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Content and reproduction of aquarium fish akara turquoise

Among the aquarium fish are bright and colorful specimens, but sometimes for a pleasant appearance lies aggressive. Akara turquoise in the people is called “green terrorist”. Such a nickname she received for complex behavior.

Is a selection form of blue Akara, but with a more saturated and bright color. It belongs to the cichlid family.

The people of Akara turquoise called “green terrorist”

Akara turquoise fish in nature live in the waters of South America, western Ecuador and the central part of Peru. They prefer rivers with clear water.

Poor tolerate high pH. For the first time were described in 1860 by Gunter.

Cichlid akara turquoise in nature grows up to 30 cm. In captivity, its size does not exceed 20 cm.

The average life expectancy is 10 years.

Turquoise Akara has a strong body. Dorsal and anal fin pointed, caudal has a rounded shape.

The head is large and massive.

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Due to the unusual color of the representatives of this species have the perfect disguise:

  • scales turquoise silver;
  • an orange stripe runs along the edge of the fins;
  • Turquoise tiger marks on the muzzle and gill covers.

This color allows it to remain invisible. In the game of sun rays and waves, the shiny scales make its owner hidden from other fish.

Young individuals are colored blue.

The content of Akara turquoise is not such a simple matter. For a pair of individuals need an aquarium of at least 300 liters. Representatives of this species are distinguished by intraspecific aggression.

Therefore, for a comfortable existence, they are provided with large territories. Any decorations (castles, snags, pots, etc.) should not be sharp, as the fish can be scratched on them.

Turquoise akara different aggressive nature

As the soil used pebbles of medium size. Akars often dig up the soil, so the plants are better planted in separate pots.

Echinodorus, Anubias, cryptocorynes will do. On the other greens, fish are incompatible.

Some of the water in the aquarium is changed weekly. Be sure to establish aeration and filtration.

The temperature is best kept at 26 ° C. However, a decrease to 18 ° C akara turquoise tolerates well.

Fish love subacid and soft water.

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A light day is not shorter than ten hours. The lighting is average, at night you can use special lamps.

Compatibility of different types of fish is ambiguous. Among aquarists, there are heated discussions about the content of certain individuals in some tanks.

Some people make tables with information about sharing content.

Turquoise cancer can be settled in one aquarium:

  • with black-striped tsikhlazami;
  • with severiums;
  • with parrots;
  • with big catfish.

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In no case can not turquoise cancer lodge with small fish. They will be eaten.

It is not necessary to push them to the Clarias and the pseudoplatists.

Akars are predators and are prone to obesity. Therefore, you need to feed the fish twice a day in small portions. It is better to remove all uneaten remains immediately., otherwise they begin to rot.

Food can be given live and frozen. Tubber, crickets, bloodworm, artemia, gammarus will do.

Pieces of shrimp and mussel meat are suitable as a delicacy.

Required in the diet of vegetable feed. They provide the fish with vitamins and minerals. To do this, use spirulina, algae and others.

Scalded cucumbers and pumpkins can be given.

Industrial dry food contains not only nutrients, but also all the necessary minerals and vitamins. It is enough to pour a small amount of them into the water., and the fish will get everything you need for life.

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The multiplication of turquoise cancer is fraught with some difficulties. Individuals are distinguished by aggressive behavior, and it is difficult to create comfortable conditions for their existence.

In this species, sexual dimorphism is pronounced.

The male is larger, brighter, and has fatty growth on his head. The older he is, the bigger his “bump” is.

The female is smaller, and her forehead is “flat”, but her character is more aggressive. Individuals reach sexual maturity by the age of 8 months.

Breeding begins with the process of forming pairs. In the aquarium run on 8−10 fish.

Over time, they disperse into pairs. To stimulate spawning raise the temperature of the water and increase its quantity.

Breeding Akara can be difficult because of their aggressiveness.

The initiator of the process can be either a female or a male. If the mating dance is performed by the female, then she pokes a muzzle in his side, thereby calling for reproduction.

The male chooses a suitable flat stone and pushes the chosen one towards him.

For one laying goes up to 300 eggs. Both parents look after them.

All this time they are very aggressive and fiercely protect the nest. The female regularly throws out unfertilized eggs.

Fry appear four days later. They are immediately moved to small pits that parents have previously dug.

Kids will be ready for free swimming on the 12th day of life. The young are fed with micro-plankton, cyclops, rotifers.

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