maintenance, care, compatibility
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character.
However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus.
If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry – they are so relaxed.
Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water.
If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.
The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air
The cockerel or betta fish (Latin Betta splendens) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat – freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia.
Often found in paddy fields. For the first time the fish was noticed by residents of Siam at the beginning of the XIX century. The “stranger” was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives.
Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was examined by European scientists invited to the country. Residents of Siam used the cockerel in the “fish” battles: the males vehemently demonstrated their strength, but no deaths occurred.
The genus Betta charges more than 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta, which are not related to a particular type.
The genus Betta is divided into 2 groups: the representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second – incubate the eggs in the mouth. Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important for them to provide constant care.
Cockerels are small aquarium fish; in captivity, their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are a centimeter more than females. In Betta splendens (common cock), the body color is green-olive, with dark spots or stripes. The fish mimic the environment, so the color of scales may vary.
During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. In the wild cockerel, the fins are short and round.
Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in color scales and fins.
As a representative of the contract. Labyrinth fish, the cockerel is a double-breathing fish, can breathe like gills, and there is atmospheric air. It captures air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves.
This is a big plus, because in aquarium with cockerels aeration is not necessary, in this case it is much easier to care for a pet in an aquarium. They can be kept in “Spartan” conditions, although this is undesirable.
Caring for them will not cause any trouble even to a novice in aquarism. If the aquarium water temperature, acidity, purity are maintained at a normal level, the pet will live longer.
Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.
Cockerel content is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity.
Like all fish, cramped – only to the detriment. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium.
It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species). Between them there are often disputes that already speak – even between the female cockerels there were fights.
The result – bodily injuries, dangling fins.
If you have nowhere to settle two males – choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided.
Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.
They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish – some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. The males themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins.
Good aquarium neighbors – danios, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins.
The males quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.
The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh.
Aeration is optional.
They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush?
Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters. To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick.
Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter. At night, the light is required to turn off.
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish.
The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high. And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
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Rooster aquarium fish – maintenance, care and compatibility with other fish
You do not need to have academic knowledge or special conditions in order to have a rooster fish. This species feels great even in a small-sized aquarium. Some owners manage to keep one individual in the usual three-liter jar.
But the two males in one “pond” do not get along. True, some owners share long aquariums with glass, settling their pets one by one in different compartments.
Many do this also because, seeing the opponent, the males begin to become brighter, more colorful, they take up belligerent poses, trying to frighten and intimidate their counterpart. Females are not so aggressive, they can be kept on several individuals simultaneously.
The cockerel fish at home can live in the aquarium at the same time as other species. It is worth, however, to avoid the neighbors with veil fins. Otherwise, the “fighters” will certainly cut them off.
It is better to settle to the cockerels of larger fish with short fins, for example, barbs.
For tropical cockerels, it is desirable to maintain the water temperature in the range from 24 to 28 degrees. It is allowed to periodically reduce it to 18 degrees. Open areas should be left on the surface of the water, without floating vegetation.
Fish need air. Special aeration of water is not needed, but it is desirable to pass water through the filter. It is recommended to set up an aquarium so that during the day the sun falls on it for several hours.
It is undesirable to put it in a draft.
Periodically thoroughly clean the reservoir. To do this, either partially or completely change the water.
The fish are pre-caught with a special net and placed in a jar. Sanitation is carried out without the use of powders.
As mentioned earlier, male cockerels can not be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals.
The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Do you have a cockerel for the first time at your home? “With whom does this species get on?” – such a question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, cockerels behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors.
Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share a rooster with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack.
It is unlikely that the cock will bring the opponent to death, but he can bite or tear off the tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Fight fish can eat small specimens (for this they are usually planted). In larger individuals, cockerels may bite off the antennae.
It should be remembered by those who are planning to decorate your aquarium with large snails.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold – all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins.
And their content and breeding does not represent any difficulty.
That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from the book by I. Sheremetyev: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a greyish-green fish does not immediately strike the eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed laterally, elongated.
On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body.
The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest.
Who is it – the female or rival – the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer. The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins.
If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined.
Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.
This may take a few minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area.
But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later! Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent.
After some time, the opponent is defeated, … the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! ”
Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes –Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
Ph acidity: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: cockerels – Betta relatively peaceful fish – they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality.
Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker.
Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided. In addition, males often show aggression and to a “disliked” female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size.
As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.
Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short – only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass.
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up – DOESN’T INTEREST THEM. And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live out of pet stores until the time of purchase.
You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish.
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions.
Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim. When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins – this is actually a sad sight.
Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies.
Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters.
In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, adjust the biobalance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large – from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural – natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants.
Lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium.
All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate.
A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest.
Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them – individual foods that are best suited.
Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters – puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different.
The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm.
Body laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Next, the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it “biting fish.” A couple of copies of these “pieces” in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax.
After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them “The Beton Fish”, arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a “new” fish, calling it Betta Cambodia – one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known.
There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them.
The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia.
By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor. And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms.
On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette’s species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
– Veiltail fighting fishes or “veil cock”
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Giant or royal fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Round-tailed fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Flagtail fighting fishes
– Poster fighting fish
– Crownstail fighting fish
– Poster fighting fish
– Crosstail fishes
– Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor “multicolor”, two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
Cockerel fish – handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.
Since these fish are labyrinths, they have little need for water quality. Therefore, you do not need numerous aeration systems or filters. The temperature of the aquatic environment should be from 24 to 28 degrees, however, representatives of this species can tolerate and decrease to 17 degrees.
