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Fish clown photo in aquarium

maintenance, care, compatibility

Macracant or clown fish – beauty eating snails and plants

Botsia content, compatibility, views, photo-video review

Botsiya clown: breeding, content and description of the breed (photo)

In order for the clown fish to feel “at home”, it is necessary to populate the bowl of the aquarium with anemones. In their presence, individuals feel safe.

But it is important to maintain a balance: with a small number of anemones, fish will oppress the latter and izvestut anemones in the bud. There is no desire to observe and divide the territory, enrich the underwater world with grottoes, shelters and “rocks” with minks, this will be quite enough for your clowns.

Look at the photos of the best aquariums, you will understand what exactly should be in the “apartment” for fish for comfort, convenience and safety.

The main points of proper pet care are the following points:

  1. Quality water is the main measure of comfort; fish clowns do not survive in a liquid where the level of nitrite is exceeded;
  2. The aggressiveness of some representatives can be a problem for other inhabitants of the aquarium, so before acquiring a pet, ask how well it interacts with other fishes;
  3. A stable pair of fish is the best friend of any aquarist. By settling an established couple with you, you will receive not only the possibility of breeding pets, but also a certain level of calm in the “underwater world”;
  4. Aggressive neighbors will meet a very serious rebuff, which means that you should choose peaceful and stolid pets if a couple of “dumb” from a cartoon live in an aquarium;
  5. The volume of the aquarium 100 liters – more than 2 fish do not settle!

As you can see, pets are not so simple and require respect for themselves. And now a little more about what can not be seen in the photo:

  • The optimal temperature of existence is +27 С;
  • The level of water acidity is not more than 8-8.4;
  • The density of the liquid is not lower than 1.020 and not higher than 1.025.

Good lighting, adding water in the amount of 20% at least twice a month and unpretentiousness in food – this is what the clown fish will mean for a novice aquarist. Speaking of food. You can feed your pets as dry flakes, and shrimp, lamprey, octopus or squid.

Not bad to add to the menu algae. The frequency of feeding twice or thrice a day, but determine the portions yourself. If your pets (not only clowns) eat the same food, and the representatives of the clown squad will get little food – wait for the bloody feuds.

These fighters can stand up for themselves.

Pets live in captivity for a long time, many individuals mark their seventh and even eighth birthday. Therefore, you can safely choose the photo and buy a small “Nemo”, it will give you many pleasant emotions and a lot of amazing discoveries.

You have decided to visit the aquarium. Long walked and admired all sorts of strange sea and ocean dwellers. And in one of the rooms a clown fish appeared in your aquarium before you.

You are fascinated and returning home with the desire to get yourself such an unusual pet. Did you think how to care for this fish, what it needs to ensure the right living conditions?

Today we will consider this question.

Clown fish: from the ocean to the aquarium

First go to the aquarium shop. The natural habitat of clownfish is the ocean, where it is accustomed to the expanse. And, accordingly, the aquarium should be rather big.

Choosing a suitable volume, you need to consider how many individuals you want to have. Remember that clown fish in nature do not live in groups, and it is impossible to place them in dozens of them in one aquarium like guppies or mollies. In it, they must always live either singly or alone (I emphasize: one!) As a couple.

One individual needs a 25-30-liter aquarium. And for a pair of perfect 70-liter.

You may be surprised by some difference in the ratios, but consider the probability of having posterity in pets, which in the first weeks of life will have to get along with their parents. And also need a place to live adult clown fish.

The water in the aquarium should be well lit and have a temperature of 25-27 o C, you need to daily filter and change it.

Clownfish: living house

If you think that in the ocean, clown fish live between rocks and in the aquarium you can get along with a couple of small stone “castles”, then you are cruelly mistaken on both points. Of course, such dwellings can be supplied if desired, only these pets will live in them with great reluctance. Indeed, in the ocean, their usual home – sea anemones, or sea anemones.

Their coexistence and clown fish is unique in its kind. After all, sea anemone is a predator that feeds on small fish, inflicting deadly burns on them.

However, in clown fish, after they “meet” the tentacles of the anemones, by touching them with fins, special mucus is developed on the body, which further protects these intestinal cavities from the stinging cells and allows them to swim into the empty space formed by the wall of tentacles. This is a great refuge – no enemy dares to even get close to the sea anemone, knowing how it will end. “In gratitude” for protecting the clown fish regularly cleans their tentacles from food debris.

Here is such an unusual symbiosis.

Clownfish: friends and enemies

But back to the aquarium. If you want, you can share with this pet his non-aggressive relatives of other species, but the same size as him.

In general, clown fish are very nice and calm, but if they see someone as an enemy, then write is gone. They will pinch and bite the poor man until you remove him from the aquarium.

So be careful.

Clown fish: feed for food!

