Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Features of the maintenance, care and breeding of catfish from otsinklyusov

Features of the maintenance, care and breeding of catfish from otsinklyusov

Fans of underwater inhabitants often give birth to their own fish. But even such small pets need proper care. Great attention should be paid to the aquarium itself and its contents.

For long-term maintenance of the purity of the aquatic environment, experts advise to purchase catfish, which eat algae that form on stones, decorative elements and reservoir walls. With this work the otsinklyus is excellent.

The largest otsinklyus (Otocinclus flexilis) grows in length to 5.5 cm.

Argentina and Venezuela are considered to be the birthplace of catfish ottsinklyus. Brazil, Paraguay and Peru can boast of some species of fish.

Somiks can also be found in the Orinoco basin and the upper reaches of the Amazon.

Ototsinklyuyu inhabit small streams and clear rivers with a gentle flow, where they eat algae and fouling at the bottom of watercourses. Usually catfish can be seen off the coast, where they hide in small-leaved plants.

With the help of suckers, they cling to broad-leaved thickets, stones and other underwater objects.

Ototsinklyus live in flocks, in which there are several thousand individuals. The flocks graze in the sandy shoal, where there are many plants and logs.

They feed on periphyton and algae.

Ototsinklyus serves as a prime example of an aquarium cleaner. The length of his body is 5-5.5 cm.

The shape of the body of the fish is similar to the spindle. Ototsinklyus is also called the chainmail or loricarid catfish.

The armor of the ancient Romans was called Lorica, so the fish was so named because of its body, covered with protective bone plates.

Somiki sweepers have an interesting color. Their lateral plates have a gray-yellow shade, and the back is covered with a dark color.

Vulnerable abdomen gray-milky color devoid of plates. A dark strip goes along the body from the sides, turning into a spot at the tail, which may differ in different species in shape and size.

Small fins are characterized by transparency.

For an aquarium, experts recommend buying otsinklyus ordinary (Otocinclus affinis).

An interesting feature of oocytes is intestinal respiration. Somiki have an air bubble with which they inflate their esophagus and float to the surface.

With a lack of gill breathing, catfish often rise to breathe. This is a signal that water is poorly saturated with oxygen.

Even beginners can identify the floor of the cleaning fish. Just look at the fish from above: the males are small in size and graceful in shape, and the females are larger, wider and more rounded.

Determining the floor of aquarium pets is pretty easy, but experts recommend keeping a flock if you plan to breed ottsinklusov. After some time, the catfish themselves are divided into pairs.

Small sweepers try to keep themselves in the thickets, on the walls of the aquarium and on the stones on which they scrape off various fouling with the help of their mouth-suckers. Somiki have small teeth, so they do not damage the plants.

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There are about 18 species of Loricariid catfish, but only a few of them are purchased for an aquarium. There are very few differences between the species of otsinklyus.

They differ only in small variations in color and size. More often aquarists choose the following types of mail catfish:

  1. Affinis, or ototsinklyus ordinary (Otocinclus affinis). Aquarists get these cleaners quite often. The body of catfish reaches a length of 3-4 cm. The species is distinguished by a silvery yellowish color and the presence of a brown strip on the sides. On the gray-beige back there is brown specks and light marble spots. Transparent fins cast a greenish tinge.
  2. Mottled (Otocinclus flexilis). The carcass of the catfish is characterized by an olive-gray or gray-yellow color. On the back there are numerous dark specks. The fish has intermittent side stripes.
  3. Arnoldi (Otocinclus arnoldi). Inexperienced aquarists often confuse this species with affinis. Arnoldi distinguish spots dark brown shade.
  4. Maria (Otocinclus mariae). Individuals of the smallest species grow no more than 2 cm in length. Acquire them only for small tanks.

All types of otozinclus get along well in an aquarium and are able to clean the aquatic environment well. Although There is a clear species classification of these catfish., beginner will be difficult to decide on the choice of the future pet. Professionals recommend purchasing catfish varieties affinis.

You can buy fish in any specialty store. The price for one catfish varies between 200 and 300 rubles.

