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Description of the Panamanian Sturisom and its maintenance at home

These fish can be found in the water bodies of Central and South America, saturated with oxygen. Sturisom Panamanian lives on the territory of Ecuador, Colombia.

Of course, it is also found in the rivers of Panama. This fish today is practically not caught.

In aquariums, you can see only individuals that are artificially bred on special farms in Southeast Asia.

Sturys Panama bred specifically for aquariums.

Sturisom Panamanian (lat. Sturisoma Panamense) is distinguished by an elongated body, flattened from above and below. Other features of the appearance are as follows:

  1. Short growth ahead.
  2. A long tail.
  3. Large fins. The dorsal is crescent-shaped, the caudal is fork-like, equipped with thread-like tips.

The female of the Panamanian Sturisom can eat her own fry, so they need to be seated.

The color of the body and fins is reddish-yellow. From the eyes up to the back fin there is a dark brown border, the upper zone of which moves to the back area. The belly is silvery white, covered with yellow-brown spots.

On the rays of the fins there are spots of dark brown color. Females are less bright in color. They have a narrower and tapered head.

Eyes moved to forehead area.

The male has cheeks with thick setae from 1 to 6 mm long. They are absent from females.

The size of individuals living in an aquarium can reach 18 cm, under natural conditions – 26 cm. Sexual maturity is noted at 18 months.

The reverse development of thick bristles on the cheeks is noted if the fish lives in adverse conditions.

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Another guaranteed method to distinguish a female from a male is the presence of a genital papilla. You can observe individuals from above. It also allows you to determine who is who.

In an adult male, the head is shorter and wider.

Any person planning to have exotic fish at home is important to know the description of the Panamanian staris. The content of this species, its requirements for the conditions of stay – all this matters.

Sturisom is nocturnal.

Fish activity is observed in the evening and at night. In the afternoon she prefers to spend time around the stones. and snags located near the aquarium glass.

It is possible to keep such individuals one by one or in small groups consisting of one male and two females.

The content of the sturisome involves the purchase of a roomy aquarium of 160 liters. It must necessarily contain rich vegetation, stones and snags. It is necessary to saturate the water with oxygen and provide excellent filtration. The presence of the flow is also important.

Water needs to be changed to 30% of the volume every day.

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Som sturisom can eat various types of food, but prefers food in frozen and raw form, also eats live food.

It can be:

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Also needed dry food, plant food. The latter include cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage leaves and lettuce. They must be scalded with boiling water in advance.

An important rule for feeding aquarium fish: food should be selected diverse and balanced. The share of animal food should account for 30% of the diet.

You can offer bloodworms, pipe worker, daphnia.

To increase the probability of spawning, vegetable feed should be offered to fish. For the successful breeding of Panamanian sturisomes it is necessary that the water in the aquarium be acidic, soft.

It is advisable to put a snag on the bottom and provide space with dense vegetation.

For the future offspring most of the time caring male.

First, the fish begins to look for a suitable place for laying. It happens in the evening.

After that, the selected space is intensively cleaned. Typically, the sturisom selects areas near the stones and closer to the walls of the aquarium.

Following this, the marriage dance begins.

At one time, the female can lay up to 150 eggs. They may be white or yellow in color. As soon as the eggs are laid, concern for them is shifted to the shoulders of the male.

He only occasionally departs from the future fry to eat. Offspring appears from eggs 10 days later, sometimes earlier, depending on the water temperature.

For the first few days, the babies are fed at the expense of the stomach bag. Suitable food for fish at this time – the simplest, such as ciliates, scalded with boiled water, leaves of cabbage and lettuce, specialized food.

Sturisom Panamanian has an elongated body shape, the length of which reaches 26 cm.

At this stage of existence, the fry are quite susceptible and defenseless. They can even eat their own mother, and therefore it is better to move them to an aquarium for teenagers. In such a tank should not be the soil, but the presence of water with similar properties.

Well put in a snag aquarium. Do not allow abrupt changes in water parameters, its intense pollution.

Juveniles are very sensitive to this. Water change should be done in small portions.

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