maintenance, care, compatibility
The compatibility of aquarium fish is a burning issue that many aquarists have. And it does not matter who you are – a novice aquarist or already experienced, when deciding whether to populate an aquarium, you automatically have passing experiences about the compatibility and compatibility of the fish with each other.
The compatibility of aquarium fish is a vast subject, controversial, purely individual for everyone. Therefore, around it there is a lot of debate, controversy and controversy.
Well, let us try to systematize this question in this article and how to fully disclose it!
First, let’s look at the basic rules for selecting aquarium fish.
– When choosing aquarium fish in the first place take into account their compatibility.
– eat fish not compatible together;
– eat fish relatively compatible;
– eat completely compatible;
– Choosing a specific type of aquarium fish in a pet store, evaluate their health status (fish should not be lethargic, pale, etc.)
Assess the degree of aggressiveness of a specific fish (even if this type of fish is peaceful, sometimes overly aggressive types are encountered, for example, this behavior is often found in gays of blue).
– When buying fish, consider their features and intraspecific aggression.
For example, for “harem” fish, one mate needs to take a pair of females and vice versa for such fish as danios or barbs you need to take a flock, in which males will prevail.
Fish swim in different layers of water: someone in the lower layer, someone on average, and someone at the top.
So that your aquarium does not look empty, select fish living in different layers of water.
– When choosing and buying fish, be sure to consider the comfortable parameters of water for their maintenance. It is impossible to combine the fish with different requirements – one will be hot and the other cold, one needs soft water, and the other, on the contrary, harder.
– As a general rule, it is recommended to keep large fish with large, slow-moving with slow-moving, nimble and nimble.
– If there are “herbivorous” fish in your tank, consider this when buying plants. In this case, it is better to acquire artificial plants or hard-leaved plants, and the fish themselves to buy inexpensive plant species or breed duckweed.
-There is one more rule! If the fish are relatively compatible, and you really really want “both this and that.”
Consider that it is best to buy and plant such fish in the aquarium at the same time with young (fry). In this case, the fish, though not very friendly to each other, but as they say they can “get used to.”
I do not think that the above rules sparkle with innovation, but as a starting point in the discussion of compatibility of fish there are places to be.
Now let’s get straight to the issue of compatibility. As already mentioned, the fish can be divided into:
1. Compatible with each other;
2. Not compatible;
3. And relatively compatible.
With the first two points, everything is clear – the Goldfish family or neons will not last long with cichlids, or, for example, astronotuses perceive guppies and other small fish as live food. Conversely, guppies are friends with mollies and patzilia.
Full compatibility or incompatibility of fish due to the following features:
– family, squad, suborder of fish;
– parameters of aquarium water and conditions of the fish;
That is, if you combine in the aquarium fish from one family or about the same size, or with identical conditions of detention – then this will guarantee success! FOR THE EXCLUSION OF ONE, BUT.
Each rule has its exceptions.
I will give an example. Guppies and swordtails belong to the family of petsilians – viviparous fish, they are about the same size (almost, that is, those and those are not large fish.
Sword-bearers, of course, will be more than guppeshek) and their conditions of detention are virtually identical. It would seem that the fish are absolutely compatible with each other.
However, it is not. Despite the absolute similarity of the fish on the above criteria, skirmishes and fights can occur between them, swordtails can drive and bite the guppy’s tail fins.
Moreover, in this and the other species, intraspecific aggression is observed, which also adversely affects their joint content in the general aquarium.
At the same time, the Sword-bearers, the live-bearers and the scalar, are South American cichlids, who live peacefully together. Moreover, they look very beautiful together, especially if the swordtails are red, and the scalars are black, voile ones.
Fish of different families, of different sizes, however, are absolutely compatible with each other.
In the photo is an aquarium, clearly confirming the compatibility of the Sword and Angelfish
Based on the foregoing, you can not take for granted and pick up the fish, dividing them only by: size, type and conditions of detention. It is fundamentally wrong to group fish in a similar way and to say that fish from a certain group are absolutely compatible with each other.
In other words, 100% guarantee of compatibility of purchased fish, nobody will give you, there are always nuances and features that you better know yourself and in advance.
In my opinion, a more interesting question is related to the relative compatibility of fish. Since it fully reveals the lit question and gives rise to reflection and discussion.
Often, such compatibility is possible in pp 4, 6 and 8 of the Rules indicated above, adhering to which, it is possible to achieve sometimes the striking “combination of incompatible”.
To give a clear concept of relative compatibility, I will give an example from personal experience. Not so long ago, an article on Ternition was updated on our website, where it was stated that they are compatible with Bagging Som.
