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Features pearl gourami and care for them

Gourami pearl is considered to be one of the most beautiful fish. Males are especially attractive during spawning. At this time, the male is more pronounced bright red color of the abdomen and throat, which beckons fans of aquariums.

The acquisition of such items in the collection is the dream of any owner of a beautiful home aquarium, but to find such a look is a rather difficult task.

Pearl fish gourami is very difficult to find for purchase.

Thanks to a special breathing apparatus, gourami can breathe air. This is very different from other fish. The next distinctive ability is the ability to build small “nests” of foam, where they grow their offspring.

During spawning, the fish can make various sounds, but scientists have not yet been able to understand the nature of such actions.

Fish of this species can grow up to 12 centimeters in an aquarium, but usually the length does not exceed 10 centimeters. In addition, the fish are endowed with a kind of intelligence that allows them to recognize their master.

Do not be afraid of the size of pearl gourami. Although they are quite large, they are very calm.

If there were other species in the aquarium before, the fish may be timid at first.

For normal life, the fish of this species require a large aquarium with an abundance of thick plants, but with a small free space for swimming.

The first time this species was described by Bleker in 1852. It is believed that these fish come from Thailand, the Borneo Islands and Sumatra.

Due to the fact that man strongly pollutes nature by his reckless actions, this species was listed in the Red Book. Due to pollution, many fish of this species simply died, and to catch such fish in nature is a very rare phenomenon.

Gourami pearl, which are presented on the market for the acquisition, as a rule, were not caught in nature – they were grown on special farms.

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In the wild, the fish lives in swamps and rivers, as well as in the lowlands. Water for wild representatives should be acidic and replete with various vegetation.

There they feed on various insects and larvae.

Both pearl gouras and their lilyusi (a related species) can hunt insects that do not inhabit the water. If flying near the water was noticed, then the individual releases a thin stream of water into it, thereby knocking it into the water.

Individuals have an elongated body, which is compressed at the sides. The fins on the back and anal fins are quite elongated, especially noticeable in male individuals.

The fins that are located on the belly, the fish feels everything around them, they are very sensitive.

The color of the fish is red-brown or just brown. The name pearl gourami received for points on the body.

The maximum size of homemade gourami is 12 centimeters, but in practice they usually do not grow more than 10.

Pearl gourami got its name for points on the body.

Gourami can adapt to different habitats. With normal care and feeding, timely cleaning of the aquarium, gourami live up to 8 years.

This fish eats any food and can eat the hydras that enter the aquarium along with the food.

Despite the fact that it is the pearl species that is considered the most fascinating among all the gouras, the fish of this type will not cause any special problems. They simply require normal living conditions. Care and maintenance of pearl gourami:

  • The first thing you should pay attention to – aquarium. They need a spacious aquarium with the released upper and middle water layers, as they prefer to swim there. For keeping fry, you can buy an aquarium up to 50 liters, but for a normal adult content you will need an aquarium of about 100 liters, no less.
  • Temperature no less important. It is worth remembering that the difference between room temperature and water temperature should be minimal. Gourami breathes air and if the difference is large, there is a greater chance of damage to the labyrinth apparatus. Constant temperature is also an important aspect. Do not run the fish that previously lived in hot countries in cold water.
  • It is worth paying attention to filtering. The fish does not like currents, if you filter the water, make sure that the currents are minimal.
  • Priming You can choose any, but the pearl gourami will look best against a dark background.
  • Maximize the bottom and release to the surface. floating plants. Take care to get less light into the tank.
  • The temperature of the water, where he lives gourami, should vary within 24−28 degrees, and the acidity in it – from 6.5 to 8.5.

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Gourami are omnivores. In nature, they eat the larvae and insects that they were able to catch.

In the aquarium, they can eat artificial and natural food. Artificial food can be made as the basic ration, and sometimes it can be fed with frozen bloodworms, a pipe worker or Artemia.

Another feature of this species is the presence of a small mouth. It should carefully choose food.

Too large particles they can not eat.

Another remarkable feature is the destruction of pests, namely hydr. Hydra – intestinal cavity creature, which enters the aquarium with food.

They can kill and eat fry. Gourami perfectly deals with them.

These fish do not become aggressive even when spawning. It is worth remembering that they are timid and will not fight for food.

Make sure that they eat and do not interfere. They can hide in a new place for a long time, until they feel completely safe.

Pearly Gourami is peace-loving and will not fight with other fish for food.

Recommendations:

  • It is better to share them with fish of similar size and behavior. They get along fine, for example, with scalars. It is not worth looking at the fact that the angelfish are in some way pugnacious.
  • Paradox – it is not necessary to combine several types of gourami. They may start to clash and fight.
  • Chickens – gourami can be neutral towards them, but remember that cockerels are militant in nature. It is better not to keep them in the same tank.
  • Neon and shrimp can be excellent neighbors. But the shrimp must be quite large, otherwise there is a risk that they will be eaten.

The male and female pearl gouras have several differences. Gourami-male has a brighter and outstanding coloring, it is much larger.

The males have a pointed tail, while the females have a rounded tail.

During spawning in males, a brighter neck becomes, and females get a more rounded belly.

Breeding pearl gourami is a fairly simple process. When the breeding season begins, the males acquire a very bright color, especially noticeable in the throat and abdomen.

If during spawning in the aquarium there are several males, then it is worth preparing for numerous fights for the female.

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They have a pretty funny fight – two males swim around each other and suddenly interlock with their lips. This is very much like a kiss.

Then they begin to swim again.

When the period of spawning begins, the male and the female who has become plump from the abundant feeding should be transferred to a separate aquarium, which should also be planted abundantly with plants.

Feeding during this period should be particularly enhanced. Add more animals and frozen feed.

A spawner – an aquarium where a couple lives should be about 50 liters, but ideally up to 100 liters so that it is possible to lower the water level to 14 centimeters. The temperature in the spawning should be about 28 degrees, and the acidity – 7 pH. To raise offspring, gourami needs a nest.

An excellent solution would be to launch a spout onto the surface of the spawning spawn, which is perfect for this purpose.

In one spawning, the female can lay off up to 2000 eggs.

Before the marriage games, the male will create a nest without fail. During the marriage games can not be frightened gourami. After creating the nest, the male will start beckoning the female to him.

As soon as the female has swum up, the male will embrace her and will start squeezing her calf, at the same time inseminating her. In one spawning, the female can lay off up to 2000 eggs.

After the mating games, the female can be removed to the former aquarium, but you can also leave it, since the male will no longer chase her.

The male gourami is very caring. Caviar is much lighter than water and can float to the surface, but the male catches it and gently places it in the nest.

The male will closely monitor the nest and offspring for 2 days, after which the fry will hatch. On day 3, the fry will be able to swim and it is better for the male to settle, as there is a chance that the male will damage him when he tries to return the fry to the nest.

Malkov need to feed the microworm and infusoria until they can eat artemia. At this time in the aquarium you need to maintain the temperature of 29 degrees and it is already possible to raise the water level.

It is better to sort the fry, because among them there are frequent cases of cannibalism.

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