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Cockerel fish how to distinguish a female from a male

maintenance, care, compatibility

Cockerel fish – handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.

Since these fish are labyrinths, they have little need for water quality. Therefore, you do not need numerous aeration systems or filters.

The temperature of the aquatic environment should be from 24 to 28 degrees, however, representatives of this species can tolerate and decrease to 17 degrees. Optimum hardness – 4.0-15.0, acidity – 6.0-7.5.

3-4 pounds of water should fall into one individual. The comforters are omnivorous, they can eat frozen, dry or live food.

Preferred last species – daphnia, tubers, bloodworm or cyclops. You can not overfeed the fish, in time remove not eaten feed.

With regard to the livability of the fish, the cockerels can be kept together with the termination, speckled catfish, befort, seaweed, antsistrus, swordsman, brocade catfish, tarakatum, loricacia. It is not advisable to keep with guppies, discus, cichlomas, astronotus, piranhas, telepia and others.

How to distinguish the female from the male? It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes. However, do not focus only on these signs.

With high-quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size. And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.

Puberty cockerels reach half a year. At this time, the males occupy a certain territory, often near the islands of floating plants or in a corner, and begin to make foam nests.

The male builds his house from the air.

A tireless builder all the time checks the nest for durability, arranging destroyed and scattered fragments, catches up another air laying. Cockerels – males scare competitors and actively flirt with the female, inviting her to see the future breeding ground. During spawning, the males are transformed, their color becomes much brighter

Under the nest, the male embraces the female, encircling her body. After spawning, the cockerel does not throw eggs to the mercy of fate, but gently collects them from the surface or from the bottom and places them in the center of the nest. The female lays 200-300 eggs.

A week later, the hatched fry will spread around the aquarium in search of food. The male is still 2-3 days guarding their offspring.

LALIUS CONTENTS SPARE PHOTO VIDEO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.

The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review

Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold – all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins.

And their content and breeding does not represent any difficulty.

That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.

To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from the book by I. Sheremetyev: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a greyish-green fish does not immediately strike the eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed laterally, elongated.

On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.

And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body.

The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it – the female or rival – the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer.

The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined.

Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.

This may take a few minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later!

Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent.

After some time, the opponent is defeated, … the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! ”

Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish

Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.

Latin name: Betta splendens;

Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;

Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes –Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta

Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.

Ph acidity: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;

Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;

Aggressiveness: cockerels Betta relatively peaceful fish – they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality. Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible.

The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided.

In addition, males often show aggression and to a “disliked” female during spawning.

The complexity of the content: easy;

Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size.

As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.

Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.

In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!

How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short – only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish

Reproduction and breeding aquarium cockerel fish

It is much more difficult to find a good pair of producers than to spawn itself. And if we talk about breeding breeding of cockerels, then the issue with the selection of parents arises squarely.

General information about spawning and breeding cockerels.

The sexual maturity of the cockerel reaches 3-4 months. From this period they can begin to breed.

Sex differences in fish are pronounced – males are larger than females, their fins are much larger and males are, as a rule, brighter than females. In addition, the female ready to spawn can be distinguished by the white “grain”, “star” in front of the anal fin – this is the egg-deposit, as well as the large abdomen.

An aquarium for spawning may not be large from 10 liters, the water level in which should be 10-15 cm. A spawning aquarium should not have soil and is equipped only with shelters for the female, for example, with crown, as well as with small bushes of perististoistnye plants, for example, with roetail.

You also need to use plants that float on the surface of the water: duckweed, pista, vodokras. These plants are used by the male in the construction of the so-called “foam nest”.

The temperature in the spawning tank should be in the range of 26-30 degrees Celsius. Different sources, write different data on the temperature regime for spawning Bette. Taking into account the analysis, I think that 28 degrees is the norm.

This temperature is optimal and makes it possible to increase it by a couple of degrees, thereby stimulating spawning.

Spawning and soft water is used for spawning aquariums. Soft water is an incentive to spawn.

You can soften the water aquarium chemistry – preparations containing peat, and other methods. In addition, in the spawning aquarium is recommended to throw a leaf of almonds (see

Herbal medicine for fish and aquarium).

Before spawning, the producers sit for a couple of weeks, and are abundantly fed with live food. After spawning in the aquarium, the first place the male, which begins to settle. As soon as he begins to build a foam nest, a female with caviar is brought to him.

