maintenance, care, compatibility
Botsia (lat. Botia) – fishes of the Viunovye family, representatives of the genus of the same name.
Natural habitats are small streams in Southeast Asia. Boths are often found in home aquariums; they are among the best-selling pets.
They are unpretentious in content, have a peace-loving disposition, as well as high resistance to disease.
Color varies depending on the species, heredity and environmental conditions. A bright and beautiful fight is a clown fight, a yellow fish with dark stripes on the body.
A bit like a barb and a sea clown. It is an aquarium fish fighting a clown that most often attracts the attention of razvodchiki.
More than 25 species of this genus are known.
Boths are schooling fish, for the maintenance of this species a reservoir is required, where you can populate 5-10 individuals at once. If you settle one or two fish, they will attack the other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Each fish of this genus is a fearful creature, in the daytime it rests, and at night it goes out in search of food. Only the marble battle is not afraid to look out because of the vegetation, although it is also shy.
For a bright body color and a healthy appearance, it is necessary to create the best living conditions: first, get a large aquarium without sharp corners, and with soft soil. This fish loves a lot of plants, where you can play and hide during the day, the floating elodea and cryptocoryne are suitable for such purposes.
Botsiya clown does not tolerate high water hardness, so the parameters of rigidity should not exceed 5-10o. Prefers to live in crystal clear water in a soft light.
Install a compressor in the aquarium to filter and aerate the water. The lighting is preferably diffused, in bright light the fish are nervous and become not their own.
Get 5-8 batches at once, so it will be much more comfortable. At the bottom of the tank with water, place stone grottoes, snags, clay shards without sharp corners.
Soft sand is acceptable as soil. The optimal water temperature for an aquarium is 24-26 degrees.
Weekly should be updated water, filter it and saturate with oxygen.
Macracant or clown fish – beauty eating snails and plants
Aquarium fish fighting a clown or a macracant (lat. Chromobotia macracanthus) is one of the most beautiful loach fish that is kept in an aquarium.
They love her for bright paint and for a pronounced individuality.
For the clown’s fighting, you need a spacious aquarium, as it grows quite large up to 16-20 cm in length. She loves aquariums with lots of plants and various shelters. As a rule, loachs are nightly fishes that are almost invisible during the day, however, this does not apply to the clown’s combat.
She is very active during the day, although a little shy. They love the company of their own kind, but may be kept with other fish.
Macrakants spend most of their time at the bottom, but they can also go up into the middle layers, especially when they are used to the aquarium and are not scared. Since they grow large enough, and they need to be kept in a flock, the aquarium is also needed for large clowns, with a capacity of 250 liters or more.
The minimum amount that needs to be kept in an aquarium is 3. But better is more, because in nature they live in very large flocks. Accordingly, for a flock of 5 fish, you need an aquarium capacity of about 400.
Feel best in soft water (5 – 12 dGH) with ph: 6.0-6.5 and water temperature 24-30 ° C. Also in the aquarium should be a lot of secluded corners and shelters, so that the fish could take refuge in fright or conflict.
The soil is better soft – sand or small gravel.
Never start a macracant in a newly installed aquarium. In such an aquarium, the parameters of the water change too much, and clowns need stability.
They love the flow, and a large amount of dissolved oxygen in the water. It is desirable for this to use a fairly powerful external filter, through which to create a flow is quite simple.
It is important to regularly replace the water and monitor the amount of ammonia and nitrates, since the fighting has very small scales, poisoning occurs very quickly. Good jump, you need to cover the aquarium.
The type of aquarium does not matter and completely depends on your taste. If you want to create a biotope, then it is better to lay sand or small gravel at the bottom, since clowns can have very sensitive mustaches that can be easily wounded. You can use large stones and large snags, where the fighting can hide.
They are very fond of shelters in which you can barely squeeze, the best is for this ceramic and plastic pipes. Sometimes they can dig up caves for themselves under snags or stones, so that they don’t bring anything down. Floating plants can be placed on the surface of the water, which will create more diffused light.
Bats clowns can do strange things. Not many people know that they are sleeping on their side, or even upside down, and when they see it, they think that the fish have already died.
However, it is quite normal for them. As well as the fact that at one moment the fight can disappear, so that in time to get out of some already completely unimaginable gap.
25 cm fighting clown:
The article is all about fighting
Botsiya Marble, or Lohakata (Latin Botia almorhae) – a beautiful convolvuli fish of unusual marble color.
It has silvery small scales with dark vertical stripes along the body perimeter, the same stripes are on the fins of fish. Adult marble fighters shimmer blue.
In our country, this fish has become popular not so long ago.
