Hello, friends. The fiery barb belongs to the carp family and has a different name fiery puntius.
Basically, this species of barbs lives in standing or slowly flowing water bodies in the Northeast of India. In our aquariums, this fish is quite popular. For the first time in Europe, the barbus fell in 1903, and on the territory of the USSR in 1920.
The most widely used fire barbs received in ichthyological studies in the laboratory.
At the fiery barbus oval, compressed on the sides and elongated body. The mustache is devoid of head. Due to its interesting and bright colors, barbs and became popular.
At the base of the tail there is a dark spot with a golden edging. The back of the male is olive-green in color, and the sides with the belly have a fiery reflux.
Males are slimmer and smaller than females; during spawning, males generally turn red. The fins of the fish have a copper-red hue. All other fins have black tips.
Females are not so bright and mostly their body is colored gray-brown or bronze. Fins do not have color. On the eve of spawning, the female is noticeably fuller.
In nature, a fiery barb can grow up to 15 centimeters, but in aquarium conditions rarely exceeds 8 centimeters in length. Live barbs around 5 years.
Fire barbocks are considered unpretentious and peaceful hydrobiont. If you want to see in all its glory, it is recommended to keep a flock of fish in which there should be at least 6-8 pieces. All the time, the fish is in the middle or lower layer of water.
As neighbors, you can add Swordsmen, mollies, ternets, girinoheylusov. It is not advisable to settle in an aquarium with fiery barbs of slow-moving fish with long fins.
In order to successfully contain a fiery barb, I recommend to buy a 60-liter or more closed aquarium with diffused and dimmed lighting. To emphasize the beauty of the fish, on the back wall paste a dark background.
Create a sufficient number of shelters and thickly plant a jar of plants. For these purposes, take the ambulia, rogule, elodeyu and pistyu. But do not forget to leave enough space for swimming.
As a substrate, you can use small pebbles.
The water in the aquarium with barbs should have the following parameters:
- water temperature: 16-26 degrees;
- active medium rectification (pH): not more than 7;
- stiffness (dH): no more than 15.
And also do not forget about the filtration and aeration of the aquarium, as this fish is very sensitive to a low concentration of oxygen in the water. Weekly changes of about 30% of the volume are required!
In writing, fish consumes live food in the form of a corret, bloodworm, daphnia and occasionally a tubule, and vegetable food (lettuce, spinach, dandelion and algae). Periodically let your pet eat a good dry food.
If the diet of the fish will be a little plant food, it is likely to eat your plants.
To breed fire barboas, you need a closed jar with a volume of more than 50 liters. The water level in it should be no more than 15 centimeters and the lighting is muffled.
At the bottom you need to install a separator and Javanese moss. Before sending them to spawn, they are kept separately for about two weeks and actively fed with live food.
Water in spawning should be the following parameters:
- stiffness not more than 6
- water temperature 24-26 degrees;
- pH 6.5-7.0.
As a rule, spawning takes place in the morning. At one time, the female can sweep from 200 to 500 eggs. After spawning, moms and dads are deposited from spawning, the walls of the jar are darkened and about 50% of the water volume is changed to fresh.
In this case, the overall water level is reduced to 10 centimeters. Incubation of caviar takes from one and a half to two days, and after another 4 days the small things will be able to feed and swim independently in the aquarium.
Feed young animals from the start with live dust, ciliates, small daphnia and microworms. A little later, you can add a small cyclop to the diet. Be sure to make sure that the fish had a varied diet.
In the spawning aquarium, while the fry are growing, it is necessary to turn on the aerator, filter and regularly replace the water with fresh one.