If an aquarist prefers fish with a mild, unpretentious temperament, among his favorites there will probably be an aquarium fish called Lyalius – a beautiful, small individual who prefers a quiet lifestyle. An artificial water house with its settlement will acquire originality, attractiveness, will be extraordinary and bright.
The advantage is the ability of the fish to live in a small amount of water – 10 liters is enough for one individual. But one by one, the fish do not like living, in a better way, in pairs or a flock of 4-5 pieces. Then the size of the aquarium should be 40-50 liters, which will ensure its inhabitants normal conditions for life.
Lyalius is small in size, not more than 6 cm. The body is flattened on the sides, oval, with a small tail, as well as fins of a peculiar, elongated posterior acute angle of the shape.
The female is smaller, dimmer, mostly silver-gray. With its inexpressiveness, it constitutes a worthy background for bright, extraordinary males.
Male representative is larger and more extravagant. Multicolor coloring gives it character, the presence of fluorescent points makes a worthy decoration of any underwater kingdom.
Living in nature in standing brooks, small lakes, as well as the irrigation waters of rice plantations, it acquired a calm, sensible character. Slow, a little slow. He likes to hide, not to be in sight.
Tolerate can not fuss, vain movements and loud sounds.
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As a real gourmet, she appreciates greens, clean water, does not need bright light and, on the contrary, hides from him in dense thickets, reserving the right to make friends with exactly those neighbors whom she chooses.
Lyalius is a labyrinth fish, able to breathe oxygen from the air due to the special structure of the respiratory system. That is why you can notice its frequent ascent to the surface to swallow doses of air.
In natural conditions, this feature allows you to catch the midge, than to obtain a full-fledged food.
The appearance in Europe of Liliusov dates back to 1869. They immediately gained popularity for their unpretentious, peaceful disposition and original appearance.
However, only three decades later, their mass delivery was adjusted.
Having their main homeland countries such as Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, today they have spread in the slowly flowing waters of Colombia, the United States, and Singapore.
What is the interest of European aquarists Colisa lalia? Having in their structure a special organ – a labyrinth – they are able to breathe air above the surface of the water.
This feature allowed us to get food in a special way: by knocking down flying insects with a stream of water from the mouth. It is in the process of such hunting that the lilyus can spend hours just below the surface of the reservoir, looking for future prey.
Natural reservoirs where they live, do not differ in special purity and aeration. It can be irrigation fields, canals, lakes, ponds and even streams, in which the flow pattern is slow, and plankton, fry of insects and their larvae accumulate on the surface.
Fish of small size – up to 9 cm (the female is slightly smaller – 5-6 cm). A flat body almost along the entire perimeter, except for the head end, as if edged with fins.
Appearance of the male color gives the appearance. The greenish-blue color, contrasting with the red and blue transverse stripes, favorably emphasizes the brightness of the picture and makes it the accent of the whole aquarium. Red spots are also clearly visible on the fins.
The head is often silver in color, around the mouth (in its lower part) has a bluish tint.
Instead of pectoral fin there are long whiskers. Nature rewarded them with lyalius so that they could freely orient themselves in muddy water.
It is a kind of organ of touch.
Seeing such a rainbow “miracle”, there is no doubt: this is a male, self-confident, attractive and proud. To distinguish it from the female is not difficult.
The female is painted in silver tone, smaller in size and behaves quieter and calmer.
Lyalius – aquarium fish, rarely in conflict with others. If the conditions of its maintenance are prosperous, the neighbors are peaceful, and the food is in sufficient quantities, then it can be expected that it will live for 3-4 years without creating any special problems, and its colors will always resemble a rainbow.
There are many types of lalius – these interesting fish, differing from each other in color, size, but not in character. Worth noting is cobalt lilius, which has an expressive color of blue, which harmoniously combines with bright green plants, as well as white sandy soil.
Near the gills – the background is pure blue, all over the body – with stripes, dots of other shades.
Something like it was a neon lilius – the same blue hue, but a bit sharper, more specific. The striped character in this case is slightly smoothed, the individual receives a number of distinctive features.