Homeland lohakaty – Hindustan (reservoirs of India and Pakistan). An unusual fish in England was given another name “Yoyo Loach”, because the photographer who prepared the report decided that the stripes on the body of the fish merge into the phrase “Yoyo”.
So it turned out that the English aquarists to this day so called her.
The nature of the fish is non-aggressive, despite the fact that the battles of marble between themselves love to sort things out. Before the lethal outcome does not reach, rather, it is self-indulgence. As representatives of convolvulidae, lohakats hide during the day and look for food at night.
If you are a beginner breeder, get ready to feed the fish overnight.
The marble of Botsia was described and documented in the 1920s by a scientist named Narayan Rao. Fish does not belong to endangered species. Habitat – lakes and ponds with a slow current, where the water is calm and standing.
Diet – underwater vegetation and insects. Reproduction is possible only in the wild; there were no spawning cases in captivity.
Marble combat character, though active, is peaceful enough, if you know, of course, with whom to settle them. Feeling stress and danger will often hide in the shadows. Unfortunately, fear can be a cause of refusing food with negative consequences.
In a flock of 5-6 fish males compete with each other, establishing a hierarchy. The dominant male often conflicts with other males.
Many disputes are not dangerous for fish, so that such content is not dangerous.
Ideally compatible with bindweed relatives, such as clown combat.
Look at the marble battle in the general acarium.
Botion of Marble or Lohakata (Latin Botia almorhae, ang.
Pakistani loach) is a very beautiful fish from the family of loaches. It has a silvery body, with dark vertical stripes, and mature individuals still have a bluish tint.
Recently, it has become more and more popular with us, although it has long been popular in Western countries.
Marble combat from India and Pakistan comes from, and the individuals that are found in Pakistan are slightly less brightly colored than the Indian ones. It is possible that these are two different subspecies, and maybe even different species, while the classification is inaccurate.
In English, the marble battle is called interesting – “YoYo Loach”. The history of the name comes from a famous photographer named Ken Childs, who has been working in the aquarium industry for more than 20 years.
When he was shooting fish for the next report, he noted that in some individuals, the heyday merges into letters resembling YoYo. When he called the battle marble in an article by that name, it was easily remembered and stuck in an English-speaking audience.
This is a fairly peaceful fish, and although the marble battles can fight each other, they do not hurt each other. Like many loaches, the marble battles are nocturnal inhabitants and are little active during the day, and at night they go out in search of food.
Botsiya marble lohakata was first described by Narayan Rao in 1920. She lives in India and Pakistan.
Its habitat is wide enough and is not under threat from industrial enterprises.
It lives in places with a small current or in stagnant water, we can say that the current does not like. Lakes, lakes, ponds, oxbows, here are the typical habitats of marble combat.
They feed mainly on insects, but can also be eaten by aquatic plants.
One of the most marble battlements is a body length of about 6.5 cm. However, in nature marble can be much longer, up to 15.5 cm.
The average life expectancy of 5-8 years, although there are reports of individuals living over 16 years.
The color of the marble battion is unusual, dark vertical stripes run along the silvery body. The mouth is turned down, like all fish that feed from the bottom.
In the corners of the mouth are four pairs of whiskers. When frightened, the color becomes much paler, and the fight itself can pretend to be dead, as its cousin is a clown fight.
To feed a marble bat is very simple, it will eat all kinds of feed that you offer. Like all fish that feed from the bottom, it needs food that will fall to this very bottom.
And considering that this is mostly night fish, it is better to feed it shortly before turning off the light, for example, to give sinking granules or frozen food.
They are very fond of live food, especially bloodworm and tubule. They are also known for eating snails with pleasure, and if you want to get rid of snails in an aquarium, these are good helpers, they will sweep the snails in a few days.
But remember that it is very easy to overfeed bots, as they are very greedy and will eat until they burst.
Well, they have a favorite delicacy of snails, in a couple of days they will significantly thin them … And it looks like this:
Marble fighters live in an aquarium and live in the lower layer, sometimes rising to the middle. For their maintenance is enough average in volume of the aquarium, about 130 liters or more.
A more spacious aquarium is always better, since despite its rather modest size, relative to other fights, it is an active and aggressive relative to each other fish.
Another plus in the maintenance of marble baty in a spacious aquarium is that they need to be kept by a flock, from 5 individuals, and a lot of places need such a flock. If, however, contain a smaller amount, they are under stress, and almost all the time they will hide.
Marble and so night fish, and here you will not see them.
As for hiding, these are real specialists who can climb into very narrow cracks. Sometimes they get stuck there, so do not be lazy to recalculate the fish and check if any has disappeared. Any battled aquarium should be rich in shelter to make them feel safe.
