maintenance, care, compatibility
Comet aquarium fish: content, compatibility, photo-video review
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 20-23 S.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Compatibility: with all peaceful fish (danios, thorns, speckled catfish, neons, etc.)
Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the “Golden Fish” nibbled and left a lot of “Kakul”.
So, this is not true. He himself repeatedly turned on such fish and at the moment one of the aquariums is busy with them … there is no dirt – I spend the easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be scared of sellers tales.
Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of “kakulyami”, bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmus cules) and other aquarium orderlies.
It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation – do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.
One of the fish included in the so-called family of “Golden Fish”. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin.
Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.
Coloring options for a comet are different. Of particular value are individuals whose body color is different from the color of the fins. Basically, the body color is red-orange with the presence of sometimes white and yellow.
The color of the fish is affected by the degree of coverage of the aquarium and feed. The best way to preserve the originality of the coloring of a comet’s goldfish is fresh food, good lighting and the presence of shaded areas in the aquarium.
Fish length up to 18 cm, life expectancy is about 14 years.
These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding – the key to success is the balance of the feed.
Fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and overeating.
For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish – barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.
Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 20-23 C, aquarium water hardness 6-18, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.
The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants.
Therefore, in the aquarium with the best to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening.
Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed.
Feeding any aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
A comet is a type of goldfish (Carassius Auratus) with a luxurious tail that is significantly longer than its body – the result of the painstaking work of breeders. It happened at the end of the XIX century according to some data in America, on the other – in Japan. The truth, as we know, is always somewhere in the middle.
So it was decided to assume that the comet was bred in the USA by the naturalist Hugh Mullet based on one of the subspecies of a goldfish imported from Japan. On the characteristic features of the golden comet, the rules of its content in the domestic water reservoir and the difficulties of breeding will describe below.
Optimum conditions of detention Carassius gibelio forma auratus
The comet fish is a bright representative of the carp family. The second name that is often found among aquarists is “golden fish”.
This is the most beautiful representative of your aquarium, which, moreover, can perfectly get along with all the peace-loving fish.
The opinion that comet fish are very unscrupulous is controversial. You just need to have a few catfish, which are considered to be the orderlies of aquariums.
And you can enjoy the spectacle of the beautiful and graceful representatives of the aquarium fauna. Beautiful photo proof of that.
Comet fish are very beautiful and very unusual in appearance. The body is somewhat elongated and ends with a luxurious forked tail fin, which makes it look like a veiltail.
Fin length reaches ¾ of body length. The longer the tail – the more valuable the aquarium fish.
The dorsal fin is also well developed.
The color options for fish are varied – from pale yellow with white patches to almost black. The color is affected by:
- illumination of the aquarium;
- the presence of shaded areas;
- the amount and variety of algae.
These factors can affect the color shades of the aquarium fish, but it is impossible to change the color drastically.
Several photos will demonstrate the color scheme of “goldfish”.
Another factor that influences the value of the cometary fish is the contrast in the color of the body and the fins. The greater the tone difference, the more valuable the copy.
Since the comet is an artificially cultivated ornamental aquarium fish, the only flaw in the experiments is considered to be a slightly swollen abdomen, which, however, does not spoil the appearance of the “golden fish”.
The general rules for feeding comets are very simple. And if you do them correctly, then the fauna of your aquarium will long please the eye.
Under favorable conditions, fish can live up to 14 years.
Comets are very voracious and if they are saturated enough, this can provoke intestinal diseases. It is imperative to observe the timing of feeding and the amount of feed.
The diet should include live and vegetable food. Its amount should not exceed 3% of fish weight per day. You need to feed twice a day – in the morning and in the evening, preferably in the same time limits.
Feeding time ranges from 10 to 20 minutes, after which the remnants of the uneaten food should be removed from the aquarium.
If the nutrition of comets is carried out correctly and fully, they can, if necessary, endure a week-long hunger strike without harm to health.
The comet fish is one of the selection forms from a goldfish from the genus of carp carp family. Thanks to the attractiveness of the fish has become popular around the world.
There are several versions of the origin of comets. One indicates that the fish were bred in America in the 1800s, and the other to Japanese origin.
Comets are beautiful and unpretentious pets, the content of which is within the power of all aquarium hobbyists.
The comet has an oblong body and a beautiful long tail, often 2–3 times longer than the body length of the fish. The shape of the tail is fork forked, which resembles a voile-tailed fish.
The fins are also elongated, fluttering like ribbons. The body shape ichthyologists distinguish signs of degeneration of the breed. The body should be flat and elongated, and a rounded abdomen indicates changes in genetics.
The value of comets is also determined by their color. The most valuable are the fish with different colors of the body and fins.
Comet goldfish has a red-orange color with white or yellow spots. Red fish can be various shades of this color, from orangish to blood-scarlet.
There is also a black breed called “black velvet”, when the fish is painted completely in pure black.
