maintenance, care, compatibility
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish.
Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish. In males, the character is snooty, for which they are called “fighting fish”.
They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity. If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established – then all inhabitants will be comfortable.
An important rule – it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight.
On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male.
Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable.
If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
The fighting fish has got its name for the fact that the males are fighting menacing battles that can result in the death of one of them.
The male is allowed to combine with the female, but on the condition that the vessel is rather large and has a place to hide. Two males can be kept in a single tank, elongated in length using transparent partitions with openings for the movement of water.
It is better to plant tall plants near the walls in order to reduce the visibility of rivals.
In most cases the cockerel contain one. He can pick up fish of a different species, which he does not hurt. It is impossible to place to him sedentary individuals with veil fins (guppies, voilehtails) – he will tear them off.
Fast coarse fish are better suited for cohabitation, with small fins – barbs, danios.
The betta fish or cockerel (lat. Betta splendens) is unpretentious, handsome, but can slaughter the female and other males. It is a typical labyrinth fish, that is, it can breathe atmospheric oxygen.
It was the aquarium cockerel, and even his relative, the macropod, that were among the first aquarium fish that were brought to Europe from Asia. But long before that moment, the fighting fish were already bred in Thailand and Malaysia.
Fish gained popularity for its luxurious appearance, interesting behavior and ability to live in small aquariums. And he is easily divorced and just as easily crossed, as a result – a lot of color variations, different in everything, from the color to the shape of the fins.
The wild form of the rooster does not shine with beauty – greenish or brown, with an oblong body and short fins. He received the name of the fighting fish for the fact that the males arrange furious fights with each other, which often end with the death of one of the opponents. Wild form and to this day used in Thailand for fighting, although not already leading up to the complete destruction of one of the fish.
Despite the fact that the fish are fierce fighters, they have a peculiar behavior in a fight. If one of the males rises after the air during the battle, the second one will not touch it, but wait patiently until it returns.
Also, if two males fight, the third does not interfere with them, but waits in the wings.
But those cockerels, which you will find on sale, are far from such fighting fish as their relatives. No, their character has not changed, they will also fight.
The very concept of this fish has changed, because the current breeds must bear beauty, they have gorgeous fins, so long that they are damaged even by plants, not to mention fighting. They are kept for beauty, gorgeous colors and equally gorgeous fins, and not for fighting qualities.
With the right neighbors, they are pretty livable. But during spawning, the male is extremely aggressive, and will attack any fish. Especially fish like him (even his female) or brightly colored.
Because of this, they usually keep one for an aquarium, or they pick up fish for him that he cannot offend. A male can be kept with a female, provided that the aquarium is large enough and the female has room to hide.
Attention! The cockerel is just great for beginners and those aquarists who can not afford a large aquarium.
He needs the very minimum both in volume and in nutrition. And he is unpretentious, strong, always on sale.
Due to its labyrinth apparatus, it can survive in poor water for oxygen, and in very small aquariums.
If you have been to the market, you probably have seen how these fish are often sold in tiny banks. On the one hand, it speaks about unpretentiousness in maintenance and care, but on the other hand it is a bad example.
On how to choose the right aquarium for the cock you can read the link, there is nothing complicated there. It dwells in all layers of water, but prefers the upper ones.
It is very simple to keep it, for one fish, 15-20 liters will be enough, although this is a minimal amount, it still needs care. You should not keep it in a round aquarium, although it is a popular phenomenon.
It is better to have a rooster in an aquarium of 30 liters, with a heater and always covered, as they can jump out.
If you do not contain one, but other fish, you need an even more spacious aquarium, with shelters for the female, preferably with dimmed light and floating plants. From regular care, it is imperative to change the water, about 25% of the volume per week, since the accumulated decay products will primarily affect the state of the fins.
As for the filter, it does not hurt, but oxygen (aeration) is not needed, it breathes from the surface of the water.
As for water parameters, they can be very different, only temperature is crucial, since it is a tropical species. In general, it is recommended: temperature 24-29C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 – 35 dGH.
Neons are small freshwater fish of the Kharatsin family. In the wild, they are very active and brisk, able to quickly hide from predators, maneuvering among thick plants.
Body size reaches 3 cm in length, life expectancy depends on water temperature: from 1.5 years to 3 years. Behavioral characteristics: due to a peaceful disposition, they can live together with each other in a flock, as well as with other species of fish.
Guppies and neons, petsyli and neons, catfish and neons get along well in the same aquarium. Such compatibility is beneficial for novice aquarists, since these types of fish will definitely not harm each other.
What else should be considered in compatibility? Males of neons are brighter in color than females, the contrast of scales depends on the species. But one thing unites them – a horizontal strip passes through the body, which glitters with “neon” shimmering even in darkness.
This feature can be attractive to predatory fish and those who do not welcome next to their more beautiful neighbors. So settle a flock of neons of 5-7 fish and more in a spacious tank with shelters so that in case of unforeseen attacks, they can hide in time.
Neons are characterized by calm behavior, and only during the spawning season they become overly active and cocky. Therefore, choose as your neighbors for them fish are not predatory, but omnivorous or herbivorous, balanced and not very playful.
There are a number of rules that are important to ensure that the compatibility of neons with other fish in the aquarium is the most successful.
Look at the successful version of the general aquarium with neons.
- Compatibility is possible between fish that live in the wild in a similar environment. Neon fish live in water at a temperature of 18-24 ° C, pH 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 8-20o. Therefore, their neighbors in the aquarium should be adapted to the same parameters.
- Neon cannot be settled with large predators that feed exclusively on meat and carrion. Otherwise, peace-loving neons will become prey for them – the fins can be cut off, at a minimum.
