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Content of a goldfish in a home aquarium

In the aquarium goldfish is one of the most popular. She is beautiful, there are many legends about her.

In preschool institutions and schools, in order to introduce children to the beautiful, aquariums with these extraordinary creatures are often placed in the corners. But you should know that a golden fish in an aquarium is a capricious creature that must be kept in certain conditions.

Goldfish capricious and requires special conditions of

China is considered the birthplace of goldfish. It was brought to Russia in the 17th century.

Externally, her body is compressed from the sides. The color varies from golden to pale pink, black, red and bronze.

The belly is lighter than the body – this is a common property of all species. Eyes bulging. Life expectancy of the aquatic inhabitant depends on its size.

Short individuals live for a quarter of a century, and long individuals up to 40 years.

There are about 300 species of such fish. The most famous of them are:

  1. Ordinary or classic – red-orange fish in length up to 40 cm. Reminds carp.
  2. Astrologer. Named because of the eyes. They are bulging, looking forward and upward.
  3. Water eyes or bubble eyes. Under the eyes there are huge bubbles. Individuals bred in China have an unaesthetic appearance, but this may seem original to some. Bubbles burst at the slightest damage, so keep these fish in aquariums without stones and flowers. Care for the bladder eye at home is quite complicated and requires experience.

Bubble Eye Fish is famous for huge bubbles

  • Veil tail. This beauty fins resemble a veil. Fish vary in color.
  • Pearl. The elevated scales resemble pearls scattered throughout the body.
  • Oranda The body is rounded. On the head, contrasting in color with the body, there is a tumor, resembling a cap.
  • Comet. The elongated flat body reaches 20 cm in length. Bright coloring that shines when light hits. The most mobile of all types of fish.
  • Ranch Its peculiarity lies in the growths on the head and the absence of the dorsal fin. Small, round, tail in the form of a bow. By nature calm, slow.
  • Telescope. Named for the convex eyes of a round or cylindrical shape.
  • Ryukin. It has a high back, because its spine is twisted from birth. In length reaches 20 cm.
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    Any kind of aquarian inhabitants requires care and optimal living conditions. These are very gentle and demanding creatures.

    The most important thing is to provide them with comfort.

    Before you buy at a pet pet store for an artificial reservoir, you should figure out which aquarium is needed for a goldfish and how to properly equip it. To do this, calculate exactly what size it will reach. Also, when choosing an aquarium you need to consider the following nuances:

    1. The volume of water should be at least 50 liters per individual.
    2. The shape of the tank is traditional – parallelepiped. The length is twice the height, and the height is equal to the width.
    3. When the maintenance of aquarium goldfish and care for them must be borne in mind that they can not be placed in containers with curved glass. Because of this, the world for aquatic inhabitants is distorted, and they feel uncomfortable.
    4. The soil at the bottom should not be small, as the fish love to dig in it and can swallow pebbles and die. Sand can be used as a primer.

    Sand or small pebbles can be taken as soil.

  • It is necessary to maintain the temperature of the water within 18-30 degrees ° C: for long fish it should be 18-25 ° C, for short fish – 21-29 ° C. Salinity should be maintained at 12-15%. Stiffness must be at least 8.
  • The aquarium should be equipped with round-the-clock aeration.
  • Constant water filtration should be ensured. Since fish love to dig the ground, the dregs rise up. The filter power should be 3-4 volumes of the aquarium per hour. Both external and internal filters are suitable, which should be washed with every change of water.
  • The water is changed every week, while changing the quarter-third volume of capacity.
  • Aquarium water should be changed every week.

