When for a long time you are addicted to breeding and keeping aquarium fish, there are moments when during courtship adherence to a certain type of aquatic organisms appears. And this is a normal phenomenon, as today there are a great many families of fish that can be kept and bred in an amateur aquarium.
And farovella are no exception.
The family of loricariid soms can be found almost everywhere in South America. These fish can be found in small shallow forest streams and in large affluent rivers. The loricaride family is very impressive: ichthyologists counted up to 75 genera, and more than 1000 species.
Why did I use the verb “counted” in the past tense? Yes, because in the Amazon almost every day find new types of fish and animals, still unknown to modern science.
Representatives of the Lorikariev family have long been in demand among domestic aquarists. Their most beloved representative of the ancistrus ordinary, which gradually fades into the background, as it became more often imported otsinklyusy.
What else comes to mind? From over a thousand species can be counted on the fingers.
The current reserves of loricarium in domestic lovers are small: ancistrus quietly multiply, the younger generation of hypancestrum grows up. Another worth mentioning is farlovell.
These representatives of loricaride can be found much less frequently than the above representatives of this very impressive family.
Farlovelles are very similar to the widely popular loricaride, but much larger. Farlovel’s body is larger and elongated in length, protected by strong scales, resembling mail. Hence the name of the family “mail soma”.
The fish from the standard loricaride snout, which ends with a long rostrum, are quite strongly cast. The hydrobiont was first described in 1853.
Farlovella gracillis has a longer and more refined rostrum, at the end of which there is a spherical thickening, like a pompon.
Successful breeding of this hydrobiont eloquently suggests that aquarists could select optimal conditions for keeping and breeding for fish. I would like to note that domestic aquarists contain farlovell a little differently, in contrast to foreign colleagues.
The main rule in the maintenance of these pets: mail catfish should be kept and spawn only in a pack and in a separate container. The second immutable rule, which applies only to farlovellas: in the aquarium the soil should be absent, only plants in pots and snags.
The lighting in the aquarium should be moderate, the water temperature is about 28 degrees. Every day, in the mornings after feeding and siphon of the soil, it is necessary to replace 1/6 of the water with fresh one from the tap (to get the optimum temperature, mix hot and cold so that the fish do not experience a temperature shock).
There are some peculiarities when feeding farlovell. In the morning it is necessary to do the cleaning in the aquarium, and in the evening to feed the fish.
By aquarian standards, these aquatic animals cannot be called small, but they need fresh daphnia and cyclops. Understandably, soma chase through the aquarium for food will not be, they just simply pick up from the bottom of the fallen crustaceans.
If there was soil in the aquarium, these very crustaceans would have penetrated into it and spoiled the water in the aquarium. And in view of the fact that farvovelly are inhabitants of flowing waters, stagnant water is destructive for them.
That is why every day the aquarium needs to siphon off the remnants of the uneaten food.
To the main diet periodically you need to add a pipe pipe. But from the moth is better to refuse, the fish do not tolerate it very well.
In order to stimulate the fish for breeding, the diet must be diluted with vegetable food. If loricarids scrape off algae from the decorations and walls of the aquarium, then farlovellas do not care for fouling.
In nature, farlovella spawns when the rainy season comes. Accordingly, a few weeks before spawning, it is necessary to change the conditions of detention.
The internal filter must be removed from the aquarium and use an external one with a drop-down stream of water. In addition, every day it is necessary to substitute 1/3 of the water for fresh.
Fish breed, as a rule, early in the morning, somewhere around 5 in the morning. However, there are exceptions and marriage games begin at lunchtime of the day.
There must be several females per male. Spawning is carried out on the walls of the aquarium, and the laying is reminiscent of a cake. In view of the fact that spawning can be delayed, the fish often drop the deferred eggs to the bottom of the aquarium.
Fallen eggs on the bottom without soil are easy to notice and it is better to transfer the clutch to a special incubator with running water. It was noted that the percentage of fry from the eggs contained in the incubator is quite low, but from the eggs growing on the wall of the aquarium the output is almost 100 percent.
After the spawning process is completed, the male is located next to the clutch and blows its eggs with its fins. On the first day after spawning, the caviar is milky-white, but after three days it becomes dark, and after a few days it becomes black.
After the eggs change their color to black, they need to be removed from the wall of the aquarium and transferred to the incubator. That’s just to make it extremely difficult: the eggs are quite firmly attached to the wall of the aquarium.
Caviar can firmly stick together in an incubator, this should not be allowed in any case. On the sixth day the larvae hatch. Each clutch contains about 80 – 90 eggs.
In the period from June to September, the farvovels breed with enviable regularity, and the females are ready for the next spawning after a couple of months.
The size of the larvae is quite impressive (about 1 centimeter), which have a small yolk sac. After a couple of days, the fry are already showing their first interest in food that has sunk to the bottom.
Never forget that these fish need only fresh food, and crustaceans should die in the aquarium only in a natural way. There have been attempts to feed the fry with frozen rotifers – the result is extremely deplorable.
By two months of life, fry have a length of about 5 centimeters and can be safely transferred to the diet of adults. The only condition is that the shredder should be finely cut before feeding. I would like to note that farvovella badly tolerate cold.
And this can happen if the water temperature in the aquarium drops to 20-21 degrees, or it drops sharply from 28 degrees to 24. Unfortunately, this disease cannot be treated with salt and antibiotics.
If in an aquarium unstable environment, then farlovelly often suffer from ichthyophenthiosis, or decoy. The most effective option is to raise the water temperature to 28 degrees and add tripaflavin to the aquarium.