- You can not settle in the general aquarium fish large and small, such an incompatibility can cause severe stress, or loss of bright body color.
- Choose neighbors, similar in temperament. Small and nimble fish will feel comfortable in the company of calm and not fast fish. What is it for? The fact is that the activity of fish can cause fluctuations in water, which can lead to stress.
- Neons are schooling fishes, not loners. They feel well in the company of the same kindred, the fish alone will not live long.
Neon get on well in the home pond with such aquarium fish: Pecillia (guppies, swordtails, mollies, placiums), speckled catfish, panda, tetra, danio rheo, labo, rastar, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, hyacinths, sweaters, laboratories, rasomes, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, marines, sweaters, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, and fish. Consider compatibility with some fish in more detail.
See how well the scalar and neons get along in one aquarium.
Somiki corridor are excellent neighbors for small haracin ones, live together in the bottom layers of the aquarium, and collect remnants of uneaten food. The corridors are innocuous fish, also small and peaceful, they love to watch their neighbors without harming them.
Rasbory – can make an excellent company neon. Among them: the actual rasbory, boraras, microassemblies and trigonustigma, some of them belong to the family Karpovye.
Fishes of the Family Petsilievye (guppies, molly, sword-bearers, petsilia) – peacefully cohabit with haracin. Swordtails also have small body size, but males may be excessively active. It should be borne in mind that more than two swordtail males sometimes pursue smaller neighbors, especially during the spawning period.
With insufficient feeding, in the cramped, small place for swimming, the swordtails become unbearable. So that these fish do not terrorize small neons, the aquarium should be spacious, with a sufficient number of plants and shelters.
Neons are poorly compatible with such fish:
- Large catfish, cichlids, barbs, astronotus, cockerels, koi carps – those who live in cool water, or have a predatory, aggressive behavior.
- Goldfish – they live in cool water, and are aggressive towards bright fish and their offspring.
- Angelfish – can live with neons only under the condition that they all grew up with the age of young animals. But neon-stranger scalar will be perceived as food. Also during the mating season, the scalar will be aggressively inclined towards everyone, including these small fish.
A typical question for aquarists who are going to keep Poecilia reticulata (Guppy) in the general aquarium is: “Which fish get along with guppies?”. It is important to avoid settling with predatory fish, such as the red-tailed shark, Sumatran barbs, scalars, large cichlids, eels, and mastembela.
The best aquarium neighbors for small viviparous fishes (3-7 cm) are small fish with a peaceful nature.
Fish that are suitable for settlement with Poecilia reticulata
There are a large number of freshwater aquarium fish that can live with guppies in peace and harmony. The listed types are the safest options.
They mate with these viviparous Pecillians in terms of similarity of living conditions and behavioral characteristics.
Somiki corridor – relatively slow swimmers, almost always in the lower layers of the aquarium. They are characterized by small body size and calm disposition, they gradually clean the aquarium from food debris.
Guppies swim in the upper and middle layers of the water, so the corridors will not hook them. However, one should not add salt to the water in which catfish live (and the pets-liqueras love such water), otherwise they will die.
See how guppies and catfish corridor dwell in the same aquarium.
Indian glass fish, or Malaysian glass – it is often confused with glass catfish, but they are completely different species. The glass is a peaceful and rather hardy fish, they are excellent companions for guppies and other small tropical fish.
The transparent body of the body makes them unique, they even shine through the skeleton and internal organs. Malaysian glass is characterized by gregarious behavior, swims in a group of 5-7 fish. It is not recommended to buy fish with a fluorescent color.
Just “painted” glass fish are more sensitive to the parameters of the aquatic environment, and during the disease color pigment can open wounds, causing infection in the water.
Mollies, patcilia, swordtails – viviparous fish of the Family Petsilievye, which are best compatible with guppies. All fish are related species, in the general aquarium they can breed, bringing hybrid offspring. Guppies, mollies and platies will not conflict with each other.
But the swordtails, especially adult males, can terrorize the tail fish, so it is better to settle with “swords” fish with short fins. Mollies prefer to live in a pair.
If in a spacious aquarium will live a couple of moles and a few guppies, you get a great neighborhood.
Neon tetra – the most popular freshwater and tropical fish. You can keep with any peaceful species of fish, it was even called “pearls of the aquarium.”
Neon tetras are characterized by a rosy blue body with a reddish tinge. They create a strong flock of 6-10 individuals, and calmly swim in the upper and middle layers of water.
Can make an excellent company viviparous fish, without disturbing them.
Rasbory – differ in metallic color scales, they are clearly visible, which simplifies the care of these fish. Hardy, peace-loving, swim in a flock of 6-8 fish.
They can be settled with guppies in the general aquarium, as their characters are perfectly compatible.
Dwarf loaches – like all loaches, they are very peaceful fishes. However, some types of char can grow larger in size compared to guppies. Dwarf loaches remain small all their life, rarely grow to a length of more than 5 cm, so that they are commensurate with petilia fish.
They like to swim in a flock, so settle them immediately with a flock of 3 individuals. You can build a few shelters in the aquarium, add live plants, because these loaches like to hide and rest.
Endler Guppy (lat. Poecilia wingei) – used to believe that Endler’s viviparous fish are relatives of Poecilia reticulata. Later it turned out that these are different species, although both come from Central America.
There are certain similarities between species; they can interbreed in the same aquarium. Viviparous endlers are suitable for tropical aquariums, where different viviparous petsilievy live.
It should be borne in mind that the Endler fish grows up to 3.8 cm in length, therefore it cannot be accommodated with larger species. Settle them immediately for 6-8 individuals and more, create shelters for them, otherwise they will be eaten.
Poecilia reticulata will ignore them, but under proper conditions of detention.
Observe laliusi, neons, catfish and guppies in the general aquarium.