Like all living creatures, these pets need to eat. They are unpretentious and can eat any food for sea fish as dry (store), and frozen (for example, squid, shrimp, etc.).

They get used to any food offered.

Clown fish: who is who?

So, food, sea anemones and an aquarium are ready, it remains only to buy the clown fish itself. Naturally, fry.

But when you come to the pet store, you find a strange paradox: all the kids-clowns are boys. Do not be surprised, these fish are born only by males, the largest individuals will later become girls.

So look carefully: if you want a female, take a bigger fish, and vice versa – if you need a boy – a smaller one.

Conclusion

These pets are relatively easy to keep, they are an excellent choice for a beginner. There is even a toy – a flying clown fish (photo) that any child will take with great joy. Still, live pets are much better.

Take care of your fish, provide them with decent living conditions – and they will delight you with their bright stripes and wonderful character for dozens of years.

Amphipriones

The fact of symbiosis of these magnificent fish with sea intestinal cavities – actinia is well known. Brightly colored amphipriones (usually their color consists of white, black, yellow contrasting bands and spots on a red, orange or golden background) constantly keep close to “their” actinium, not moving away from them for a long distance.

When approaching a predator or other danger, they find shelter among the numerous tentacles surrounding the mouth disc of anemone. These tentacles, as is well known, are armed with stinging nematocysts threads and represent a mortal danger for small fish.
This rather extensive genus (various sources number from 12 to 28 species of amphipriones) belongs to the family of Pomacentridae. In aquariums most often contain Amphiprion ocellaris, A. clarkii, A. perideraion, A. tridnctus, A. melanopus.
One or a pair of amphi pryons maintains a constant symbiosis with one or more actinia, chosen by them as a “home”. Before the symbiosis of amphiprion and anemone develops, the so-called “acquaintance” occurs. Amphiprion slowly teaches actinia to his society. The “acquaintance” lasts for 2-3 minutes, and after that the actinium does not show any aggression to the amphipone.

During this process, the fish perceives a protective substance that forms in the glands of anemone and enters directly into the stinging cells of the tentacles, and produces immunity on it. This substance protects the anemones themselves from their tentacles and, in addition, allows them to organize their territory.

Clown fish mix this “chemical camouflage” with their own mucus, and the sea anemone ceases to be perceived as a food object. Naturally, the chemical composition of the skin mucus of amphipriones becomes, after such manipulations, individual and changes depending on which actinia he is “friends with”.

If the fish are deprived of this protective film, they will immediately become easy prey for “their” anemone.
Amphipriones can be recommended to beginner marine aquarists as one of the easiest to keep fish in. “Clown fish” is unpretentious in feeding, quickly eats up, does not spit out food, does not leave behind itself the uneaten pieces that can spoil the water (they are eaten up by sea anemone). Waste from amphiprion is minimal, so the water purification system may be somewhat simpler than for other inhabitants of the coral reef.

Amphipony is very picky in relation to the composition of the feed and eat almost all edible, which crawls into their mouths. Feed should be given in small quantities several times a day.
The opinion among the people that an amphiprion specifically feeds its actinium is rather from the field of legends. This myth is caused by the eating behavior of an amphiprion: seizing a piece of food, he immediately hides in actinia, where he eats. But those pieces that remain after his meal, what falls out of his mouth – goes to sea anemone.

That is, feeding anemones with a clownfish is an act rather unintentional. But anemones are, of course, all the same, and she also receives her own benefit from the symbiosis.

Another benefit is that, due to the movement of amphipriones, a stream of water is created among the tentacles of the anemone, removing detritus and discharge from its oral disc.
The type of anemone (and the diversity of these intestinal cavities on the reefs is simply colossal) is also of considerable importance for amphiprion. As a home, they prefer actinium from a group of giant anemones with long, thick, densely located tentacles, which are more convenient as shelters.
It is interesting to observe fearless amphiprions in an embrace, perhaps the most toxic of all sea anemones contained in aquariums – green carpet anemone (Stichodactyla haddoni). This actinium can kill even very large fish, but it will never touch its amphiprion. Carpet actinium, unlike most other anemones, is capable of killing fish not only by direct contact with the tentacles, but also at a distance, throwing its stinging cages at a distance of up to 10 cm.

There are cases when a fish (even a rather large one) that sailed past carpet anemone at a considerable distance, died for half an hour due to the action of its stinging cells. A person touching a carpet anemone feels like a nettle burn, but its poison does not pose any danger to a person.