When the article was ready and released on the “air”, I turned to the expert of our website for fish breeding – Vitaly Chernyavsky with a request to review the article. So, as a comment to the article, Vitaly expressed his opinion that the Ternetsia and Bagniferous soma are not compatible, since the latter are terrible aggressors and predators. To which I objected in surprise – as so, because in my aquarium the thorns have been swimming for a long time with two bag-tailed catfish and everything is fine between them.
Our discussion is at a standstill, because the arguments that the expert cited did not correspond to the real situation in my aquarium.
The time has passed, and somehow, on the Internet, I was caught by the book of I.I. Sheremetyeva “Aquarium fish”, 1989, where the author describes the natural habitat and behavior of fish in natural conditions.
When I began to read a section of the book on the bag-wading catfish, my hair became on end. It turns out that these catfish are not just predators, but “fierce killers”.
In their homeland, in Asia, they exterminate all the fish that are in their reservoir, and when there is no one left, they crawl out onto dry land and crawl to the nearest new reservoir for the “new victim”, while at the same time eating on land »Insects and small frogs.
It turns out that Vitaly Chernyavsky was right, bag-haired catfish are really fierce beasts.
The most important paradox is that, along with thorns in my aquarium, along with catfish “killers”, for six months I calmly swim the most innocent live-bearers, Radishes. Who does not believe, here is a photo.
THERE’S SO, THAT IS THE SAME VILLAGE OF FISH AND IS CALLED RELATIVE COMPATIBILITY How to achieve this? Well, firstly, do not go too far, secondly, clearly adhere to the previously stated rules, well, and third, perhaps the most important – you need to have experience, read and treat your pets and the aquarium as a whole in good faith. To reveal the individual compatibility of a specific aquarium fish is very difficult.
To do this, you need to write a separate article for each type and at the same time take into account specific conditions of detention Therefore, if you have any questions, I OFFER TO DISCUSS THEM IN THE COMMENTS TO THE ARTICLE.
Summing up the article to a logical conclusion, I would like to finally draw the reader’s attention to the mistakes that aquarists make when combining fish.
The first and perhaps the most blatant violation of the compatibility of fish – is the overgrowth of the aquarium. Each aquarium pet should live in a comfortable environment, and not in the “communal”.
Overpopulation of aquarium is a direct path to fights, injuries and death of any fish, even peaceful ones.
Second violation – This is not compliance with the conditions of detention and zoning of the aquarium. Containing fish, you need to take into account their specifics, their characteristics and character.
For example, you can not contain wyunov akvantoftalmusov in an aquarium with coarse-grained soil. Aquantophthalmos are bottom-dwelling and love to dig in the ground, therefore sand or small pebbles are suitable as a substrate.
On a large soil, they will “fight like asphalt”, may be injured and die.
Zoning is to divide the aquarium into zones of influence. For example, in order to prevent scalar fights among themselves, it is recommended for each individual to zone an aquarium with plants – vallisneria.
And the third violation. Always remember that “We are responsible for those who have tamed.”
Improper maintenance of fish leads to dismal consequences. In bad conditions, the fish begin to fight for survival, fight and die.
Below is a table of compatibility of aquarium fish. She is often criticized by aquarists, however, as a guide she can serve well
Below are all other aquarium fish compatibility charts.
TYPES OF GOLDEN FISHES
with photo, description and links
The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties – the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.
Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.
The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century.
Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.
The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides.
Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female’s belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.
For the maintenance of goldfish, an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters per specimen is best suited.. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.
With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l you can settle two goldfish (you can have three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtration and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc.
This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.
A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants.
Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.
Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 – 23 ° С, in the winter – 15 – 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%.
If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.
Goldfish are unpretentious regarding feed. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish.
Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening.
Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm.
It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish’s esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish, the consequence of which could be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds – flakes, 20-30 seconds – granules) in water and only then give them to the fish.
When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).
Long-bodied goldfish durable, under good conditions, they can live up to 30 – 35 years, short ones – up to 15 years.
Types of goldfish
Heavenly eye or astrologer
The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward.
Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color.
Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Astrologer or celestial eye: description, content, compatibility
This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm. It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back.
Coloring is different. The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyes
Vualekhvost or Fantail
The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big.
The color of the veil tail is different – from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Everything about Veilhvostah
Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl
The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin.
Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet
Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called “Goldfish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish – with a growth-cap on its head.
The body, like many “Goldfish” ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda
Another artificially derived form of “Golden Fish”. Homeland – Japan.
Ranchu literally translated as “cast in orchid.” The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Ranchu: description content compatibility
Another selection form of “Golden Fish”, derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds. In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin.
In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin
The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope
The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso.
The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle. In the area of the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead
Video with Golden Fish species