maintenance, care, compatibility
Oranda red cap – it is from a variety of breeding derived forms of goldfish. According to some orana was known in Japan in the 15th century. The shape of her body, she resembles a voilehvosta.
The same oblong body ovoid shape, long luxurious fins. On a small head there is a bright large fatty growth that covers the whole head of the fish, with the exception of the eyes and mouth.
The bigger and brighter the growth is, the more valuable and beautiful the fish is. The body and fins are painted white, the “cap” has a bright red-orange color. Gold varieties of color are found in this way when the fish is completely colored in a rich orange color.
Like most representatives of the Karpovye detachment, the oranda can be quite large in size (up to 23 centimeters). In aquariums, life expectancy is on average 15 years.
Little Red Riding Hood is a very peace-loving fish, calm and imposing, you should select the same non-aggressive neighbors for your company. Otherwise, the aquarium beauty can easily lose its luxurious fins and bright hats, because it is clumsy and is easy prey for even a small predator.
Ideal neighbors are all peaceful fish, such as guppies, swordtails, neons, danios, terntions, and so on. Other varieties of goldfish are also great, such as shubunkin, a comet, a telescope, water eyes, a veil of a tail, a celestial eye, or a pearl.
It is important to prevent overpopulation of the aquarium, do not forget about the need to allocate for each fish 40 – 50 liters of volume.
When buying, pay attention to the age of the fish, the purity of its scales (there should be no white bloom, red spots and sores), the length and condition of its fins (no bruises or white dots or blemishes), its activity and behavior, and also on the proportions of the body. When detecting plaque or stains, we recommend refraining from buying fish from this aquarium, even if they look healthy.
The individual must be harmoniously folded, active, with clean scales and fins. It is recommended to buy fish in large stores, where they are under the scrutiny of qualified vendors.
Look at these beauties in the aquarium.
Under all conditions, a bright and unusual Oranda will delight you with its appearance and wonderful appetite for about 15 years. These fish decorated the palaces and ponds of the Japanese emperors. The history of breeding has more than one century.
But despite this noble origin – this rather unpretentious pet is a good choice for amateur hobbyists.
See also: How to choose an aquarium for fighting cockerels.
Oranda red cap will be a great embodiment of a dream into reality. From its fabulous prototype, it is distinguished only by a small wen of red color on its head, from which it got its name.
Goldfish have always been popular with aquarists around the world, and the red cap is a popular type of it. She is not just beautiful, she is defiantly beautiful.
This fish appeared as a result of selection and was bred in China. And the delicate, elegant taste of Oriental masters is beyond doubt, and the fish turned out to be a match for him.
The swollen, oblong body of an ovoid shape is compensated for by luxurious long fins and tail, developing as a train dress woven from the finest Chinese silk.
The similarity of the shape of the body and the fins with the tail tail gave rise to the rumor that these two species are relatives. Perhaps this is so.
However, their main difference in the red growth that covers the entire surface of the head, except the eyes.
Body color can be varied: chocolate, black, red, red and black, but most often white and gold. Particularly advantageous with the red hat of the fish looks exactly the white color of the scales. White-red combination is always winning and most memorable.
Take, for example, carp koi. By the way, the oranda also belongs to the carp family.
The aquarian red cap is a helmet-shaped variety of artificially bred fish, differs from other similar species by an unpaired dorsal fin. Other helm-like rocks have no dorsal fin.
The remaining fins of the fish are forked hanging, including the caudal, in length from 70% of the whole oranda body. In the most valuable specimens of the red cap, the tail resembles a skirt-like form, as in a veiltail.
The tail should not be fork-shaped, which indicates marriage in the breed. In length, adults reach 16–24 cm.
The body is egg-shaped and short. The fins are translucent and elongated. By sex, fish is difficult to distinguish.
Males are smaller than females; during the prespawning period, white specks appear on their heads.
There are various versions of this fish, among which white fishes are especially beautiful, whose heads are decorated with a red cap. Black, blue and chocolate varieties are also known. The black fish is painted completely black with its hat.
You can often find a golden orange and calico. By the nature of these creatures are pretty sweet and gentle, in need of accurate and caring content.
Good and high-quality care will allow you to enjoy the company of Orange under 15 years.
A sensitive and slow red cap can be attacked by neighbors and damage its fins. If water parameters are incorrect, fins may begin to rot. At low temperatures and overpopulation of the aquarium, white grains may appear on the body of an orange, meaning signs of ichthyophthyriosis disease.
With poor aeration and excessive dirt in the tank, poisoning and death of the fish can occur.
Little Red Riding Hood is an unusual and colorful fish for any aquarium. Its soft temper and cute appearance distinguish this breed from other forms of goldfish and add interest to it from many aquarists.
Oranda Little Red Riding Hood – is one of the species diversity of the wish-fulfilling fish, bred in the home. The birthplace of such fish – China, Japan, Korea.
Why is this name got a fish? The head of this aquarium fish, a photo of which can be seen below, is small in size.
With age on her head appear curly fatty growths. Such a growth, in the form of a “cap”, practically covers the whole head of the fish, leaving only the eyes visible.
Hence the name. And the more this so-called “cap”, the more valuable the aquarium fish itself.
The body resembles the shape of an egg, slightly oblong.
Oranda has a resemblance to a voiletail. Very clumsy and clumsy.
The fins are like the finest silk. Her dorsal fin is unpaired.
The tail and anal in turn are double, and very smoothly hanging. The fins are white in color.
