Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 European angler fish: description and species of monkfish

European angler fish: description and species of monkfish

Monkfish is a predatory fish species. Its distinctive feature is an extremely unattractive appearance.

There is a version that the fish got such a formidable name because of its appearance. There is a fish at the bottom of the reservoir, hiding between stones and in the sand.

Anglerfish inhabits almost the entire globe.

Monkfish – a predatory fish with a terrible appearance.

The monkfish belongs to ray-finned fishes. family of anglers. Adult fish grows up to 2 meters in length and weighs at least 20 kg. But most often come across individuals up to 1 meter in size and weighing up to 10-12 kg.

The marine devil has a flattened disproportionate body and a very large head, which can occupy 2/3 of the body. Painted in brown with a greenish or red tint.

The abdominal cavity is white.

The mouth is large and wide with sharp and concave teeth inside. The skin has no scales. The eyes are rather small, seeing almost nothing, the sense of smell is also very poorly developed.

The angler fish has folds around its mouth, which periodically stir, creating the appearance that it is algae.

Anglerfish has a disproportionately large head and reaches a rather impressive size.

The front fin plays a special role in the life of the fish. It has six rays, half of which grows separately.

One of them hangs forward and forms a fishing pole, due to which the fish has received a different name – the European anglerfish. The rod is equipped with a base, fishing line (thin part) and luminous bait.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

Monkfish inhabits many seas and oceans. The European anglerfish is widespread in the Atlantic Ocean. Here he lives at a depth of 20 meters or more.

He is also caught along the coast of European reservoirs in the Barents and North Seas.

Monkfish mostly lives in the Atlantic Ocean, at a depth of 20 meters.

Far Eastern fish species are often found near Japan and Korea. They live in the South China, Yellow and Okhotsk seas.

Comfortable depth for them is 40-200 meters.

Hatchlings differ from adult fish. At first, the fry feed on plankton, live in the upper layers of the reservoir, and upon reaching a length of 10 cm they change their appearance. Then they move closer to the bottom and begin to lead a predatory lifestyle.

In the first year after birth, they grow very quickly.

Not long ago, related species anglerfish were discovered. They became known as deep-water anglers.

Individuals can withstand very high water pressure and are found at a depth of about 2 km.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

In their own way of feeding, sea devils belong to predators. Their main diet consists of bottom fish. Primarily in the stomach devil hit:

  • gerbils;
  • cod;
  • small ramps;
  • flounder;
  • eels;
  • squids;
  • various crustaceans.

Sometimes predators float to the upper water column, where they hunt for mackerel and herring.

All individuals hunt from ambush. Due to the appearance of their hard to see among the stones and algae. The potential victim is attracted by the luminous bait.

When a fish, crustacean or other underwater inhabitant touches the rod, the monkfish sharply opens its mouth, resulting in a vacuum. After that, the victim along with the flow of water is in the mouth.

The angler hunts from ambush, luring prey to the glowing fishing pole.

Monkfish may not move for a long time, waiting for the victim. In addition, the fish can hold their breath, and the pause between breaths last about 2 minutes.

People have long believed that a fish opens its mouth only when the victim approaches. However, scientists have proven that the mouth opens automatically when any object passes by.

The European angler is very greedy and voracious. Sometimes this leads to the death of the individual.

Having a huge mouth and stomach, the fish can swallow large prey.

Large and sharp teeth simply do not allow the predator to let go of the prey, in the end it chokes and dies. There were cases when fishermen found a victim in a stomach caught by an angler in the stomach, only 7-10 cm less than the fish of the monkfish itself.

Anglerfish became known in the middle of the XVIII century. Today there are 7 known species of this inhabitant. aquatic fauna:

  1. European marine species or linofrina (found in 1758).
  2. Southern European anglerfish (1807).
  3. American Monkfish (1837).
  4. Cape Monkfish (1837).
  5. Japanese anglerfish (1902).
  6. South African anglerfish (1903).
  7. West Atlantic view (1915).

There are several varieties of monkfish differing in habitat.

The American bottom dweller belongs to predatory fish and has a body length from 0.8 to 1.3 m with a weight of up to 23 kg. The huge head makes the fish look like a tadpole.

The lower jaw is wide and hanging. Interestingly, even with the mouth closed, huge sharp teeth are visible, which are arranged in three rows.

Live fish up to 30 years. It lives along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean at a depth of 650 meters.

The predator feels comfortable at temperatures from 0 to 23 ° C.

The European predator grows in length up to 2 m, it weighs over 20 kg. Body flattened, disproportionate.

The head can occupy 75% of the total length of the fish. The body has no scales, but there are all kinds of skin growths and bone spikes.

Gill slits are immediately behind the wide pectoral fins, which allow individuals to move and dig in the ground. The area – the Atlantic Ocean, washing the shores of European countries, the waters of the Baltic, Barents and even the Black Seas.

The length of some species varies from 0.8 to 2 meters.

Far Eastern fish is a typical representative of the Sea of ​​Japan, Yellow and East China. The preferred depth is from 50 m to 2 km.

Predators of this species grow to one and a half meters. Like all angler species, the Far Eastern species has a flattened body. The difference lies only in the length of the tail – in Japanese it is longer.

Sharp and concave teeth are arranged in two rows. The body has a solid brown hue.

