In the middle of the last century, an extraordinarily beautiful fish – Labeo bicolor (two-color) was brought from Russia to Thailand. Its homeland is considered to be Asia and Africa.
Here she acts as a medic for larger aquatic inhabitants, clearing them of microscopic parasites. In Thailand, these fish are grown for sale on special farms.
Due to its extraordinary attractiveness, the labo will be a worthy decoration of any aquarium.
Its popularity with aquarists labo bicolor owes its appearance. The body of the fish is black, velvety, and the tail is bright red.
The shape of the body resembles a shark, which is why in English-speaking countries the Labeans call the red-tailed shark.
There is also an albino fish: its body is white, and its eyes and fins are bright red. Such a water inhabitant differs from ordinary bicolors only in coloring, otherwise they are completely identical.
The two-colored Labeo fish is quite large in size, its average length is 15 cm, some individuals can reach as much as 20 cm. The Labo lives on average 5 years, although some aquarists report individuals that lived 9-10 years.
The body is elongated, cylindrical, the profile of the back is curved stronger than the profile of the belly.
Male and female have some differences in appearance:
- The size of the female is somewhat larger.
- The color of the male is brighter and more saturated.
- In adult females, the belly is more round.
In juveniles, these differences can be very difficult to identify.
If we talk about fish Labe two-color, its content will require a spacious aquarium. The volume must be at least 200 liters.
The more free space a fish has, the less it will show aggression towards other individuals.
The requirements for the content in the aquarium are as follows:
- Be sure to cover the top with a lid or glass, as the labo often jumps out of the water and can fall to the floor and die.
- The water in the aquarium must be fresh and clean, so you will need to install a filter and weekly change about 1/5 of the water.
- The optimum water temperature for two-color labo is in the range from +22 to + 26C.
- Water hardness is desirable with averages (5–15 °), PH 6.8–7.5.
- It is advisable to organize the conditions in the aquarium so that they resemble the natural ones as much as possible. To do this, arrange artificial caves and shelters, spread snags.
- At the bottom of the reservoir it is best to lay gravel or small smooth stones.
- Plants preferably choose well rooted.
- Since microbiological algae are included in the ration of labo, there should be bright light in the aquarium, which will ensure their active growth.
When kept in a small container, it can be aggressively tuned in relation to representatives of its own species and to other fish.
Under natural conditions, the fish prefers plant food, but can eat insects and larvae. In the aquarium labo bicolor give granulated feed with a large number of plant fiber.
You can use tableted feed for antsistrusov.
As an additional feeding you can give the fish pieces of vegetables. Seaweed grown labo eats extremely reluctant.
You can also give small quantities of animal feed of any kind.
Labeo bicolor prefer to stay alone. Pair of fish form only before spawning.
By the nature of these aquatic inhabitants are very active and jealously guard their territory. Within the boundaries that they consider to be theirs, they can attack both kinsmen and other species. In the aquarium, they prefer to stay closer to the bottom.
Keeping two laboos in one aquarium is not recommended, as they will start to fight each other. It is also not necessary to settle speckled catfish, which also feed near the very bottom.
In an aquarium where the two-colored labo lives, there should be a lot of aquatic plants where more peaceful and weak individuals can escape from aggressive neighbors.
You can keep a labo in an aquarium with fish of approximately the same size. Good compatibility labo bicolor can be with the following types:
- Sumatran and fiery barbs;
- mossy congo;
- Danio rerio and Malabar.
All these species prefer to live in the upper layers of water. They are pretty nimble to dodge aggressive neighbors.
Puberty occurs in Labo bicolor after 1 year. The reproduction of these fish at home causes a lot of difficulties.
Natural spawning in them is a very rare phenomenon, therefore, reproduction will require the introduction of hormonal drugs. There are several hormonal stimulation patterns:
- First, an injection is given to females – the pharmaceutical preparations Pregnil or Chorionic gonadotropin are used for this. At 1 gram of body weight injected 5 -10 IU medication. After 24 hours, both manufacturers are injected with extracts from carp pituitary at 0.1-0.2 mg per 10 g of weight.
- The female is injected with an extract of the pituitary at the rate of 0.03 mg per 10 g of weight. After 24 hours, the male and female are injected with an extract in the amount of 0.3 mg per 10 g of weight.
Inject the drug into the muscles of the upper part of the syringe. The most convenient way to do this is with an insulin syringe.
After spawning, the solution of the antibiotic is added to the water where the producers are kept.
Labeo breed in a home aquarium is very difficult.
Find special drugs on sale will not succeed, they are only available on special fish farms.
Instead of hormonal injections, you can use non-hormonal drugs such as Nerestin. It is administered intramuscularly or added to feed. It is necessary to give medicine twice with an interval of 24 hours.
In this case, spawning may occur later, however, such stimulation is less traumatic for fish. The antibiotic in this case can not be added.
Another difficulty lies in the small number of males in the litters of labo fish. Because females are usually larger than males, they often win the battle for territory.
In order to get a sufficient number of fish for subsequent breeding, it is better to plant weak, slaughtered young in separate containers, creating more relaxed conditions for growth and maturation. In this case, it will be more likely to get such valuable males.
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