maintenance, care, compatibility
We bring joy observation and care of the fish. But when we notice that pets start to behave unnaturally, we immediately think of a possible illness. Sometimes strange behavior doesn’t mean a serious problem.
In this article we will examine the situation when the fish itch. There are two main reasons for this behavior, we will analyze everything and find out how to fix the situation in the aquarium.
Experienced aquarists have identified the following reasons for strange behavior:
- dirty water – excess of ammonia content in water;
- diseases and parasites.
Exceeding the rate of ammonia is one of the most common reasons why the fish itches on rocks, on the bottom or on other objects. Each aquarium contains a certain amount of ammonia and ammonia – these substances are formed due to the vital activity of individuals.
Faeces, delaminated scales and other organic waste increase ammonia and ammonia levels. Ammonium is safe for residents of the aquarium, but an overabundance of the second substance can bring many ills to the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Biofiltration contributes to the conversion of ammonium and ammonia into nitrates, which are not dangerous for individuals. Nitrates leave the aquarium with each water change.
This is the main reason for the partial removal of dirty water and the infusion of clean water. But one replacement is not enough.
Today, many individuals live in the same aquarium, which leads to an oversupply of ammonia.
Low-power, cheap filters do not cope with their work. To make sure that the problem is due to an oversupply of ammonia, first of all you need to change the water and follow the behavior of the fish.
This action should help, but if there is no positive result, then you should think about installing a new filter.
It is not necessary to save on this unit, since the vital activity of the fish depends on it. Cheap internal filters can not accommodate the necessary amount of good bacteria, so the fish often get sick. You should also take care of instruments that measure acidity (pH) and water hardness.
An increase in pH immediately reports that the ammonia content in the water is exceeded.
Various diseases also lead to the fact that itch aquarium fish. To determine the disease is possible only through careful observation and analysis. Pay attention primarily to the movement and appearance.
Knowing the symptoms, the aquarist will be able to identify the disease.
Individuals that have already been sick are more susceptible to tetrahimy. Symptoms of this disease are as follows:
- rubbing on the bottom or on the stones;
- wounds in the gills and mucous membranes;
- rapid breathing.
Regardless of what the fish rubs about, you need to look at its mucosa, gills, and also compare its breathing with other individuals. The disease is not contagious, sometimes the “sick” recover on their own. For the prevention of using special bait.
Velvet disease also makes the fish rub against hard objects in the aquarium.
Despite the attractive name, the disease is very difficult and can be fatal. Friction about the bottom and objects is only the first symptom; in the following stages, the velvet disease appears more clearly.
On a body of an individual small grains of white color jump out. Attention, the disease is contagious, so the affected fish should be immediately deposited and the course of treatment should begin; there is a cure for illness in almost every pet store or veterinary pharmacy.
Similar symptoms in the initial stages are present and a disease called ichthyoftoriosis. This disease can be identified by restless movements and shabby fins of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Sometimes you will notice a shiver.
The disease, unfortunately, is common, but for its treatment there are a lot of effective drugs.
Contrary to the prevailing opinion, because of parasites, fish are less likely to itch. Yes, harmful organisms can penetrate with food, but this rarely happens. If a parasite appeared inside the fish, due to discomfort, it may rub against the bottom or on the rocks.
Parasites can get with food or other fish.
That is why before you populate the “new” in the aquarium, it is worth holding it for several days separately. After that, it will be immediately clear whether to put the fish in the tank to the others.
You also need to be responsive to the purchase of feed – you need to take it only from reputable vendors and pet stores.
Now readers know why fish are itching and how to help them. Using quality equipment for the aquarium and proven food, you can reduce the risk of disease and strange behavior to a minimum.
Also do not forget about the prevention of common diseases with the help of special supplements.