The presence of calf in the female can be determined by the rounded abdomen.

If the spawning process does not start or the male does not pay attention to the female, the spawning should be stimulated: by softening the water or replacing the water with fresh water, raising the temperature by 2-3 degrees. If after these manipulations, spawning does not begin, you can try to plant another male in the presence of the male (if you have one).

But, usually the above described problems with breeding cockerels do not arise, in the evening the male already finally builds a nest, and in a day the calf already matures in it.

IMPORTANT. Stimulating fish in a spawning aquarium with live food is prohibited.

At the time the producers are in spawning, they are not fed at all in order to avoid contamination and unwanted fungi and bacteria.

The process of spawning itself is very interesting. It begins with the fact that the male swims up to the female, hugs her and squeezes 2-5 eggs out of her.

Eggs begin to fall to the bottom, the male quickly collects them in his mouth and places them in a foam nest. This “hug and spin” process is repeated several times.

A visual indication that the spawning is over is the male’s circling over the foam nest and the female’s seat in the shelter. As soon as this moment has arrived, the female is removed, since in the eyes of the male she begins to carry a threat to the offspring, which is why he can kill her.

The deposited female is abundantly fed. Further, all the care of the clutch and the offspring takes the father! The main thing at this moment is not to disturb him.

After one day, the larvae will appear, and after another day the yolk bladder will resolve in the larvae and they will begin to swim.

You can remove the happy “father” and start feeding the fry with live dust by infusoria or, for example, as some members of our site do it with melted water from Artemia frost. You can also try dry fish “baby food”, for example, Sulfur Micron. Such feeds are either diluted in a bowl and the resulting suspension is poured into the spawning unit, or they take the feed at the tip of a finger and, grinding it in water, feed the young fish.

Food in the aquarium should be present constantly. When feeding with live food (ciliates), water does not change, and when feeding with dry food, 80% of water is replaced daily in order to avoid contamination and mortality of the young.

To maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, you can place snails ampoule or coils.

In the future, young cockerels are gradually (3-4 days) transferred to larger feeds, starting with Artemia nauplii, etc. After about two weeks, you can begin to try to give “adult” feed.

For those who love unusual and beautiful aquarium fish, perfect for cockerels. All colors of the rainbow are present in their fancy colors.

More lovers are attracted to these fish by their grace and large beautiful fins. Cockerel fish has 70 species. Among them, the most famous Thai cockerels.

At first, these creatures could not adapt to captivity. But enthusiasts carried out a serious selection work, and now we already have the opportunity to see these lovely creatures at home.

These fish got their name for pugnacious temper. They lead “wars” between the males of their breed, although they can attack the guppies, confusing them with a relative. The cockerels with the specials, speckled catfish, black mollies, gourami, antsistrus, tarakatum, seaweed, termination, and many other species get along quite well. But it is undesirable to breed cockerels with piranhas, akars, cichlozomes, telepies, parrots, discus, melanochromis and ctenopomas.

These inhabitants of aquariums can cripple your cockerel.

  1. Differences in fin shape: crescent-tailed, voilekhvostye, koronoshvosty, round-tailed, two-tailed, brush tail, flag-tailed, poster, delta-tail, royal (giant).
  2. Differences in coloring:
    • monochrome (from black and violet to white and orange);
    • two-colored (the fin or its end is of one color, and the body is completely different);
    • multi-color (different colors of the body and fins, passing color shades are possible).

The dragon fighting fishes with a massive body and an excellent silver-metal cover stand apart.

With this you should not have difficulty. “Cavalier” is usually somewhat slimmer and has a brighter color. Their fins are also longer than those of the ladies. The cockerel female has its own difference.

Near the anus of females there is a small formation on the abdomen in the form of a white grain. It looks like an egg and becomes noticeable at 3 months of age.

To create a comfortable environment for your fish, you need to maintain the water temperature not lower than 25 degrees. If there are floating plants on the surface of the water, the roosters will not attempt to jump out of the aquarium. Maintain water hardness within 4-15, and acidity from 6 to 7.5.

Layer of soil in 3 cm is enough. You can take a dark ground, because in nature, these fish live in small ponds with muddy water.

