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Cultivation and maintenance of different types of aquarium mollies

For many decades mollies has been popular with aquarists. This is due to its undemanding care, beautiful appearance and increased healthy activity.

Mollies fish is the best choice for newcomers to aquarism, because it does not require a large reservoir and easily reproduces, and therefore does not create problems in the content.

Mollies fish is the best choice for beginners in aquarism thanks to unpretentiousness

These fish in nature are found only in the waters of Central America and the southern part of the United States. Aquarists began to breed them in 1899.

By the 20s of the 20th century, thanks to the breeders’ efforts, the first interesting mollies hybrids appeared.

There are many species of these fish, but In recent decades, the following are the most popular:

  • low-melon mollies;
  • wide-angle;
  • sailing

Mollies has enjoyed success with aquarists since 1899.

The latter is better known as the helifera caecilia. All three types of initially beautiful color, but this was not enough for breeders.

They were actively engaged in hybridization and cross-crossing, as a result of which numerous types of molliesia were bred.

Initially, these fish scientists attributed to the genus Mollienesia, hence the corresponding name. But later, ichthyology attributed them to the Poecilia genus, and as a result, confusion arose – today, this fish is sometimes called a partiliy, then mollies.

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Originally, mollies were found in North and South America, but then they were brought to Colombia, Israel, Japan, and Taiwan. Today they are found even in some waters of Eastern Europe.

These fishes belong to the family of the piliidae, therefore they can be hybridized without difficulty.

In nature, they inhabit the mouths of rivers, ditches, lakes, and some species even live in water bodies of karst caves. Mollies feed mainly on worms, insects and other live food, but do not disdain vegetable food, and food preferences can vary considerably from species to species.

For example, Poecilia latipinna prefers algae, and aquatic insects and small crustaceans serve as its protein supplement to the plant diet.

They feed on mollies mainly worms, insects and other live food.

All mollies have an elongated body, flattened on the sides. Each species is divided into 2 types: with a small and large fin.

Mollies belong to the family of petsilians and are viviparous fishes. Like the guppy with the swordtails, these fish have teeth in their jaws.

It is very simple to distinguish a male from a female: male individuals are smaller. In addition, during the period of maturation, their anal fin turns into gonopodies.

This is a special body with a hook for copulation.

Mollies belong to the family of petsilians and are viviparous fishes.

Through the efforts of breeders, many hybrids of these fish were bred. They differ not only in size and color, but also in the shapes of fins and tails.

The latter may be in the form of a ball, crescent or lira. There is also a unique type of mollies., having a disk shape.

Her body is very short, round and flat. The spine is severely curved, so the lifespan of such individuals is short, moreover, they often die for no apparent reason.

The average life expectancy of mollies in an aquarium is 5 years. But due to frequent crosses and cross-hybridization, some species are inferior to their wild ancestors in health and longevity.

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There are a lot of varieties of mollies, but only some of them are popular. The rest can only be found in fanatical aquarists who are in love with this fish. The most common in Russia are the following types:

    Mollies lira.

    It is also often called black. Her homeland is Central America, but the fish is also found in Mexico and in the waters of Colombia. This is the most common species among aquarists.

    Lyra attracts breeders with its black color. However, various variations are allowed: with a blue tint, olive-brown, etc. The peculiarity of black mollies is that it can change its gender if necessary, and this can occur at all stages of life.

Black mollies can change gender

  • Orange mollies. Another very attractive variety in color. This fish is very mobile and plastic. The scale color is predominantly yellow. She perfectly adapts to new conditions, she has good compatibility with other inhabitants of the aquarium. The fish does not show obvious aggression until it is touched. Best of all, she feels in aquariums with lots of vegetation.
  • Poecilia sphenops or Dalmatian. This is an artificially derived form of sailing mollies. It appeared in the 90s of the last century and, thanks to its unusual coloring, quickly became popular. This fish is unpretentious in care and gets along well with its neighbors in the aquarium. She also prefers to hide in the thickets of underwater plants.
  • Widescreen She hails from Southeast America. The males of this mollies are easily recognizable by color: green-brown on the sides, white with a blue tint on the stomach and throat. On the sides you can also see small dots of black, red and green. The dorsal fin is large, translucent, decorated with a dotted pattern in black or orange. Females have a similar color, but less bright. They are smaller in size, so it is very easy to distinguish them from males.
  • Velifera is considered the beauty queen among all types of mollies

