maintenance, care, compatibility
Goldfish: description, types, highlights
Goldfish love space. If we say that a goldfish lives in a small aquarium, it means that the volume of an aquarium for goldfish per one cute creature is at least 50 l.
For trouble-free maintenance of the fish, it is necessary to purchase filters (external and internal) and a siphon, since those who like to crawl in the soil with their occupation pollute the water heavily. If you add the excrement of the fish themselves, you can imagine what the water will be without filtration.
We all know that the optimum fraction of the soil is 3-5 mm. For goldfish, it is recommended to reduce or increase it, avoiding the acquisition of a pebble with sharp edges.
This must be done in order to avoid unpleasant moments such as a fish has hurt, or a pebble stuck in her mouth.
The optimum temperature of the goldfish, like most other 22 – 25 ° C. Too warm water in the aquarium contributes to their rapid aging. And, of course, do not forget about enough oxygen, the lack of which is so sensitive fish.
Goldfish will be delighted with the planted plants, as they not only decorate the aquarium, but also improve the conditions of its maintenance. The only requirement for them is hard leaves, otherwise the design of the reservoir will be hopelessly damaged.
Unfortunately, our pets sometimes get sick. The most common diseases in an aquarium that a goldfish can get: scabies, ringworms, fish pox, dropsy and when overfeeding, problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
If you do not overfeed, overpopulate and maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, the content of the pet, which is a goldfish, will only be a joy.
Compatibility issue Goldfish (Carassius) on the one hand, it is rather simple, but on the other it is complicated, and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.
I think this topic should start with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of millennial selection. Therefore, the Voilehvost, Orandy, Telescopes, Shubunkins and others are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor – silver carp.
Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place – all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT!
Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, as a result of which “bastards” will turn out, or if you want mutants, outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into a crucian.
Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general body of water – PROHIBITED!
Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish. And this specifics should definitely be fat.
For example, if you keep a Veilhvostov in a small aquarium with others, be it the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space – standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.
In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even observing all aquarium compatibility rules, At the output, you can get a negative result.
In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones.
Now let’s look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.
Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistograms, Parrots, Tsikhlazymy: diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.
Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish.
Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.
Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.
Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.
So, I recommend not experimenting – this is wasted time and money!
Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternistus, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congo and other characteristic fish.
Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium.
One, but. When Goldfish grow up, they can burst into small tetras, so it is better to take “large” Kharacin fishes, such as ternets or Congo, for Zolotuha.
Goldfish and Labyrinth: all gourami, lyalius, macrapods dr.
I do not even know what to say to you. On the one hand, they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not.
This is due to the fact that the labyrinth, in particular gourami, very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.
So that it is clear, I will give an example from my experience. A long time ago, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”.
But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.
At the same time, lyalius – these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.
In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.
Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.
In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful. For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite.
Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.
Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish.
Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.
Goldfish and carp: barbusses, danios and others.
It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs.
Sumatrans easily bite Golden.
Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.
I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories.
I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).
I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.
And I also want to offer you such a topic as Compatibility of Goldfish and aquarium plants.
Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium.
It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.
For more on this, see this article – FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?
Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night.
Aquarium fish compatibility video
Telescope – goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-25 C.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (danios, terntion, catfish speckled, neons, etc.)
Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the “Golden Fish” nibbled and left a lot of “Kakul”.
So, this is not true. He himself repeatedly wound up such fish … there is no dirt – I spend an easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks.
So, do not be scared of sellers tales. Fish look very nice in the aquarium.
And for greater purity and control of “kakulyami”, bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmus cules) and other aquarium orderlies.
It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation – do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.
The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.
The body is ovoid, the fins are long, anal and caudal forked.
There are two types of telescopes:
– Scaleless: one-colored and pied print;
The color of the telescope is variable: red, orange, calico, black.
These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding – the key to success is the balance of the feed.
The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.
For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish – barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.
Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 18-25 ° C, aquarium water hardness 6-18 o, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.
The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish.
The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening.
Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of non-eaten food should be removed. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Photo fish telescope
Interesting video about telescopes