maintenance, care, compatibility
Macracant or clown fish – beauty eating snails and plants
Macrakants spend most of their time at the bottom, but they can also go up into the middle layers, especially when they are used to the aquarium and are not scared. Since they grow large enough, and they need to be kept in a flock, the aquarium is also needed for large clowns, with a capacity of 250 liters or more.
The minimum amount that needs to be kept in an aquarium is 3. But better is more, because in nature they live in very large flocks. Accordingly, for a flock of 5 fish, you need an aquarium capacity of about 400.
Feel best in soft water (5 – 12 dGH) with ph: 6.0-6.5 and water temperature 24-30 ° C. Also in the aquarium should be a lot of secluded corners and shelters, so that the fish could take refuge in fright or conflict.
The soil is better soft – sand or small gravel.
Never start a macracant in a newly installed aquarium. In such an aquarium, the parameters of the water change too much, and clowns need stability.
They love the flow, and a large amount of dissolved oxygen in the water. It is desirable for this to use a fairly powerful external filter, through which to create a flow is quite simple.
It is important to regularly replace the water and monitor the amount of ammonia and nitrates, since the fighting has very small scales, poisoning occurs very quickly. Good jump, you need to cover the aquarium.
The type of aquarium does not matter and completely depends on your taste. If you want to create a biotope, then it is better to lay sand or small gravel at the bottom, since clowns can have very sensitive mustaches that can be easily wounded. You can use large stones and large snags, where the fighting can hide.
They are very fond of shelters in which you can barely squeeze, the best is for this ceramic and plastic pipes. Sometimes they can dig up caves for themselves under snags or stones, so that they don’t bring anything down. Floating plants can be placed on the surface of the water, which will create more diffused light.
Bats clowns can do strange things. Not many people know that they are sleeping on their side, or even upside down, and when they see it, they think that the fish have already died.
However, it is quite normal for them. As well as the fact that at one moment the fight can disappear, so that in time to get out of some already completely unimaginable gap.
25 cm fighting clown:
Botsia content, compatibility, views, photo-video review
Breeding botsy-clowns. Dilute botsy all kinds of extremely difficult.
I do not have my own experience of breeding these fish, therefore I will give an excerpt from A. Serdyukov’s article below (Aquarium 1/1993).
“The spawning should be large, especially for large species. The parameters of water with the content of manufacturers: hardness – 15 °, pH 6.5-7.2, temperature 24-26 ° C. Requires high-quality water purification.
For spawning used old water with a slight addition of fresh (1 / 5-1 / 6 volume), its rigidity 5-6 °, pH 6.8-7.0, temperature 30-32 ° C.
A prerequisite is a strong current, for the creation of which it is best to use a “spinner” type device. Usually, electric motors are used for this purpose, preferably with a gearbox. Four blades are installed on the motor shaft, all of which are covered with a Plexiglas, Viniplast or tinned wire mesh casing.
To work with such a “spinner,” it is necessary to slightly modernize or re-manufacture the spawning machine (the corners must have Plexiglas inserts so that the water flow does not lose its energy in the dead zones).
It is impossible to use mechanical pumps and air-lifts, because the roe of cavities, like the roe of the labo and the hirinoheylus, is constantly in the water column and is carried by the flow from place to place.
As a spawning substrate, you can use smooth Kamyts i.poryagi. which set on the most flowing place. The intensity of spawning is directly dependent on the power of the current.
There should be 3-4 males per female. Hormonal injections are performed by the fractional method.
At the end of the spawning season, the producers are planted, the “spinner” is turned off and additional air sprayers are installed. At a temperature of 29-31 ° C, after 2-3 hours, the fertilized spawn can be determined transparent.
Unfertilised, white, caviar must be removed (or good caviar must be transferred to another place).
Incubation lasts from 18 to 20 hours. The larvae that hatch are extremely small and concentrate in the darkest places. On the fourth day, the fry begin to eat.
At this time, they need to be fed with the smallest species of rotifers, cyclops nauplii in combination with eugenic green.
