maintenance, care, compatibility
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character.
However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish.
In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food.
Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes.
Leftovers must be removed immediately. Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity.
Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold – all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins.
And their content and breeding does not represent any difficulty.
That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from the book by I. Sheremetyev: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a greyish-green fish does not immediately strike the eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed laterally, elongated.
On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body.
The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it – the female or rival – the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer.
The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined.
Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.
This may take a few minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later!
Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent.
After some time, the opponent is defeated, … the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! ”
Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes –Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
Ph acidity: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: cockerels – Betta relatively peaceful fish – they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality.
Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided.
In addition, males often show aggression and to a “disliked” female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size.
As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.
Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short – only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large – from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural – natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants.
Lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium.
All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate.
A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest.
Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them – individual foods that are best suited.
Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters – puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint.
Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm.
Body laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Next, the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it “biting fish.”
A couple of copies of these “pieces” in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them “The Beton Fish”, arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a “new” fish, calling it Betta Cambodia – one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens.
The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions.
The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them.
The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia.
By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor. And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms.
On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette’s species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
– Veiltail fighting fishes or “veil cock”
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Giant or royal fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Round-tailed fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Flagtail fighting fishes
– Poster fighting fish
– Crownstail fighting fish
– Poster fighting fish
– Crosstail fishes
– Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor “multicolor”, two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
Cockerel fish – handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.
Since these fish are labyrinths, they have little need for water quality. Therefore, you do not need numerous aeration systems or filters. The temperature of the aquatic environment should be from 24 to 28 degrees, however, representatives of this species can tolerate and decrease to 17 degrees.
Optimum hardness – 4.0-15.0, acidity – 6.0-7.5. 3-4 pounds of water should fall into one individual. The comforters are omnivorous, they can eat frozen, dry or live food.
Preferred last species – daphnia, tubers, bloodworm or cyclops. You can not overfeed the fish, in time remove not eaten feed.
With regard to the livability of the fish, the cockerels can be kept together with the termination, speckled catfish, befort, seaweed, antsistrus, swordsman, brocade catfish, tarakatum, loricacia. It is not advisable to keep with guppies, discus, cichlomas, astronotus, piranhas, telepia and others.
How to distinguish the female from the male? It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes.
However, do not focus only on these signs. With high-quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size.
And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.
Puberty cockerels reach half a year. At this time, the males occupy a certain territory, often near the islands of floating plants or in a corner, and begin to make foam nests.
The male builds his house from the air.
A tireless builder all the time checks the nest for durability, arranging destroyed and scattered fragments, catches up another air laying. Cockerels – males scare competitors and actively flirt with the female, inviting her to see the future breeding ground. During spawning, the males are transformed, their color becomes much brighter
Under the nest, the male embraces the female, encircling her body. After spawning, the cockerel does not throw eggs to the mercy of fate, but gently collects them from the surface or from the bottom and places them in the center of the nest.
The female lays 200-300 eggs. A week later, the hatched fry will spread around the aquarium in search of food.
The male is still 2-3 days guarding their offspring.
LALIUS CONTENTS SPARE PHOTO VIDEO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.
The betta siamese betta splendens are very popular pets that live in an aquarium. For the first time having settled this fish, many people have a question: “How many cockerel fish live?”.
The average life expectancy is 2-4 years with proper care. If you have created proper conditions for your pet, then at home he will live as long as possible.
To achieve this result, you must follow the rules for the purchase and maintenance of fish.
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating.
Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss. Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers.
But is this feeding right? This should be sorted out.
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them.
If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign. Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia.
This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment. In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins.
Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing.
On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”?
They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
Caring for aquarium cockerel fish does not require deep knowledge, it is enough to follow the following recommendations. The cockerel fish feels great in a small aquarium.
These are representatives of the labyrinth fish, which means that they breathe with the help of the gill labyrinth with atmospheric air. Close the aquarium lid so that the air above the water surface warms up and your little cockerel does not catch a cold.
The aquarium can be filled with plants with large leaves, exclude those that cover the surface of the water or have sharp edges. Living plants are preferable to artificial ones; in addition, they will supply oxygen to the water in the aquarium.
Take care also of shelters for fish, dark soil. Aeration of water is not required, and you can put the filter on request.
However, do not forget that the cockerel fish is inactive and care for it involves the creation of calm conditions, and the filter in a small aquarium can create excessive turbulence.
Do not place the aquarium in a draft or in direct sunlight, but the fish must have a sufficient amount of light. Clean the aquarium regularly!
This should be done once a week, and if you have a small aquarium it’s better to completely change the water. The fish is caught in a net and transplanted into a jar with a portion of the water.
Then, under running water without the use of powders, they wash the aquarium and the ground and fill it with clean water of the desired temperature.
The most common disease affecting the beautiful tails of cockerels is called fin rot, or pseudomonosis. With this disease, the fins and tail descend and become as if scorched around the edges. The progression of this disease can leave your fish without a tail and fins.
Infection occurs due to a specific bacterium that gets into the water with sick fish, live food and poor soil. The disease must be treated with special means.
The average life expectancy of fish is two to three years, but how long the cockerels live depends on the care and maintenance.