They especially like bottlenecks that are difficult to squeeze into, for example, you can use both ceramic and plastic tubes for this.
They are very sensitive to the parameters and the purity of the water, and therefore it is not recommended to launch the fighters into a new aquarium where the parameters have not yet stabilized. Mandatory filtering and regular water changes to fresh. Feel best in soft water (5 – 12 dGH) with ph: 6.0-6.5 and a temperature of 24-30 ° C.
It is important that the water is well aerated, fresh and clean. It is best to use a powerful external filter, since the mixing of water should be strong, but the flow is weak, and a good exterior allows you to do this with a flute.
As a rule, marble batches get along well with other types of fish, but aggressive and predatory ones should be avoided. If they feel in danger, they will spend most of their time in shelters and may even refuse to feed.
Although the lack of appetite, they do not complain. It is impossible to say that they also get along well with each other, but in a pack of alpha males they are satisfied with the rule, sometimes chasing other males.
However, the fights of these serious injuries do not end.
It is good to keep marble with related species, for example, with a clown battle.
Usually bots are contained in the aquarium in small flocks. For reproduction of batt and their normal growth, it is necessary to observe special conditions of detention. And in general, for cares of any type, proper care is important.
For example, they are not very fond of bright light, because it just makes them unnerving, so the lighting for the batons needs to be moderate and diffused. With such lighting, the fish will not show special fearfulness, and they will leave the shelters at any time of the day.
Aquariums for fighting must be planted with vegetation, because it serves as their first shelter in case of danger. Algae should be chosen with a strong root system, since sometimes they may look like boats as a “snack”.
Vegetation itself usually does not cause appetite for fighting, but if the fish is not supplemented, then young leaves of water plantings can be used to quench hunger.
As for water, its temperature should be not lower than 24 and not higher than 30 C. The hardness of water should vary between 5-10 degrees, and pH 6-8. Replace the liquid should be every week to 30%, because the batts do not like clean water.
Among these fish there are species that are especially popular with aquarists. Each species has its own characteristics, allowing them to stand out from the others. So:
- From 1936, a clownfish (Botia macracantha, Chromobotia macracanthus) began to be supplied to Russian aquarists. It has a bright color, where the main color is yellow or orange, and the “pattern” consists of three black transverse stripes.
- The clown has rather large eyes, under which there are special protective spikes. Around the mouth of the fish are small antennae, with which it explores the aquarium. The clown has no visual sex differences between females and males, so it is not easy for even experienced aquarists to tell who is who.
This creature eats almost any food, likes moderate diffused lighting and rich aquarium vegetation. Individuals do not survive individuals, therefore they are kept in flocks.
The next type is the marble battle (Cypriniformes), which belongs to the order of carps. This fish is delivered from reservoirs, starting from Bangladesh and ending with Pakistan.
In the daytime, the individual leaves the shelter, so it can be well seen.
The food for the marble botsie is mainly food that has fallen to the bottom, so its stay in the aquarium is only good. In the aquarium, which contains the marble battle, must be the ground, because about him the fish remove a fraction of mucus, with which they are covered instead of scales.
Individuals breed spawning and do it in pairs. During the breeding season, the eggs can be eaten by other fish that are not involved in the process, so it is necessary for the female to spawn in a separate aquarium. The maintenance of fights in solitude negatively affects their behavior, which becomes aggressive towards other inhabitants of the aquarium.
When the content of this fact must be taken into account, and therefore, to get a few fish.
Boar aquarists often prefer a small fish called modest (Yasuhikotakia modesta). Like many other fighters, modest is a bottom fish, and is active at night.
Keep modest desirable in a large aquarium, as its size is not small. As for compatibility with other fish, the modest has no problems with it, because of how it is distinguished by its peace-loving nature. As for food, modest enough voracious and happy to eat any food.
Breed modest through hormonal stimulation of spawning, as the reproduction of this species in the aquarium is not always active.
Popular tiger fighting (Syncrossus hymenophysa) is very common in aquariums of professional aquarists. In general, tiger fighting is very mobile and leads a bottom-line lifestyle, but due to the visual similarity, tiger fighting is often confused with other types of fighting.
Settled to the tiger fighting preferably mobile fish. A feed for the tiger boom is suitable for any, intended for bottom fish.
It is worth remembering that the diseases of the boats sometimes have a place to be, so you need to be ready for them. In order for the diseases of the fighting to be in the aquarium course, you need to comply with all the conditions of these fish.
In diseases, multiplication of fights is impossible, since this requires only healthy individuals.