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Content and types of fish polyterus and compatibility with other

The first representatives of the polypterus genus appeared 60 million years ago during the Mesozoic era. The skeleton of these fish has features characteristic of prehistoric swimming creatures and consists of cartilage. Modern individuals can be found in shallow freshwater rivers and lakes in India and Africa.

They like to be in partial shade and prefer to spend time in various shelters and bushes.

The first representatives of the polypterus genus appeared 60 million years ago during the Mesozoic era.

Unusual fish polyterus is not at all a friendly creature, but a real predator. They prefer to hunt wisely, waiting for their prey.

These creatures do not see well, so they are oriented in space by smell.

Often they are confused with eels, but this is a completely different look. Senegalese fish has strong scales similar to armor. Acne has no such protection.

Wildlife polyphers can grow up to 50 cm in length. These are long-living fish, they can live up to 30 years.

Another feature of the multi-pons is the lack of a swim bladder. The fish have a light, thanks to which they are able to breathe air from the surface.

That is why individuals can do without water for a long time, provided that the body is wet. The most common color is gray-blue.

The body of fish has an elongated, serpentine shape.

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Scientists and chemists analyzed the composition of the scales of multidimen and identified the ganoid – solid protein. Exactly the same was found in the skeletons of extinct individuals.. There are six popular varieties of modern polypheres:

  1. Senegalese. This species is the most active, perseverance and curiosity. The size of the body is no more than 30−40 cm. Such a fish is very friendly with respect to its fellows and other large waterfowl.
  2. Ornatipinis (Congolese). This individual is also called the marble dragon. The color of the fish is gray-brown with a beautiful marble pattern, the belly is decorated with a white and yellow pattern, and a mesh covers the head. Most of the time this creature spends in its shelter, it can only be seen during feeding. Ornatipinis can grow up to 40 cm. This creature is very aggressive and agile.
  3. Endlichera Large fish, the size of which can reach up to 75 cm. The most active at night, moves smoothly and slowly. Enough choosy in the content, it will require a large separate aquarium and live food.
  4. Delgezi. A small fish (not more than 35 cm in length), beautiful and bright. Prefers to be in the shelter all day.
  5. Calabar Kalamoiht. Timid, shy and very nimble fish. It feeds on small waterfowl.
  6. Wixia The largest variety of all Polypterus. Can grow up to 90 cm.

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In addition, there are polypteruses – Senegalese albinos. These are very beautiful individuals of marble-white color with red eyes.

The appearance of such fish is really fabulous.

What will be the aquarium depends on the desired type of polypterus. The content of these fish is not particularly difficult. It should be borne in mind that even small species can grow up to 30 cm in length, and large ones up to 60 cm.

The most important thing is the area of ​​the aquarium, not its height, so it is best to choose a wide structure.

For small waterfowl, a model with an area of ​​120 * 40 cm is suitable, and for larger fish, an aquarium of 180 * 60 cm is required. It is advisable to acquire a not very high construction. Mnogoperov need oxygen for breathing, so they will need to rise from the water.

For the same reason, you should never tightly close the aquarium.

It is impossible to allow even the smallest holes to be present in the construction, since polypheruses will definitely notice this, run away from the aquarium and die from drying out. Quite often, these individuals behave aggressively towards other fish. Sometimes they can fight for food, but they don’t do much harm to each other.

If the owner contains creatures of similar size, there will be no serious conflicts between them. Of course, some individuals may differ violent temper.

In this case, they must be kept separate from others.

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Basically, these fish feed from the bottom, so you need such a ground, which will be easy to care for. A small layer of sand or fine gravel is ideal, but the latter is less natural and it will not be easy for individuals to eat from it.

In the matter of scenery, the content of the Senegalese polyterus differs little from the content of large varieties like uxia. You can buy snags, smooth stones, as well as caves.

Plastic or ceramic tubes will look beautiful, but not too natural.

Fish will look beautiful in the midst of plants. Polysteruses do not eat them and do not damage, but some large individuals can make their way into the thicket.

For this reason, it is better to acquire moss or hard-leaved species of plants.

It is necessary to take care of good filtering. These fish are not very active compared to others and litter a bit, but the remaining protein feed creates a lot of small litter, which quickly poison the water.

The ideal temperature for mnogoperov – 25−30 degrees. It is desirable that the water was soft enough. The light level is not too fundamental.

Mostly these fish are active at night, because they like twilight, but the bright light in the process of feeding does not bother them. You can put in the aquarium a few blue lamps, designed for the evening time and turn them on when the main light is already off, and the poly terraces begin their activity.

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Polypterus are predatory fish, it is very important for them to hunt. Ideally, they need to be fed with fish, but besides it, worms, bloodworms and zoophobos will do.

These individuals do not catch prey instantly, they prefer to hunt down the victim and they also eat slowly.