  • For regular cleaning of the soil need a siphon.
  • An ultraviolet water sterilizer can also benefit. Killing parasites and bacteria, it does not allow external algae to bloom.
  • In an artificial reservoir there should be safe decorative elements: stones and various objects without sharp corners, plants without sharp leaves.
  • Need to take care of the availability of plants. They are not only decoration, but also a good way to defeat algae. Also, plants are able to absorb nitrogen and supply water with oxygen. They serve as a delicacy for aquarium pets, saturating their bodies with useful trace elements. It is better to choose plants with rigid leaves (elodea, fern, lemongrass, anubis) and plant them in pots so that the fish do not damage their roots while digging the soil.
  • Before you put the fish in the aquarium, you need to make it “run”. A young or improperly running tank will lead to the death or poisoning of its inhabitants.
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    Caring for aquarium fish requires separate consideration. Here you need to know not only about feeding pets, but also about their compatibility with other fish.

    They feed aquatic inhabitants twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. The volume of food should be calculated correctly so that the fish can eat it in 7 minutes. Leftovers should be removed as they spoil the water.

    You can add lettuce and spinach to specialized feeds., pre-scalded them. Before updating the water, you can give live food in the form of porridge and yolk, minced meat and liver.

    Once a week you need to arrange a fasting day. Aquarium goldfish, the content of which requires attention, must be fed properly.

    It should be said that aquarium pets are greedy and overfeeding can lead to gastrointestinal diseases. Frozen food before use defrost, and dry soaked in a saucer with aquarium water.

    Repeated freezing of feed is contraindicated. The diet should be varied.

    A bunch of roachard, laid in an aquarium, is able to satisfy the hunger of fish during the week. This is a secret for those traveling on a business trip, and there is no one to care for the fish.

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    It is advisable to put in the aquarium representatives of the same species. Slow individuals (astrologers, telescopes), it is important to settle with each other, and not with fast fish, because they will take their food. And a little more about compatibility:

    1. Cichlids – aggressive look. They will not let their neighbors live in peace.
    2. Tetras. Beautiful union of two peace-loving species. But the problem is that tetras love temperatures from 25 ° C.
    3. Labyrinth. Unpredictable view, albeit a peace-loving.
    4. Soma. Perfect compatibility, but they are not suitable for fighting and anti-stress.
    5. Carp. Fast and aggressive pets can pluck the scales from a neighbor.
    6. Pecilia. Peaceful viviparous fishes, but together with radiant neighbors they look faded.

    Cichlids should not be planted in an aquarium with goldfish

    It is possible to distinguish a male from a female only during the spawning period. At this time, the female’s abdomen has an asymmetrical shape, and the male has white grains on its gills.

    For reproduction, small-leaved plants or a net with large tufts of washcloth in the corners are attached at a distance of 3 cm from the bottom. One female requires two males. The female lays in 5 hours to 3000 eggs.

    After that, the fish are removed, and the temperature in the aquarium is kept at around 15-25 ° C.

    The reservoir is placed away from the sun. Those eggs that have died are removed with the help of snails planted in an aquarium.

    In a week there will be fry. They need to be fed 4-5 times a day with small algae, plankton.

    As they get older, live and store food is added to the diet. In the third month, the fish acquire a characteristic color for the species.

    As the fry grows older, it is necessary to sort them, removing the defective individuals from the aquarium.

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    Like all living things, goldfish are sick. In diseased individuals, the dorsal fin is compressed, the scales are sticking out, the abdomen is swollen, the eyes bulge out. In addition, their appetite decreases and lethargy appears.

    Often this is due to incorrect content. In each water there are parasites, pathogens of diseases.

    With proper care, the immune system of fish is able to repel the attacks of harmful microorganisms. When an aquarium inhabitant is under stress all the time because of adverse factors (improper temperature, wrong food, not that acidity of water, overpopulation of the reservoir, aggressive neighbors), this weakens his immunity and leads to diseases.

    Timely treatment is conducive to recovery. When a fish is sick, it should be moved to another container with a volume of water of 35-50 liters and kept there for at least a month.

    If the condition of the pet is satisfactory, you can not give him medication. In severe cases, drugs should be added to the water.

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