Coral Lyalius is an unusually attractive specimen. It is a selectively bred species, a bit capricious in content.
Its yellowish-milky coloring gives the individual soft tenderness and touching, and in the rays of a properly selected light creates the illusion of moonlight.
Lyalius iridescent differs from other macropods only in coloring. He is also peaceful, calm, loves dark ground.
Eccentric and unusually mysterious lilyus red color. Its brightness and originality will never deprive the attention of such an aquarium.
These are the results of competent selection allow you to achieve the most original colors.
In the description of neon red should pay attention to its small size. At a length of not more than 6 cm, he can adapt to live even in an aquarium with aggressive neighbors.
Bright red colors and blue dorsal fin only add to its appeal.
All lyalius are shy and cautious. Feel confident when they are not alone.
The best option is a flock of 3-4 individuals. However, in this case, you will need an aquarium from 60 liters.
Dwelling in the middle and upper layers of water, they need appropriate plants, creating thickets and a shady aura above. It affects, firstly, the desire to hide, and, secondly, the realization of the food instinct.
The aquarium should be covered with a lid to prevent them from accidentally jumping out of its limits.
The presence of a labyrinth organ allows the owner to not be limited to the conditions of high aeration. Fish always compensates for the lack of oxygen by inhaling it from the atmospheric air — all that is needed is to surface.
The “moral” climate in the company of Liliusovs will be best if one male and 3-4 females settle in one aquarium. Although they are able to safely get along with many peace-loving neighbors.
The reason for the desirable presence of one male is his zealous inclination to protect his territory. Here he can even show aggression (but only to his relatives).
Due to its biological characteristics, lyalius is a favorite type of novice aquarist. One of the reasons for this is the unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention and the feeding of lyalius.
He does not need clean and moving water, he does not freeze when lowering its temperature below 23 ° C. Average hardness (up to 20 °) and universal pH (6.5-7.0) will be useful.
Without needing a large amount of water, it floats in the middle of the aquarium, often emerging to the surface, especially at times when he sees floating food.
Filtering equipment can be used only if it is necessary to remove mechanical particles – impurities. Otherwise, the operation of the device will only interfere with the quiet pastime.
An aerator is also not needed – water saturation with oxygen is not appreciated by labyrinth fish.
Feeding is easy, but must be varied. The alternation of live, vegetable, dry food will allow you to create a balanced diet, to provide the body with everything you need, especially if you are to spawn.
Colisa lalia does not like too high water temperature. Why? The fact is that a significant difference between air and water temperatures can provoke a disease of the labyrinth organ.
Therefore, it will be physiological to maintain within 23-28 ° C.
Water hardness does not matter, although it will be more comfortable in soft water. Alkaline indicator is required in the range of 6-7.5.
Streams of water, frightening in their dynamism, do not like fish. In addition to their slowness, they can be afraid of even the sounds of rustling and gurgling.
Bright lighting Colisa lalia welcomes. But the soil is better to choose dark. On its background, the spectacular colors look brighter and more expressive.
But this is not the main thing: the bright ground, reflecting the sun’s rays, creates wandering glare, which can also scare too cautious individuals.
A similar approach should be in the design of the rear and side walls in the aquarium.
And what about artificial stone constructions, the opinion is unequivocally negative. Lyaliuses do not play such games.
It is much more interesting for them to hide in natural green thickets (hygrophilous, wallisneria, echinodorus, cryptocoryne) are suitable, including those that are not fixed in the ground, but freely floating (for example, elodea, duckweed, salvinia).
For breeding lalius it is necessary to take into account their labyrinth character.
The issue of rational nutrition, rather, is in the specific weight of various components, since the quantity for them is estimated according to the principle: the more, the better.
The diet should include: live food, frozen, vegetable formulations. However, given that the main part of the food fish swallows from the surface of the water, it is rational to use special flakes.
They are able to swim for a certain time from above and not to sink. However, lying in the water to the uneaten feed is not worth long.
This is a risk factor for putrefactive processes and mechanical water pollution.
He does not know how to restrain his appetite. Therefore, follow the norm eaten – the work of its owner.