Each type of polypterus has its own taste preferences. For example, the Senegalese dragon loves the following types of live food:

  • earthworms;
  • squid;
  • shrimp;
  • pieces of beef;
  • small fish.

The feeding and maintenance of the polytus Delgezy has its own nuances. These fish can be treated:

  • fry;
  • mussels;
  • shrimp;
  • beef heart;
  • small fish.

It should be noted that the nutrition of aquarium fish should be varied and balanced. If dry food is used, attention should be paid to its production date and shelf life.

It is better not to buy bulk feed, and store them only in closed form.

Food aquarium fish should be varied and balanced.

In terms of compatibility, the most important parameter is the size of neighboring individuals. Fish should be the same in size. The following types will be good friends for polypteriuses:

  • apteronotus;
  • shark barbs;
  • butterfly fish;
  • giant gourami;
  • astronotus;
  • large cyclides;
  • Indian knives;
  • African acaras.

Young animals of multi-pans can be kept in small flocks, but this content is unacceptable for adult fish. Sometimes adult individuals can pounce on waterfowl, which exceed them in size, but such situations do not happen from evil, but because of poor eyesight.

In terms of compatibility, the most important parameter is the size of neighboring individuals.

Most of the fish of this genus, sold in stores, are caught in the natural environment. But polypterus can be diluted independently, although it is very difficult.

Spawning can be stimulated by lowering the temperature of the water.

The mating period of these fish lasts three months and begins in mid-summer. During the courtship, a pair of whelps dance in a circle, touch their bodies and slightly bite each other.

Caviar they get small, so you will need to add moss to the aquarium. The eggs will settle on it neatly.

A good solution would be Javanese moss, crismas and string.

After individuals spawn, you need to remove it with moss, otherwise the fish can eat their offspring. On the 4th day after spawning, the larvae will be released from the spawn.

Newly appeared polypterus are fed with nauplii of artemia.

The young will have distinct gills that disappear as they mature. In the fry, the predator instinct awakens early; they will hunt even less powerful brethren.

In order to preserve as much of the offspring as possible, it is necessary to sort the fry according to their size and to settle separately.

The marriage period for polypheresis lasts three months and begins in mid-summer.

Senegalese dragon has good health and rarely gets sick. But as a result of improper content, his immune system is able to weaken.

Since creatures feed predominantly on protein food, they cannot be overfed. This can lead to obesity, the first signs of which are lethargy and apathy.

Polyperus can lie for a long time and not react to what is happening, the tummy is rounded, the metabolism is disturbed. Internal organs can refuse, and the fish will die.

At the first symptoms of the disease, you need to put the fish on a diet and feed 1 time in 3 – 4 days. You can give fat-free bloodworm.

Polypterus may start parasites. If a creature very often rises behind the air and it is difficult for it to breathe, this is one sign of the presence of monogene flukes.

The fish stops eating, it becomes inactive. You need to carefully consider the head of the dragon (you can see the worms). To get rid of parasites need to use the following tools:

  • Formalin;
  • Methylene blue;
  • Malachite green;
  • Chlorophos;
  • Asipirin.

As a result of improper maintenance, the immune system of the polyterus is able to weaken.

You can run the drug in the aquarium and raise the water temperature by a few degrees so that the parasite comes out of the fish’s body and into the water with the medicine.

Another possible disease is poisoning. This is indicated by the dark gills of polypterus.

It may occur due to improper operation of the filter or water pollution. Poisoned fish seeks to climb out on land and refuses food. Fins may turn red or the scales will become disheveled.

The aquarium should be well cleaned and eliminated all contamination, and the filter removed and cleaned.

At the time of cleaning dragons should be placed in a separate prepared container. Water should be changed daily at 20% – this will remove ammonia. When the redness passes and the gills become a natural color, you need to deal with improving immunity.

To do this, drip fishtamine into the water. The appearance of the scales in the process of treatment is not always an indicator of recovery: it can immediately take on its natural appearance, and it can remain disheveled for a while.

Water should be changed daily at 20% – this will remove ammonia.

Polyperus is a very attractive fish, and a lot of interesting information has been collected about it. The following facts are known:

  • Senegalese dragons are often placed in demonstration aquariums.
  • The bright and unusual appearance of the fish makes it attractive for video shooting. Habitat mnogoperov – a popular place for photographers.
  • The predatory creature very quickly gets used to its master and even swims out of its refuge to meet it.
  • If the dragon’s torso is kept moist, it can live for a long time without water. These fish can wait for their prey on land for several hours.
  • At the beginning of the 20th century, the photos of polypters were very expensive.

The Senegalese dragon is a freshwater creature with a pulmonary respiratory system. It is very difficult to breed these fish on their own, but they live long and can grow up to 50 cm in length.

Mnogoperov unpretentious, but if you do not care for them, they can get sick. Polypterus are not fish for everyone, as they spend most of the day in their shelter.

But if there is a desire to have a truly unusual and very beautiful living creature, you can choose a dragon.

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