And on this background, they look more impressive. Dark paper can glue the back wall, creating a good contrast. In the water, you can throw a piece of almond leaf, so that it a little tint it.

The diseased individual must be immediately isolated and only then treated.

It is not difficult to care for the cockerel fish. The minimum volume of the aquarium should be 10 liters.

But in such a small aquarium only one individual can live. Putting other inhabitants in there is undesirable. Two males will find each other and arrange a fight.

The female in a small amount of gentleman also pushes to exhaustion. Although the ladies are also aggressive and can persistent groom kill.

For food is suitable both frozen and live food. Males are not very picky in this matter.

With a shortage of food, some aquarists feed them even washed earthworms. Pieces of food should not accumulate at the bottom of your aquarium – this rule is suitable for keeping all kinds of fish.

On the eve of spawning, a moth must be introduced into the diet of the female, containing many necessary substances for the offspring.In order for our future mother to hide from the male, the aquarium is supplied with artificial caves or grottoes, and some plant species are planted in it (anubiases, javanese moss or echinodorus). A stimulating factor for mating can be a slight, 3 degrees, increase in water temperature.

After spawning, the female is transplanted into another reservoir, and the “father” is left until his offspring begins to move independently in the water. You can feed the fry with nauplii of Artemia, finely divided pipe worker or pounded dry food. In three weeks it is desirable to sort out babies who are able to eat weak relatives.

With the manifestation of aggression, grown-up fish should be kept separately.

Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium

The cock aquarium fish (otherwise it is called the Siamese cockerel or the fighting fish) is representative of the most beautiful aquarium inhabitants. Male and female are easy to distinguish: as a rule, males are painted more intensely and brightly. Aquarists do not cease to admire the fish, their appearance, cool temper, care for the offspring.

How many live cockerel fish? Their life expectancy is from 1 to 3 years. Of course, an important role is played by feeding, housing conditions, compatibility with other fish.

This is proposed to talk. We will also affect the breeding of cockerels.

Breeding cockerels – not an easy task, but quite doable. You need to know a few rules to see rooster fry.

Aquarium cockerels reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-4 months. During this period, reproduction becomes possible. In order to get healthy offspring, both the female and the male should not have diseases.

Therefore, if the condition of the fish is in doubt, do not select it for placement in a separate aquarium.

Tip: Breeding will be successful, and the offspring will be more viable if before spawning to actively include moth females in the diet. How does this affect the breeding of cockerels?

The fact is that the crank contains nutrients, thanks to which the eggs soften. And soft eggs will more easily go out of the abdomen.

But do not overdo it, if you give moth large portions, then the water becomes cloudy at times faster.

For spawning aquarium cockerels need to be transplanted into another aquarium, and its capacity should be not less than 7 liters.

Advice: It is important that the female has the opportunity to hide from the male in the new aquarium: for this, plants (Javanese moss, Anubiasas) are placed in the tank, grottoes are made. This is done to ensure that the male, who at this time becomes overly aggressive, does not attack the female continuer of the genus. To prevent possible clashes, you can first introduce the male and female.

How to do it? Place the fish in transparent containers that should be located opposite each other.

Fishes will see each other, and hostility will evaporate. Breeding will be better.

Male males are not only aggressive, but also active: reproduction, as a rule, is taken under control. They collect small algae in order to build a nest, collect eggs during the spawn, hide them in the nest. Moreover, after the breeding is over, the spawn has passed, the male even drives off the female and protects the eggs, carefully and attentively.

The male protects each fry, if the little cock swims away from the nest, the father will certainly return the fry back.

It is precisely because of such activity of the male cockerel immediately after spawning, when the breeding is over, that the female should be removed. If you do not, then the war can not be avoided.

But the male rooster can not always protect the fry. How much should you keep it with the fry?

After that, when all the little cockerels hatch, the male is sent to a common aquarium.

Tip: If everything is done according to the rules, and breeding does not occur, then spawning can be stimulated: change the water, it is not essential to increase the water temperature by 3 degrees.

In general, follow the rules, and breeding will be possible even at home!

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It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.

Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .

But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.

There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish. The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high.

And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.

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Caring for cockerels involves the prevention of diseases and injuries. The cockerel is a fighting fish, and therefore often remains without fins. But this is not a sign of a disease, but of a recent skirmish.

