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Features of the content of managuana

Managuan tsikhlazoma – one of the largest species of fish, which requires special care and maintenance. This predator is known among aquarists as the cichlid jaguar. This name was given not in vain, because adults have spots throughout the body, which are very similar to the spots of a four-legged representative of the cat.

Tsikhlazomu not recommended for beginners, because not everyone can cope with its aggressive temper.

Cichlasoma resembles a jaguar in a mottled color.

Managuan Cichlasoma Parachromis managuensis – it is a predatory fish, which in natural conditions grows in length up to 60 cm. In an aquarium, jaguars have a smaller size – no more than 50 cm.

Representatives of this species have a characteristic color: black spots on a silvery-white body.

Young individuals are darker and instead of spots they have black stripes. The older a fish becomes, the brighter its color, which over time begins to fade. Old individuals become light and have no spots.

All Managuanan cichlids have an oval body compressed on each side and a rounded tail fin.

Since fish is a predator, it has sharp pharyngeal teeth that it needs for hunting. The jaguar uses sharp thorns on the fins of a cichlid as a defense when attacking larger predatory fish.

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The content of the Managuana Cichlasome is quite complex. Since her character is aggressive, you will need a fairly large aquarium (80−100 l per predator). If the aquarist plans to start several cichlids at once, then a capacity of 300 liters for two individuals will be required.

Since tsikhlazomy are territorial fish, it is necessary to reduce the risk of meeting two predators.

It is rather difficult to find neighbors with whom a jaguar tsikhlazom could get along with in one aquarium. The fish will feel good with those individuals that are approximately the same size as the Managuana.

It may be other species of cichlids, as well as large species of catfish, having a body length of at least 30 cm.

Neighbors of cichlozomy should be as large as she, at least 30 cm long.

It is very important for aquarists to monitor the behavior of fish during spawning, since it is during this period that jaguars are aggressive at the peak. You may need to separate the cichlids from their neighbors.

Jaguar cichlose will need to create the following conditions:

  1. Substrate. It should consist of large stones. So that the water was not constantly muddy, it is best not to add small stones into it.
  2. Temperature. The range for the Managuana Cichlasome is quite large – from 15 to 30 degrees. It should be noted that the aggressiveness of the fish depends on the temperature: the warmer the water in the aquarium, the more active the predators become.

The peak of aggressiveness of the Managuanan tsikhlazomy reaches during spawning.

  1. Rigidity. The optimal indicator should not exceed 10−22 units.
  2. Acidity. This species of fish prefers a neutral habitat.
  3. Lighting. It is not recommended that direct sunlight come into the aquarium with tsikhlazomami. Jaguars require dim light, so duckweed can be lowered to the surface. Oak leaves are also suitable. They should be thoroughly washed with clean water before placing them in a container with fish.
  4. Scenery. It is not recommended to install them in an aquarium with jaguars, as cichlids are easily moved by them.

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Since this representative is a predator, you need to carefully approach the choice of food. Under natural conditions, tsikhlazomy feed on different types of invertebrates and small fish. When kept at home, you can use as food:

  • tadpoles;
  • small fish;
  • insects;
  • offal;
  • semi-finished products;
  • large dry flakes.

Cichloma is a predator, however, it is permissible to include vegetable products such as flakes in the diet of food.

Experienced aquarists recommend limiting the amount of pork or beef in the diet of the Managuan cichlids, since such food is very hard to digest. Feed the fish should be daily, but you can take a break once a week.

Since the Managuans feed on live food in fairly large volumes, the water is very quickly contaminated. Therefore, before starting a cichlid at home, care should be taken to have good cleaning equipment in the aquarium. You will also need to buy a powerful aerator that will provide a constant level of dissolved oxygen in the water.

Water change should be carried out at least once a week, adding clean water of 1/3 capacity.

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For successful breeding managuana cichlids in the home aquarium will need to purchase fry. If you plant a partner to an adult female or male, then only one of them is likely to survive.

Cychlasmas quite aggressively treat representatives of their own species. Reproduction in natural habitat occurs year-round, but still the best time is June.

Jaguar cichlids become sexually mature by one year of life.

For more productive breeding tsihlazom water temperature should be a few degrees warmer than usual.

For breeding in an aquarium, the pair must be placed in a container with clean water and good aeration, and the temperature should be several degrees higher than usual (28 degrees is enough). Before spawning male prepares a “nest” for caviar. For this, he digs a hole in the substrate.

The female at a time lays caviar in an amount of 5 thousand.

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After the fry hatch, they still feed on egg content for 3-4 days. Only after that you can begin to introduce complementary foods, which should consist of egg yolk or specialized liquid feed for fry jaguar cichlids. You can later give the young live food (daphnia), after which gradually should be transferred to small fish.

With good nutrition, there will be an increase in tsikhlazomy 15−20 cm per month.

It is very important to ensure that the size of the Managuans is about the same in order to avoid the death of smaller ones. The Managuan cichlid, though difficult to maintain and maintain, is very beautiful.

If the aquarist dared to start a jaguar tsikhlazoy home, a lot of patience and effort will be required.

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