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Cockerel Fish: How to maintain and breed in a home aquarium

Hello dear readers aquarium blog. The cockerel fish aquarium abroad is called Betta – it is small in size and quite nice-looking.

Under natural conditions, it is widespread in stagnant or slow-flowing water bodies in Southeast Asia. Its main drawback is the aggressiveness of males in relation to each other. The cock grows up to 5 cm – males and a little less female.

The natural color of this aquarium fish is grayish or light olive. Color fish changes, making it more intense before clashes.

In order to breathe, the cockerel needs to constantly float to the surface and gasp for air. The fact is that fish lives in dirty waters in which there is very little oxygen. Due to the long evolution, it was necessary to adapt to such conditions of life and to develop a special respiratory organ – a labyrinth.

Artificially aquarists were able to create a huge number of color forms. Unlike natural, artificially derived forms have shorter fins.

Although roosters are kept in aquariums for a long time, the popularity of fish has not decreased.

The males is quite simple to maintain and it requires a minimum of care. One fish can be safely grown in a three-liter jar. But you may have some problems on keeping a pair of males, as they are aggressive.

While the fish was not brought to Europe, the Asians staged fights with the participation of this labyrinth representative and made bets on a certain individual. Thank God, such battles were deathless for fish, only a pair of torn fins.

Before the fight, the males became bright, which already cuts his eyes. Now no one conducts such fights.

A couple of male cockerels can be kept in one aquarium, but it should be impressive and long. Only in such a bank will males be able to divide the territory and the number of skirmishes will be minimal. Bursts of aggression can be caused by the appearance of a female, as well as the substitution of water for fresh.

It is not recommended to keep roosters with small fish that have a veil fin, as they always pluck them. Ideal neighbors for roosters are nimble fish of a slightly larger or equal size (rhodostomus, danios and cherry bar). If you grow a large number of individuals in the same aquarium, it is not advisable to seat them even a little.

If the males are a bit too much, then make the bails with holes drilled in them for keeping in a common bank.

Males are tropical inhabitants who need warm water, preferably in the range of 24-28 degrees. The chemical composition of aquarium water does not play a special role. If there are aquarium plants floating on the surface (guns, reach), then be sure to leave the area with an open surface so that the fish can swim in and grab air.

Aeration of the aquarium is not necessary for cockerels, but for the aquarium with other fish in general – necessarily. Filtering aquarium water is imperative, here and do not go to the grandmother. In addition, it will be useful to illuminate the aquarium with roosters with natural sunlight a couple of hours a day.

But with this I would not be fond of, if you do not want to then deal with green algae.

The cockerel fish is not demanding on food, so it can be safely fed with frozen, dry food and live food. However, as shown by observation and experience, the best bettas love bloodworms. It’s fun to watch the male rooster if he saw his reflection in the mirror.

He immediately changes his color assuming that he is a rival. But for a long time the deception cannot last and soon the fish will understand what’s what.

In the general aquarium, the cockerel hunts small snails, and ampullar can pull out all mustaches.

It is not difficult to understand in males where the female is, and where the male is. Females are a bit smaller and not so bright. Their fins are also shorter than the males.

Near the anal fin is a white grain, which strongly resembles the calf. Sexual maturation in roosters occurs quite early – at 3-4 months, but specimens ideal for breeding are considered to be about 8 months old.

If the male has already participated in spawning more than once, its fins will increase significantly. If the female has not spawned for a long time, her breeding problems may arise, since the canal of the genital opening clogs with time and the eggs just reborn.

The fish does not live long in aquarium conditions, a maximum of 3 years and it is better not to take old individuals for breeding.

Despite the fact that roosters can easily spawn in the general aquarium, if you plan to leave offspring, it is better to put the producers in the spawning. For spawning, you can take a 5-liter tank and collect 15 centimeters of water in it, the soil does not need to be laid.

That’s just the plants you need solid, especially for spawning a small volume. In plants, the female will hide and the male will be very helpful in preparing the nest for caviar. Raise the water temperature in spawning to 30 degrees

Pour fresh water – this will trigger spawning. Before planting in spawners, producers are fed with intensely live food, aeration is not needed, as it will only prevent the male from building a nest.

The male must first be planted in a spawning aquarium, as he immediately proceeds to the construction of a nest of air bubbles. The female will need to be hooked up to him somewhere in a day.

Cockerel spawns, usually a couple of days. If there is no spawning for the whole week, change the female. If the male shows strong aggression, then it also needs to be changed and topped up with fresh water.

When the male pinches the female, he simultaneously engages in the fertilization of the roe. He does not wait until the eggs fall to the bottom and picks them up on the fly and places them in the nest.

As soon as spawning is over, it is advisable to remove the female from the spawning aquarium. But the male remains and cares for the eggs and future larvae.

He gradually completes the nest, picks up the dead calf and returns the larvae that have fallen out of the nest. During one spawning, the female cockerel can sweep up to 400 eggs, the incubation period of which is 24 hours, and after 4-6 days the larvae will turn into fry, which I can already swim independently in capacity.

It is important not to miss this moment and remove the dad from the spawning, as he will transmit all the fry when he returns to the nest. If necessary, the male can be additionally fed to the male in the spawning tank with a washed bloodworm.

Organ for breathing (labyrinth) is formed within a month. After that you will need to install an aerator in a spawning or nursery bank and lower the water level. From the first days of life, fry can eat “live dust” and ciliates.

When a trifle grows up a little, it can be fed with Artemia larvae. Later, the feed is selected depending on the size of the young.

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