Optimum hardness – 4.0-15.0, acidity – 6.0-7.5. 3-4 pounds of water should fall into one individual. The comforters are omnivorous, they can eat frozen, dry or live food.
Preferred last species – daphnia, tubers, bloodworm or cyclops. You can not overfeed the fish, in time remove not eaten feed.
With regard to the livability of the fish, the cockerels can be kept together with the termination, speckled catfish, befort, seaweed, antsistrus, swordsman, brocade catfish, tarakatum, loricacia. It is not advisable to keep with guppies, discus, cichlomas, astronotus, piranhas, telepia and others.
How to distinguish the female from the male? It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes.
However, do not focus only on these signs. With high-quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size.
And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.
Puberty cockerels reach half a year. At this time, the males occupy a certain territory, often near the islands of floating plants or in a corner, and begin to make foam nests.
The male builds his house from the air.
A tireless builder all the time checks the nest for durability, arranging destroyed and scattered fragments, catches up another air laying. Cockerels – males scare competitors and actively flirt with the female, inviting her to see the future breeding ground. During spawning, the males are transformed, their color becomes much brighter
Under the nest, the male embraces the female, encircling her body. After spawning, the cockerel does not throw eggs to the mercy of fate, but gently collects them from the surface or from the bottom and places them in the center of the nest.
The female lays 200-300 eggs. A week later, the hatched fry will spread around the aquarium in search of food.
The male is still 2-3 days guarding their offspring.
LALIUS CONTENTS SPARE PHOTO VIDEO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating.
Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss.
Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right?
This should be sorted out.
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them. If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign.
Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia. This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment.
In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins.
Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing.
On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”?
They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish. Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish.
In males, the character is snooty, for which they are called “fighting fish”. They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity.
If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium.
If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established – then all inhabitants will be comfortable. An important rule – it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium.
They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight. On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male. Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals.
They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable. If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet. Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees.
Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary – this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen. Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank.
Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by “competitors”, which are external stimuli for them.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the “no” territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar.
But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Males and guppies – it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk.
Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature.
The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta – compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother.
However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami – all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami – curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen.
Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around. Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic.
All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact – slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not.
Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content. At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt.
Molly – viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters.
Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors – as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits. If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up.
Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proven, cockerels rarely bother corridors.
The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions.
Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta. Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.
The betta siamese betta splendens are very popular pets that live in an aquarium. For the first time having settled this fish, many people have a question: “How many cockerel fish live?”.
The average life expectancy is 2-4 years with proper care. If you have created proper conditions for your pet, then at home he will live as long as possible.
To achieve this result, you must follow the rules for the purchase and maintenance of fish.
Your cockerel will live longer if initially purchased from a good seller. When you notice that the fish lives in quality conditions, moves well, eats, it has a beautiful appearance – it means that you can settle at home.
First of all, pay attention to the activity of the fish in the aquarium, the state of the scales and fins, its general physical condition.
Buy a young fish. The sooner she gets used to your tank, the more comfortable she will be there. The youngsters adapt more quickly to new conditions of life.
In young males, the fins are shorter than in the mature ones, and in the young the body size is several centimeters smaller.
Look at the young male Blue / Red Dragon Halfmoon Betta.
Estimate the volume and condition of the water in which the not yet purchased fish lives. If you notice a cloud, dirt, substrate of unknown origin, wait a little with the purchase.
Water should be clean, clear, slightly yellowish shade is allowed.
Look at the other fish that live in the same tank with the fish you like. Is it a little tight day?
How do they move, feed, their external condition? The Siamese cockerels are fighters, and a long settlement in a species aquarium will destroy them all.
If each fish lives separately, in good conditions – this is a big plus.
Do not buy two Betta splendens at once. If you lodge newcomers in a common tank, they quickly harm each other. Buy one pet, put him in a 2-week quarantine, look at his condition.
When he gets used to the new environment, you can populate it in a pre-prepared aquarium. After a few months, you can add neighbors to it, but given the nature of the character, this is a big risk.
- Set up the aquarium correctly, wait until it is established biological balance. Let it be a rectangular tank with a volume of 50-100 liters. Small, round containers will not allow the fish to move, it will be uncomfortable and boring. In the spacious reservoir there is an opportunity to create an amazing aquascape that resembles a natural biotope. Use a good filter to quickly deal with biological stress.
- Let plants and algae be in your tank. In the most convenient for cockerels tanks there is a lot of vegetation, they are provided to ensure that there is enough oxygen in the water, and it remains clean. Buy plants from trusted vendors so that they are healthy and treated for parasites.
- Maintain the temperature in the aquarium. Adjust it with a water thermometer. The cockerel is a tropical fish, which is used to warm water: the temperature is 26-29 ° C. Use 50W heaters.
See how to keep a cockerel fish.
Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them.
You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.
Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores?
In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses. You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary “dwelling” for fry.
If aquarium cockerels live in a common tank with a partition – this is a big advantage. Fish probably already accustomed to each other, and not averse to producing offspring. Males perfectly spawn at a young age.
If you do not have a pair of cockerels, buy a pair from your experienced razvodchika, but do not run the fish immediately. We need quarantine, time for the fish to get used to the new environment – it will take several months. The male and female cockerel should be the same size.
If the pair does not converge, you will have to abandon the venture, or buy another copy.
Look at the breeding of Siamese fighting fish.
Male males are ready to spawn at the age of one year. If the aquarium conditions are favorable for their health, the fish will “wake up” and will want to spawn. It is necessary that the female and the male are accustomed to each other, then they can create a pair.
Breeding should be scheduled for a period of time when you have plenty of free time to look after your pets. You can choose a summer vacation, when nothing will limit you.