maintenance, care, compatibility
Representatives of the family of somobods inhabit fresh water all over the planet, and are quite rare in the seas. A distinctive feature of the catfish is the lack of scales, although nature has taken care of some species, having presented them with armor or bony plates. In total, there are about 30 families of catfish and about 2,000 species, 800 of them are lovers of domestic fish who successfully maintain and breed in an aquarium.
In most catfish in aquariums, they prefer the lower and bottom layers of water, and also lead an active lifestyle in the twilight and dark time of the day.
Adult dwarf catfish reach 2 cm, and catfish giants – 5 m. Among the somobods there are aggressive and peaceful species, herbivores, predators and omnivores, poisonous, crawling over land, with electric organs, as well as possessing various other features of the whole bony group. .
Over the past 20 years, mail soms have acquired the greatest popularity in aquarism, and it is supported by new imported species of previously unexplored species. To eliminate confusion and convenience, the differences in their species began to be numbered in the order of appearance with the index L (from lat.
Loricariidae – chain catfish).
Previously, the universal favorites were small, armored (from the Latin. Callichthyidae) soma, distinguished by their peaceful nature and diverse colors.
This squad of soobraznyh must be kept in groups.
Many types of shellfish (catfish, catfish, shellfish), are amenable to simple in comparison with the chain mail breeding in the aquarium. Crabfish often lay their eggs on plants and other structures, after which they stop caring for them. The female mail catfish lays eggs in the grottoes, snags, pipes, burrows, hollows, where the clutch protects the male.
In some species of mail catfish, until the appearance of fry, males wear spawn behind an enlarged lower lip.
Life expectancy in aquarium catfish of some species reaches 15 years. Depending on the conditions of maintenance and care, catfish in an aquarium live on average from 5 to 10 years.
For novice aquarists, the main thing to remember is that catfish are not eaters of garbage and waste, they are not scavengers. They, like other aquarium dwellers, need care.
Special food, soft soil in the aquarium, places where you can hide from the bright light, the necessary water parameters will provide aquarium catfish comfortable living and breeding conditions.
Aquarium catfish maintenance care compatibility feeding description of the photo video.
Preparing for the purchase of aquarium catfish
When deciding whether to purchase a pet, you should conduct the necessary training. Qualitatively examining the peculiarities of a pet’s lifestyle and hobbies, one can guarantee the acquisition of necessary things.
Additionally, catfish are called “household orderlies” for their love of eating soil. Fishes destroy scales and food waste from the bottom of the aquarium, thus maintaining the purity of the reservoir.
High-quality cleaning of the aquarium is carried out by catfish, which is why the owner of the reservoir can forget about cleaning the aquarium. However, it does not hurt to get a quality filter, because the fish get their food in an original way.
They raise the settled debris from the bottom surface, moving the body, after the food begins to emerge, catfish eat it.
When organizing the settling in an aquarium, it is important to pay attention to the inhabitants of the reservoir that have already taken root. Not all fish get along with new neighbors and can eat them.
Guppies and neons are a favorite delicacy of catfish, therefore, to avoid deaths, the fish should be divided.
To create optimal conditions for catfish, it is necessary to fill the aquarium with stones or thick vegetation. These fish prefer to be in the shelter before the onset of the night time.
In the daytime, they love to clean the bottom of the aquarium. However, somics are not easy to see, because they have a special protective coloration and almost merge with the stones.
KALLIHTIS OR AQUARIUM SOM KALIHT CONTENTS BREEDING PHOTOS.
DIANEMA LONGIBARBIS CONTENTS DIVISION COMPATIBILITY PHOTO DESCRIPTION.
BROCHIS OR GREEN SOMIK CONTENT REPRODUCTION DESCRIPTION PHOTOS.
AMBLIDORAS OF HANKOK OR BEDROOM SOMIK-AQUORIUM FISH.
Spawning or breeding of somics.
In the photo, the sex differences of the male and female speckled catfish of the corridor
The female ready for spawning will become noticeably thicker, and in general the fish will become more active. In the female, the belly may take on a reddish hue, and the first ray of the pectoral fin may also turn red. At this point, it is necessary to replace a large amount of water in the spawn (about 30%), with water at which the temperature is lower.
Replacing water with a temperature drop of 5 degrees simulates the rainy season in nature. And it serves as a trigger for spawning.
If spawning did not start within one to two days, repeat the process again.
Spawning speckled catfishsimilar to spawning all the corridors.
Initially, the male stimulates the female with his antennae, tickling her on the back and sides. Then the male adopts the traditional T shape of the corridor.
In which his body forms a right angle with respect to the nose of the female. At this point, he releases milk. To this day, there are disputes about how the eggs from speckled fertilized.
Some believe that the female swallows milt, passes through the intestines and releases to the eggs, which holds in the ventral fins.
Others believe that the milt is released into the female’s mouth, and she, passing it through the gills, sends along the body to the calf.
As soon as the egg is fertilized, the couple splits and the female glues the egg to the surface that she chose and cleaned. It can be glass, filter, plants.
As soon as the egg is laid, the male begins to stimulate the female again and the mating ritual repeats. This continues until two or three hundred eggs are fertilized and glued in the aquarium.
Spawning lasts an hour or so. As soon as spawning is over, parents should be removed from the aquarium, as they can eat caviar. Approximately 6 days the caviar will ripen, although the term depends on the temperature, the warmer the water, the faster.
Cool water can extend up to 8 days.
As soon as the fry starts hatching, it can be fed with very small feeds: cyclops, Artemia larvae, a microworm, or branded feeds ground to dust. It is important to maintain a clean water change.
catfish corridor PHOTOS
catfish corridor PHOTOS
Corridor CONTENT AND CARE.