For spawning, adult individuals descend to a depth of 400 meters and below. The whole procedure takes place late winter – early summer.

In the northern regions, this period is shifted to the middle of spring. Going down to the depth, females begin to spawn, while males cover it with milt.

After the procedure, the individuals float closer to shallow water, where they feed until late autumn.

Deferred caviar forms a ribbon that is covered with mucus. On average, the width of the egg reaches 50-90 mm, thickness – 40-60 cm.

Some time after deposition, the walls of the cells collapse, and the eggs begin to move freely in the water column. A few days later the larvae hatch from there.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

О admin

x

Check Also

Botsiya Kubota (Botia kubotai) – content, breeding

Botsiya Kubota or Chess Botsiya (Botia kubotai) KOTTELAT 2004. Botsiya Kubota is a beautiful mobile ...

Apistogramma Agassiztsa (Apistogramma agassizi) – content, breeding

Apastogram Agassizca, Apistogram flare (Apistogramma agassizi) Steindachner, 1875 This is one of the most beautiful ...

Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) – content, breeding

Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) – a labyrinth fish of surprising color was discovered by the ...

Macropod (Macropodus opercularis) – content, breeding

Articles from Korifeyev domestic aquarism Md Makhlin “Journey to the aquarium” Once Carbonier noticed a ...

Elephant fish (Gnathonemus petersii) – content, breeding

Elephant fish or Nile elephant (Gnathonemus petersii) Family: Mormires (Mormyridae). Gnathonemus petersii (above) and Campylomormyrus ...

Chromis Handsome (Hemichromis bimaculatus) – content, breeding

Chromis-handsome (Hemichromis bimaculatus) Gill, 1862 Two closely related species of fish, Chromis-handsome and # Chromis ...

Guppy Endler (Poecilia wingei) – content, breeding

Guppy-Endler’s Poecilia wingei – discovered by F. Bond in 1937, were described only in 1975 ...

Apistogramma Borelli (Apistogramma borellii) – content, breeding

Aporetogram Borelli (Apistogramma borellii) Regan, 1906, beautiful dwarf cichlids from the Amazon. Southern Brazil, Paraguay ...

Gourami dwarf (Trichopsis pumila) – content, breeding

Gourami dwarf or Pumila (Trichopsis pumila) – the tiniest member of the labyrinth family. In ...

Mastamembel Armatus (Mastacembelus armatus) – content, breeding

Mastamembel Armatus (Mastacembelus armatus) Lacepède, 1800 Other names: Mustambell Carapace, Coffee Eel. Family: Hobotnorylye (Mastacembelidae). ...

Glowing fish GloFish – types, description, content

Varieties of glowing aquarium fish with a common designation – GloFish. Glofish – patented name ...

Diamond Chichlaoma (Herichthys carpintis) – content, breeding

Brilliant or Pearl Cichlosome (Herichthys carpintis) Jordan Snyder / David Starr Jordan and John Otterbeyn ...

Gastromizon (Gastromyzon punctulatus) – content, breeding

Gastromizon (Gastromyzon punctulatus) is a small and calm fish that can be more and more ...

Apistogram of cockatoo (Apistogramma cacatuoides) – content, breeding

Apistogram of the cockatoo (Apistogramma cacatuoides) is one of the most popular in aquarium dwarf ...

Gourami kissing (Helostoma temminkii) – content, breeding

Gourami kissing (Helostoma temminkii) CUVIER, 1829. Kissing Gourami – a beautiful fish with interesting behavior, ...

Copper tetra (Hasemania Nana) – content, breeding

Hasemania Nana or Copper Tetra (Hasemania Nana) – motley, mobile fish and, importantly, incredibly easy ...

Synodontis mnogopyatnisty (Synodontis multipunctatus) – content, breeding

Synodontis mnogopyatnisty (Synodontis multipunctatus) Boulenger, 1898. Synodontis: from the Greek syn – “together” and odontos, ...

Tsichlazoma Severum (Heros efasciatus) – content, breeding

Cychlasoma Severum (Heros efasciatus) Heckel, 1840 Family: Cichlids (Cichlidae) Other names / Synonyms: Severum, Severum ...

Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) – description, content, breeding

Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) – viviparous aquarium fish. Order: Cyprinodontiformes (Cyprinodontiformes).Family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae). They inhabit the ...

Ramirezi’s apistogram (Microgeophagus Ramirezi) – content, breeding

Ramirezi Apistogram or Ramirezi Butterfly (Apistogramma ramirezi, Papiliochromis ramirezi, Microgeophagus ramirezi) Myers Harry, 1948. Family ...

Danio (Brachydanio) – types, description, content, breeding

Carp family (Cyprinidae). Bangladesh, Burma, eastern India, Malaysia. Thailand and o.Sumatra. Keep in standing and ...

Micromembrane emerald (Microrasbora erythromicron) – content, breeding

Emerald microassembly (Microrasbora erythromicron) ANNANDALE, 1918. The emerald microassembly is a shy but very beautiful ...

Synodontis Eupterus (Synodontis eupterus) – content, breeding

Synodontis Eupterus or Vualevy Synodontis (Synodontis eupterus) Boulenger / Bulendzher, 1901 The name comes from ...

Cichlid Parrot (Cichlid Parrot) – content, breeding

Parrot (Cichlasoma sp.) – bright, elegant fish with unusual outlines of the body. The maximum ...