One of the few natural symbionts of carpet anemones are anemone crabs (Petrolisthes ohshimai, Neopetrolisthes maculatus and other closely related species). They, of course, like amphiphones, also prefer a less poisonous symbiont, however, green carpet anemone quite suits them as a place of residence.
If there is no anemone in the aquarium with amphiprions, they are able to choose another sedentary invertebrate for life, more or less similar to it, for example, hard coral – goniopor (Goniopora lobato) or mushroom leathery soft coral (Sarcophyton). Amphiprion ocellaris can even live in the folds of the mantle of a large bivalve mollusk – tridacna.
Amphiphriones are hermaphrodites. In nature, a pair of adult fish and two or three small fishes usually live in one anemone. The largest fish is the female, the next largest in size is the active male, but small fish of a specific sex do not have.

In the case of the death of a female, her place is occupied by a male, who changes the sex and rather quickly increases in size. The active male becomes one of the small fish. In the case of the death of an active male, one of the smaller fish also takes its place.

This feature can be successfully used in aquarium: it is enough to put two individuals of different sizes in the aquarium, and with time you will get a male and a female. By the way, amphipriones are one of the few marine fishes, the breeding of which has been successfully mastered by amateurs. In our country, amphipriones have been successfully bred for nearly a quarter of a century.

The pioneer of this business was Dmitriy Nikolayevich Stepanov, the most famous specialist of the end of the 20th century, the author of the classic work “Sea Aquarium at Home” (see Fish Culture, 1985, No. 4). colored sand anemones of the genus Radianthus, amphiprions, as a rule, do not settle. Amphiboryons of symbiosis are also avoided with Atlantic actinia, for example (Condylactis passiflora), proving the fact that the Atlantic is not the habitat of clown fish.
The content of amphipriones is not difficult. The density of the water should be about 1.022, and the salt content should be 34.5 r / l. Since clown fish and sea anemones are inhabitants of warm tropical seas, they prefer a temperature of 26-30 ° C.

Amphipony Aquarium should be provided with high-quality biological filter. The soil is coral sand with a particle diameter of 3-5 mm, located in a layer not less than 7 cm thick. The flow of water from the outlet of the filter should be directed to actinium, which will create favorable conditions for it.

In order for algae to grow well in an aquarium, you need strong lighting for 12-16 hours a day. At least once a month (and better weekly), it is necessary to substitute 20-25% of water for fresh artificially prepared sea water of the same composition, density and pH as in the aquarium.

In an aquarium, cleanliness should be maintained by removing detritus from the ground with a siphon.
Often, amphipriones are kept in saltwater aquariums of small and ultralow volume – 150, 120, even 80-100 liters. However, for beginners, we do not recommend this.

Such a small aquarium, in comparison with a reef aquarium of the “traditional sea” volume (from 300-350 liters and more) requires more careful care and attentive attitude. Water parameters (temperature, salinity, pH, nitrogen content in various forms, macro- and microelements) in it are easily shifted to one side or the other from the norm, the equilibrium in a small volume is unstable.

However, if everything is done correctly, amphiphones will not experience any inconvenience in a small-sized aquarium, and you will be happy to watch the interesting behavior of the Nemo fish living in the anemone tentacles with children.

STILL

Amphipriones

Brightly colored amphipriones are “living jewels” of coral reefs. They swim among the burning tentacles of anemones, which do not harm them.

Row – Perciformes
Family – Centering
Rod / Species – Amphiprion

Basic data:
DIMENSIONS
Length: depending on the type, 6-12 cm.

Reproduction
Spawning: in tropical waters throughout the year.
Caviar: a large amount.
Incubation period: 4-5 days.

LIFESTYLE
Habits: keep in pairs; symbiosis with actinia.
Food: the remains of fish eaten by sea anemones.
Lifespan: 3-5 years.

RELATED SPECIES
The most common types of maceratoria are clown fish (Amfiprion percula), perch-like amphiprion (A. ocellaris), two-way amphiprion (A. bicinctus), the treatment center (Pomecentrus coeruleus) and many others.

Amphiphrions belong to a group of small brightly colored fish, which are called “coral.” Special, rather dangerous symbiotic relationships with burning actinia have developed in these inhabitants of coral reefs.

FOOD

Amphiphrions live side by side with sea anemones and have a symbiotic relationship with them. Sometimes they leave safe tentacles “of their” sea anemones and set off on a short journey along a coral reef.

Nevertheless, they never move far away from their protector because their bright coloring quickly attracts the attention of other fish that begin to hunt them.
The fish, fleeing from the pursuer, rushes “into the arms” of “its” actinia. A pursuer who swims after a runaway fish usually becomes a victim of anemone, which immediately paralyzes him with its poison.

Then the sea anemone digests the fish, and the amphiprione feeds on the remains of this prey.
In addition, amphipriones also eat planktonic crustaceans and algae growing on coral reefs. These fish clean actinia from waste and debris, remove dead parts of tentacles and other contaminants.

AMPHIPRIONS AND MAN

These fish were too small for a person to become interested in them as a source of food. For many millennia, they calmly swam among the coral reefs.

