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Content in the Pangasius Aquarium

Siamese pangasius or shark catfish lives in freshwater bodies. Thailand is considered its homeland, although some representatives can be found in the rivers and lakes of Vietnam. Tasty and tender fish meat in these countries is considered a delicacy, many dishes are prepared from it.

But in Russia it is divorced for decorative purposes, aquarists appreciate it for its beautiful and exotic look.

Aquarists appreciate Pangasius for its exotic look.

The som shark belongs to the Pangasiev family. In many Asian countries, it is considered commercial fish.

Externally, catfish really look like a shark, since it has a characteristic triangle-shaped back fin, the same body structure and slightly oblate head.

One of the features of the aquarium shark catfish is the lack of scales. The whole body is simply covered with thin skin, which often leads to various injuries.

Near the mouth there are hanging mustaches – a characteristic difference of all members of the Pangasiev family.

On the body of young individuals you can see stripes of silver or brown color, but in adult catfish these lines are missing. With age, the color becomes darker. Despite the fact that the pangasius has rather large eyes, he sees it very badly, which is why the pangasius is very shy.

He can get a strong fright even by lightly tapping on the glass. The pet starts to rush around the aquarium and beat against surrounding objects and glass, which causes numerous injuries.

Moreover, after an attack, he can lie motionless at the bottom for several days, recuperating and recovering.

To avoid such situations, it is necessary to make aquarium lighting more dim and carefully monitor the condition of the water. Pangasius likes to move in all layers and swim up to the surface, so he needs to provide a fairly large reservoir.

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Shark catfish rather demanding of conditions of detention. In order for the fish to feel well and actively develop, it is necessary to create certain conditions that are close to its natural environment.

These aquatic inhabitants are quite large, so you should pick up a reservoir from 500 liters for the young, but for adult representatives from 1200 liters. This view is always kept in packs, so it is impossible to overload the container with various decorations, especially with sharp objects.

Somiki will simply be wounded about them.

For the young need an aquarium of 500 liters, and for adult fish from 1200 liters

And also it is necessary to observe the following conditions:

  • water temperature – 23−28 degrees;
  • hardness – 2−20%;
  • lighting – moderate.

In addition, it is necessary to update the aquarium water daily for 30% of the volume. The tank, which will contain the aquarium fish Pangasius, must be equipped with a good filtration system.

Elevated levels of ammonia and nitrates cause a number of diseases in catfish.

At the bottom, a good layer of gravel, river sand is sure to fit. If you plan to plant aquatic plants, it is better to take rocks with a strong root system and a thick stem, or, conversely, choose vegetation in the form of grass.

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Shark catfish is a freshwater predator. He catches food in the upper layers of the water, and in the middle, so he does not have any problems with his appetite.

But in the conditions of the aquarium, he cannot eat on his own, therefore it is extremely important to choose the right food for Pangasius, which contains minerals and a number of useful substances, their lack will affect the growth and appearance of the aquatic inhabitant.

It is important to choose a Pangasius food that contains minerals and nutrients.

Properly formulated diet is as follows:

  • it is necessary to feed the Siamese Pangasius three times a day, and to give him portions that correspond to his age;
  • in any feed should contain protein component;
  • very useful for catfish beef meat, but always rolled in a meat grinder;
  • lean fish, such food will provide the aquatic inhabitant with the phosphorus that it needs;
  • every 2−3 days bring the meat of shrimp, squid;
  • vegetable products: potatoes, cabbage, lettuce leaves. The trace elements that make up these vegetables provide the fish with normal growth;
  • various boiled cereals (buckwheat or rice).

During the bait you need to bear in mind that shark catfish are very voracious, you should not overfeed it in any way, it instantly gets fatter. But getting rid of this scourge is quite difficult.

That is why it is necessary once every 10 days to arrange a pet unloading day, when the feed is not introduced at all.

Shark catfish and other fish mostly live peacefully. The “dwarf shark” prefers to frolic in flocks and rarely attacks other inhabitants, especially large representatives. This fish is very shy, despite its large size.

The dwarf shark prefers to live in packs and rarely attacks other inhabitants of the aquarium.

A catfish can become a good and friendly neighbor for large breeds, for example, barbs, cichlids and labo, but it’s better not to move a small fish in an aquarium, the pangasius perceives them as food, therefore it simply eats them.

If the pet does not feel a lack of food, eats regularly and in sufficient quantities, then it will take root with gourami, iris and other similar species. But Pangasius will live with them in the world only until they feel hungry, therefore, deciding to combine these fish, you should be attentive to the composition of the food, and not skip feeding.

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