Rooster aquarium fish – maintenance, care and compatibility with other fish
The cockerel fish, or, as it is also called, fighting, is a representative of the labyrinth family. Such a name in this species is not accidental. The bright color and the warlike character of the “fighters” in some way resemble the same cocky and beautiful “earthly” roosters.
If two males are placed in one aquarium, then a real cockfight with loose tails and fins can begin. It is necessary to quickly separate fighters, otherwise one of them will die.
Fighting cockerels are extremely popular in their homeland.
The cockerel fish is descended from Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam. There, these aquatic inhabitants live in small warm waters. Therefore, the optimum water temperature for this type is 22-26 degrees.
There is little oxygen in the silted, stagnant waters of Southeast Asia. Therefore, your aquarium does not need an aerator for oxygenation.
At home, no one is particularly interested in the color of the cockerel fish. Their content boils down to preparing for battles. This is done by special trainers.
A lot of spectators come to watch the fights. However, most often the death of the fish is not allowed, rather dangling fins.
Spawning should be carried out in a small separate aquarium (from seven liters). The height of the water column at the same time should be about 10-15 cm.
Shelters are arranged here from aquarium plants and artificial grottoes. The cockerel (female) fish will be able to hide here from the male, which is very aggressive during this period.
Producers before spawning should be fed all sorts of live food. Bright light is not needed.
In the spawning aquarium should not do aeration – it will prevent the construction of the nest.
Sexual maturity in fighting fish occurs in three to four months. Spawning can be stimulated by a large water change.
It is heated in an aquarium at 1-3 degrees. Pre-fish “acquaint” with each other.
To do this, they are placed in adjacent tanks so that they can see their neighbors.
For the male, small floating plants are added so that he can strengthen the nest. At the beginning of spawning, starting to build a “dwelling”, the male cock lets out small air bubbles, then gluing them together with his saliva.
About a day after the manufacturer was launched, a future mom would sit down to him. After the start of spawning, the male cockerel collects eggs from his mouth and carries them to the nest.
At the end of the spawn, he becomes aggressive, attacking the female. Therefore, it should be removed to another aquarium.
The male breeds the offspring – he guards the nest, picks up the fallen eggs, placing them back. After the larvae hatched, the cockerel does not allow them to spread in different directions, collecting them.
A female at a time is capable of sweeping 100-300 eggs. Under normal conditions, spawning begins in a day or two after a pair of males is placed together in an aquarium.
It happens, however, that this process is delayed for a week. After a day or three, the larvae appear in the aquarium. After all the fry appear, and this will happen in 4-6 days, the male is removed, otherwise it is able to transfer the fry spreading in different directions.
In a spawning aquarium, the rooster is usually fed with bloodworms. Feed must be rinsed beforehand.
In males fry, a labyrinth organ will appear only in a few months. To create good conditions for the young, it is necessary to establish aeration.
You can lower the water level.
The fry are fed with infusoria – “living dust”. In exceptional cases, you can give a steep egg yolk. However, it is not worth to abuse such lure.
When the young growth grows up, it is possible to transfer it to feeding by the Artemia larvae. Next, the size of the feed is selected based on the size of the fry.
You can enter shredder into the diet or specially developed industrial feed.
They live fighting fish for about three years. In the “old” age it is undesirable to use them as producers.
Bright and eccentric cockerels are able to decorate any home or office. Caring for them is easy.
In exchange, they will give many pleasant moments to their owner.
The cockerel fish has an oval body, elongated in length, slightly compressed on the sides. Its length is up to 5 cm in males and smaller, up to 4 cm, in females.
Beauty and brightness, “fabulous” color is not equal to them. At any turn, red, yellow, orange, pink, green colors sparkle and play, taking all sorts of shades.
Especially bright color in males when clashing with each other.
During spawning, the cockerel fish is also “painted” with paint. The females are a little paler than their gentlemen, the fins of the “ladies” are short and not so luxurious. However, breeders are working in this direction.
Not long ago, females appeared in which the fins have a more elongated shape, and the color of the body is not inferior to the males.
The cockerel fish has dark stripes across or along its body. The upper fin and tail of this species have a rounded shape, the lower fin, starting from the head, comes to the tail.
Pectoral fins of cockerels have a pointed shape. It is interesting to observe the fish that are excited – the gills of the males swell, forming a bulging “collar” around the head.
The differences in the sexes of these fish are obvious. The cockerel- “boy” is more slender, it is brighter colored, its fins are much longer.
The females are usually smaller, their fins are shorter. The main difference between the “hen” and the cockerel will be the presence of a female with a small white speck near the anus, the “grains”. This formation resembles a little bit like the outward “egg”.
It becomes well visible from the age of three months.
What else do you need to know after the cockerel fish appeared in your house? Their content is not such a difficult task.
As mentioned earlier, male cockerels can not be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals.
The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Do you have a cockerel for the first time at your home? “With whom does this species get on?” – such a question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, cockerels behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors.
Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share a rooster with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack.
It is unlikely that the cock will bring the opponent to death, but he can bite or tear off the tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Fight fish can eat small specimens (for this they are usually planted).
In larger individuals, cockerels may bite off the antennae. It should be remembered by those who are planning to decorate your aquarium with large snails.