In the life of the fry Botsiya the clown is the most critical time — the first month. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly monitor the quality of water and feed. By the end of the month, large fry fry reach lengths of 13-17 millimeters, small ones – 7-10 and begin to accept the coloring of parents.
According to A.Kochetov, the nominative form of B.macracantha, due to the uneven growth rate, matures after five years, reaching a length of at least 12 cm. The color of males in the mating season becomes bronze-yellow with a smoky patina and non-contrast anthracite stripes.
Females are noticeably rounded (they have a slight bulge in the abdomen) and acquire a bright egg-yellow color with moire-black transverse stripes.
There is information about the breeding of Botsiya clown in the club Nautilus. In addition to the traditional form, there were four copies of the giant (from 20 to 28 cm) high-caliber race from the Mekong River. The fish were unusual in appearance: the strips had an additional double-sided gold trim.
The age of simple bots varied from 3 to 6 years; giant – approached 8 years. Since 1993, the club has repeatedly engaged in the stimulation of producers, but without success: either the females gave bad eggs, the males did not flow and were passive, or they could not synchronize the maturation of the producers.
Botsiya clown photo
Behavior and Compatibility not very aggressive, but you should not keep them with small fish, because the latter will be subjected to stress from too active fighting behavior. It is better not to move the slow-moving species of fish with voile fins, for example, cockerels / guppies, as well as many cichlids, because the fighting can bite off the tail fins. More suitable neighbors are peaceful, carping carp, many of which are sympatric with the genus Chromobotia in nature and are commercially available.
As for the other inhabitants of the bottom, Chromobotia macracanthus get along well with most types of fights and some other loachworms. Also suitable are representatives of such species as Epalzeorhynchos, Crossocheilus and Garraand. Representatives of the species Chromobotia macracanthus are schooling, form a complex social hierarchy and should be contained in groups of 5-6 copies, preferably 10 or more.
When kept alone, individuals become aggressive towards fish of similar size, and, being planted in the amount of two or three, the dominant individual will attack others, preventing them from feeding. These fish need constant contact with their relatives.
Sexual dimorphism. Distinguishing between male and female clown battles In nature, adult fighting clowns reach a length of 20-30 cm, after which growth progressively decreases. There is information about the detection of copies under 40 cm, which is quite possible, but time consuming.
As a rule, in aquarium conditions, the length of the fish is shorter, which is affected by the volume of the tank. Sexual dimorphism in fish is weak.
Mature males are more graceful than larger females, whose abdomen is fuller. Some theories suggest that males have a more deeply forked tail fin, but this fact has not been proven.
read also mollies
You have decided to visit the aquarium. Long walked and admired all sorts of strange sea and ocean dwellers. And in one of the rooms a clown fish appeared in your aquarium before you.
You are fascinated and returning home with the desire to get yourself such an unusual pet. Did you think how to care for this fish, what it needs to ensure the right living conditions?
Today we will consider this question.
Clown fish: from the ocean to the aquarium
First go to the aquarium shop. The natural habitat of clownfish is the ocean, where it is accustomed to the expanse. And, accordingly, the aquarium should be rather big.
Choosing a suitable volume, you need to consider how many individuals you want to have. Remember that clown fish in nature do not live in groups, and it is impossible to place them in dozens of them in one aquarium like guppies or mollies.
In it, they must always live either singly or alone (I emphasize: one!) As a couple. One individual needs a 25-30-liter aquarium.
And for a pair of perfect 70-liter. You may be surprised by some difference in the ratios, but consider the probability of having posterity in pets, which in the first weeks of life will have to get along with their parents.
And also need a place to live adult clown fish. The water in the aquarium should be well lit and have a temperature of 25-27 o C, you need to daily filter and change it.
Clownfish: living house
If you think that in the ocean, clown fish live between rocks and in the aquarium you can get along with a couple of small stone “castles”, then you are cruelly mistaken on both points. Of course, such dwellings can be supplied if desired, only these pets will live in them with great reluctance. Indeed, in the ocean, their usual home – sea anemones, or sea anemones.
