figuratively speaking, a “domestic dinosaur” among aquarium fish.
It looks like a reptile, and he externally, whence his colloquial name is snake fish. Like a snake, it has a strongly elongated body of greenish or yellowish color, covered with rigid diamond-shaped scales; the head is flattened, and there are sharp teeth in the mouth.
A real viper, only floating.
On average, the calamoiht has a length of up to 37 cm, although there are also almost meter-long specimens. Of course, the content in the aquarium does not provide such large sizes.
Snake fish from West Africa (from Benin to Cameroon), where it inhabits mostly freshwater lakes and rivers. This individual is capable of living in brackish bodies of water.
The content of snake fish in an aquarium is not very complex. First of all, it should be noted: “a large ship is a great voyage.” The aquarium for kalamoikhta should have a capacity of at least 40 liters, and better – more.
In one tank, you can contain one fish, and you can and several; at the same time schooling these fish are not.
In the aquarium it is necessary to provide shelters, and also it is recommended to plant the plants. The optimum water temperature is from 22 to 28 degrees.
Living in an aquarium, Kalamoicht behaves very actively. If the aquarium is not tightly closed with a lid, the fish will jump out of it.
Once out of the water, a snake fish can live for several hours, after which it dies. If the atmosphere is particularly humid, then it can last a day.
And yet you should not torment an animal and test its survival outside the aquarium.
They feed kalamoikhtov 2 to 4 times a week. Worms, fish fillets, seafood are used as food, all of which can be fresh or frozen.
After lunch, the fish usually lies on the bottom, digesting the food.
Often, kalamoihty purchased at the pet store, refuse to eat for a few days. This is a normal phenomenon – the fish simply adapts to new conditions.
After a while she will calmly start eating.
The aquarium fish Kalamoicht attracts the attention of connoisseurs of exotic beauty. It really significantly differs in appearance and habits from the standard inhabitants of aquariums.
Kalamoiht is a representative of ancient species of fish, he comes from Africa. It gained popularity due to its specific appearance.
Many people call the calamoihta “snake fish” because of its similarity with the latter. Indeed, the long elongated body of the fish and the unusual triangular-shaped head resemble a snake. Due to the streamlined shape of the kalamoihta and due to the dense rhomboid scales, the fish can smoothly and ornately slide along the bottom of the aquarium.
This predator has a rather large mouth with strong teeth, and on its back there are sharp thorns (there are usually from 5 to 20 pieces). The color range of an adult individual is quite diverse – from sandy yellow to dark green.
The content of kalamoihta is possible in an aquarium with a volume of more than 45 liters, as fish grow up to 40 cm in length. He needs all kinds of shelter and dense vegetation.
In artificial conditions, the life expectancy of these fish with proper care is 10-12 years. To achieve such results, one should know how to feed the calamoichis and how to prevent its diseases.
LONG FISHING AS A WORM
I present to your attention a very interesting inhabitant of an aquarium that looks like a long worm – AKANTOFTALMUS (Acanthophthalmus)!
These serpentine fish are often found in our aquariums and deserve attention, because in addition to the decorative properties and interesting worm-like body structure they perform useful functions in the aquarium.
These fish worms come from Indochina and the islands of Southeast Asia. In the spaces of the former USSR, they appeared in the 70s.
Fish have a long striped body whose size can reach 12 centimeters. Thus, acquiring a couple of akantoftalmusov in a year you will get quite good such palm-sized worms)))
Acantoftalmusy – this bottom fish that burrow into the ground or hiding in shelters. They do not like bright light and lead a gloomy way of life. Because of the secretive lifestyle of these worms, you can not see for weeks.
And you need to be very careful when you take out the decor from the aquarium (for example, for cleaning), because these whales are carefully hiding in them, they can fall out and stay somewhere on the carpet.
These small worms do not need special feeding, since they are the orderlies of the aquarium world – they clean the soil and eat the rest of the fish food. In this connection, they are not only unpretentious fish, but provide an indispensable service to the hostess, helping in cleaning the aquarium.
The content of wormfish is also not whimsical, here are the parameters for their comfortable existence:
Order, family: carp-shaped, loachworm.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-30 ° C.
Ph: pH 6.5-7.2.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Compatibility: with all kinds of fish.
Aquarium for aquantophthalmos: any, preferably wide.
All akantoftalmus can be divided into types:
Here are the sex differences of wormfish,
On photo male and female aktoftalmusa
It seems to me that the worms acantophthalmos deserve attention, as a novice aquarist, so sophisticated pros. They will bring a variety of shapes to your aquarium world.