These aquarium fish are different extreme simplicity. The optimum water temperature in an aquarium can vary from 18 to 28 °, however, for a short time, a significant departure from this range is possible.
The amount of oxygen in the water is not significant; these catfish can use atmospheric air for breathing, but unlike labyrinth fish, oxygen is absorbed in the colon.
Food fits almost any. And I had cases when speckled catfish collected dry daphnia from the surface of the water.
But of course, you must of course use food falling to the bottom. Water parameters do not play a role, but it should not be salty.
These catfish can not tolerate salt, including in the treatment of other fish in the general aquarium.
As mentioned above, filtering water is necessary, since the other inhabitants of the aquarium and the plants will be the first to suffer from the turbidity. Schooling fish, so it is better to contain 4-5 pieces. You can use any peaceful fish of approximately the same size as neighbors.
Guppies, platies, neons will do. The volume of the aquarium from 30-50 liters.
It is desirable to have shelters or thickets of plants where catfish can hide from pesky neighbors. The soil is preferably small, allowing to rummage in it.
Somik Koridoras is characterized by a short body with scales, having the form of plates arranged in two rows, which resemble a “shell”.
Fish have a convex back and straight belly. In males, the dorsal fins are pointed, while in females they are rounded.
From the tail fins to the gills, you can see a very noticeable dark green shiny strip, and a golden strip runs in front of the head.
Mouth. At the bottom of the head they have a mouth that has two pairs of sensitive antennae. They serve as an additional body of touch for them, with the help of which somics find food at any time of the day.
The catfish’s belly is yellow, and the back and head are distinguished by a dark brown color. The color of the fins is slightly yellowish and transparent. A female can reach up to 7 cm.
The male looks sleeker due to its smaller size.
Somik Koridoras – bottom fish, suitable for keeping in common aquariums. Looks good in a large decorative aquarium and pool.
They help get rid of detritus, covering the bottom, due to “plowing up” of the bottom, they use clean sand.
WHITE-TAPE AGAMIKSIS CONTENT REPLACEMENT COMPATIBILITY PHOTO.
Basically, somas are peaceful, do not climb into a fight with other aquarium fish, sometimes there are conflicts among themselves.
It happens that even a stronger catfish starts to drive the weak, and, alas, kills him.
But this is extremely rare. Compatibility of catfish with other fish depends on the type of catfish.
By peace-loving, herbivorous need to pick up non-aggressive neighbors. And to predators – larger fish that can stand up for themselves.
The process of breeding in catfish is quite simple, and if you only live in the aquarium of the fish of this species, you can not even put them in a separate aquarium. Otherwise, for spawning somikov better to allocate a container of clean water with a capacity of 30 to 50 liters.
Usually 3-4 males are left for one female. It is very desirable that in the place where the spawning takes place, there is a lot of algae and soft soil.
If you want to push your pets to breeding, you need to change the water temperature within 17-25 ° C for several days and aerate the aquarium. Spawning usually occurs early in the morning. When caviar is already set aside, you can leave the natural light or darken a little.
One week after spawning, the female will be ready for a new spawning. The fry develop quite quickly and almost immediately they can be fed with finely chopped bloodworms or “dust”.
Feeding catfish is very easy. They eat fish food, which lies at the bottom, thereby cleaning the bottom of the aquarium.
They eat almost everything: fish pieces, shrimp, pills, frozen food, flakes Well, since most catfishes are predators, they can eat small fish in the aquarium and take them as food.
Making a conclusion, we can say that catfish in an aquarium is a necessary fish. Unpretentious and does not require additional care, resistant to various diseases, and, well, very original and beautiful.
Having a catfish, your aquarium will always look unique, and you can always enjoy and enjoy the beauty of your pet.
In subsequent articles you can find the most necessary information about the maintenance of aquarium catfish, the types that interest you, a variety of aquarium catfish, feeding, care, as well as tables of compatibility of catfish with other inhabitants of the aquarium.
One can often hear from sellers of pet stores that small and large catfish purify the water in the aquarium and this is not necessary for the owner to do. Som-like, combing the soil at the bottom, really pick up all edible, partially cleaning the pollution.
By the way, this does not mean that the power of your pet should be allowed to drift.
It is also important to note that silted water is the habitat of these fish. But this also does not mean that it is possible not to clean the aquarium at all and only occasionally change the water.
Reinforced aeration of water is really not needed, and clean water and an aquarium are a guarantee of the health of your fish. If other fish also live in your house, they simply need cleanliness, and catfish will quickly get used to it and will not experience any inconvenience.
General information about catfish
All types of aquarium catfish, of which there are a huge number in nature, are surprisingly similar to each other in appearance. In aquariums alone, more than 1,200 thousand different waterfowl variations of this species live.
Otherwise, these fish are called sweepers, because they eat the remnants of half-eaten rotting food lying on the bottom.
And many amateurs acquire such “orderlies” precisely because of their accuracy. You can buy such curious items at any pet store.
These aquarium fish instead of scales have a plate cover consisting of bone tissue. This feature distinguishes them from other waterfowl.
Somics mostly live at the bottom of glass reservoirs and actively behave only at night. They feed on plant food, but sometimes they do not disdain to feast on the remnants “from the master’s bottom table.”
Catfish are very popular among aquarists, so the demand for them is very large. They buy shellflies for the reason that they: are peaceful enough; Feel great in water at a temperature of 18 ° + 25 ° C; adapted to hard water; feel confident with its average acidity with plus / minus deviations in different directions.
Nature has somik intestinal breathing. Looking out of the aquarium, they swallow air with their mouths, which are then processed into pure oxygen.
If the catfish often lingers at the surface of the water, then it is difficult for him to breathe. Medics of aquariums