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The content of the otozinclus affinis and other types of mail catfish can be done even by a novice. But only when creating the necessary conditions, catfish will feel comfortable in a closed artificial reservoir. Recommendations for the maintenance of otsinklyus:

  1. Since soma live in flocks, they need a large aquarium with a volume of 70 liters. Such conditions are acceptable for a group of 6-8 fish. It is best to choose the capacity of a rectangular shape, which have a wide bottom.
  2. The aquarium should be filled with algae, shady plants, stones and snags.
  3. The water temperature maintained by the heater should be between +22 ° C and +28 ° C. With elevated rates, the fish can get sick and even die, so you should regularly check the temperature.
  4. Ototsinklyus live in dim lighting, which is easy to organize with a fluorescent lamp.
  5. You will need to take care of good aeration and water filtration. To avoid the negative reaction of underwater inhabitants to dirt and stagnant water is possible with the help of mechanical filters and aerators, which ensure a slow flow.

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Some people think that otosynclusses are capable of maintaining the purity of the entire aquatic environment on their own, but this is not the case. Water should be changed every 1-2 weeks.

You can update only a third of the total.

Chain catfish differ in fearfulness, but they are quite friendly to most of the other inhabitants of the aquarium. In the daytime, they hide among the thickets and behind the stones, and by evening they begin to actively clean their homes.

Usually they stay in the depths of the tank, where they easily find and eat the resulting fouling. When somas feel in danger, they swiftly float to shelters. As neighbors for otsinklyusov can choose:

  • guppy;
  • rasbor;
  • red neons;
  • terration;
  • minors.

Ancistrus are undesirable neighbors for oocytes.

It is undesirable to land catfish to antsistrus and gyrinucheylus. With them, catfish eat the same food, which often leads to starvation of one of these species. Also, it is not allowed to plant ottsinklyusov to cichlids, which see food in small catfish.

Loricarium fish should not be made neighbors for scalar, from which they eat top slime. With the two-colored labo algae constantly fight for the territory, and at the veil specimens they bite the side fins and tails.

From some species of fish, scavengers can catch infections and various diseases. Before buying several types of fish, you should consult with the seller, who will tell you the right neighbors for catfish.

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Ototsinklyus continuously collect for themselves food with the help of his oral sucker. In the aquarium, the scavengers feed on microalgae and zooplankton, so the cleaning of the reservoir cannot be carried out with the help of chemicals that kill small organisms.

Since there is little needed food for catfish in a container with updated water, it is necessary to purchase additional food for them. Fish can be fed with vegetable scraps and bread. Especially soma love cucumbers, zucchini, zucchini and spinach.

Pre-products should be soaked in clean water and then immersed in an aquarium. Food that remains unfinished should be cleaned after 1-2 days so that it does not pollute the aquatic environment.

Ototsinklyusy will be happy to eat and dry vegetable feed. Food rich in proteins is given to fish during the spawning period.

For dilution of otsinklyusov it is necessary to create suitable conditions. The aquarist will have to acquire a spawner, the volume of which must be at least 30 liters. Capacity should be supplemented with dense thickets and moss.

Experts advise to give preference to anubias, cryptocore, and echinodorus.

Temperature range must be set from +20 ° C to +23 ° C. Water should be with an acidity of 6.5–7 pH and a hardness of 4–10 dH.

For successful spawning, it is better to use a large flock of catfish, but three males with two females will be enough. The period of courtship includes peculiar mating and clashes between males.

To prepare for spawning of otsinklyusov it will be necessary to purchase spawning.

Usually spawning occurs in the morning. After choosing a partner, the female presses her head against her abdomen, stimulating the production of milk. Then she tosses fertilized caviar on a cleaned secluded place that can be a stone or a leaf.

In one clutch there are from 120 to 140 eggs, which ripen within 3-7 days. Som return to the former reservoir.

Eggs ripen at a temperature of +27 ° C to +28 ° C. The volume of water in the spawning should not exceed 20 cm.

The first fry hatch within 3-4 days after the female spawn.

In the diet of fry include microworms, spirulina, egg yolks. If mass breeding of catfish is planned, then matured individuals should be given gammarus, bloodworm and tubule.

Protein foods stimulate fish to reproduce. Chain soms can breed already at the age of 7-8 months.

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