The fish can reach 23 cm. If you keep the fish in suitable conditions for it, then life can be fifteen years.
The red cap fish appeared as a result of the artificial cultivation of a goldfish breed. For the first time an ornamental fish was bred in Japan.
Breed differs in picturesque appearance and decoration of the head in the form of a red cap, due to which aquarium fish got their name.
Little Red Riding Hood is quite capricious resident of the aquarium. Acceptable temperature range is from 18 to 23 degrees.
If there is a deviation from the set temperature, the goldfish dies.
Aquarium inhabitants are quite large in size, therefore The volume of the aquarium is calculated as 100 liters per individual. It is recommended to keep this breed a pair.
The soil of the aquarium should be of medium size. It is advisable to avoid varieties with sharp edges, as aquarium inhabitants like to dig in it and can get hurt.
Red cap needs constant filtration of water. In the aquarium must be present plants and snags, which create decor.
Such an environment enriches the entire aquarium with oxygen and significantly reduces the level of nitrates.
Water parameters must meet the following requirements: Stiffness from 6 – 18 ° dGH, pH – 5.0 – 7.0. It is recommended every week to partially replace the water at 20-30%.
Aquarian inhabitants have a very peaceful nature. You can not addicted to them overly active and aggressive breeds. Size does not matter.
Little Red Riding Hood will be completely defenseless even before a fish half its size.
It is worth noting that the breed is a threat to aquarium plants. Goldfish love to eat vegetation, so you should be prepared for frequent replacement of the aquarium fauna.
A species of golden aquarium fish, the oranda, or, as it is also called, the red cap, was known in Japan in ancient times. This fish belongs to the selection helmet-shaped form of goldfish.
The shape of her body is ovoid, the length of the fish grows up to 23 cm. It received its name for the fatty growth of red color located on the head.
This fish is considered more valuable if the red cap on her head is large.
Another distinctive feature of the goldfish, the red cap is the presence of a median fin on its back, while the other fins of it are bifurcated. Other helmets do not have any fin on their backs.
In purebred orange tail fin can not be in the form of a fork, and in length it should be at least 70% of the body length of the fish.
The colors of the red cap may be different, but the most popular are white with a red head or cotton print.
Little Red Riding Hood – aquarium fish is quite capricious and tender. It feels good in water with a temperature of 18-24 ° C and does not tolerate either colder or warmer water.
The Oranda is a rather large and cumbersome fish, therefore only a few individuals should be kept in the aquarium weaning 100 l. This fish is calm and peaceful, it is easy to get along with other non-aggressive neighbors.
You can feed red caps, like other goldfish, with live feeds or their substitutes, vegetable supplements, such as lettuce or spinach.
It should be remembered that if Oranda feels uncomfortable: freeze or starve, then its main decoration – the red cap on the head – may simply disappear.
Orands are well alongside with such aquarium plants as cabomba, elodiea, valisneria. Do not put in an aquarium, where they live red hats, sharp stones, which the fish can get hurt.
Since the fish loves to rummage in the soil, it is better to use pebbles or coarse sand as a substrate.
In the aquarium it is best to install a biofilter and powerful aeration, since the red cap is very sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water. Every week it is advisable to do a water change of about 25% of the total.
At the age of one and a half or two years, the red cap becomes sexually mature. If you decide to breed an orande, you will seat two or three males and one female in a separate container and after some time some fry will appear in the aquarium, which, as they grow, can be transferred to a common aquarium.
With good conditions in the aquarium, the red cap can live up to 15 years.
Oranda content feeding description compatibility photo reproduction.
Fish reach their maturity at the age of 1.5 years.
In principle, breeding an orange is not difficult, but the percentage of healthy fry is relatively small.
As a spawning, choose an aquarium with a volume of about 50 liters, in which are placed a few bushes of plants with small leaves. The ground should be sandy.
In order for the plants to stay at the bottom, their roots need to be pressed with small flat stones.
Before spawning, the producer should be kept apart for 1-2 weeks and fed abundantly with various feeds.
For spawning, 1 female and 2-3 males are planted. Spawning occurs in the morning and lasts 3-4 hours.
It should be noted that the stimulus to the beginning of spawning is a slight decrease in water temperature, immediately after its increase.
Immediately after spawning, producers should be deposited. Next, you need to carefully inspect the spawn.
That caviar, which has a cloudy whitish color, must be removed. Approximately on the 5th day the larvae hatch, and after a couple of days the fry begin to swim in search of food.
In the first days of life, the fry are fed live dust. Good results are obtained by feeding juveniles with special feeds for goldfish fry.
The life span of the red cap orange is about 15 years.
Carp family (Cyprinidae).
Oranda red cap is a selective form of goldfish.
The red cap oranda has a slightly oblong ovoid-shaped body. By its appearance, the fish resembles a voilehvosta.
Dorsal fin high, anal and caudal double, freely hanging. The head of the orange is small with a well-developed fatty growth of bright red color, covering everything except for eyes and mouth.
The more a hat is developed in a fish, the more valuable this individual is considered. The body and fins of orande are painted white. In length, the red cap can reach 23 cm.
Life expectancy in an aquarium depends on the conditions of detention and can reach 15 years.
Oranda Little Red Riding Hood is a peace-loving and calm fish. In the general aquarium, it can be maintained together with non-aggressive species of fish.
Fish in respect of feed unpretentious.
They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening.
Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied.
This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is amazing.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.