Recently, amphiborones have become popular among aquarium lovers. In Europe and America, collectors pay large sums for them, preferring brightly colored species. One of the most numerous species is clownfish (Amphiprion percula).

It is the smallest of amphipriones. It reaches only 6 cm long. The clown fish is orange with three white stripes with a black border.

Interestingly, the mucus of the clown fish has an effect on the jellyfish – they immediately “turn off” their strest cells. In places where the fishermen “visit” large colonies of these fish, they catch the most expensive species almost everywhere on the entire reef.

Anemone are destroyed, gave them shelter. Nowadays in many countries the catch of these fish is prohibited.

Although amphiprions are small, they attract scuba divers: tourists and nature lovers. Perhaps, thanks to tourism, these beautiful fish will be saved.

Reproduction

Most amphiprions spawn on coral reefs near “their” sea anemone.
Amphiphrions spawn on coral rocks or at the bottom of the sea, if possible, along with “their” actinia, whose tentacles provide their eggs with reliable protection. Sticky eggs are glued to the stones in heaps.

The male already cares about their safety. In some species of amphipriones, the father also takes care of the “upbringing” of the fry, until they mature enough to find their own actinia.

Otherwise, juvenile tides refers to the coast, where it remains until puberty.

FEATURES OF THE DEVICE

Previously, scientists believed that clown fish and other members of this family simply have innate immunity to poison, which is distinguished by the tentacles of anemones. But studies have shown that such immunity is specifically produced and retained only for one particular type of actinium.

When a fish approaches a tentacle of a polyp for the first time, it gently touches them and immediately swims away. This process is repeated several times.

During such a “training”, the body of the fish is covered with a layer of sticky mucus, becoming insensitive to its stinging cells. When, thus, the fish gets used to one anemone, it does not burn, swimming among the tentacles. On the contrary, it tries to get lost every time.

But if the fish is among the tentacles of another type of anemones, it can immediately die.

YOU KNOW THAT.

Amphiphriones scoop pectoral fins not only when they swim forward, but also while moving backwards. If the protective layer of mucus on the fish’s body diminishes, the stinging cells of the anemone tentacles scorch it.

The clown fish owes its name to coloring: white stripes with a black border on an orange background. Most amphipriones live only among tentacles of anemones, for example, from the genus Stoichactis or Discosoma.

AMPHIPRIONS AND ACTINIA

Amphiphrions: that spend most of their lives among tentacles actinium, they are attracted to other species of fish that anemones feed on.
Amphypryons drive away other fish from actinium, even members of their families. Driving away a fish Chelmon rostratus is a great service to actinia.

This fish is a threat to them as it bites the tips of the tentacles into the actinium.

Barbus Clown: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Barbus clown

Barbus everetti

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 28 0С.

Ph:6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Compatible Barbus Clown: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.

Description:

In nature, the Barbus clown lives in slow-flowing bodies of water in Southeast Asia.

At the clown barb the body is elongated in length, the profile of the back is more curved than the belly, the lateral line is full. Mouth final with 2 pairs of antennae. The tail fin is two-bladed.

Color barbus body: back from slightly orange to reddish-brown, side is lighter. On the body are black and blue oval spots.

Fins from pale red to deep red. As a rule, the male is brighter and smaller than the female; before spawning, the female is very stout.

Under natural conditions it grows up to 14 cm, at home no more than 10 cm.

Barbus clown is mobile, jumping and relatively “peace-loving” fish. It is comfortable to keep it in a group of 6-7 individuals. Different types of fish can be neighbors, except for slow-moving fish and fish with wide and long fins.

This species of fish is kept in the middle and lower layers of water.

Barbus clown is contained in an aquarium with a length of at least 80 cm with a muted, diffused lighting. In the aquarium should be overgrown plants (at the edges and at the back wall), various shelters (stones, snags) and free space for swimming. Water parameters for the optimal content of clown barb: hardness 6 – 100, pH 6.5-7.5, temperature 24 – 28 0С.

Powerful filtration is required (it is advisable to use a biofilter), aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water.

Food for Barbus clown – live (bloodworm, daphnia, coretra, occasionally tubule), vegetable (algae, scalded lettuce, spinach and dandelion) and dry flaky food. With a lack of plant food barbus clown begins to eat around the soft leaves of plants.

Puberty at the clown barbus comes at the age of 1-1.5 years.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.

Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Barbus clown video

General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) – killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia.

Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other.

Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation.

Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters.

Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, it is desirable to create a current in an aquarium with the help of aeration.

Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer.

The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character.

For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live – bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed.

For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled.

No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs.

You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium.

Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling.

The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it.

Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died.

After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed.

This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up – small crustaceans. Juveniles grow fast.

Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.

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