Among the aquarium plants there is a wide variety of hydrophytes, which can hardly argue with the popularity of echinodorus. The high popularity of echinodorus due to their outstanding ability to adapt to different conditions and hydrochemical parameters, and especially their decorative qualities.
Among ekhinodorusov there are such species, the height of which does not exceed 5 cm. But, there are those that grow more than a meter in height. Echi are famous for the different shape of the leaves, which are: lanceolate, elliptical, heart-shaped and oval.
The color of the leaf plates can vary from green in various shades to black with violet hues.
Due to such a variety of colors, an aquarist can create all kinds of underwater landscapes with the help of echinodorus alone, since it is easier to care for such a garden. However, in the content of echoes, as well as other aquatic plants, there are certain subtleties that you need to know if you want the underwater garden to please your eyes for a long time.
From the point of view of cultivation echinodorus are complex and simple. The first group includes resistant plants that grow up to 20 centimeters in adult condition. It is them that our aquarists use in their aquariums.
Such plants include echinodorus: bleheri, intermedius, horizontalis, horemanii, aschersonianus, asperus, uruguayensis, barthii, Osiris, rose and others. When cultivating these hydrophytes, it is necessary to adhere to the basic rules of content and cultivation.
Accordingly, no one bike reinvent the aquarist.
To begin, let’s determine how to choose plants for keeping in an aquarium. It is not recommended to buy adult plants, as they are difficult to tolerate moving to new conditions of detention and very often die with a lack of food.
For the same reason, they can change the point of growth. In addition, when echinodorus enters a favorable environment, they are able to quickly turn into a surface medium, which we do not need.
Ideal planting material is young shoots that were grown from seeds and seedlings, which are obtained as a result of vegetative reproduction from the buds on the peduncle or rhizome. It does not matter whether you acquired the underwater or surface form, the main thing is that the hydrophyte was young. These plants very quickly adapt to new conditions and begin to grow rapidly, and surface leaves are replaced by underwater leaves for the first or two months.
It does not matter which Echinodorus you cultivate, there are certain conditions that must be met.
As I mentioned above, echinodorus are considered very plastic plants, which perfectly exist with a wide range of chemical parameters of the aquatic environment. But, nevertheless, it is necessary that the water hardness does not exceed the mark of 20 degrees, and the water temperature should not be less than 15 degrees. But it is better that the hardness of the water was within 10 degrees and the temperature of 20 degrees.
The main conditions for the normal development of echinodorus are bright light and slightly alkaline, or a neutral active reaction of the medium (pH within 6.8 – 7.6).
What echs dislike is the acidic environment of the substrate. The ideal ground for Echinodorus is crushed stone or gravel chips with a fraction size of 3 – 7 mm. Such aquarium soil is well ventilated and cleaned without problems using suction.
That is, such a soil is not subject to souring. Cleaning the aquarium should be done at least once every 7 days.
In addition to the siphon, it is also necessary to make a substitution of 1/3 – 1/5 of the water for fresh and settled for several days. With the substitution in the aquarium will get all the necessary trace elements.
When growing echinodorus there is no urgent need to add additional fertilizer to the aquarium. But, if you use ekhinodorusy for arranging a greenhouse, some specialized fertilizers will have to be applied.
A special role in the cultivation of echinodorus plays lighting in the aquarium. Here we look at the general points, and in detail will stop only on the description of the cultivation of complex echinodorus. The optimal light source for most Echinodorus species are fluorescent lamps of foreign manufacturers Grolux, Triton, Sun-Glo, Aqua-Glo, and so on.
But, the efficiency of fluorescent lamps is much less than that of LED lamps, since they are the future. Yes, and for the price it turns out that it is better to buy a good LED lamp with the required number of suites than to assemble a less efficient lighting device from expensive fluorescent lamps.
In addition, during the cultivation of echoes, it is necessary to exclude the ingress of sunlight into the aquarium, even if it is scattered. The length of daylight when growing echinodorus of various species should be within 10 – 12 hours, which is more than enough for their normal growth.
In addition, such a light day will not allow the plant to move from underwater to surface form.
As I mentioned above, the first group includes hydrophytes that are difficult to grow in aquarium conditions. However, the list can not be called homogeneous. For a start, let’s consider echinodorus, which form strong underwater forms, but with a small increase.
In our usual home aquarium, the depth ranges from 30 to 50 centimeters, such plants will suffer from a lack of lighting and slowly wither. These plants include echinodorus: tenellus, austroamericanus and latifolius.
You may not use these plants in your aquariums, but they are very good for filling the foreground of the aquarium and form a sweaty carpet up to 10 centimeters high.
And now let’s consider a simple group of echos, which are also cultivated in an aquarium with some difficulties. They do not form persistent underwater forms and constantly strive to go out.
Strange as it may seem, this group includes plants whose leaves have a high decorative value, and the bushes themselves grow impressive. With the help of such plants you can decorate almost any large aquarium, but only until such time as they crawl out.
Accordingly, the main task of an aquarist is to keep their growth under water as long as possible.
And now the question: “How to make the plant grow and develop, but did not come to the surface?” This group includes the following echinodorus: latifolius, palaefolius, scaber, floridus, berteroi. The key factors that trigger the transition of the plant to the surface form are: nutrient soil and water saturated with nutrients; daylight duration more than 12 hours; red emission spectrum.
All these points should be excluded if you want the plants to retain their underwater form for a long time.
As a rule, aquarists use cans with a depth of at least 50 centimeters. The substrate should be poor in nutrients, ideally, crushed stone or gravel with a fraction size of 3 to 7 millimeters.
The thickness of the soil layer does not play a big role, but it is better that it be more than 7 centimeters. The bottom line is that to prevent the substrate from souring and the accumulation of excess organic matter, it must be siphoned regularly. But, if the layer thickness is large, you will not be able to clean up the quality of the aquarium.
Siphon and cleaning in the aquarium should be carried out once a week throughout the aquarium. Replace these two banal procedures can not even biofilter or aquarium false.
First you need to set a short daylight hours (8 – 10 hours) and prevent natural light from entering the aquarium. To do this, you need to put the aquarium in the darkest corner in the house. Due to the fact that the water and the soil will be poor in organic matter, there is no point in equipping a bright light in an aquarium.
The power of illumination should be such that the photosynthesis process proceeds in plants, and this is quite difficult.
If you use the above recommendations, then you will be able to keep hydrophytes in an underwater form for a year, or even more, even with a large bush. It turns out that modern aquarism provides all the possibilities to successfully cultivate almost any type of plant.
And believe, the spent financial resources and efforts are worth the picture that you will see every day, sitting on the couch after a busy day.