By the nature of the comet is peaceful and calm, they develop rapidly and actively. Keep in the middle and lower layers of water.
In the aquarium comet can live up to 14 years.
Adult specimens are up to 18 cm in length; their content is more suitable for a pond than for a small aquarium. Therefore, for these fish will need a large capacity of 120 liters per pair. Mandatory cover, as the fish often jump out of the aquarium.
Need enhanced aeration and high-quality filtering. Regularly replace a quarter of the volume of water, because the fish do not tolerate dirty water.
In the warm season, the temperature in the aquarium is maintained from 18 to 23 ° C, in winter from 15 to 18 ° C. Hardness 9-25 °, acidity 6.5-8.
Like goldfish, comets love to rummage in the substrate, so coarse sand or unsharp pebbles are chosen as soil, placed on the bottom with a thickness of 5-6 cm. ground and settling on the leaves. Suitable Vallisneria, Elodieus, arrowhead, sagittariya, pod.
You can’t place spiky objects that comets can injure their fins about. Comets need good lighting and shelters.
In the shaded areas, the fish often hide. For registration of capacity use snags, smooth stones, plastic plants.
Comets are picky about food, like a lot and eat tasty food. Therefore, you should not overfeed them, otherwise they face obesity, fraught with sterility of fish. If the fish nevertheless began to get better or turn over on their backs, they should be immediately put on a unloading diet.
Healthy fish can last a week without food. Adult fish are fed 2 times a day, and leftover food is removed.
Each feeding procedure is designed for 10–20 minutes of eating the feed, after which food residues must be caught to avoid poisoning of the water with rotten food.
Aquarium comet eats live and frozen food in the form of bloodworms, earthworms, seafood, feed. From plant food fish eat nettle leaves and lettuce.
For feeding gluttonous comets in the aquarium, you can keep floating plants such as riccia and duckweed. To maintain the brightness or improve the color of comets can be fed with specialized feed for goldfish.
Comets tolerate salinity up to 12-15%, so when a distinctive disease appears, 5-7 grams of sea salt per liter is added to the water. The signs of disease include the appearance on the body of fish plaque type semolina, as well as gluing fins. The fish may begin rubbing against objects and swimming in jerks.
Comets can be subject to the following diseases: mycobacteriosis, carp pox, gastric inflammation, inversion, common cold, dropsy, ringworm, scabies, scale clouding. Fish are deposited in a separate container and begin treatment that is suitable for a particular disease.
Aquarium comets are excellent inhabitants of aquariums that have earned the genuine interest of many aquarists for their beauty and character traits. By following all the rules and providing the fish with good care, you can enjoy their company for many years.
The Comet Fish is a selective form of the Goldfish. She was bred in the United States in the 1800s. These aquarian inhabitants are representatives of the genus Karasei, so they are characterized by a fairly simple body structure.
A truly luxurious tail, a long one with a split and a deep cut, testifies to belonging to the elite of the fish kingdom.
The nature of the fish is very calm and peaceful. They get along well with all representatives of the class Goldfish, as well as with tetras, aquarium catfish, viviparous.
Aquarium water for the maintenance of comets should have the following characteristics:
- temperature: 20-23 degrees, although individuals feel quite normal at a lower temperature (up to 15 degrees);
- rigidity – 6-18;
- pH – 5-8.
Part of the water should be replaced regularly. The volume of the aquarium depends on the number of inhabitants.
On average, one representative of Goldfish should have at least 40 liters of water. 70 liters is enough for two fish, that is: the more inhabitants in the aquarium, the greater their density is allowed.
But in this case it is necessary to provide high-quality aeration.
You should not expect that in an aquarium where the Comet Goldfish lives with its comrades, order will be maintained. Despite the immobility, Comets are very fond of digging in the ground (like all other representatives of the Karas). Therefore, in the aquarium should be coarse sand or pebbles without sharp particles with a layer of 5-6 cm.
For the same reason, it should not be planted too whimsical plants that will be eaten or dug in the shortest possible time. Plants with a strong root system and hard leaves, for example, valisneria, nugget or elodea, turn out to be the most enduring.
This variety of Goldfish is completely unpretentious and in the choice of food. They are happy to eat any kind of live and vegetable food. However, such promiscuousness in food often leads to their obesity.
If the red fish “swollen” on the sides or abdomen, then once a week it should be arranged for a fasting day, in a running form – and put it on a starvation diet for several days. To prevent obesity, fish should be given daily only 3% of the feed in relation to their body weight.
Also, the Comet fish needs bright light. It allows you to emphasize and enhance its beautiful color.
It is possible to determine that the conditions of keeping fish are unsuitable, according to the following criteria:
- The fins or tail are stratified – excessive density of fish population.
- Fins or the whole body turned black – inappropriate composition of water.
Normal maintenance of a comet in an aquarium is impossible without a heater and a powerful filter. Living conditions have a great influence on the appearance of the fish, as well as their ability to breed.