  • Poecilia Ballon is one of the artificially derived forms of mollies of latex. She needs a lot of swimming space. At the same time, there should be abundant vegetation in the aquarium so that the fish has a place to hide. As for color, there is no standard. It can be very different.
  • Pecilia velifera or sailing. In nature, this species lives in the rivers of southern Mexico. Velifera is considered the beauty queen among all types of mollies. The body of the fish usually has a green-blue color, but there are individuals with a variety of shades up to silver. Its fins are translucent, there are visible patches of pearlescent points.
  • Separately worth mentioning albino-molly. These are albinos.

    They appeared in Europe through the efforts of Thai fish manufacturers. Albinos differ from sailing molly by a large variety of sizes and shapes of the dorsal fin. The tail may be lyroobraznym or ordinary.

    As they mature, yellowish-silver hues may be mixed in with the basic white color. Albino – the second most beautiful fish mollies.

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    Even a novice can handle molly fish care. The main thing is to monitor the condition of the water, as these pets begin to feel bad in a polluted environment.

    A beginner aquarist is better to choose Poecilia sphenops and its hybrids. This species has a longer lifespan and feels quite well in small-sized aquariums.

    In second place in terms of endurance are hybrids derived from individuals belonging to the short-melting and wide-melting types. But here it should be remembered that such mollies require more delicate handling, and they need more housing.

    Purchased fish can only be run in a spacious aquarium with properly selected neighbors. From the first days of the newcomers should receive a full diet.

    This will help them quickly adapt to a new place.

    The main thing is to monitor the state of the water, as mollies start to feel bad in a polluted environment

    You can not breed these fish in pairs. It is necessary that several males accounted for one male.

    This will accelerate the overcoming of stress.

    Molly feel bad in overcrowded aquariums, as the acidity of the water there is constantly fluctuating. If the pH drops too much due to an overabundance of organic matter in the water, then the death of pets is possible.

    In a tank with mollies, you need to regularly change at least 25% of the total water volume. Replacement frequency is 2–5 weeks.

    When overpopulation, you can make a replacement much more often.

    Water in the aquarium should be salted. On average, 10 teaspoons of salt intended for aquariums should be added to 10 liters of water.

    If water is added only because of its evaporation, then it is not necessary to add some salt, because the salt has not evaporated.

    The water in the aquarium should be salted: for 10 liters of water you need to add 2.5 tsp

    As a substrate for an aquarium with molly, you can use any kind of soil, but experts recommend choosing light, since the fish are better visible on it. It is advisable to equip a home for pets with high-quality water filtration system.

    This will positively affect the saturation of the scale colors.

    Compatibility of these fish is not bad, but you need to remember about the quarrels of males because of females. In addition, individual individuals have an individual character. Molly can not be kept in the same aquarium with fish that love nibble fins from their neighbors.

    For example, a Sumatran barbus is considered a bad neighbor for them. The best “friends” for Molly will be corridors, partilias, rainbow fish, tetras and carps.

    Mollies eat everything. Some species like live food, but mostly these fish prefer algae and other vegetarian food.

    In nature, they eat crustaceans, various insects, rotifers and algae.

    In nature, mollies eat crustaceans, various insects, rotifers and algae

    In aquarium conditions, they are ready to eat any food. You can give them both commercial food and live food.

    But most of all they appreciate the fresh vegetation. It is very important for their livelihoods.

    For example, in a wide-angle molly, with a lack of plant food, the fin can be deformed with its back.

    As a top dressing you can give these fish finely chopped blanched spinach and regular cucumbers. But during the feeding of such products you need to remove all uneaten food from the aquarium in time.

    The vegetable diet of the aquarium molly needs to be diversified with Artemia, pipe maker and bloodworms, but such feed should not become the basis of the diet.

    Feed must be served several times a day. Portions should be such that all food is fully eaten within 3 minutes.

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