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Description, content and dilution of neon iris (melanotenii)

The neon iris, or melanotaenia praecox, (melanotenia precox) is an amazing small fish from the class of the Ray-fin. It has a unique color and becomes the decoration of each aquarium.

Fish is quite popular among professionals engaged in the cultivation of ornamental species, as well as amateurs who have an aquarium in the house. Thanks to its compact size and unpretentiousness, it deserves the love of many.

Due to its unpretentiousness and miniature size, melanotenia is popular among aquarists.

Although in natural conditions the fish lives in just a few reservoirs around the world, it has earned recognition in different parts of the world. Homelands of neon melanotenia are considered to be the waters of New Zealand and Australia.

As an aquarium fish, the iris became used only in the first half of the XIX century and only at the end of the century was brought to Europe.

The appearance of the fish is what attracts lovers of decorative species to it. The minimum size of an adult individual is 5 cm..

In some cases, it reaches 15 cm. For small sizes, the aquatic inhabitant is classified as a dwarf species.

However, for the content in the aquarium, it becomes an advantage.

The body of the iris is covered with small scales, its colors are the most diverse. In artificial conditions can live up to 5 years in the case of proper care and compliance with the nuances of the content.

The shape of the body of the fish is a bit like common carp – it is round and flattened on the sides. The eyes are large, rounded, the head is small and pointed.

The most interesting part of the description is the coloring of the fish. There are several types that differ in color.

Common are yellow, turquoise and blue shades with a variety of modulations.

A unique feature of the fish is the possibility of scales shimmer very brightly in the morning. What is the reason, it has not yet been established, but it is noted that at other times of the day overflows are not so noticeable.

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In nature, there are about 70 species of iris, which differ in size and color. However, the most popular for home breeding are considered following varieties:

  1. The iris Bosman is most common among fish fans due to the unique and incredible color, resembling dawn on a summer day. Half of the body has a bluish color, and closer to the tail it turns into bright orange shades. It should be noted that males are much larger than females and can reach 14 cm in length. They also have a brighter color. If you violate the conditions of the fish, its colors fade and overflows disappear. Often this leads to death.
  2. Three-strip melanotenia got its name because of the bands on the sides, which can be of different shades – from blue to brown. The individual reaches 12 cm in length, males are 2-3 cm larger than females, but the color is bright in all representatives. Fins of fish have bright coloring of mainly orange color. It is easy to distinguish this variety from other iris women, since it has a dark stripe from tail to head about 2 cm wide. It is noted that if several varieties of iris are placed in one aquarium, they will acquire the same color after a while.

Pososy on the back of a three-strip iris can be of different shades.

  • The variety of the donet differs from its close relatives by the translucent color of the body and the fins, which are yellow. The belly of the fish is painted in crimson shades. Against this background, the large blue eyes stand out especially, giving the impression that the fish belongs to the albino species.
  • Turquoise view is incredibly beautiful, has all the shades of aqua. That is why the belly of the fish especially stands out, because it is painted in delicate pink tones. A distinctive feature of this type will be a more intense turquoise color on the back, smoothly turning into light colors closer to the abdomen. Under certain illumination, the fish appears completely white.
  • Parkinson’s melanotenia also has a unique color. It has a bright purple head. As you move to the body color changes, acquiring different shades of yellow or orange. Among its close relatives, this species is particularly prominent.
  • All varieties of aquarium fish iridescences retain their unique color only if they are properly maintained. Rare replacement of water in the aquarium, improper feeding and violation of the temperature regime always lead to tarnishing of shades.

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    The irises are cheerful and peaceful in nature. They are playful and often jump out of the water during fun.

    That is why the aquarium should be selected with a lid to eliminate the possibility of jumping and death of its inhabitants.

    It is also necessary to comply with several conditions to ensure the normal content of neon iris:

    1. Preferred form of aquarium – elongated and rectangular. Unlike other members of the ray-finned iris, the iris prefers to swim horizontally rather than vertically, therefore the size of the aquarium in length is much more important than its height. The minimum volume is 50 liters. If there is an opportunity to provide melanotene more space, you should use it.
    2. Bottom filling Especially important because the activity of fish can lead to their injury. It is better to choose a smooth ground without sharp elements. Coarse sand and smooth sea stones of small size will be an ideal option for filling the aquarium. It is allowed to use decorative elements, which also should not have sharp edges.
    3. Not worth too be zealous with filling, since the fish will not have enough space for active games. This will gradually lead to their lethargy and death.
    4. Plants in the aquarium are also important. They are allowed to be planted directly into the ground, always leaving the front wall empty. This is necessary to preserve free space and the possibility of observing individuals. Preference in choosing plants should be given to species that fish can not eat.
    5. Aquarium recommended install near sunlight. If this is not possible, you should install lighting fixtures with a good level of efficiency. Light for the iris is important, in its absence, it begins to wither.
    6. Prerequisite the content of the fish of the iris will be to ensure continuous filtration of water and the replacement of a third of its quantity every 7 days. The ideal option would be to create an artificial current, so that the fish would feel like in natural conditions.
    7. Pretty whimsical individuals to water quality. It must be clean and separated, as well as constantly maintain a temperature of + 24-26 ° C. In artificial conditions, iris irregularities react rather poorly to a change in temperature even if its parameters deviate by 1-2 degrees in one direction or another.
    8. Important condition care will become a constant supply of water in the aquarium with oxygen. With its lack of fish, the vital processes in the body slow down. Often, after that, the inhabitants of the aquarium can not fully recover.

    To keep one iridescent in an aquarium is unacceptable, because she loves company. You can settle together an equal number of males and females, or four females with two males.

    As a rule, among themselves individuals do not enmity and do not show aggressiveness.

    Melanotenias love company and they need to be settled in an aquarium in flocks.

    Under natural conditions, neon iris feeds on animal and plant food in large quantities. For normal life and development, it is recommended in an artificial environment to also provide it varied diet:

    1. The food of the iris is not taken in the water column, but collected on the surface, so you should choose foods that are lightweight and can linger longer on the water.
    2. In order for the soil not to be clogged by food debris and not to pollute the water, it is possible to contain mottled catfish with melanotenia, which choose food exclusively from the soil and will help in its cleaning.
    3. Among animal feed, fish prefer small varieties of bloodworms or tubers.
    4. From vegetable components are allowed to cook them cucumbers, lettuce or zucchini. All this they use with pleasure.

    An important condition will be moderation in feeding, since an excess of food leads to disruption of vital processes in the body of fish. During spawning, the precox prefers animal food, at other times it may be content with plant food without harm to itself.

    It is allowed to feed individuals with special dry mixes intended for them. In this case, the dosage should be observed more strictly.

    This is due to the fact that such foods digest longer and can cause digestive disorders of the fish.

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