There is no need to isolate the fish or try to treat it: it is enough to feed it correctly so that the regeneration process proceeds quickly.

If there are signs indicating a disease, then the fish should be planted out of the general aquarium. And in a quarantine aquarium you need to start its treatment.

Quite often, the fish may feel bad because of dirty or not fresh water, and therefore do not forget to change it.

Now you know what the life span of a rooster is, what to feed him, how much food to give, what kind of care he needs, whether they get along with other species in the aquarium and other useful information. One thing remains – to put everything into practice. The behavior of the fish can not be called perfect, but the more interesting to watch it.

In general, good luck!

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External differences between males and females of Sumatran barbs

Sumatran barbs (lat. Puntius tetrazona) are beautiful schooling fish hailing from freshwater bodies of Southeast Asia. Usually they are bought by a flock of 10-20 individuals, of which in the future they choose couples for breeding fry.

How to distinguish a male from a female if these fish are so similar to each other?

Puntius tetrazona is an active fish that aquarists like very much. The body is round, flattened at the sides, short and high. According to the external description, it looks like an ordinary crucian (also related to it is the carp family).

But the color of the body is slightly different – on a silver background there are four vertical stripes in black, the most extreme pass through the eyes and the base of the tail.

Sumatran barb has the first sexual characteristics at the age of 3 months. Distinguish between male and female can be on the tail fin and color. At the male, the extreme rays of the tail are colored red.

The sexual maturity of the fish comes at the age of 8-10 months, until this age all youngsters should be kept together.

See how to distinguish the female from the male at the Sumatran barb.

Later, the Sumatran barb matures, and acquires obvious sex differences. The male has a bright body color, during spawning it becomes even brighter, and the fins are colored.

In females, the color of the scales is faded, the abdomen is full and round, the body size is noticeably larger. The male has an angular body, active behavior.

From the age of 8-12 months (depending on the conditions of detention and feeding), barbs can be diluted. During one spawning the young female can bring more than 500 eggs.

However, not all caviar will be fertilized, and not all larvae will become fry. If the female is not allowed to spawn, the roe will harden, which can lead to the death of the fish.

Breeding is a natural necessity for all fish, so do not be afraid to breed them.


Barbus mutant is a popular aquarium fish that looks like a Sumatran barbus. In fact, these fish are related species.

The mutant is a descendant of the “Sumatran”, and with each spawning the mutant fry have more and more similarities with their ancestor. The mutant has a spectacular color scales – the body is dark, it has orange fins. After spawning fish, you can see that 25% of their offspring are one-on-one similar to Sumatran barbs.

Mutants can breed with Sumatrans, and in litter 75% of the fry will acquire the traits of a Sumatrant parent. The body size of an adult mutant reaches 7-10 cm.

The body is elongated, low and flattened on the sides.

Look at the aquarium with the Sumatran and mutant barbs.

The main color of the breed breed “mutant” is green, with blue shimmer, there are no stripes on the body. The dorsal fin and ventral fins have a red border.

Other fins may be partially colored, or colorless. Together, these fish can be kept only from the age of 10 months (when they have become sexually mature).

Otherwise, the young will not withstand the competition, more active fish will destroy their weaker counterparts. The female mutant, unlike the male, differs dim body color, body size is larger.

The first three months of life fry, sex differences are barely noticeable.

The mutant male barbus is slightly smaller than the female, characterized by a bright, green body color. Puberty occurs at the age of 7 months (depending on feeding and conditions of detention). To breed these fish, you need to choose young producers, the male must be 3 months older than the females.

Adult “mutants” can breed in the general aquarium, however, part of the roe and fry will be destroyed by their parents.

Effective breeding will provide spawning volume of 20 liters, at the bottom of which you need to put a separator grid, plants (Javanese moss, cabombu or peristristum). The barbus mutant is ready to spawn at a water temperature of 26 ° C, the rigidity of the aqueous medium is 8o, the acidity is 6.5 pH.


In spawning, you can run a pair – a male and a female, or 2 males and one female. Before breeding, heterosexual fish are seated in the bails for 1 month, and during this time they are fed live and vegetable food.

The diet of males should be saturated with protein food (daphnia, bloodworms, shrimps, mussels), and females need more plant food. In the female ready for breeding, swelling is seen in the posterior abdomen.

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