The male lalyusa, anticipating reproduction, becomes more active, more active. If the female is not ready for the process, he can start beating her sideways, stimulating the instinct.
How to distinguish a male from a female in an aquarium? In larger size, bright color, more cunning character.
When the male began preparatory movements, and also began to turn a little blue or acquire bright shades, it is better for the upcoming breeding season to be planted in a spawning pair – a small aquarium prepared beforehand, well shaded, calm and clean. Thickets of plants can be placed in the corners, but this is optional.
The future father builds romantic nests for caviar – a kind of castles in the air, located almost on the surface of the water, into which he collects individual eggs harvested by the female. Damaged or substandard options are rejected.
After three or four days in the water you can see self-swimming fry. They are able to feed on their own, for which artemia and ciliates are used.
Sexual maturity fish acquires about five months.
Despite the peace-loving, gentle nature, as the fry appear, parents should still be transplanted into the main aquarium, to enable the kids to acquire the skills of independent living on their own experience.
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Breeding lyalius is an interesting, exemplary demonstration process. You can watch him for hours, from the moment when the fish start playing until the period when the babies appear.
Why are liliusy desirable and interesting in an aquarium? Because they lack aggression and predatory nature, they are harmless, as well as kind. Picking up a similar neighborhood for them, you can not worry about the peace and tranquility in the beautiful, created for admiring water house.
So, the aquarium will fulfill its function – it will create a corner of natural nature in the house, charging all those present with good, positive, good emotions.
Sexual maturity occurs when the individual reaches a size of 4-5 cm. During this period, sexual signs appear most clearly.
So you can start breeding. The selected pair of manufacturers begin to feed hard, taking care of the diversity of food composition. About a week later, future parents are set apart from each other in order to activate their desire to multiply.
However, it is desirable that the tanks, where they stay, were within sight of both fish.
After the habituation of the female to the new habitat, a male is brought to her (and according to the available recommendations, it is more expedient to do this at night).
From this moment begins an interesting story of “parental care for future offspring.” When the male spawns, it builds a nest of foam and pieces of plants, which it finds here on the surface of the water.
In the intervals between his work, he attacks the female, chases her, stimulates her to spawn.
During this period, to help the female, it is important to have plants in the corners of the aquarium. In them, she will hide to give a break to her body.
With the onset of the required period, the female swims up to the nest and swims under it, sometimes touching the nose to the abdomen of the male.
At the peak of spawning, the male presses against it, clasping its sides with its fins. Caviar and milk begin to stand out simultaneously, ensuring the fertilization process. The female swims to the side, allowing the eggs to rise to the nest.
Those eggs, which did not surface themselves, are picked up by the young parent and in the mouth to the place of future maturation.
The process of throwing eggs to a pregnant female is repeated several times. Upon its completion, the phase of gentle and careful care for their offspring begins.
The role of the female lalialus is practically absent here, so it can be deposited altogether.
The male lyalius builds effective protection for all 36 hours of maturation of fry. Its role is important until the foam dissolves and the viable children appear.
From this point on, it can also be returned to the general aquarium.
Successful care of fry consists in feeding and maintaining water parameters within the recommended limits. It is better to feed them with ciliates, a little later with artemia and crushed microworms.
Care should be regularly and correctly. It is especially important to timely identify individuals with signs of the disease.
They swim poorly and most likely die, but you can’t let the rest get infected.
The features of the home spawning come down to the following conditions:
- water level not more than 15 cm;
- volume about 40 liters;
- has live plants with small leaves;
- pH of the water is neutral;
- on top there is a cover that allows you to equalize the temperature of water and air in the adjacent part;
- there is a filter that cleans the water in a timely manner from food debris and other contaminants.
In the aquarium for lyalius easy to pick up a company. With any peaceful fish, they will find a common language.
Aquarists, determining which other species of fish to settle in one aquatic house, are sure: you should not worry that it will offend someone. Rather, may offend him.
Large aggressive neighbors (for example, variants of cichlids) not only frighten modest beauties, but can also cause them physical injuries.
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