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European angler fish: description and species of monkfish

Monkfish is a predatory fish species. Its distinctive feature is an extremely unattractive appearance.

There is a version that the fish got such a formidable name because of its appearance. There is a fish at the bottom of the reservoir, hiding between stones and in the sand.

Anglerfish inhabits almost the entire globe.

Monkfish – a predatory fish with a terrible appearance.

The monkfish belongs to ray-finned fishes. family of anglers. Adult fish grows up to 2 meters in length and weighs at least 20 kg. But most often come across individuals up to 1 meter in size and weighing up to 10-12 kg.

The marine devil has a flattened disproportionate body and a very large head, which can occupy 2/3 of the body. Painted in brown with a greenish or red tint.

The abdominal cavity is white.

The mouth is large and wide with sharp and concave teeth inside. The skin has no scales. The eyes are rather small, seeing almost nothing, the sense of smell is also very poorly developed.

The angler fish has folds around its mouth, which periodically stir, creating the appearance that it is algae.

Anglerfish has a disproportionately large head and reaches a rather impressive size.

The front fin plays a special role in the life of the fish. It has six rays, half of which grows separately.

One of them hangs forward and forms a fishing pole, due to which the fish has received a different name – the European anglerfish. The rod is equipped with a base, fishing line (thin part) and luminous bait.

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Monkfish inhabits many seas and oceans. The European anglerfish is widespread in the Atlantic Ocean. Here he lives at a depth of 20 meters or more.

He is also caught along the coast of European reservoirs in the Barents and North Seas.

Monkfish mostly lives in the Atlantic Ocean, at a depth of 20 meters.

Far Eastern fish species are often found near Japan and Korea. They live in the South China, Yellow and Okhotsk seas.

Comfortable depth for them is 40-200 meters.

Hatchlings differ from adult fish. At first, the fry feed on plankton, live in the upper layers of the reservoir, and upon reaching a length of 10 cm they change their appearance. Then they move closer to the bottom and begin to lead a predatory lifestyle.

In the first year after birth, they grow very quickly.

Not long ago, related species anglerfish were discovered. They became known as deep-water anglers.

Individuals can withstand very high water pressure and are found at a depth of about 2 km.

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In their own way of feeding, sea devils belong to predators. Their main diet consists of bottom fish. Primarily in the stomach devil hit:

  • gerbils;
  • cod;
  • small ramps;
  • flounder;
  • eels;
  • squids;
  • various crustaceans.

Sometimes predators float to the upper water column, where they hunt for mackerel and herring.

All individuals hunt from ambush. Due to the appearance of their hard to see among the stones and algae. The potential victim is attracted by the luminous bait.

When a fish, crustacean or other underwater inhabitant touches the rod, the monkfish sharply opens its mouth, resulting in a vacuum. After that, the victim along with the flow of water is in the mouth.

The angler hunts from ambush, luring prey to the glowing fishing pole.

Monkfish may not move for a long time, waiting for the victim. In addition, the fish can hold their breath, and the pause between breaths last about 2 minutes.

People have long believed that a fish opens its mouth only when the victim approaches. However, scientists have proven that the mouth opens automatically when any object passes by.

The European angler is very greedy and voracious. Sometimes this leads to the death of the individual.

Having a huge mouth and stomach, the fish can swallow large prey.

Large and sharp teeth simply do not allow the predator to let go of the prey, in the end it chokes and dies. There were cases when fishermen found a victim in a stomach caught by an angler in the stomach, only 7-10 cm less than the fish of the monkfish itself.

Anglerfish became known in the middle of the XVIII century. Today there are 7 known species of this inhabitant. aquatic fauna:

  1. European marine species or linofrina (found in 1758).
  2. Southern European anglerfish (1807).
  3. American Monkfish (1837).
  4. Cape Monkfish (1837).
  5. Japanese anglerfish (1902).
  6. South African anglerfish (1903).
  7. West Atlantic view (1915).

There are several varieties of monkfish differing in habitat.

The American bottom dweller belongs to predatory fish and has a body length from 0.8 to 1.3 m with a weight of up to 23 kg. The huge head makes the fish look like a tadpole.

The lower jaw is wide and hanging. Interestingly, even with the mouth closed, huge sharp teeth are visible, which are arranged in three rows.

Live fish up to 30 years. It lives along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean at a depth of 650 meters.

The predator feels comfortable at temperatures from 0 to 23 ° C.

The European predator grows in length up to 2 m, it weighs over 20 kg. Body flattened, disproportionate.

The head can occupy 75% of the total length of the fish. The body has no scales, but there are all kinds of skin growths and bone spikes.

Gill slits are immediately behind the wide pectoral fins, which allow individuals to move and dig in the ground. The area – the Atlantic Ocean, washing the shores of European countries, the waters of the Baltic, Barents and even the Black Seas.

The length of some species varies from 0.8 to 2 meters.

Far Eastern fish is a typical representative of the Sea of ​​Japan, Yellow and East China. The preferred depth is from 50 m to 2 km.

Predators of this species grow to one and a half meters. Like all angler species, the Far Eastern species has a flattened body. The difference lies only in the length of the tail – in Japanese it is longer.

Sharp and concave teeth are arranged in two rows. The body has a solid brown hue.

For spawning, adult individuals descend to a depth of 400 meters and below. The whole procedure takes place late winter – early summer.

In the northern regions, this period is shifted to the middle of spring. Going down to the depth, females begin to spawn, while males cover it with milt.

After the procedure, the individuals float closer to shallow water, where they feed until late autumn.

Deferred caviar forms a ribbon that is covered with mucus. On average, the width of the egg reaches 50-90 mm, thickness – 40-60 cm.

Some time after deposition, the walls of the cells collapse, and the eggs begin to move freely in the water column. A few days later the larvae hatch from there.

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