Good day, dear colleagues! The blog has already published an article about the contents of tooth-teeth, where you got acquainted in brief with this interesting look, learned some subtleties in the content and other working moments.
Today we continue to get acquainted with this family, and you will learn from this material how to feed them, compatibility with other fish and possible diseases.
It has not been a secret for a long time that it is better to keep toothfish in large volumes in aquariums, where you can safely hook up several adult pairs of fish. It was also empirically discovered that it can be kept in the common aquarium with other fish, the main thing is not to forget about hydrochemistry.
In addition, remember also that almost all members of the family of toothed ones have pronounced predatory inclinations, and even the smallest species.
It is not recommended to keep adults with their young or alien species, or large fish with small ones. And it doesn’t matter how mobile these fish are and what level they occupy on the ecological ladder in the aquarium.
Here you have a simple example of the behavior of karzubykh in the aquarium with other fish. In a can of 250 liters, there lived large epiplatis (up to 12 centimeters), which inhabited the upper layer of the water column. Ceratopteris bushes floated on the surface, among which these same epiplatis moved.
As a rule, these are slow-moving fish, but they can easily jump out of the water when picking up feed.
In the middle layer lived two-point barbs. Dead fish with stripped scales, damaged fins and ulcers were repeatedly seen.
It seemed rather strange, since these aquarium fish rarely get sick in aquariums, and all the other aquarium inhabitants seemed to look healthy. And suddenly it was noticed that when the barbus that had risen to the surface was attacked by epiplatis.
The barbus was seized, but the epiplatis could not be held on the adult fish, the barb eventually broke out, but the fins and scales were noticeably damaged. After this attack, the barbus began to swim poorly, and the aggressive epiplatis continued to attack the fish.
As a result, the fighter and his relatives had to be transplanted to another tank.
The key to successful breeding of all types of fish is properly trained producers and their proper feeding. Under natural conditions, the fish feed on small insects and their larvae, worms, and zooplankton.
Under the conditions of the aquarium, your pets can be fed all varieties of live food of the appropriate size. But artificial and dry food is better not to give, as the fish are more willing to pounce on the moving food. And besides, it is much more difficult to remove uneaten food remains from small aquariums, and the water in them is quickly polluted.
Naturally, if your aquarium is inhabited by fish living in the surface layer, then it is better to use floating types of food, in rare cases, the fish will lift the uneaten food from the bottom.
Sufficiently convenient and trouble-free feed are Artemia salina larvae hatching eggs. You can get these larvae in a couple of days, so always have a certain supply of eggs.
Moreover, Artemia larvae are excellent as starting feed for only hatched larvae. But you may encounter rumors that fish grown on such feed are not exactly good producers. However, such statements are not true.
Aquarists have repeatedly fed fry of different species of fish with this kind of food and then switched to a small tubule. And no one has ever experienced difficulties with the procreation.
I would like to immediately warn you about overfeeding, the fish are prone to overeating, which leads to a loss of the ability to reproduce. In order for the fish to feel normal, then the most ideal food is: a pipemaker, a crank, a corelet, a daphnia, a cyclop.
This set will be quite enough for the fish to get all the necessary nutrients, the main thing is not to forget to alternate them. As a variety, you can try to dissolve enkhitreusov at home, which is very simple.
Fish-toothed eat greedily enough worms, only if you do not want the fish to suffer from obesity, you do not need to feed them only worms.
There is another kind of good food that can also be bred at home – a fruit fly. It was noted that individuals that once or twice a week receive fruit flies, have a more intense color and a rather high activity.
As practice has shown, raising young carpsubs does not present any difficulties, since the fry hatch from caviar rather large and well-formed. Some fry can eat small cyclops from the first days and almost all eat artemia. Smaller young animals are well fed by micro-cherries or saline-water rotifers.
But the best option is, of course, live dust.
The juveniles of most species of karbozubyh are kept near the surface. Many artificial food and live dust fall to the bottom of the aquarium, where this food will not be available for fry.
This position can be corrected by placing an inclined glass plate above the air dispenser, which will create a water cycle and lift food from the bottom to the surface.
As a rule, kartozubye, which were grown in aquariums under good conditions, keep sick rarely. But if they get sick, then it manifests itself when it is already useless to treat. As a result, their lifespan is already small, it will be reduced.
Accordingly, there is simply no time for treatment. But in rare cases, an aquarist has to take on drugs and treat their pets.
In this case, we are talking about the rare representatives of kartozubyh, the loss of which will be an irreparable loss.
Unfortunately, the representatives of the karzubykh family are subject to various diseases that other aquarium fish are sick with. We will not go deep into ichthyology now, I will only list the most basic and most common.
The first disease on our list is Oodiniosis. It is sick of Notobranchus, rolofii and afiosemiony.
The disease is easy to treat, then only if you caught the early stage. Sometimes a double increase in the concentration of salt in an aquarium helps quite successfully, if it was already in the aquarium. If it is not in the aquarium, then just a couple of tablespoons of 10 liters of water will suffice.
If the fine white mesh on the fins and body disappears, then you will need to completely change all the water and aquarium soil in order to avoid relapses. The concentration of salt should be normal.
Oodiniosis is treated quite successfully with bitsillin-3 and bitsillin-5. The required concentration of the drug is 500,000 IU per hundred liters of water, but if you overdo it with the dosage, it’s not scary, the fishes endure it pretty easily.
It is possible to treat fish in a common jar, the main thing at the end of treatment is to change the water and soil in the aquarium.
Another, quite serious danger to karububyh – fungal diseases. In addition to saprolegniosis, which affects eggs, and sometimes adults, other species of fungi and sporers can attack fish. Fish pick up all these fungi as a result of injuries of the skin during fights.
In fights, the fish severely damage each other’s head and mouth tissue, which is very dangerous. It is also not difficult to treat fish; potassium permanganate, trichopol and hydrogen peroxide are used.
However, some species of flocking teeth are most susceptible to fungal diseases. The main danger lies in the fact that they have a more delicate skin, and they are more often in contact with each other.
Treat the fish need all the same, but you should be careful and as soon as you see the first suspicious symptoms, immediately begin to heal.
And in conclusion, I would like to mention one more unknown disease to which the notobranchuses are susceptible. Fish just spawned and spawn suddenly rise to the surface, the gills are very open, there is rapid breathing and coordination of movements is disturbed.
After an hour or two and the fish die. Behind her are the remaining notobranchusy.
Most likely, this is some kind of gill disease, but not branchomycosis, since it does not develop so quickly.