Their coexistence and clown fish is unique in its kind. After all, sea anemone is a predator that feeds on small fish, inflicting deadly burns on them.
However, in clown fish, after they “meet” the tentacles of the anemones, by touching them with fins, special mucus is developed on the body, which further protects these intestinal cavities from the stinging cells and allows them to swim into the empty space formed by the wall of tentacles. This is a great refuge – no enemy dares to even get close to the sea anemone, knowing how it will end. “In gratitude” for protecting the clown fish regularly cleans their tentacles from food debris.
Here is such an unusual symbiosis.
Clownfish: friends and enemies
But back to the aquarium. If you want, you can share with this pet his non-aggressive relatives of other species, but the same size as him. In general, clown fish are very nice and calm, but if they see someone as an enemy, then write is gone.
They will pinch and bite the poor man until you remove him from the aquarium. So be careful.
Clown fish: feed for food!
Like all living creatures, these pets need to eat. They are unpretentious and can eat any food for sea fish as dry (store), and frozen (for example, squid, shrimp, etc.).
They get used to any food offered.
Clown fish: who is who?
So, food, sea anemones and an aquarium are ready, it remains only to buy the clown fish itself. Naturally, fry.
But when you come to the pet store, you find a strange paradox: all the kids-clowns are boys. Do not be surprised, these fish are born only by males, the largest individuals will later become girls.
So look carefully: if you want a female, take a bigger fish, and vice versa – if you need a boy – a smaller one.
These pets are relatively easy to keep, they are an excellent choice for a beginner. There is even a toy – a flying clown fish (photo) that any child will take with great joy.
Still, live pets are much better. Take care of your fish, provide them with decent living conditions – and they will delight you with their bright stripes and wonderful character for dozens of years.
How to keep clown fish at home :: how to draw a nemo fish :: aquarium fish
Sea fish amphipriones, or clown fish, are wonderful, extremely mobile creatures that can decorate any aquarium with their presence. The content of these unique fish does not require serious preparation, even a novice aquarist can easily cope with it.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
Clownfish is a very popular among aquarists inhabitant of the depths of the sea, a real handsome man, which American directors made the main character of one of their best-sellers – the animated film “Finding Nemo”. How to keep this amazing fish, are there any purely individual recommendations for the care and feeding of the amphipone?
Clown fish – creatures are quite picky, they feel great even in small aquariums. The best version of the underwater “world” for a couple of these colorful creatures – an aquarium, whose length is 80 centimeters, width – 30-35 centimeters and depth (height) – 40-45 centimeters.
When the content of amphiprion, as with the content of any other fish, you must carefully filter the water in the aquarium. For these purposes, an external or internal filter with a filler of activated carbon is quite suitable.
It is quite acceptable for the process of filtering water and the use of so-called “living stones” – natural reef formations or, more simply, pieces of reef inhabited by living marine organisms.
Based on the fact that clown fish in nature live in salty sea waters, the water in the aquarium should also be salty. If you measure the level of salinity of water (density) using a hydrometer, then its indicator should be equal to numbers from 1.021 to 1.023.
The optimum water temperature in an aquarium for keeping clown fish is from 24 to 26 ° C. Above all, the amphiprion tank should be well lit.
Clown fish are best fed with ready-made dry food, although they will not give up frozen shrimp or pieces of mollusks. The frequency of feeding – 2-3 times a day, in small portions.
In order to clown fish was truly comfortable, with them in the same aquarium should be contained and coral polyp actinium. Actinia is an irreplaceable satellite of the amphiprion, at the same time its home and protector.
By the way, spawning clown fish are also under the reliable protection of their eternal companion.
To properly care for a coral polyp, you need to follow some simple rules. For example, you should know that sea anemones, like clown fish, feel comfortable only in a well-lit aquarium.
As food, polyps can be content with small pieces of sea fish, squid and mollusks.
In order for this incredible creature not to harm itself, it is necessary to ensure that it does not come close to a running filter pump.